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our Creatour. For 'tis not to be Supposed, or Imagin'd, that the Contriver and . Author of our Beings can be 'Ignorant of them. And hence 'tis observable, that neither the Wonderful Numbers, nor Differences of Creatures can Prevent, or Obstruct God's Knowledge of every Particucular amongst them. For, if every Single creaturebe as Certainly and Properly Produced and Constituted, by his Voluntary and Positive Aét, as if that creature A– lone had been produced by him; Then every Single Being is as Distinétly, and Fully, and perfeótly Known by him, as if That Single Being were the Only ob

jećt of his Knowledge. After the Works of the Creation were Finished, the First Remark made upon them was, that God SAw every thing that he had made, that he took Special Cognizance of the Nature and Constitution, the State and Circumstances of All created Beings: And, every Thing that he had made being Disposed and Order'd by his ///dom, That Knowledge of his, whereby he applies the best Means to the best Ends, Therefore the next Thing Remark'd - Was,

was, this Judgment which the Creatour passed upon the wholeWork of Creation, And behold it was very good. The Images of Things were all Distinét, and Fair, and Perfeót in the Divine Mind, before they were made. Creation was only the Aétual Execution of God's Eternal Designs, That External Aćtion, whereby he gave Existence to Beings, in an Exaët and Intire Conformity to the Ideas, which he had of them, from Everlasting,

within Himself. And hence appears the

Perfeótion, as well as the Extent of that Knowledge, which God hath of his Creatures. For, as They are, in Effect, the Transcripts and Resemblances of his own Conceptions, His Consciousness of the One, must be the consummate Knowledge of the Other. Since there is not a Figure, or Line in any Body throughout the Compass of the Visible World; not a Principle, or Faculty, or Power, in any Being, Visible or Invisible, but what was first Adjusted in its Grand Exemplar, the Mind of God; and since his Conceptions are Indelible and Immutable, Therefore the View of his own Conceptions, is at once a most a most Accurate and Intimate Survey of every Created Being. And as the Creatour hath the Complete Knowledge of Them, in their Original, the Eternal Ideas of them within Himself; so is he, in his own Essence, Immediately Present with every one of them. And therefore the Nature and Operations, and all the Circumstances of every Being are continually under His Inspection, continually Unfolded and Dis. played before him. ... So Firm and Sure are the Foundations of this great Truth delivered by the Aposile, Hebr. iv. 13. Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his Sight: But all things are maked and opened unto the eyes of him, with whom we have to do. . . . . . And to these General Reasons of God's Knowledge may be reduced those passages of Scripture which represent his Particular and Perfeót Knowledge of Human Affairs. Such are those Texts, which testifie either * -1st, His Knowledge of our Outward Actions, or

2dly, His Knowledge of our Hearts and Thoughts, or 3dly, His Foreknowledge, or, his Knowledge of Future Events, even of Those which are properly contingent, and depend upon the Voluntary Resolutions and Determinations of Free Agents. 1st, The Infallible Word of God testifies his Knowledge of our Outward A. tiions. Thus we are taught, job xxxiv. 21. His eyes are upon the ways of man, and he seeth all his goings; and in the words immediately following the Text, By him Assions are weighed: And Ps. cxxxix. 3. Thou art acquainted with all my ways. Our Power of Aëting is communicated by Him, and therefore our Exercise and Applications of that Power, which intirely Depends upon him, must be perfeótly Known to him. And because He is always Immediately Present with us, 'tis as impossible for us to Aét without his Knowledge, as to Subsist without his Support. - 2dly, The Scripture testifies God's certain Knowledge of our Hearts and Thoughts. Upon this Principle Holy Da- I - vid

vid builds his Exhortations to Solomom, * Know thou the God of thy father, and ferve him with a perfečf heart, and with a willing mind; for the Lord searcheth all hearts, and underslandeth all the Imaginations of the Thoughts. Our Discernment cannot reach the Secrets of Mens Minds; and therefore, by their fruits ye shall know them, is the necessary Rule of our Judgment, as well as of our Charity. But God's Knowledge of our Hearts does not Depend upon, nor Want the Evidence of our outward behaviour. He sees Them Directly, as they are in Themselves: The Soul being in his Immediate Presence, as well as the Body, He observesthe operations of the One, as Accurately as the Other, our Thoughts as Distinétly as our Aëtions. 3dly, TheScripture + testifies the Foreknowledge of God, or, his Knowledge of Future Events, even of Those which are properly Contingent, and dependupon the Voluntary Determinations of Free Agents. Nothing is more Evident, than

* I Chron, xxviii. 9. Dan. ii. 28, Isa, xliii. 9. ---xlvi. 10.

that

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