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cife all moderation as to my equitable pretenfions. I am of opinion, that a juft and folid peace cannot be a greed on, but by the congrefs propofed and accepted by all the powers at war.

I place a full confidence in the friendship of your imperial majefty, to whom the house of Saxony is bound by facred ties. It is not unknown to your majefty, that Saxony hath been attacked merely on account of its connections with the Ruffian empire; and that the king of Pruffia has taken occafion to charge us with entering into defenfive treaties with that empire againft him. Wetherefore flatter ourselves with the hope, that fo ancient and fo equitable an ally of Saxony will not fuffer our dominions, which are already reduced to the utmost diftrefs, as well by exorbitant contributions, as by the alienation of our revenues, and of the funds which were allotted for the payment of debts, to be completely ruined.

The whole world agrees, th we are intitled to an equitable reftitution and reparation of the damage fuftained. But notwithstanding all thefe confiderations, and thongh all the powers at war fhew themfelves inclined to contribute to the general pacification, yet Saxony remains threatened with irretrievable ruin.

We therefore hope that your majefty's philanthropy and magnanimity will prevail with your majefty to take care that, before all things, the electorate of Saxony be speedily evacuated, in order thereby to put an end to the calamities which overwhelm it; this being the means of facilitating and accelerating the conclufion of a general peace.

Speech made to the king by the duke de Nivernois, ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary from the moft Chriftian king, on his prefenting his credentials to his majefy the 24th of Nov. 1762.

SIRE,

UNE

NE reconciliation cordiale entre deux puiffants monarques qui font faits pour s'aimer; une union de fyfteme durable entre deux grandes cours que leurs interêts bien entendus rapprochent l'une de l'autre ; une liaison fincere & folide entre deux refpectables nations que des malheureux préjugés ont trop fouvent divifées : voilà, Sire, l'époque brillante de premiers momens du regne de votre majefté; & cette époque fera, en même tems, celle du bonheur rétabli dans les quatre parties du monde. C'eft à la félicité univerfelle que le nom, la gloire, & les vertus de votre majefté feront unis pour jamais dans les faftes de l'hiftoire ; & la pofterité y lira avec un fentiment de refpect ce traité, qui entre tous les traités portera le caractére diftin&tif d'une bonne foi non équivoque, & d'une folidité durable.

Qu'il me foit permis de me féliciter à vos pieds, Sire, d'avoir été choifi par le roi mon maitre pour fervir, entre votre majesté & lui, d'organe aux nobles fentiments de deux cœurs fi dignes l'un de l'autre, & pour travailler à cet ouvrage facré, qui affure la gloire de votre majefté en faifant le bonheur de l'humanité entiere.

TRANSLATION.

SIR,

A cordial reconciliation between two powerful monarchs, formed to love

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love each other; a permanent union of fyftem between two great court's attracted to one another by their interefts rightly understood; and a fincere and lafting conjunction of two refpectable nations, whom unhappy prejudices have too long divided; form the glorious era of the commencement of your majesty's reign and this æra will, at the fame time, be that of happinefs reftored to the four quarters of the world. Your majefty's name, your glory, and your virtues, will be infeparably joined in hiftory with univerfal felicity; and pofterity will there read, with fentiments of refpect, that treaty which will be diftinguished, above all others, by good faith, without equivocation, and by permanent stability.

Permit me, Sir, to felicitate my felf at your feet, on being chofen by the king, my mafter, to ferve, between your majefty and him, as the organ of the noble fentiments of two hearts fo worthy of each other, and to be employed in this bleffed work which infures your majefty's glory by giving happiness to the whole world.

The bumble addrefs of the right hon. the lords fpiritual and temporal in parliament affembled, December 9, 1762, on occafion of his majesty's having communicated to them the preliminary articles of peace, concluded at Fontainbleau the 3d of Nov. 1762.

ments, for the important communication, which your majesty has been graciously pleased to make to us, of the preliminary articles of peace, concluded the third day of laft month at Fontainbleau, with the crowns of France and Spain:

Moft gracious fovereign, WE, your majefty's moft dutiful

and loyal fubjects, the lords fpiritual and temporal in parliament affembled, beg leave to return your majesty our fincereft acknowledg,

And to exprefs, in the most dutiful manner to your majesty, the fatisfaction which we have received, at the foundation laid by thefe articles for a treaty of peace, which will greatly redound to your majefty's honour, and the real benefit of your kingdoms; and our entire reliance, that the fame care and attention will be fhewn for the perfecting of this great work by the definitive treaty.

