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'made him; a behaviour that, while verences, and coming to the rail, it fills him with gratitude, endeared made one to the altar ; then kneelthem to their king and country, and ing, they delivered the banner to has covered them with glory and the prelate, who, afifted by the honour.

prebends, placed it upright at the Highly sensible of their merit, he south-end of the altar. Thall continue, while he lives, to In the mean time, according to look upon it as much his duty, as his majesty's parcicular directions, it will for ever be his inclination, to all the other knights, as attending give them every possible proof of the offering of the fovereign's banhis affection and efteem ; which he ner, advanced from under their should be happy to make as appa- banners, and made their double re. rent as their valour has been, and verences: The two knights who will be, conspicuous and exemplary made the offering returning with reto after-ages.

verences as before under their ban


The sword of the late sovereign An account of the extraordinary cere- was then delivered by Garter to

monies observed, on account of the their royal highnesses, and offered Sovereign's presence, at the installa- in like manner; and then the helm tion of his royal highness prince and crest; which being done, their William and the earl of Bute, as royal highnesses returned, and went knights of the garter, at Windsor, into their stalls. Sept. 22, 1762.

After the two new knights were

installed, divine service began. THE installation was preceded

And at the words of the offertory by the ceremony of the bishop Let your light so shine, the organs of Salisbury's taking the oaths as playing, the officers of the wardchancellor of the order, after which robe spread a carper on the steps behis majesty put the gold chain with fore the altar, and Black Rod makthe badge about his neck, and de- ing his obeisances, went up to the livered the purse to him, &c. rails of the altar, on the right-side,

When the sovereign and the where he received from the yeoman knights had retired to their stalls, of the wardrobe, a rich carpet and Garter, with the usual reverences, cushion, which, with the affiftance took the banner of the late fo- of the yeoman, he laid down for vereign, and holding it up, imme- the sovereign to kneel upon. diately Clarenceox and Norroy, In the mean time Garter fumkings of arms, joined, and making moned the knights from their stalls, their reverences, repaired to his royal beginning with the junior, each highness the duke of Cumberland, knight making his reverences in his and his royal highness the duke of stall, and repeating the fame with York, the two senior knights ; who his companion in the choir, retired thereupon joined, and making their under his banner. reverences together, received die All the knights ftanding under banner from Garter, and being pre- their banners. çeded by the two kings of arms, The sovereign, making his readvanced to the first step, or haut- verence to the altar, descended from pas, where they'repeated their re- his fta!!, and then making another



reverence, proceeded to the offer- lived in good repote, forty years; ing

he married an English woman of As the procession passed the duke French extraction,

her grand-moof Newcattle, the senior knight ther being of the family of Garde(not of the blood royal) who was Montesquieu, and related to the to deliver the offering to the fove- chief noblesse of Languedoc. reign, he came from his banner, Calas and his wife were Protefte placing himself a little behind his ants, and had five fons, whom they majesty on the right side, and com- educated in the same religion : But ing against the lord chamberlain's Lewis, one of the fons, some time fall, he came from under his ban- fince became a Roman Catholic ; ner, going on the left-side of his his father's maid-servant, a religious majesty.

Catholic, who had lived thirty The fovereign coming to the years in the family, having greatly rails of the altar, Black Rod deli- contributed to his conversion ; but vered the offering on his knee to the father was so far from exprefling the knight, who presented it to the any refentment or ill-will on the sovereign ; and his majesty taking occasion, that he settled an annuity off his cap, and kneeling, put the upon Lewis, and ftill kept the maid offering into the bason held by the in his family. prelate, affifted by the prebends. In October 1761, the family

The sovereign then rising, made seems to have consisted of the fa. one reverence to the altar, and be- ther John Calas and his wife, one ing in his stall, another; the lord woman servant, Mark Anthony Ca. chamberlain, and the knights who las the eldest son, and Peter Calas, delivered the offering, retiring be- the second son. Mark Anthony had hind their banners, when they came

been educated as a scholar, with a opposite to them in the return. view to his becoming an advocate

Dinner being ended, the knights or counsellor at law; but he was placed themselves on either side, at

not able to get

himself admitted as she upper-end of the hall ; and a licentiate, because he muft either grace being said by the prelate, and have performed some acts, which, the fovereign having washed, the as a Protestant, he could not have knights all together made their re- performed į or have purchased cerverences to his majesty, who put off tificates, which he either thought his cap and re-saluted them; and a unlawful, or found too expensive : procession was made back to the He could not follow the business of presence chamber, in the same order a merchant, becaufe he was not they came from thence.

