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powers at war.

cise all moderation as to my equitable pretensions. I am of opinion, Speech made to the king by the duke that a just and solid peace cannot de Nivernois, ambasador extraorbe a greed on, but by the congress dinary and plenipotentiary from proposed and accepted by all the the most Christian king, on his pre

fenting his credentials to his maI place a full confidence in the jefty the 24th of Nov. 1762. friendship of your imperial majesty, to whom the house of Saxony SIRE, is bound by facred ties. It is not UNE reconciliation cordiale entre unknown to your majesty, that Sax- deux puiffants monarques qui ony hath been attacked merely on font faits pour s'aimer; une union account of its connections with the de fyfteme durable entre deux Rusian empire; and that the king grandes cours que leurs interêts of Prussia has taken occasion to bien - entendus rapprochent l'une charge us with entering into defen- de l'autre ; une liaison fincere five treaties with that empireagainit & folide entre deux respectables him. Wetherefore flatter ourselves nations que des malheureux préwith the hope, that fo ancient and jugés ont trop souvent divisées : fo equitable an ally of Saxony will voilà, Sire, l'époque brillante de not fuffer our dominions, which are premiers momens du regne de votre already reduced to the utmost di- majesté ; & cette époque sera, en stress, as well by exorbitant contri- même tems, celle du bonheur rébutions, as by the alienation of our tabli dans les quatre parties du revenues, and of the funds which monde. C'est à la félicité univerwere allotted for the payment of selle que le nom, la gloire, & les debts, to be completely rụined. vertus de votre majesté feront unis

The whole world agrees, that we pour jamais dans les faftes de l'hi, are intitled to an equitable restitu- Itoire ; & la pofterité y lira avec un tion and reparation of the damage sentiment de respect ce traité, qui sustained. But notwithstanding all entre tous les traités portera le cathese considerations, and thongh all ractére distinctif d'une bonne foi non the powers at war fhew themselves équivoque,&d'une folidité durable. inclined to contribute to the general Qu'il me soit permis de me félipacification, yet Saxony remains citer à vos pieds, Sire, d'avoir été threatened with irretrievable ruin. choisi

par
le roi mon maitre

pour We therefore hope that your ma- fervir, entre votre majefté & lui, jesty's philanthropy and magnani- d'organe aux nobles fentiments de mity will prevail with your majesty deux cæurs fi dignes l'un de l'autre, to take care that, before all things, • & pour travailler à cet ouvrage the electorate of Saxony be speedi- sacré, qui assure la gloire de votre ly evacuated, in order thereby to majesté en faisant le bonheur de put an end to the calamities l'humanité entiere. which overwhelm it ; this being the means of facilitating and ac

TRANSLATION. celerating the conclusion of a gene.

SIR, A cordial reconciliation between two powerful monarchs, formed to

Tal peace.

love each other; a permanent union ments, for the important communiof fyftem between two great courts cation, which your majesty has attracted to one another by their been graciously pleased to make to interests rightly understood ; and aus, of the preliminary articles of fincere and lasting conjunction of peace, concluded the third day of two respectable nations, whom un- last month at Fontainbleau, with happy prejudices have too long di- the crowns of France and Spain : vided ; form the glorious æra of the And to express, in the most duti. commencement of your majesty's 'ful manner to your majefty, the fareign : and this æra will, at the tisfaction which we have received, fame time, be that of happinefs re- at the foundation laid by these arstored to the four quarters of the ticles for a treaty of peace, which world. Your majesty's name, your will greatly redound to your maglory, and your virtues, will be in- jefty's honour, and the real benefit feparably juined in history with uni- of your kingdoms ; and our entire verfal felicity; and posterity will reliance, that the same care and atthere read, with fentiments of re- tention will be shewn for the perspect, that treaty which will be di- fecting of this great work by the Atinguished, above all others, bly definitive treaty. good faith, without equivocation, We think it our indifpenfible and by permanent stability. duty to lay before your majesty this Permit me, Sir, to felicitate my- early testimony of our warmeft

grafelf at your feet, on being chosen titude ; seeing the great object of by the king, my master, to serve, the war fo fully anfwered, all probetween your majesty and him, as per attention sewn to yourmajesty's the organ

of the noble fentiments allies, a vast extent of empire added of two hearts so worthy of each to the British crown, new sources other, and to be emploved in this opened for the trade and manufacblessed work which insures your tūres of this nation, and stability majesty's glory by giving happiness and duration insured, under the to the whole world.

blessing of Providence, tothese great and national advantages.

