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1776. He was soon quite calm. The letter was from Mr. Ætat. 67.

Thrale's clerk, and concluded, “ I need not say how
much they wish to see you in London.” He said,
“ We shall hasten back from Taylor's.”

Mrs. Lucy Porter and some other ladies of the
place talked a great deal of him when he was out of
the room, not only with veneration but affection. It
pleased me to find that he was so much beloved in his
native city.

Mrs. Aston, whom I had seen the preceding night, and her sister, Mrs. Gastrel, a widow lady, had each a house and garden, and pleasure-ground, prettily situated upon Stowhill, a gentle eminence, adjoining to Lichfield. Johnson walked away to dinner there, leaving me by myself without any apology; I wondered at this want of that facility of manners, from which a man has no difficulty in carrying a friend to a house where he is intimate; I felt it

very unpleasant to be thus left in solitude in a country town, where I was an entire stranger, and began to think myself unkindly deserted : but I was soon relieved, and convinced that my friend, instead of being deficient in delicacy, had conducted the matter with perfect propriety, for I received the following note in his handwriting : “Mrs. Gastrel, at the lower house on Stowhill, desires Mr. Boswell's company to dinner at two." I accepted of the invitation, and had here another proof how amiable his character was in the opinion of those who knew him best. I was not informed, till afterwards, that Mrs. Gastrel's husband was the clergyman who, while he lived at Stratford upon Avon, where he was proprietor of Shakspeare's garden, with Gothick barbarity cut down his mulberry,

He has many

tree,” and, as Dr. Johnson told me, did it to vex his 776. neighbours. His lady, I have reason to believe, on

Etat. 67. the same authority, participated in the guilt of what the enthusiasts of our immortal bard deem almost a species of sacrilege.

After dinner Dr. Johnson wrote a letter to Mrs. Thrale, on the death of her son. I said it would be very distressing to Thrale, but she would soon forget it, as she had so many things to think of. Johnson. “No, Sir, Thrale will forget it first. She has many things that she may think of.

think of. He has things that he must think of.” This was a very just remark upon the different effect of those light pursuits which occupy a vacant and easy mind, and those serious engagements which arrest attention, and keep us froin brooding over grief.

He observed of Lord Bute, “ It was said of Augustus, that it would have been better for Rome that he had never been born, or had never died. So it would have been better for this nation if Lord Bute had never been minister, or had never resigned.”

In the evening we went to the Town-hall, which was converted into a temporary theatre, and saw “Theodosius,” with “ The Stratford Jubilee.” I was happy to see Dr. Johnson sitting in a conspicuous part of the pit, and receiving affectionate homage from all his acquaintance. We were quite gay and merry. I afterwards mentioned to him that I condemned myself for being so, when poor Mr. and Mrs. Thrale were in such a distress. Johnson “You are

2 See an accurate and animated statement of Mr. Gastrel's barbarity, by Mr. Malone, in a note on “ Some account of the Life of William Shakspeare,” prefixed to his admirable edition of that Poet's works, Vol. I. p. 118.

1776. wrong, Sir; twenty years hence Mr. and Mrs. Thrale Etat. 67.

will not suffer much pain from the death of their
son. Now, Sir, you are to consider, that distance of
place, as well as distance of time, operates upon the
human feelings. I would not have you be gay

in
the presence of the distressed, because it would shock
them; but you may be gay at a distance. Pain for
the loss of a friend, or of a relation whom we love, is
occasioned by the want which we feel. In time the
vacuity is filled with something else; or sometimes
the vacuity closes up of itself.”

Mr. Scward and Mr. Pearson, another clergyman here, supped with us at our inn, and after they left us, we sat up late as we used to do in London.

Here I shall record some fragments of my friend's conversation during this jaunt.

Marriage, Sir, is much more necessary to a man than to a woman; for he is much less able to supply himself with domestick comforts. You will recollect my' saying to some ladies the other day, that I had often wondered why young women should marry, as they have so much more freedom, and so much more attention paid to them while unmarried, than when married. I indeed did not mention the strong reason for their marrying the mechanical reason.' Boswell. “ Why that is a strong one.

But does not imagination make it much more important than it is in reality? Is it not, to a certain degree, a delusion in us as well as in women?” Johnson. “Why yes, Sir; but it is a delusion that is always beginning again.” Boswell.

Boswell. “I don't know but there is upon the whole more misery than happiness produced by that passion.” Johnson. “ I don't think so, Sir.”

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99

Ætat. 67.

• Never speak of a man in his own presence. It 1776. is always indelicate, and may be offensive."

Questioning is not the mode of conversation among gentlemen. It is assuming a superiority, and it is particularly wrong to question a man concerning himself. There may be parts of his former life which he may not wish to be made known to other persons, or even brought to his own recollection.”

" A man sliould be careful never to tell tales of himself to his own disadvantage. People may be amused and laugh at the time, but they will be remembered and brought out against him upon some subsequent occasion."

“ Much may be done if a man puts his whole mind to a particular object. By doing so, Norton has made himself the great lawyer that he is allowed to be.”

I mentioned an acquaintance of mine, a sectary, who was a very religious man, who not only attended regularly on publick worship with those of his communion, but made a particular study of the Scriptures, and even wrote a commentary on some parts of them, yet was known to be very licentious in indulging himself with women; maintaining that men are to be saved by faith alone, and that the Christian religion had not prescribed any fixed rule for the intercourse between the sexes. JOHNSON. “Sir, there is no trusting to that crazy piety.”

I observed that it was strange how well Scotchmen were known to one another in their own country, though born in very distant counties; for we do not

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3 [Sir Fletcher Norton, afterwards Speaker of the House of Commons, and in 1782 created Baron Grantley. M.]

1776. find that the gentlemen of neighbouring counties in Ætat. 67. England are mutually known to each other. John

son, with his usual acuteness, at once saw and explained the reason of this; “ Why, Sir, you have Edinburgh, where the gentlemen from all your counties meet, and which is not so large but they are all known. There is no such common place of collection in England, except London, where from its great size and diffusion, many of those who reside in contiguous counties of England, may long remain unknown to each other."

On Tuesday, March 26, there came for us an equipage properly suited to a wealthy well-beneficed clergyman; Dr. Taylor's large, roomy post-chaise, drawn by four stout plump horses, and driven by two steady jolly postillions, which conveyed ụs to Ashbourne ; where I found my friend's schoolfellow living upon an establisment perfectly corresponding with his substantial creditable equipage : his house, garden, pleasure-grounds, table, in short every thing good, and no scantiness appearing. Every man should form such a plan of living as he can execute completely. Let him not draw an outline wider than he can fill up. I have seen many skeletons of shew and magnificence which excite at once ridicule and pity. Dr. Taylor had a good estate of his own, and good preferment in the church, being a prebendary of Westminster, and rector of Bosworth. He was a diligent justice of the peace, and presided over the town of Ashbourne, to the inhabitants of which I was told he was very liberal ; and as a proof of this it was mentioned to me, he had the preceding winter, distributed two hundred pounds among such of them as stood in need of his assistance. He had consequently

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