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usual haunts, and were feen, in a great number of hands to clear
great numbers, in the streets of them.
London.

But though by these means few
This severe frost put a stop to se. perished for want of food, several
veral handicraft trades, and to all persons were frozen to death in the
manner of husbandry and inland streets and on the rivers, some of the
navigation, fo that numbers of the latter by the ice, on which they ven-
poor, who depended upon such oc- tured, breaking off with them.
cupations, were obliged to have re- This frost has been proportiona-
course to the compasion of the pub- bly intense, and seems to have set in
lic, and went about the streets driv- much sooner, in France, Holland,
ing ploughs, or carrying boats on and all the other north-east coun- .
their shoulders to excite it. At the tries of Europe ; whereas in Corn.
fame, time necessaries of all kinds, wal, Wales, and Ireland, the wea.
except flesh-meat. (the graziers pour-ther was milder than usual.
ing their cattle into London for It is very remarkable that, though
want of fodder) rose to such a price, great numbers of cattle of all kinds
as to distress those who before used

perished in the open fields during to be more at their ease. Collec- this frost, several sheep, which haptions therefore were set on foot in pened to be buried in the snow, most parishes, and all ranks of peo- fallen in some parts to a great depth, : ple, that could afford it, contribut- . continued well and alive under it ed chearfully to them.

His ma

five or fix weeks. It was even afjesty fent a thousand pound bank fured in the foreign papers, that the note to the bishop of London for servant of an officer, travelling in that purpose ; and the dukes of Germany on an open fledge, hav. Newcastle and Bedford, and Lord ing been left behind on the road, Bute gave between four and five as, in all appearance, frozen to hundred pounds each. Another no- death, recovered his vital heat by a bleman, then in the country, is said fall of snow, which foon covered to have provided clothing and all him, so thoroughly and speedily, that other neceffaries for the poor, not in three days time he was able to only of his own, but of several adja- join his matter. çent parishes. At last the evil pro- Though the fires, which broke duced in fome degree its own reme. out during this frost, were very nudy. As the water in the leaden pipes merous, scarce a day passing withfroze, and there was a greater call out one, few of them, except one for that element than usual, on ac- that happened in the Strand, near count of the great number of fires, Somerset-house, were permitted to which broke out during this frost; get a-head. This, besides greatly wooden pipes were inserted into the damaging the back part of the faid mains in almost every street, and palace, consumed eight or nine these wooden pipes being often left houses, and a poor lady, aged 103, open, the ice accumulated to such a

in whose apartment it broke out, degree, that at length it became dan- while left by herself, unhappily pergerous to walk the streets, so that ifhed in the flames. there was a necessity for employing A fire likewise broke out in the

vaults

vaults of St. James's church, and let them down to the ftreet; and many bodies were burnt before it drawing up the fack again may, in could be perfeâly extinguished, like manner, let down a whole fawhich proved a work of great dif- mily, women, children, fick, old ficulty. It was attributed to the and infirm; and, and at laft, lower carelessness of some undertakers ser- himself down, by only holding the vants, in leaving a link burning, or fame rope in his own hand. sticking it againit something, dur- The most tender and timorous ing an interment there a few days must be convinced of the ease and before.

safety of this operation, by recolHints by the late bishop Berkeley of lecting that it is the very same with

the kingdom of Ireland, concerning that, by which the most delicate lafires.

dies, when they make a visit on " Whether tiles and plaister may board large ships, without any daypot supply the place of Norway fir, ger, are hoisted up in a chair from for flooring and wainscot? Whether their boat, and replaced there plaister be not warmer, as well as again.” more secure, than deal? And whe- Copy of a letter from New York, ther a modern fahionable house,

Nov. 30, 1762. lined with fir, daubed over with oil “ Since I wrote to you, one of and paint, be not like a firehip our privateers has sent in a prize seady to be lighted up by all acci- 'here, taken out of a fleet of Frenchdents?"

men, bound from Cape François to Method of saving lives at dangerous France : this fleet consisted of about