We are no less sensible of the The bumble addrets of the right hon. prudence and wisdom which has

the lords spiritual and temporal in guided your majefty's conduct on parliament ofsembled, December 9,

this

great occasion, than of the hu1762, on occasion of his majesty's mane disposition and paternal affechaving communicated to them the tion to your subjects, which your preliminary articles of peace, con- majefty has shewn, in putting a safe cluded at Fontainbleau the 3d of and honourable end to a burthenNov. 1762.

some and expensive war.

We beg leave to assure your maMost gracious fovereign,

jelty, that we shall immediately WE, your majesty's most dutiful apply ourselves to improve the bler

and loyal subjects, the lords fings of peace, by promoting the spiritual and temporal in parliament æconomy which your majesty has assembled, beg leave to return your wifely recommended, and which is majesty our “incereft acknowledg- fo necessary to the dignity of the

[ [214

crown, very

crown, and the prosperity of these impatient to express their approbayour kingdoms

tion of the advantageous terms up

on which your majesty. hath conHis majesty's most gracious answer. cluded preliminaryarticles of peace,

and to lay before your majesty the My lords,

hearty applause of a faithful, affecReturn

you thanks for this very du- tionate people. tiful addrefs.

While we admire your majefty's The satisfaction which you exprefs, prudence in availing yourself

of the in the point agreed by the preliminary successes with which Divine Proarticles towards a final pacification, vidence hath blessed your arms, is very acceptable to me.

whereby your majesty hath procurIn what remains to be done, you ed such folid, and, in all human may depend upon the utmoft care and probability, such permanent advanattention on my part, to jettle every tages for this kingdom, we are no thing, which concerns the interests of less sensibly affected with that humy kingdoms, upon a solid and durable mane disposition which induced foundation.

your majesty to put an end to a

long, bloody, and expensive, though The humble address of the house of glorious and successful war.

commons to the king, on the same Your faithful commons will take occafon.

the earliest opportunity to examine

into the state of the public reveMoft gracious fovereign,

nues, in order to establish the best WE

and loyal subjects, the com- recommended by your majesty, and mons of Great Britain in parliament fo necessary to maintain the kingassembled, beg leave to return your dom of Great Britain in that great majesty our most humble and hearty and respectable situation in which thanks for your most gracious con- your majesty's fortitude and wisdom descension, in ordering to be laid have now placed us. before us the preliminary articles of We are convinced that pofterity, peace concluded between your ma- from their own experience, will jesty on the one part, and their most hereafter agree with us, in esteemChristian and Catholic majeities on ing that peace to be no less honourthe other; and to assure your ma- able than profitable, by which there jesty that we have considered them will be ceded to Great Britain fuch with our best attention. And, al- an addition of territory, attended tho'to make

peace and war beiyour with so great an extension of our majesty's juft and undoubted prero- commerce. gative, yet knowing how agreeable

We therefore beg leave humbly it must be to your royal mind to be to lay before your majesty the informed of the grateful fense your strongest sentiments of gratitude, people entertain of the justice and and to assure your majelty, that it wisdom of your measures, and of shall be our study to improve that your unwearied attention to their confidence of the people in you, welfare, your faithful commons are which your majesty hath already fo very deservedly acquired from your cond, by the grace of God, king conduct in the present most impor- of Great Britain, of glorious metant juncture.

mory, continued under the reign of

the most serene -and most potent His majesty's most gracious answer. prince, George the third, his suc

cessor, and, in its progress, commuGentlemen of the house of commons,

nicated itself to Spain and Portugal: I RE Return you my hearty thanks for consequently, the most serene and

this most loyal and affectionate most potent prince, George the address.

third, by the grace of God, king Your approbation of the measures-1 of Great Britain, France, and have taken for restoring peace, and of Ireland, duke of Brunswick and the terms on which it is to be con- Lunenbourg, arch-treasurer, and cluded, gives me the highest fatis- elector, of the Holy Roman Emfaction.

pire; the most serene and most The affection and gratitude of my potent prince, Lewis the fifteenth, people are the most pleasing return I by the grace of God, most Christian can receive for my endeavours to pro- king; and the most serene and mote their bappiness.

most potent prince, Charles the third, by the grace of God, king

of Spain and of the Indies ; after The Definitive Treaty of friendship having laid the foundation of peace

and peace between his Britanuic in the preliminaries, figned at majesty, the most Christian king, Fountainbleau the 3d of Novemand the king of Spain. Concluded ber last ; and the most serene at Paris, the 10th day of Fo- and most potent prince, Don Jobruary, 1763. To which the king feph the first, by the grace of God, of Portugal acceded the same day. king of Portugal and the Algarves,

after having acceded thereto;-deterIn the name of the most Holy and Un- mined to compleat, without delay,

divided Trinity, Father, Son, and this great and important work. Holy Ghost. So be it.