qualified for it by his education, nor

his turn of mind; he therefore beAn authentic narrative of the death came discontented and melancholy,

of Mark Anthony Calas, and of and endeavoured to dissipate the she trial and execution of his fa- gloom of his mind by playing as ther, John Calas, for the supposed billiards, and other expensive pleamurder of bis son. From the sures, of which his father often exFrench.

pressed his disapprobation with some John

OHN CALAS was a mer- warmth, and once threatened, that

chant of the city of Toulouse; if he did not alter his conduct, he where he had been settled, and would turn him out of doors; or


expressed himself in words to that Anthony, whom the found fitting effect. The young man's discon- alone in the shop, very penfive; tent and melancholy fill increased, she gave him some money, and deand he seems to have entertained fired him to go and buy some Roquethoughts of putting an end to his fort cheese, he being always the life, as he was continually selecting market-man for cheese, as he knew and reading passages from Plutarch, how to buy it good better than any Seneca, Montaigne, and many other other of the family, authors on suicide, and could say She then returned to her guest by heart a French translation of the La Vaisse, who very soon after celebrated foliloquy in Hamlet, went again to the livery-Itable, to which he frequently repeated, with see if any horse was come in, that fome paffages from a French tragi- he might secure it for the next comedy, called Sidney, to the same morning. effect.

In a short time Anthony returnOn the 13th of O&ober 1761, ed, having bought the cheele, and M. Gober la Vaisse, a young gentle- La Vaisse also coming back about: man about nineteen years of age, the same time, the family and their the fon of La Vaiffe a celebrated guest sat down to fupper in a room advocate of Toulouse, having been up one pair of stairs, the whole some time at Bourdeaux, came back company consisting of Calas the to Toulouse to see his father ; but father and his wife, Anthony and finding that his father was gone to Peter Calas, the fons, and La Vaiffe. his country-houfe, at some distance the gueit, no other person being in from the city, he went to several the house except the maid servant, places, endeavouring to hire a horse who has been already mentioned. to carry him thither.

No horse, It was now about seven o'clock; however, was to be hired ; and the supper was not long ; bat beabout five o'clock in the evening fore it was over, or, according to he was met by John Calas, the fa. the French expression, when they ther, and the eldest son Mark An- came to the defert, Anthony left the thony, who was his friend. Calas, cable, and went into the kitchen, the father, invited him to supper, which was on the fame floor, as he as he could not set out for his fa- used to do ; the maid asked him if ther's that night, and La Vaisse he was cold ? he answered, Quite consented. All three therefore pro- the contrary : I burn; and then left ceeded to Calas's house together, her: In the mean time his friend and when they came thither, find- and the family left the room they ing that Mrs. Calas was itill in her had fupped in, and went'into a beda own room, which she had not quit- chamber; the father and M. La ted that day, La Vaisse went up to Vaisse fat down together on a fofa ; fee her. After the first compliments, the younger fon Peter in an elbow he told her, he was to sup with her chair ; and the mother in another by her husband's invitation ; she ex- chair ; and without making any enpressed her fatisfaction, and a few quiry after Anthony, continued in minutes after left him, to give some conversation together till between orders to her maid : When that was nine and ten o'clock, when La doné, she went to look for her son Vaisse took his leave, and Peter,


who had fallen alleep, was awaked ed; but the conflict of her thind to attend him with a light. being such as could not be long

On the ground floor of Calas's borne, fe fent down the maid, house was a shop and a warehouse ; Jannet, to see what was the matter ; the warehouse was divided from the when the maid discovered what had shop by a pair of folding doors: happened, the continued below, When Peter Calas and La Vaisse either because she feared to carry an came down stairs into the shop, they account of it to her mistress, or bewere extremely shocked to see An- cause the busied herself in doing some thony hanging in his shirt, from a good office to her master, who was bar which he had laid across the top still embracing the body of his son, of the two folding doors, having and bathing it in his tears. The half opened them for that purpose. mother therefore, being thus left Upon discovery of this horrid fpec. alone, went down, and mixed in tacle, they shrieked out, and the the scene, that has been already cry brought down Calas the father,' described, with such emotions as it the mother being seized with such muft naturally produce. In the a terror as kept her

