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fairs to fettle there, fhall have liberty to fell their lands, and their eftates, to fettle their affairs, to recover their debts, and to bring away their effects, as well as their perfons, on board veffels which they fhall be permitted to fend to the faid island restored as above, and which shall ferve for that use only, without being restrained on account of their religion, or under any other pretence whatsoever, except that of debts, or of criminal profecutions; and for this purpose, the term of eighteen months is allowed to his Britannic majefty's fubjects, to be computed from the day of the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty but, as the liberty granted to his Britannic majesty's fubjects, to bring away their perfons, and their effects, in veffels of their nation, may be liable to abufes, if precautions were not taken to prevent them; it has been exprefly agreed, between his Britannic majefty and his Catholic majefty, that the number of English veffels, which fhall have leave to go to the faid ifland restored to Spain, fhall be limited, as well as the number of tons of each one; that they fhall go in ballaft; fhall fet fail at a fixed time; and fhall make one voyage only; all the effects, belonging to the English, being to be embarked at the fame time. It has been further agreed, that his Catholic majefty fhall caufe the neceffary paffports to be given to the faid veffels; that, for the greater fecurity, it fhall be allowed to place two Spanifh clerks, or guards, in each of the faid veffels, which fhall be vifited in the landing places, and ports of the faid island restored to Spain, and that the merchandize, which fhall be found therein, fhall be confif,
XX. In confequence of the reftitution ftipulated in the preceding article, his Catholic majefty cedes and guaranties, in full right, to his Britannic majesty, Florida, with fort St. Auguftin, and the bay of Penfacola, as well as all that Spain poffeffes on the continent of North America, to the eaft, or to the fouth east, of the river Miffifippi; and, in general, every thing that depends on the faid countries and lands, with the fovereignty, property, poffeflion, and all rights, acquired by treaties or otherwife, which the Catholic king, and the crown of Spain, have had, till now, over the faid countries, lands, places, and other inhabitants; fo that the Catholic king cedes and makes over the whole to the faid king, and to the crown of Great Britain, and that in the most ample manner and form. His Britannic majesty agrees, on his fide, to grant to the inhabitants of the countries, above ceded, the liberty of the Catholic religion: he will confequently give the most exprefs and the most effectual orders, that his new Roman Catholic fubjects may profess the worship of their religion, according to the rites of the Romish church, as far as the laws of Great Britain permit: his Britannic majesty further agrees, that the Spanish inhabitants, or others who have been subjects of the Catholic king in the faid countries, may retire, with all safety and freedom, wherever they think proper; and may fell their eftates, provided it be to his Britannic majesty's fubjects, and bring away their effects, as well as their perfons, without being reftrained in their emigrations, under any pretence whatsoever, except that of debts, or criminal profecutions: the term, li
mited for this emigration, being fixed, to the space of eighteen months, to be computed from the day of the exchange of the ratification of the prefent treaty. It is moreover ftipulated, that his Catholic majesty shall have power to caufe all the effects, that may belong to him, to be brought away, whether it be artillery, or other things.
XXI. The French and Spanish troops fhall evacuate all the territories, lands, towns, places, and caftles, of his most Faithful majesty, in Europe, without any referve, which fhall have been conquered by the armies of France and Spain, and fhall reftore them in the fame condition they were in when conquered, with the fame artillery, ammunition, which were found there and with regard to the Portuguese colonies in America, Africa, or in the Eaft Indies, if any change fhall have happened there, all things fhall be restored on the fame footing they were in, and conformably to the preceding treaties, which fubfifted between the courts of France, Spain, and Portugal, before the present war.
XXII. All the papers, letters, documents, and archives, which were found in the countries, territories, towns, and places, that are restored, and those belonging to the countries ceded, shall be, refpectively and bona fide, delivered, or furnished at the fame time, if poffible, that poffeffion is taken, or, at lateft, four months after the exchange of the ratifications of the prefent treaty, in whatever places the faid papers or documents may be found.
XXIII. All the countries and territories, which may have been conquered, in whatsoever part of the world, by the arms of their BriVOL. V.
tannic and most Faithful majesties, as well as by thofe of their most Chriftian and Catholic majefties, which are not included in the prefent treaty, either under the title of ceffions, or under the title of reftitutions, fhall be restored without difficulty, and without requiring any compenfation.
