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Ætat. 61. “ The readiness with which you were pleased to promise me some notes on Shakspeare, was a new instance of your friendship. I shall not hurry you; but am desired by Mr. Steevens, who helps me in this edition, to let you know, that we shall print the tragedies first, and shall therefore want first the notes which belong to them. We think not to incommode the readers with a supplement; and therefore, what we cannot put into its proper place, will do us no good. We shall not begin to print before the end of six weeks, perhaps not so soon.

“ I am, &c. “ London, June 23, 1770. “ SAM. Johnson."



“I AM revising my edition of Shakspeare, and remember that I formerly misrepresented your opinion of Lear. Be pleased to write the paragraph as you would have it, and send it. If you


any remarks of your own upon that or any other play, I shall gladly receive them.

“ Make my compliments to Mrs. Warton. I sometimes think of wandering for a few days to Winchester, but am apt to delay. I am, Sir,

- Your most humble servant, “Sept. 27, 1770.

“ Sam. Johnson."




“ I am at last sat down to write to you, and should


much blame myself for having neglected you so long, if I did not impute that and many other failings to want of health. I hope not to be so long silent again. I am very well satisfied with your progress,


you can really perform the exercises which you are set; and I hope Mr. Ellis does not suffer

you to impose on him, or on yourself.

“ Make my compliments to Mr. Ellis, and to Mrs. Clapp, and Mr. Smith.

“ Let me know what English books you read for your entertainment. You can never be wise unless you

love reading. “ Do not imagine that I shall forget or forsake you; for if, when I examine you, I find that you have not lost your time, you shall want no encouragement from

“ Your's affectionately, London, Sept. 25, 1770.



“I hope you mind your business. I design

stay with Mrs. Clapp these holidays. If you are invited out you may go, if Mr. Ellis gives leave. I have ordered you some clothes, which you will receive, I believe, next week. My compliments



" I am

to Mrs. Clapp and to Mr. Ellis, and Mr. Smith, 1770. &c.

Ætat. 61. “ Your affectionate, “ December 7, 1770.

“ Sam. Jonsson."

During this year there was a total cessation of all correspondence between Dr. Johnson and me, without any coldness on either side, but merely from procrastination, continued from day to day; and as I was not in London, I had no opportunity of enjoying his company and recording his conversation. To supply this blank, I shall present my readers with some Collectanea, obligingly furnished to me by the Rev. Dr. Maxwell, of Falkland, in Ireland, some time assistant preacher at the Temple, and for many years the social friend of Johnson, who spoke of him with a very

kind regard. “ My acquaintance with that great and venerable character commenced in the year 1754. I was introduced to him by Mr. Grierson, his Majesty's printer at Dublin, a gentleman of uncommon learning, and great wit and vivacity. Mr. Grierson died in Germany, at the age of twenty-seven. Dr. Johnson highly respected his abilities, and often observed, that he possessed more extensive knowledge than any man of his years he had ever known. His industry was equal to his talents ; and he particularly excelled in every species of philological learning, and was, perhaps, the best critick of the age he lived in.

“I must always remember with gratitude my obligation to Mr. Grierson, for the hongur and happi

5 Son of the learned Mrs. Grierson, who was patronised by the late Lord Granville, and was the editor of several of the classicks. VOL, JI,


1770. ness of Dr. Johnson's acquaintance and friendship, Ætat. 61.

which continued uninterrupted and undiminished to his death: a connection, that was at once the pride and happiness of my

life. “What pity it is, that so much wit and good sense as he continually exhibited in conversation,

should perish unrecorded ! Few persons quitted his v company without perceiving themselves wiser and

better than they were before. On serious subjects he flashed the inost interesting conviction upon his auditors; and upon lighter topicks, you might have supposed-- Albano musas de monte locutas.

“ Though I can hope to add but little to the celebrity of so exalted a character, by any communications I can furnish, yet out of pure respect to his memory, I will venture to transmit to you some anecdotes concerning him, which fell under my own observation. The very ninutiæ of such a character must be interesting, and may be compared to the filings of diamonds.

“ In politicks he was deemed a Tory, but certainly was not so in the obnoxious or party sense of the term ; for while he asserted the legal and salutary prerogatives of the crown, he no less respected the constitutional liberties of the people. Whiggism, at the time of the Revolution, he said, was accompanied with certain principles; but latterly, as a mere party distinction under Walpole and the Pelhams was no better than the politicks of stock-jobbers, and the religion of infidels.

“He detested the idea of governing by parliamentary corruption, and asserted most strenuously, that a prince steadily and conspicuously pursuing the interests of his people, could not fail of parliamentary

concurrence. A prince of ability, he contended, 1770. might and should be the directing soul and spirit of

Ætat. 61. his own administration; in short, his own minister, and not the mere head of a party: and then, and not till then, would the royal dignity be sincerely respected.

“ Johnson seemed to think, that a certain degree of crown influence over the Houses of Parliament, (not meaning a corrupt and shameful dependence,) was very salutary, nay, even necessary, in our mixed government. For, (said he,) if the members were under no crown influence, and disqualified from receiving any gratification from Court, and resembled, as they possibly might, Pym and Haslerig, and other stubborn and sturdy members of the long Parliament, the wheels of government would be totally obstructed. Such men would oppose, merely to shew their power, from envy, jealousy, and perversity of disposition ; and not gaining themselves, would hate and oppose all who did: not loving the person of the prince, and conceiving they owed him little gratitude, from the mere spirit of insolence and contradiction, they would oppose

and thwart him upon all occasions.' “ The inseparable imperfection annexed to all human governments, consisted, he said, in not being able to create a sufficient fund of virtue and principle carry

the laws into due and effectual execution. Wisdom might plan, but virtue alone could execute. And where could sufficient virtue be found ? A variety of delegated, and often discretionary, powers must be entrusted somewhere ; which, if not governed by integrity and conscience, would necessarily be abused, till at last the constable would sell his for a shilling


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