trembling in mean time, Peter had been sent for the paffage above. The unhappy La Moire, a surgeon in the neighold man rushed forward, and taking bourhood; La Moire was not at the body in his arms, the bar, to home, but his apprentice,M.Grosse, which the rope that suspended him came instantly : Upon examination, was fastened, flipped off from the he found the body quite dead; and folding doors of the warehouse,' upon taking off the neckcloth, and fell down': Having placed the which was of black taffety, he faw body on the ground, he loosed and the mark of the cord, and immetook off the cord, in an agony of diately pronounced, that the degrief and anguish not to be expreff- ceased had been strangled. This ed, weeping, trembling, and de- particular had not been told; for ploring himself and his child. The the poor old man, when Peter was two young men, his second son and going for La Moire, cried out, La Vaisse, who had not had pre

* Save at least the honour of my sence of mind enough to attempt family; do not go and spread a retaking down the body, were stand- port that your brother has made ing by, stupid with amazement and away with himself.” hotror ; in the mean time the mo. By this time a crowd of people ther, hearing the confused cries and

was gathered about the door, and complaints of her husband, and one Casing, with another friend or finding nobody coming to her, two of the family were come in ; found means to get down ftairs. some of those who were in the At the bottom she found La Vaisse, street had heard the cries and ex. and hastily and eagerly demanded clamations of the father, the mowhat was the matter ; this question ther, the brother, and his friend, rouzed him in a moment, and in- before they knew what was the ftead of answering her, he urged matter; and having by some means her to go again up stairs, to which, learnt that Anthony Calas was sudwith much reluctance, the consent- denly dead, and that the surgeon


who had examined the body, de. 40 foldiers, took the father, Peter clared he had been ftrangled, they the son, the mother, La Vaiffe, took it into their heads that he had and the maid, all into custody, and been murdered ; and as his family set a guard over them : He sent for were Protestants, they presently sup- M. de la Tour, a physician, and posed that the young man was about M. La Marque and Perronet, furto change his religion, and had geons, who examined the body for been put to death for that reason. marks of violence, but found none The cries they had heard, they except the mark of the ligature fancied were those of the deceased, on the neck; they found also the while he was refifting the violence hair of the deceased done up in the that was offered him. The tumult usual manner, perfectly smooth, in the street increased every mo

and without the least disorder; bis ment; some said that Anthony cloaths were also regularly folded Calas was to have abjured the next up, and laid upon the counter, nor day ; others, that Protestants are was his shirt either torn or unbut. bound by their religion to ftrangle toned, . or cut the throats of their children, Notwithstanding these appearwhen they are inclined to be- ances, David thought fit to give income Catholics; others, who had to the opinion of the mob, and found out that La Vaisse was in the took it into his head that old Calas house when the accident happened, had sent for La Vaisse, telling him very confidently affirmed, that the he had a son to be hanged, that La' Protestants at their last assembly, Vaisse had come to perform the appointed a person to be their office of executioner, and that the common executioner on these occa- father and the brother had affifted fions, and that La Vaisse was the him in it. man, who, in consequence of the The body, by order of this poor office to which he had been ap- ignorant bigot, was carried to the pointed, had come to Calas's to town-house, with the cloaths. The hang his son.

father and son were thrown into a The poor father, therefore, who dark dungeon; and the mother, La was overwhelmed with grief for the Vailie, the maid, and Casing, were loss of his child, was advised by his imprisoned in one that admitted the friends to send for the officers of light. The next day, what is called justice to prevent his being torn to the verbal process, was taken at the pieces for having murdered him. town-house, instead of the spot

This was accordingly done: One where the body was found, as the was dispatched to the Capitoul, one law directs, and was dated at Calas's David, the first magistrate of the house, to conceal the irregularity : police, or principal civil magistrate This verbal process is somewhat like of the place; ard another to an our coroner's inqueit; witoefies are inferior officer, called- an assessor: examined, and the magistrate makes The Capitoul was already set out, his report, which is the same there having been alarmed by the ru- as the verdict of the coroner's jumour of a murder before the mef- ry with us. The witnesses examisenger sent from Calas's got to his ned by this Capitoul were the house; He entered the house with physician and surgeon, who proved Vol. V.


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