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of Divine Displeasure stamp'd upon it; *7%e Lord said unto Samuel, (and Samuel told all the Words of the Lord unto the People) They have not rejećled Thee, but they have reječied Me, that I should not reign over them. - But neither this strong Admonition, nor yet the subsequent Representation, which God commanded the Prophet to lay before them, of the many Inconveniences which would follow such a Change, as they were bent upon making in their Constitution, was sufficient to give them a Sense of their Duty, or Divert them from their Impious Resolution: + They said, May, but we will have a King 0wer #9. - 2. Thus did they Arrogantly engage in, . Impetuously carry on, and, to Extremi- ty, maintain a flagrant Opposition to God; which they so Far succeeded in, that a King was set over them. And soon after he had taken the Government upon him, Samuel, their Old, Faithful, and Affeétionate Prophet and judge took occasi

* Ver, 7, 10, f Ver. I 9. - - - , On,

on, before a general Assembly, to vindi- . cate his own Unspotted Integrity under his Publick Administration; and to give them a Just Sense of their Past Enormities and Provocations against God; and fully to apprize them of the True and Fundamental Causes and Reasons of their Future Hopes and Fears, in a most Excellent and Moving Oration, which he closeth with the Words of the Text, If ye shall still do wickedly, ye shall be confumed, both ye and your King. Which Words may justly challenge most Attentive and Serious Regard from every People and Nation, which hath any Concern for the Prosperity, or Safety of its Prince, or, of it Self; For these two Propositions are Implied in them; I. First, That National //ickedness, is the Just Cause of Expeding and Dreading National Misery: And, ... " II. Secondly, That the Wickedness of a People is a just Cause of the Sufferings of their Prince, * These Propositions are so nearly allied to the Rueful Occasion of this Day's Solemnity, that a short Application of them

them will, in the 7hird and last Place, naturally and easily flow from them. And I shall entirely confine my Illustration and Application of these Propositions to a Religious View of them; not allowing my self the Liberty of entring into any Political Disquisitions or Remarks, consi– der'd purely as Such, but leaving these, as they ought to be left, to the Thoughts and Resolutions of those Persons, whose Superiour Faculties Enable them, and whose peculiar Province Requires them, to Weigh and Determine all such Points with Propriety and Advantage.—The I. Proposition to be consider'd, is, That National //ickedness is the Just Cause of Expecting and Dreading Wational Miséry. Indeed such a Proposition as This, or however the Principal Reasons of it, might, in the Days of Old, have been grating in the Ears of one Particular, Fanciful Sečt of Men, and those rank'd under the Honourable Title of Philosophers too, who employ'd their Roving Heads in finding out a Way, to account for the Formation of a World, without . . . . * - - - - a God, * God, and for the Government of it without A Superintending Providence. And, though they fail'd of Demonstrating what they Design'd; yet they have Undesignedly and Casually left Another Demonstration behind them, Aclear Demonstration, that their Want of True Sense, and Solid judgment, did Faithfully keep pace with their Want of True Piety. For all Men who have Thought Properly and Regularly, as Men ought to Think; who have assigned, not the Starts of Imagination, but the Dićtates of sound Reason, for the Foundations of Serious and Close Argument, have, with one Consent, Determin’d and Established the Truth and the Consequences of Opinions, directly opposed to the Strains of this wild Philosophy. - - And if we should Resolve the Proposrion before us, into the Principles, upon which it is Grounded; every Man's own Mind will be found sufficient to draw out , a clear Convićtion for it self, from the Reasons and Relations of Things, That there must be a Necessary, Self-existent Being, a God, the Creatour and Gover- Inour, nour of the World, and 'tis utterly Impossible to be otherwise; That his own Honour is the Ultimate End of Creation and Government; That A Dutiful Regard to his Authority and Honour is the only JustTitle which a Nation can have to his Favour; That his Favour is the sole Tenure, under which Prote:liomand Hapiness are Granted or Continued to a People; That the Contempt of him, or Opposition to him, is a Direét Forfeiture of that Favour; and Therefore, That a Kingdom, which fixeth it self in a Posture of Rebellion against him, becomes Justly Liable to be Distress'd, or Deffroyed by him. And when the Proof of this Propositi- . on, so manifestly rising from the Suggestions and Reasonings of our own Minds, does not Introduce a suitable Influence and Efficacy upon the Behaviour of Humane Societies, God is wont to give them a Further Cogent Proof of it, The Demonstration of his Severe judgments falling upon them. And the First Instance, given in Scripture of such Direful Proof, would have been the Finishing one, and - - I - Intirely

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