2; fail of merchant vefsels under " Into the up, er part of a win- convoy of three king's frigates, and dow-frame drive a staple, or screw a merchant frigate of 18 guns. in an iron bolt with an eye. Pro- Three privateers belonging to vide two blocks with two or three this place, and four Weft In'pullies in each, (which may be had dia privateers cruizing together, cheap, at any ship block-maker's) first fell in with them. In the pass a rope through each pulley of a night they took five vefsels out length sufficient to reach the ground of the fleet; and next day, commafrom the top of the window. Pro- dore Keppel, who was cruising vide also a strong bag or sack, of there with seven men of war, apabout four feet deep, and eighteen peared in fight of the French fleet, inches wide, with a wooden bottom, and, with the privateers, has taken and a few hoops to keep the fack every one of them. Commodore open, as in a hoop-petticoat. When Keppel has carried the four frigates an unhappy occafion requires the and eighteen merchantmen to Jause of these, let the hoop of the up- maica : they are all richly laden per block be hung in the staple; with sugar, coffee, and indigo, then the party must ftand on the Three more are ordered here, and wooden bottom, and draw the fack expected every hour.” up about them, and hang the string In the course of the war we have of the fack on the hook of the under taken from the French 18 thips of block, when any one person may, the line, and 36 frigates, and dewith the greatest ease and safety, stroyed 14 fhips and 13 frigates,

and

fires.

and they have lost by accidents 5 Calloden, if pot perished, has fuf. fhips and 6 frigaces ; so that on the fered the utmost distress ; 12 of the whole their navy has been deprived transports went to the bottom, and of 37 capital ships, and 55 frigates. the sufferings of those who rode it From the Spaniards we have taken out, are not to be conceived ; re12 ships and four frigates. Our loss duced by famine, and wafted by fahas been only 2 frigates taken, and tigue, the men appeared like skele3 destroyed, and 13 ships and 14 tons, and more than half of them frigates loft by accident.

died of thirst, fickness, and fatigue. That we

may lose no time in Many of the lips beat the seas for exciting the gratitude of the public, near a month after they had made towards that brave body, which the land; and being leaky and fo effectually contributed to put a worm-eaten when they left the Hafpeedy and glorious end to the war, vannah, the continual apprehenby the ever memorable reduction of fions of death was as terrible to the Havannah, we give our readers many as death itself. The admiral the following specimen, of the un- himself did not reach land till the parallelled hardships they were now 13th of January, when he arrived suffering in their return to Europe, at Portfmouth. It is computed that though some of the facts mentioned besides what perished in the passage in it properly belong to the year home, the conquest of the Havan1763.

nah has cost the nation upwards of On the 3d of November, admiral ten thousand men. Pocock fet fail with the transports Some time ago a man having (in all about 60) from the Havan- ftolen a sheep at Mitcham in Surry, nah. For three weeks they had a tied its hind legs together, and put fine passage, any were within 200 them over his forehead to carry it Jeages of the Lands-end, when the away ; but in getting over a gate, wind coming about to the east, and the sheep, it is thought, struggled, blowing a storm, they were disperf- and by a sudden spring, flipped its ed and driven out of their course, feet down to his throat; for they many of them leaky and ill provid. were found in that posture, the sheep ed, and unable either to make land, hanging on one side of the gate, and or keep the fea; in this wretched the man dead on the other. condition several perished; the There is now living in Yorkshire, Marlborough bore away in the ut- one Robert Oglebie, a tinker, who most diffress for Lisbon, and provi- at this time travels the country

for dentally was discovered by the An- a livelihood, who was born Nov. telope from Newfoundland, just as 6, 1647, as appears by the register the ship was ready to founder, fifty book in the parish of Rippon, in men at the pumps having worked Yorkshire. He is a tall, upright, night and day incessantly, till the thin man, and says, he was married whole crew was spent with fatigue, to his wife seventy-three years, by and unable to have sublisted one whom he had twelve boys and thirnight longer; the Temple man 'of teen girls, and that she lived to. war went to the bottom, but her the age of 106. He can hear, and crew were preserved; the Devon- fee to work, as well as ever he did thire Mared the same fate ; the in his life,

.creased 17

Died lately. Mrs. Baffet at Hal,

In the course of this year were dane-house, near Exeter; who, it is chriftened at Norwich, Males 525. said, has left to the hospitals of Bath Females 570. Increased 4. Buried,

and Exeter 500l. each, and 400l. 'to Males 586. Females 570. Iacreafthe poor of four parishes in Corn- ed 91. wall and Devonshire.

át Liverpool, chrift. Males 438. Mr. Evan Owens, at Denbigh, Females 403. Increased 51. Buried, aged 100.

Males 564. Females 562. InMrs. Esch, at Agnes-Burton, creased 375. Marriages 375. DeYorkshire, aged 100.

