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lone in the change of Bodies, would fearce to any one, but to him that makes the soul the Man, be enough to make the fame Man, and that the Body too goes to the making the Man; no very large concession this, though it be the foundation of an answer to that opinion, which is now to be consider'd; and which to Common readers, might seem to be favour’d by the words above, if such a weighty observation had not been annex'd to them. If therefore the Body too goes to the making the Man; then he who is the same Man in the Resurrešlion, that hath before lived upon earth, must consist of the same Soul and the same Body. For though Consciousness do go along with the Soul, and though the Identity of Person be supposed and Implied in the Identity of Man; yet ’tis peculiarly requisite to the Identity of Man, that the same Soul be united to the same Body, because to the Identity of every Compound Being an Union of the same
But this Author in his last Controversial Letter to a Learned Bishop, wherein he treats of this subjećt, hath observed, * that it would be hard to determine, if that should be demanded, what greater Congruity the Soul hath, with any particles of matter, which were once vitally umited to it, but are now so no longer; than it hath with particles of matter, which it was never united to. But the Determination of this question will not be thought so extremely Difficult by any one, who is willing to be determin'd by the Common consent of Mankind, and by the Holy Scriptures. ,
Though Matter be in it self void of Sensation; yet when it is formed into a Humane Body and united to the Soul, it is not only endued with Sense, but becomes the Source of certain Propensions and Appetites, which are in Scripture represented as f warring against the Law of the mind, and bringing men into Captivity to the law of sin: And therefore we are said, as with the mind to serve the
* 3d. Letter to Bp. Stillingfleet, p. 177. i Rom. vii. 23.
law of sim. And as fin is thus charged upon the Inordinate Appetites of the Body; so those Bodies, in which such Depraved Appetites are subdued and mortified, are called + the 7emples of the Holy Ghos. And this appears to be a fufficient reason for concluding, that in the Resurre&#ion the Soul will have a much greater Congruity with the Body, which it hath inhabited, than with that matter, to which it was never before vitally united; because it seems very agreeable to God's Infinite Justice, that those Bodies which have been enslaved by Sin, should be consigned to Misery;
*and that those, which have been con
formed to the Laws of Right Reason, and the influence of God's Holy Spirit, should be made partakers of Happiness: Whereas other portions of Matter, which have not been united to the Soul, and therefore not endued with such Affections and Powers, as render'd them Capable of being Sharers in Virtue or Vice,
* x. 25. t I Cor. vi. 19. - Cannot
cannot with any colour of reason be deem'd the Objećts of Reward or Punishment. - But this Celebrated Master of Thought hath undertaken to shew, by an Argument which he thinks unanswerable, that the same Body, in which man lives here, is not Necessary to his Identity in the Resurret?ion. For, representing the Disparity between the Body of our Saviour when Raised, and the Bodies of other men to be Raised, and endeavouring to prove, that though our Saviour did rise with the same Body, it does not follow, that we shall do so too, he thus discourseth: His " Body saw not o, tion, and therefore to give him another Body new moulded, mixed with other particles of matter, which were not contain'd in it as it lay in the grave, whole and entire as it laid there, had been to desiroy his Body, to frame him a new one without any need. But why with the remaining particles of a man's Body, long since dissolv’d and moulder'd into duff and atoms
* 3d. Letter, p. 130, 181.
A - (whereof
undergone variety of changes, and entred into other concretions even in the Bodies of other men) other new particles of matter mixed with them, may not serve to make his Body again, as well as the mixture of new and different particles of matter with the old did in the compass of his life make his body, I think no reason can be given. Now what is here said would be true, and no reason could be given against it, if by his body no more were meant than this, That whatsoever particles of matter should at the Resurrettion be vitally united to a man's soul, might be said to constitute his body at that time; but this does not come up to the purpose of this passage, which is brought to prove, not only that new matter united to a man's soul may be said to be his body, at that time Absolutely, and without Reference to any other time, but that a Body thus made up of New matter may be his Body, so as in conjunction with the soul to constitute him the same man, that hath before existed in this state; for that is the only design of this passage, - - and