XXIV. As it is neceffary to affign a fixed epoch for the reftitutions, and the evacuations, to be made by each of the high contracting parties; it is agreed, that the British and French troops fhall compleat, before the 15th of March next, all that shall remain to be executed of the XIIth and XIIIth articles of the preliminaries, figned the 3d day of November last, with regard to the evacuation to be made in the empire, or elsewhere. The island of Belleifle fhall be evacuated fix weeks after the exchange of the ra tifications of the prefent treaty, or fooner if it can be done. Guadaloupe, Defirade, Maria Galante, Martinico, and St. Lucia, three months after the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty,、 or fooner if it can be done. Great Britain fhall likewife, at the end of three months after the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty, or fooner if it can be done, enter into poffeffion of the river and port of the Mobile, and of all that is to form the limits of the territory of Great Britain, on the fide of the river Miffifippi, as they are specified in the VIIth article. The island of Goree shall be evacuated by Great Britain, three months after the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty; and the island of Minorca, by France, at the fame epoch, or fooner if it can be done : and according to the VIth article,. France
France thall likewife enter into polfefion of the islands of St. Peter, and of Miquelon, at the end of three months after the exchange of the ratifications of the prefent treaty. The factories in the East Indies fha!! be reitored fix months after the exchange of the ratifications of the prefent treaty, or footer if it can be done. The fortress of the Havanna, with all that has been conquered in the island of Cuba, fhall be restored three months after the exchange of the ratifications of the prefent treaty, or fooner if it can be done: and, at the fame time, Great Britain fhall enter into poffeffion of the country ceded by Spain, according to the XXth article. All the places and countries of his most Faithful majefty, in Europe, fhall be reftored immediately after the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty; and the Portuguefe colonies, which may have been conquered, shall be rettored in the space of three months in the Weft Indies, and of fix months in the East Indies, after the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty, or fooner if it can be done. All the fortreffes, the reftitution whereof is ftipulated above, fhall be restored with the artillery and ammunition, which were found there at the time of the conqueft. In confequence whereof, the neceffary orders thall be fent by each of the high contracting parties, with reciprocal paffports for the ships that shall carry them, immediately after the exchange of the ratifications of the present treaty.
XXV. His Britannic majefty, as elector of Brunfwic Lunenbourg, as well for himself, as for his heirs and fucceffors, and all the dominions and poffeffions of his faid ma
jefty in Germary, are included and guarantied by the prefent treaty of peace.
XXVI. Their facred Britannic, moft Christian, Catholic, and most Faithful majetties, promile to obferve, fincerely, and bona fide, ail the articles contained and settled in the prefent treaty; and they will not fuffer the fame to be infringed, directly or indirectly, by their refpective fubjects; and the faid high contracting parties, generally and reciprocally, guaranty to each other all the ftipulations of the present treaty.
XXVII. The folemn ratifications of the prefent treaty, expedited in good and due form, shall be exchanged in this city of Paris, between the high contracting parties, in the space of a month, or fooner if poffible, to be computed from the day of the fignature of the prefent treaty.
In witness whereof, We the underwritten, their ambassadors extraordinary and minifters plenipotentiary, have figned with our hand, in their name, and in virtue of our full powers, the present definitive treaty, and have caused the seal of our arms to be put thereto.
Done at Paris the 10th of February, 1763.
(L. S.) BEDFORD, C. P. S.
SOME of the titles made ufe of by the contracting pow ers, either in the full powers, and other acts, during the course of the negotiation, or in the preamble of the prefent treaty, not being generally acknowledged; it has been+ agreed,
agreed, that no prejudice fhall ever refult therefrom to any of the faid contracting parties, and that the titles, taken or omitted, on either fide, on occafion of the faid nego. tiation, and of the prefent treaty, fhall not be cited, or quoted as a precedent.
II. It has been agreed and determined, that the French language, made use of in all the copies of the prefent treaty, fhall not become an example, which may be alledged, or make a precedent of, or prejudice, in any manner, any of the contracting powers; and that they fhall conform themfelves, for the future, to what has been obferved, and ought to be obferved, with regard to, and on the part of, powers who are used, and have a right, to give and to receive copies of like treaties in, another language than French; the prefent treaty having ftill the fame force and effect, as if the aforefaid custom had been therein obferved.