For this purpose, the high con

tracting parties have named and BE it known to all those to whom appointed their respective ambaf

it shall, or may, in any manner, belong.

plenipotentiary, viz. his sacred maIt has pleafed the Most High to jefty, the king of Great Britain, diffuse the spirit of union and con- the most illustrious and most excelcord among the princes, whose di lent lord, John, duke and earl of visions had spread troubles in the Bedford, marquifs of Tavistock, four parts of the world, and to in- &c. his minister of state, lieutefpire them with the inclination to nant general of his armies, keeper cause the comforts of peace to suc- of his privy seal, knight of the ceed to the misfortunes of a long and most noble, order of the garter, bloody war, which, having arisen and his ambassador extraordinary between England and France, dur- and minifter plenipotenciary to his ing the reign of the most ferene and moit Christian majesty ; his sacred most potent prince, George the se- majesty the most Christian king,

tha

the most illustrious and moft excel. themselves and their faid dominions lent lord Cæsar Gabriel de Choi- and subjects, this reciprocal friendseul,dukeof Praslin,peer of France, ship and correspondence, without knight of his orders, lieutenant permitting, on either side, any kind general of his armies, and of the of hoftilities, by sea or by land, to province of Brittany, counsellor in be committed, from henceforth, all his councils, and minister and for any cause, or under any pretence fecretary of state, and of his com- whatsoever, and every thing thall mands and finances ; his facred ma- be carefully avoided, which might jesty the Catholic king, the most il- hereafter prejudice the union hapluftrious and most excellent lord, pily re-established, applying themDon Jerome Grimaldi, marquis de felves, on the contrary, on every Grimaldi, knight of the most Chri- occasion, to procure for each other ftian king's orders, gentleman of whatever may contributed to their his Catholic majesty's bedchamber mutual glory, interests, and advantin employment, and his ambas- ages, without giving any assistance fador extraordinary to his most or protection, directly, or indirectChristian majesty ; his sacred ma- ly, to those who would cause any jesty the most Faithful king, the prejudice to either of the high conmolt illustrious and most excellent tracting parties; there shall be a lord, Martin de Mello and Castro, general oblivion of every thing that knight professed of the order of may have been done or committed Christ, of his moft Faithful maje- before or since the commencement ity's council, and his ambassador of the war, which is just ended. and minifter plenipotentiary to his II. The treaties of Westphalia of moft Chriftian majesty.

1648 ; those of Madrid between Who, after having duly commu- the crowns of Great Britain and nicated to each other their full Spain of 1667, and 1670; the powers, in good form, copies treaties of peace of Nimiguen of whereof are tranferibed at the end 1678 and 1679; of Ryswick of of the present treaty of peace, have 1697 ; thofe of peace and comagreed upon the articles, the tenor merce of Utrecht of 1713; that of of which is as follows.

Baden of 1714; the treaty of the Art. I. There shall be a christian, triple alliance of the Hague of universal, and perpetual peace, as 1717; that of the quadruple alwell by sea as by land, and a sincereliance of London of 1718; the and constant friendship shall be re-treaty of peace of Vienna of 17383 eftablished between their Britannic, the definitive treaty of Aix la Cha- moft Chriftian, Catholic, and most pelle of 1748; and that of Ma. Faithful majefties, and between drid between the crowns of Great their heirs and fucceffors, king- Britain and Spain, of 1750 ; as doms, dominions, provinces, coun- well as the treaties between the tries, subjects, and vaffals, of what crowns of Spain and Portugal, of quality or condition soever they be, the 13th of February :668 ; of the without exception of places, or of 6th of Feb. 1715; and of the 12th persons: fo that the high contract. of Feb. 1761 ; and that of the 11th

ing parties thall give the greatest of April 1713, between France and • attention to maintain between Portugal, with the guaranties of

Great

.

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