At Dijon in France, Touiffant At Dublin, chriftened, Males Maratrai, aged 112; at the age of 1043. Females 1447. Increased 75 he married his second wife, by 281. Buried, Males 1273. Fewhom he had children. He was a males 1217. Increased 198. labouring man, and always enjoyed

Harlem in Holland, Born 751. a good ftate of health.

Died 1674. Increased 31.

Amsterdam, chriftened in the reA general bill of the christenings formed and Lutheran churches 4320.

and barials in London, from De- Married 3316. Buried 8412. cember 15, 1761, to December Newcastle, christened 522. In14, 1762.

creased 101. Buried

532. IncreafChriftened Buried

At Manchefter, chriftened, Males Males 7859 Males 13101 373. Females 316. Decreased 86. Females 7492 Females 13225 Buried, Males 274.

Increased 46. Married 351. In15351

263.26 creased 11.

ed 13'.

Females 300.

935

20

lacreafed in the burials this year 5263.

Translation of a letter wrote by prince

Ferdinand to general Sporcken, on Died ander 2 years of age 8371

resigning to him the command of the Between 2 and 5 2287 allied army in Germany; containing

5
and 10

his serene highness's thanks to the 10 and

918

faid army, and likewise his maje20 and 30 2146 fity's letter of thanks to bis fereze 30 and 40 2379 bigbness. 40 and 50 2638

o SIR, 50 and 60 bo and 90 2165 HAving had the honour, on my

arrival at Neuhaus, to write to, 70 and 80 2526 the king to congratulate him on the 80 and 90 659 peace he had made with France and 90 and 100

85 Spain, and at the fame time to ask

his permiffion to quit his army,

where my presence is no longer ne. 114 1 ceffary; his majesty was graciously

pleased to give me a very favour26326 able answer, in the following let

ter;

1

102

1

ter; which I send you, general, to which I was honoured by the king. be communicated to the army.

I therefore defire, general, that you " Cousin,

will return them my sincere thanks, I thank you for the obliging con- and that you will also thank, in my gratulations in your letter of the name, the whole army, for the 23d past, on the happy conclusion obedience they paid to me whilft I of the peace, to which your good , had the honour to command them. conduct at the head of my army Neuhaus, Dec.

FERDINAND, bath fo greatly contributed. I. 23, 1762. Duke of Brunfwick." readily consent to your demand, and am very glad that after so The marquis of Granby's letter of much fatigue, you will enjoy, in thanks to ihe British forces in the bosom of peace, that glory Germany. Dated Munfter, Jan. 1. which you have so jully acquired. “ Lord Granby has hoped to Beings moreover, convinced how have had it in his power to have much I owe to your great merit, seen and taken his leave of the .you may be assured of my perfe- troops, before their embarkation for vering in these sentiments, being, England; but a severe illness hav. with much esteem and devotion, ing detained him at Warbourg, and cousin, your devoted cousin, his present state of health obliging St. James's

him to take another rout, he could Dec. 3, 1762.

George R."

not leave this country without this " In consequence of this per- public testimony of his entire apmission which his majesty has gra- probation of their conduct, fince he ciously given me, I resign to gene- has had the honour of commanding ral Sporcken the command of the them. army, which I shall leave. to-mor- These sentiments naturally call row the 24th of December. I am

I am for his utmost acknowledgments: the better satisfied, as his majesty He therefore returns his warmeft has condescended to repeat to me thanks to the generals, officers, and his approbation of my conduct: private men composing the whole and I have the most grateful sense British corps, for the bravery, zeal, of the favours with which

you

ho. discipline, and good conduct he has noured me during the time that I constantly experienced from every commanded the army. I shall ne- individual; and his most particular ver forget with how great and hap- and personal thanks are due to them py fuccess I fought at the head of for their ready obedience, upon the brave troops that composed the occasions, to such orders as his ftaarmy, for liberty, and for their tion obliged him to give, country and mine. This I shall al- His beft endeavours have always ways remember, and it will make been directed to their good, by me think continually on the obliga. every means in his,power; and he tions I owe to the generals and has the satisfaction to think he has officers in particular, who, by af- same reason to flatter himself of lifting me with their experience and their being convinced, if not of the Their good advice, enabled me to efficacy, at least of the fincerity of serve my country, and to discharge, his intentions, if he may judge by at the faine time, the traft with the pable return their behaviour bas

made

all

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