A General View of the Coal Trade of Scotland Chiefly that of the River Forth and Mid-Lothian. To which is Added, an Inquiry Into the Condition of the Women who Carry Coals Under Ground in Scotland, Known by the Name of Bearers, Etc
Oliphant, Waugh, and Innes, 1812 - 203 páginas
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advance amount Andrew appears attended bearers bring Britain brought carried cause century CHAP charges chews Coal Trade coal-field Coal-Trade coalmasters collieries common compared concerns considered continue demand distance district drawing duty Edinburgh effect employed engine England English coals equal erected evident expence field fire foresaid formed forward four frequently fuel give given Glasgow ground hard hill horses improvement increased John keep kind labour laid land least less loaded London machine manufactures matter means miles mineral mines mode names natural Newcastle North operations paid particular performed period person pieces Potters present price of coals produced proportion quantity respect river Scotch Scotland sent severe society steam-engine strata strong supply taken tend termed tion trade Wauchop weight whole witness women
Página 104 - ... stairs, halting occasionally to draw breath, till they arrive at the hill or pit top, where the coals are laid down for sale ; and in this manner they go for eight or ten hours almost without resting. It is no uncommon thing to see them, when ascending the pit, weeping most bitterly, from the excessive severity of their labour ; but the instant they have laid down their burden on the hill, they resume their cheerfulness, and return down the pit singing".
Página 104 - ... return down the pit singing. " The execution of work performed by a stout woman in this way is beyond conception. For instance, we have seen a woman, during the space of time above mentioned, take on a load of at least 170 Ibs. avoirdupois, travel with this 150 yards up the slope of the coal below ground, ascend a pit by stairs 117 feet, and travel upon the hill 20 yards more to where the coals are laid down. All this she will perform no less than twenty-four times as a day's work.
Página 103 - In about three hours after, his wife, [attended by her daughters, if she has any sufficiently grown,] sets out for the pit, having previously wrapped her infant child in a blanket, and left it to the care of an old woman, who, for a small gratuity, keeps three or four children at a time, and who, in their mother's absence, feeds them with ale or whiskey, mixed with water.
Página 140 - I bind and oblige me and my heirs to warrant this present renunciation and discharge at all hands. And I consent to the registration hereof in the books of Council and Session or any other judges' books competent, therein to remain for preservation, and thereto I constitute . . . my procurators, etc.
Página 113 - In surveying the workings of an extensive colliery under ground," says Robert Bald, Esq., the eminent coal viewer, " a married woman came forward, groaning under an excessive weight of coals, trembling in every nerve, and almost unable to keep her knees from sinking under her. On coming up she said, in a plaintive and melancholy voice, ' Oh, sir, this is sore, sore, sore work. I wish to God that the first woman who tried to bear coals had broken her back, and never would have tried it again.
Página 103 - The mother, having thus disposed of her younger children, descends the pit with her older daughters, when each, having a basket of a suitable form, lays it down, and into it the large coals are rolled; and such is the weight carried, that it frequently takes two men to lift the burden upon their backs: the girls are loaded according to their strength. The mother sets out first, carrying a lighted candle in her teeth; the girls follow, and in this manner they proceed to the pit bottom, and...
Página 103 - ... that it frequently takes two men to lift the burden upon their backs: the girls are loaded according to their strength. The mother sets out first, carrying a lighted candle in her teeth; the girls follow, and in this manner they proceed to the pit bottom, and with weary steps and slow, ascend the stairs, halting occasionally to draw breath, till they arrive at the hill or pit top, where the coals are laid down for sale; and in this manner they go for eight or ten hours almost without resting.
Página 109 - ... to 4,080 pounds or above 36 hundredweight English, and there have been frequent instances of two tons being carried. The wages paid for this work, are eightpence per day! - a circumstance as surprising almost as the work performed . . . From this view of the work performed by bearers in Scotland, some faint idea may be formed of the slavery and severity of the toil particularly when it is considered that they are entered to this work when seven years of age, and frequently continue till they...
Página 102 - In those collieries where this mode is in practice, the collier leaves his house for the pit about eleven o'clock at night, (attended by his sons, if he has any sufficiently old), when the rest of mankind are retiring to rest. Their first work is to prepare coals, by hewing them down from the wall. In about three hours after, his wife (attended by her daughters, if she has any sufficiently grown) sets out for the pit, having previously wrapped her infant child in a blanket, and left it to the care...