III. Though the king of Portugal has not figned the prefent definitive treaty, their Britannic, mot Chriftian, and Catholic majefties, acknowledge, nevertheless, that his moft Faithful majefty is formally included therein as a contracting party; and as if he had exprefly figned the faid treaty: confequently, their Britannic, moft Chriftian, and Catholic majesties, refpectively and conjointly, promife to his most Faithful majefty, in the most exprefs and most binding manner, the execution of all and every the claufes, contained in the faid treaty, on his act of acceffion.
The prefent feparate articles fhall have the fame force as if they were inferted in the treaty.
In witness whereof, We the underwritten ambaffadors extraordinary, and minifters plenipotentiary of their Britannic, moft Chriftian, and Catholic majefties, have figned the prefent feparate articles, and have caufed the feal of our arms to be put thereto.
Done at Paris the 10th of February, 1763.
(L. S.) BEDFORD, C. P. S. (L. S.) CHOISEUL, Duc de Praflin. (L. S.) El Marq. de GRIMALDI.
Declaration of his most Chriflian
majefty's plenipotentiary, with regard to the debts due to the Canadians.
THE king of Great Britain hav
ing defired that the payment of the letters of exchange and bills, which had been delivered to the Canadians for the neceffaries furnifhed to the French troops, should be fecured, his moft Christian majefty, entirely difposed to render to every one that juftice which is legally due to them, has declared, and does declare, that the faid bills, and letters of exchange, fhall be punctually paid, agreeably to a liquidation made in a convenient time, according to the distance of the places, and to what fhall be poffible; taking care, however, that the bills, and letters of exchange which the French fubjects may have at the time of this declaration, be not confounded with the bills and letters of exchange, which are in the poffeffion of the new fubjects of the king of Great Britain.
In witness whereof, We the underwritten minister of his most Chriftian majefty, duly authorized for this purpofe, have figned the [R] 2
prefent declaration, and caufed the feal of our arms to be put thereto. Done at Paris the 10th of February, 1-63. (L. S.) CHOISEUL, Duc de Praflin.
Declaration of his Britannic majefy's ambaffador extraordinary and plenipotentiary, with regard to the Limits of Bengal in the East Indies. WE the underwritten ambaffador
extraordinary and plenipotentiary of the king of Great Britain in order to prevent all fubject of difpute on account of the limits of the dominions of the Subah of Bengal, as well as of the coaft of Coromandel and Orixa, declare, in the name and by order of his faid Britannic majefty, that the faid dominions of the Subah of Bengal fhall be reputed not to extend farther than Yanaon exclufively, and that Yanaon fhall be confidered as included in the north part of the coast of Coromandel or Orixa.
In witness whereof, &c. We the underwritten minifter plenipotentiary of his majefty the king of Great Britain have figned the prefent declaration, and have caused the feal of our arms to be put
Done at Paris the 10th of Febru-
Acceffion of his moft Faithful majefty. In the name of the most holy and unded Trinity, Father, Son, and Holy Ghoft. So be it.
BE it known to all thofe to whom
it fhall, or may belong; The ambaffadors and plenipotentiaries of his Britannic majefty, of his moft
Chriftian majefty, and of his Catholic majefty, having concluded and figned at Paris, the 10th of Febru-. ary of this year, a definitive treaty of peace, and feparate articles, the tenor of which is as follows. (Fiat infertio)
And the faid ambaffadors and plenipotentiaries having in a friendly manner invited the ambaffador and minifter plenipotentiary of his most
Faithful majefty to accede thereto
in the name of his faid majefty; the underwritten minifters plenipotentiary, viz. on the part of the most ferene and moft potent prince, George the Third, by the grace of God, king of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, duke of Brunfwic and Lunenbourg, arch-treasurer and elector of the holy Roman empire, the moft illuftrious and most excellent lord, John, duke and earl of Bedford, marquis of Tavistock, &c. minister of state of the king of Great Britain, lieutenant general of his forces, keeper of his privy feal, knight of the most noble order of the Garter, and his ambassador extroardinary and plenipotentiary to his moft Chriftian majesty; and on the part of the most serene and moft potent prince, Don Jofeph the First, by the grace of God, king of Portugal and of the Algarves, the most illuftrious and most excellent lord, Martin de Mello and Caftro, knight profeffea of the order of Chrift, of his moft Faithful majesty's council, and his ambaffador and minister plenipotentiary to his most Christian majefty; in vertue of their full powers, which they have communicated to each other, and of which copies fhall be added at the end of the prefent act, have agreed upon what follows; viz. his moft Faithful majefty