We think it our indifpenfible duty to lay before your majefty this early teftimony of our warment gratitude; feeing the great object of the war fo fully anfwered, all proper attention fhewn to yourmajefty's allies, a vaft extent of empire added to the British crown, new fources opened for the trade and manufactures of this nation, and stability and duration infured, under the bleffing of Providence, tothese great and national advantages.

We are no lefs fenfible of the prudence and wisdom which has guided your majefty's conduct on this great occafion, than of the humane difpofition and paternal affection to your fubjects, which your majefty has fhewn, in putting a fafe and honourable end to a burthenfome and expenfive war.

We beg leave to affure your majefty, that we fhall immediately apply ourselves to improve the bleffings of peace, by promoting the economy which your majefty has wifely recommended, and which is fo neceffary to the dignity of the

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crown,

impatient to exprefs their approbation of the advantageous terms upon which your majefty hath conHis majesty's most gracious answer. cluded preliminaryarticles of peace, and to lay before your majesty the hearty applause of a faithful, affectionate people.

While we admire your majesty's prudence in availing yourself of the fucceffes with which Divine Providence hath bleffed your arms, whereby your majefty hath procured fuch folid, and, in all human probability, fuch permanent advantages for this kingdom, we are no lefs fenfibly affected with that humane difpofition which induced your majefty to put an end to a long, bloody,and expenfive, though glorious and fuccessful war.

Your faithful commons will take the earliest opportunity to examine into the state of the public revenues, in order to eftablish the best

economy for the future, fo wifely recommended by your majefty, and fo neceffary to maintain the kingdom of Great Britain in that great and refpectable fituation in which your majefty's fortitude and wisdom have now placed us.

We are convinced that pofterity, from their own experience, will hereafter agree with us, in efteeming that peace to be no lefs honourable than profitable, by which there will be ceded to Great Britain fuch an addition of territory, attended with fo great an extenfion of our commerce.

We therefore beg leave humbly to lay before your majefty the ftrongeft fentiments of gratitude, and to affure your majesty, that it shall be our study to improve that confidence of the people in you, which your majesty hath already fo very

crown, and the profperity of these your kingdoms.

My lords,
Return you thanks for this very du-
tiful addrefs.

The fatisfaction which you exprefs, in the paint agreed by the preliminary articles towards a final pacification, is very acceptable to me.

In what remains to be done, you may depend upon the utmost care and attention on my part, to jettle every thing, which concerns the interefts of my kingdoms, upon a folid and durable foundation.

The humble address of the house of commons to the king, on the fame occafion.

Moft gracious fovereign,
WE your majefty's moft dutiful

and loyal fubjects, the commons of Great Britain in parliament affembled, beg leave to return your majesty our most humble and hearty thanks for your moft gracious condefcenfion, in ordering to be laid before us the preliminary articles of peace concluded between your majefty on the one part, and their most Christian and Catholic majesties on the other; and to affure your majefty that we have confidered them with our best attention. And, altho' to make peace and war bejyour majefty's juft and undoubted prerogative, yet knowing how agreeable it must be to your royal mind to be informed of the grateful fenfe your people entertain of the juftice and wifdom of your measures, and of your unwearied attention to their welfare, your faithful commons are

cond, by the grace of God, king of Great Britain, of glorious memory, continued under the reign of the most ferene and most potent prince, George the third, his fucceffor, and, in its progrefs, communicated itself to Spain and Portugal: confequently, the most ferene and moft potent prince, George the third, by the grace of God, king of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, duke of Brunswick and Lunenbourg, arch-treasurer, and elector, of the Holy Roman Empire; the most ferene and mot potent prince, Lewis the fifteenth, by the grace of God, moft Chriftian king; and the most ferene and moft potent prince, Charles the third, by the grace of God, king of Spain and of the Indies; after having laid the foundation of peace in the preliminaries, figned at Fountainbleau the 3d of November laft; and the most ferene and most potent prince, Don Joseph the first, by the grace of God, king of Portugal and the Algarves, after having acceded thereto;-determined to compleat, without delay, this great and important work. For this purpose, the high contracting parties have named and

it fhall, or may, in any manner, belong.

