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ed thereto with such good-will, since the subjects of the most faithfal' they would have furnished arms king; to pay them, in ready mo-against themselves.

ney, for whatever they shall furnish That his Catholic majesty is fen- to them, as if the one and the other fible of the good-will and tender- belonged to the same master. It ness, which his most faithful ma- remains for his most faithful ma. jesty has shewn for him, fince his jesty to chuse, either to receive these accession to the throne of Spain, and troops, as allies, or to refufe them particularly of the readiness with entrance, or subsistence, and to opwhich his most faithful majesty pose them, .as enemies: for then complied with the annulling the the two allies will take all possible treaty of limits in Peru, by that of precautions, on the suspicions, althe i 2th of February 1761, in or. ready too much founded, that the der to avoid the consequences which court of Lisbon, by intelligence, for might result from the bad conduct fome time past, with that of Lon-, of the officers and governors, to

don, will march out to meet them, whom the execution of that treaty with English forces, in order to had been intrusted: however, the hinder their juft designs, and to friendship and complaisance of his make them bloody, contrary to the Catholic majesty was not less re- sentiments of their heart.. Lisbon, markable, when he himself propos- the ift of April, 1762.. ed that expedient, without thinking

(Signed) of others which he might have

Don Joseph TORRER Q made use of: what he did then,

DON JAQUES O'Dun, and what he now proposes, by agreement with the most Christian king, prove, that the ties of blood Translation of the answer to the few are stronger in the mind of the Ca- cond memorial of the ministers of tholic king, than the flattering ideas Spain and France, of April 1, of aggrandisement.

1762. Finally, The ambassador of Spain, and the minifter plenipotentiary of DON Lewis da Cunha, secretary France, repeat what they have al- of state of his most faithful ma. ready set forth in the memorial of jesty, having laid before the king the 16th of March : they insist on the memorial, which his excellency. the demand therein contained, and M. Torrero, ambassador of the Cathey declare to the most faithful tholic king, and M. O’Dun, miking, That, without further repre- nister plenipotentary of France, fentations, or his consent, the Spa- remitted to him the ift of this nish troops, already on the frontiers, month ; infifting upon all the des will enter Portugal, for the fingle mands which they had made in object of advancing, till they shall the first memorial of the 16th of obtain, that the ports of Portugal March laft, eotwithstanding the reaa be not at the disposal of the enemy; fons given on the part of the king, having, at the same time, the moft by the memorial, in answer, of the precise orders, not to commit, with- 20th of the said month; and de out reason, the least hostility against claring farther, chat, without any


other representation, and even with- may be of advantage to them; and out the consent of his molt faithful this is the case of the treaties of majesty, the Spanilh troops, already league and commerce between Porupon the frontiers, should enter in- tugal and Great Britain, and it is to Portugal, to seize his ports, and what the law of God, of nature, to shut them up; and that there and of nations, and the universal only remained to his most faithful practice of all nations, have always majesty, the choice of receiving deemed innocent, without there them as friends, or of treating them ever having been any power, who ás enemies, the king has ordered would undertake to force others to his secretary of state to answer ; break these same treaties, because

That his most faithful majesty they find their interest in it, and (notwithftanding a declaration fo would prefer the same private and surprising and unexpected) perlifts particular interest to the common in the sentiments which he has al- and universal one, of the public ways at heart, of complying with tranquillity of neutral powers; to the wishes of their Catholic and attack them and invade their do. moft Chriftian majefties, neverthe- minions, especially among moless he candot persuade himself narchs so religious as their Catholic that it is in his power to break the and most Chriftian majesties. defensive treaties which he has with That the unbounded confidence, Great Britain, without that court's which his most faithful majetty has having given him motives so Itrong, always had in the cies of blood, the and of fuch immediate interest to friendship, and the good neighPortugal, as to oblige him to under- bourhood which he has always cultake a war, and to make the people, tivated with his Catholic majesty, whom his majesty ought to pre- cannot be better proved, than by the ferve, endure the calamities of his filence and tranquillity with which fcourge.

the king has seen, for a long time That he can no more persuade palt, his frontiers almost blocked himfelf that the said treaties which up' and infefted; the commerce of fubfift, for so many years past, be

corn prohibited, the Spanith magatween Portugal and Great Britain, zines upon the said frontiers filled are offenfive, as is infinuated in this with all sorts of military stores, and laft memorial, on account of the the places swarming with troops, commerce which Portugal allows to without his most faithful majesty's the English subjects ; on the con- having given the least order to his itrary, this reason, and the others ambassador at Madrid to know the alledged therein, are the bafis and object of these preparations. the spirit of all defensive treaties; That after having acted with such it being generally known to all the fincerity, tranquillity, and good world, that these sort of treaties con- faith, at the time only when his fist of engagements between the most faithful majesty saw that it was powers, to enable them the better neceffary for him to listen to the to defend and maintain themselves, clamours of his subjects, and to preby the succours which one receives serve his royal decorum from the from the other, either in troops or universal censure of all Europe, Honey, or in something else which which had spread even into every

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public news-paper: and at the same against Great Britain; that they time that it was known to all the will give an example, that would world, that the kingdom of Por- produce the destruction of mankind, tugal was in want of experienced if neutral powers were to be attackofficers, his most faithful majesty ed, because they have defensive invited over lord Tyrawley; he al treaties with the belligerent powers; fo took some English officers and that a maxim so destructive would of other nations, to exercise his occasion desolation in all Europe, troops,

as has been constantly the moment a war was kindled bepractifed in this kingdom, and as tween two nations; and that his their Catholic and most Christian moft faithful majefty, under these mjesties, and all sovereigns in ge- circumstances, could not recede neral, practise also, without there from the neutrality which he adopts a ising any suspicious distrust from for his system, without losing; even such a pro eeding.

with their Catholic and moft ChrifThat his most faithful majesty, tian majesties, that good opinion pafling over in silence the reproaches which he prefers to every other inagainst individuals, who only exe- tereft. cute the orders of their maiters, to That, for these reasons, and, in give an answer upon the affair of the unexpected case of the Spanish M. de la Clue's" squadron, muít troops entering Portugal (under necessarily call to mind, that hav- any pretence whatever) not only ing received from the king of without his most faithful majesty's Great Britain, the most obliging re- permission, but contrary to his exparation for what concerns the rights press declaration, made in the me. of the territory, and of the port, morial of the 20th of March, and... nzar which the French vessels were repeated by the present, making a taken, and having by repeated solli. declared and offenfive war against citations demanded restitution of him, by this violent and unexpectthose Tips, as he has assured the ed invasion : in such a case, his moft Chriftian king, his most faith- most faithful majesty, no longer ful majesty thinks that it is more able (without offending the laws of natural to obtain the reflitution of God, of nature, and of nations, and the said ships, from the friendship of without universal censure) to avoid his Britannic majesty, at a conve- doing his utmost for his own denient opportunity', than to under- fence, has commanded his forces to take it by the means of a precipitate hold themselves in readiness, and to war, which might perhaps render join with those of his allies, in fupthe said restitution impracticable. port of the neutrality, which is the

That his most faithful majesty only and fingle object for which they hopes, that the solidity of these rea- shall be employed. sons will make upon the minds of His most faithful majesty detheir Catholic and most Christian clares finally, that it will affect him majesies an impression worthy of less (though reduced to the last extheir religion, and of their hu- tremity, of which the Supreme Judge manity; and that they will perc is the sole arbiter) to let the last tile ceive the crying injustice of pursu- of his palace fall, and to see his ing against Portugal the war kindled faithful subjects spill the last drop


of their blood, than to facrifice, to- purpose ; either because the Porgether with the honour of his tuguese monarch and his ministers, crown, all that Portugal holds moft being accustomed to this evil, do dear, and to submit by such ex-- not perceive it, or else because the traordinary means,

to become an common enemy has gained a deunheard-of example to all pacific spotic power over their understandpowers, who will no longer be ing; since they will not admit of able to enjoy the benefit of neutra. those reasons which their Catholic lity, whenever a war shall be kind. and most Christian majesties have, led between other powers with which with so much friendship, and such the former are connected by defen- good intentions, represented ; and five treaties. Palace of Alcantara, knowing that although very easy, it the 5th of April, 1762.

would be absolutely useless to refute Don LEWIS DA CUNHA, those contained in his excellency's