It has pleafed the Moft High to diffufe the spirit of union and concord among the princes, whofe divifions had spread troubles in the four parts of the world, and to infpire them with the inclination to cause the comforts of peace to fucceed to the misfortunes of a long and bloody war, which, having arifen between England and France, during the reign of the most ferene and moft potent prince, George the fe

BE it known to all thofe to whom appointed their respective ambaffadors extraordinary, and ministers plenipotentiary, viz. his facred majefty, the king of Great Britain, the moft illuftrious and most excellent lord, John, duke and earl of Bedford, marquifs of Tavistock, &c. his minifter of state, lieutonant general of his armies, keeper of his privy feal, knight of the most noble, order of the garter, and his ambaffador extraordinary and minifter plenipoteneiary to his most Christian majefty; his facred majefty the moft Chriftian king. the

very defervedly acquired from your conduct in the prefent most important juncture.

His majesty's most gracious anfwer.

Gentlemen of the house of commons, I Re Return you my hearty thanks for this most loyal and affectionate addrefs.

Your approbation of the measures I have taken for restoring peace, and of the terms on which it is to be concluded, gives me the highest fatisfaction.

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The affection and gratitude of my people are the most pleafing return I can receive for my endeavours to promote their happiness.

The Definitive Treaty of friendship and peace between his Britanuic majefty, the moft Chriftian king, and the king of Spain. Concluded at Paris, the 10th day of Fobruary, 1763. To which the king of Portugal acceded the fame day.

In the name of the most Holy and Undivided Trinity, Father, Son, and Holy Ghoft. So be it.

the most illustrious and most excellent lord Cæfar Gabriel de Choifeul,duke of Praflin, peer of France, knight of his orders, lieutenant general of his armies, and of the province of Brittany, counsellor in all his councils, and minifter and fecretary of state, and of his commands and finances; his facred majesty the Catholic king, the most illuftrious and most excellent lord, Don Jerome Grimaldi, marquis de Grimaldi, knight of the moft Chriftian king's orders, gentleman of his Catholic majefty's bedchamber in employment, and his ambaffador extraordinary to his moft Chriftian majefty; his facred majefty the moft Faithful king, the moft illuftrious and most excellent lord, Martin de Mello and Caftro, knight profeffed of the order of Chrift, of his moft Faithful majefty's council, and his ambaffador and minifter plenipotentiary to his moft Chriftian majefty.

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themselves and their faid dominions and fubjects, this reciprocal friendfhip and correfpondence, without permitting, on either fide, any kind of hoftilities, by fea or by land, to be committed, from henceforth, for any caufe, or under any pretence whatsoever, and every thing fhall be carefully avoided, which might hereafter prejudice the union happily re-eftablished, applying themfelves, on the contrary, on every occafion, to procure for each other whatever may contributed to their mutual glory, interefts, and advantages, without giving any affistance or protection, directly, or indirectly, to thofe who would cause any prejudice to either of the high contracting parties; there fhall be a general oblivion of every thing that may have been done or committed before or fince the commencement of the war, which is just ended.

II. The treaties of Weftphalia of 1648; thofe of Madrid between the crowns of Great Britain and Spain of 1667, and 1670; the treaties of peace of Nimiguen of 1678 and 1679; of Ryfwick of 1697; thofe of peace and commerce of Utrecht of 1713; that of Baden of 1714; the treaty of the triple alliance of the Hague of 1717; that of the quadruple alIrance of London of 1718; the

Art. I. There shall be a chriftian, univerfal, and perpetual peace, as well by fea as by land, and a fincere

and conftant friendship fhall be re-treaty of peace of Vienna of 1738 eftablished between their Britannic, the definitive treaty of Aix la Chamoft Chriftian, Catholic, and moft pelle of 1748; and that of MaFaithful majefties, and between drid between the crowns of Great their heirs and fucceffors, king- Britain and Spain, of 1750; as doms, dominions, provinces, counwell as the treaties between the tries, fubjects, and vaffals, of what crowns of Spain and Portugal, of quality or condition foever they be, the 13th of February 1668; of the without exception of places, or of 6th of Feb. 1715; and of the 12th perfons: fo that the high contract- of Feb. 1761, and that of the 11th ing parties fhall give the greatest of April 1713, between France and attention to maintain between Portugal, with the guaranties of

Great

Who, after having duly communicated to each other their full powers, in good form, copies whereof are tranfcribed at the end of the prefent treaty of peace, have agreed upon the articles, the tenor of which is as follows.

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