Don Lewis da Cunha's last memo

rial, delivered to them the 5th of Translation of a third memorial pre- this month, they will only lay be

sented to the secretary of state, Don fore the most faithful king, through Lewis da Cunha, by Don Joseph his means, a cursory refutation Torrero, his Catholic majesty's am- thereof. bassador, and M. James O'Dun, That it is a matter of great conhis most Christian majesty's mini- cern to the kings their masters, that fter plenipotentiary, on ihe 23d of the most faithful king, by confef. April 1762.

fing, that England has given him

cause to break the defensive treaties, DON Joseph Torrero, his Catho, which he does in faying, that it is

lic majesty's ambassador, and not of so great, or so immediate, inM. James O'Dun, his most Chrif. tereft to Portugal, as to outweigh tian majesty's minister plenipoten- the calamities of war: if his most tiary to the king of Portugal, a- faithful majefty has weighed in the greeably to the instructions and or- same scale those of a war with Engders of their august sovereigns, to land, and those of maintaining it put an end to the negotiation which against France and Spain, he has they are jointly engaged in and chosen the latter, with little regard have pursued, in order to bring his to their power, and great disregard moit faithful majesty over to his of their friendship, since he joined true interest, which although ex- himself, to one who has offended posed to the contingencies of war, him, whether much or little, to yet is surely for his honour and offend chose who have given him no glory, to unite his forces to those other motive, than that of persuadof France and Spain, and endea- ing him to what would be most vouring to shake off the prejudicial convenient for him. dependency on England, which the The king and his ministers canPortuguese nation labours unders not, because they will not, be perthe said ambassador, and minister fuaded, that these defensive treaties plenipotentiary, having lost all with the Englih, are offensive ones hopes that their masters (hould at- with regard to Spain and France, tain this so laudable and heroic a the arguments to the contrary, al

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ledged ledged in the preceding memorials, means looked upon as a point of being unanswerable ; and the com- indifference, on account of the inparing them to those of other powers conveniencies experienced by Spain ill-grounded, his situation and cir- in other wars with the English, and cumstances being extremely diffe- be perfuaded, that if the breach with rent from theirs.

their Catholic and most Chriftian That their most Christian and Ca- majefties should bring upon the most tholic majesties, far from finding faithful king those, which united ary merit in the friendly confidence with the king of Great Britain be of his most faithful majesty, from does not fear, to these will be added the silence observed by his ambas- the dissatisfaction, in the opinion of sador, at Madrid, upon the military the most found and judicious part of preparations that were making and Europe, of his having had it in his carrying on upon the frontiers of power to avoid them. Portugal; this has from the be- That since his most faithful ma. ginning raised in them a distrust, jesty erroneously founds his own ho. which, to their great concern, is lour, and that of his crown, not in now confirmed by the experience of delivering himtelf from the truly ophis preferring the alliance of the king prelive ycke of the English, but in of Great Britain to theirs; for other opposing the entry of Spanish troops wise he would in a friendly manner into Portugal, who come to his ashave enquired into the design of fittance and defence, their Catholic such preparations, and have endea- and most Christian majefies found voured to have set on foot a negotia- theirs in atempting it, and will tion, which their Catholic and most sustain it with as much inflexibility Christian majefties could not imma as his most faithful majesty, when turely follicit at the known hazard he heroically declares, that rather of having their views discovered by than abandon Pertagal, he will see the court of Lisbon to that of Lon- the last tile fall from his palace, and don, which then held, and fill holds spill the latt drop of his fubjects poffeffion of their affections. Cer- blood. tain it is, that that of Lisbon had And finally, that the most faithalready taken the resolution within ful kinghaving, upon the alternative itself, which it is now obliged to dif- proposed to him, preferred the recover ; and that the apparent in- lifting the entry of Spanish troops difference with which it raw what as enemies, to admitting them as is called the blockade and infefta. friends ; and consequently the entions of its frontiers without speak- mity of their Catholic and most ing of it in Madrid, was a latent Chriflian majesties to their friendfire for solliciting fuccours in Lon- ship, there is nothing more unne, don ; thus, oppofing disguised pre- cessary, and even unbecoming, than parations to open ones. That not- the continuance of the above-men, withstanding the court of Lisbon in- tioned ambassador of Spain, and fills that there is no difference be- minister plenipotentiary of France, tween her neutrality and that of o- near his most faithful majesty ; ther powers, and that there is no therefore they beseech him, and right to force them out of it, they hope he will be pleased to direct the may be assured, that it is by no necessary passports to be surnished,


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