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Mr. Toup's " Epistola Critica ad celeberrimum virum Gulielmum Episcopum Glocestriensem 8vo.

ciples on which it is written, 1773." 8vo. 9. "Irenicum; or, the Importance of Unity in the Church of Christ considered; and applied towards the Healing of our unhappy Differences and Divisions, 1775." 10. "An impartial Enquiry into the Case of the Gospel Demoniacks; with an Appendix, consisting of an Essay on Scripture Demonology, 1777." 8vo. This last was a warm attack on the opinion held out by a respectable Dissenting Divine, the Rev. Hugh Farmer, in his "Essay on the Demoniacks, 1775," 8vo; and, having produced a spirited reply, 1778, Dr. Worthington prepared for the press (what by the express directions of his will was given to the publick after his death) "A further Enquiry into the Case of the Gospel Demoniacks, occasioned by Mr. Farmer's Letters on the Subject, 1779." Svo.

* To what has been said on Mr. Toup and the Bishop of Gloucester in vol. II. p. 339, may be added the following extracts: "The profound Greek Literature seems to have taken refuge in the farthest nook of the West. Toup's two pieces on Suidas are considerable in their way. He is certainly well skilled in the Greek tongue, and possesses, besides, a particle or two, discerped from Bentley's vos, which I regard as the soul, or rò war, as we may say, of the critical world. With all this, he is a piece of a Coxcomb, as, I know not how, all the modern Greeks, I think, are. He treats his neighbour Heath, of Exeter, with sovereign contempt, calling him indeed doctissimus, as occasion serves, but withal, laboriosissimus; a term, as I suppose, in this lively Greek's mouth, of opprobrious import. In short, what by his real talents in his way, and the superior airs he gives himself, I expect that, in after-times, some admiring Dutch Critic, half asleep and all a-gape, will quote him by the style and title of Toupius war, that highest and most crowning appellation to which critical ambition knows to aspire. This corrector of Suidas and Kuster promises, it seems, a new edition of Longinus. I wish he had chosen some better and more useful book. The Moral Tracts of Plutarch, for instance, are many of them incomparable; but so wretchedly printed, and so corrupt even in the best editions, that they are not to be read without much trouble. From Toupius, I descend by a gradation of many steps, to Jer. Markland (see vol. II. p. 96, vol. IV. p. 269)." Mr. Hurd to the Bp. of Gloucester, Feb. 24, 1764. What you say of Toup, is undoubtedly true. Learning is so shamefully neglected by our Church Grandees, that I thought it useful to recommend it to their patronage wherever it was found. Wherever Nature has sown her coxcomb-seeds, whether at Court or in the Country, they will spring up; and the man in the world, and the man out of



"An Essay towards an Improvement in the Cure of those Diseases, which are the Cause of Fevers, by Thomas Kirkland*, Surgeon," 8vo. This little

the world, who was born with them, will be coxcombs alike, though coxcombs of very different species. However, this maxim is verified in all, which I think I once laid down to you, in applying it to; that Nature never yet put one grain of gratitude or generosity into the composition of a corcomb."

Bp. Warburton to Mr. Hurd, July 8, 1766.

* Thomas Kirkland, M. D. honorary member of the Medical Society of Edinburgh, died, at Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Jan. 17, 1798, at the age of 77, after about two months' illness, during which there appeared at times flattering hopes of convalescence; but, being worn out, he departed, having endured his last sufferings with the patience and fortitude of a Christian and Philosopher. His funeral was observed, on the 22d, with the respect due to his merit. His whole life had been employed in the most un, remitting attention to the study and practice of the duties of his profession; and his genius shone most conspicuously in the science and practice of the various parts of Medical-Surgery, wherein he had few equals, none superior. His different publications, on many of the most material branches of the science, of the most melancholy and dangerous tendency to the patient, and the unrivalled practical success of his doctrines in every part of the country, have immortalized his fame, and rendered every attempt at eulogium unnecessary and vain.-His publications were, 1. "A Treatise on Gangrenes, in which the Cases that require the Use of the Bark, and those in which it is pernicious (unless joined with proper correctives), are ascertained; and the Objections to its Efficacy in the Cure of Gangrenes considered, 1754," Svo. 2. "An Essay on the Methods of suppressing Hæmorrhage from divided Arteries, 1763," 8vo. 3. "An Essay towards an Improvement in the Cure of those Diseases which are the Cause of Fevers, 1767," Svo. 4. "A Reply to Mr. Maxwell's Answer to Mr. Kirkland's Essay on Fevers, wherein the Utility and Practice of suppressing them is farther exemplified, vindicated, and enforced, 1769," 8vo. 5. "Obser vations upon Mr. Pott's General Remarks on Fractures, 1770," 8vo. 6. "Appendix to the Observations upon Mr. Pott's General Remarks on Fractures, 1771," 8vo. 7. "A Treatise on Childbed Fevers, and on the Method of preventing them, &c. 1774," Svo. 8. "Animadversions on a late Treatise on the Kink Cough, 1774," 8vo. 9. "Thoughts on Amputation; being a Supplement to the Letters on Compound Fractures, and a Comment on Dr. Bilguer's Book on this Operation; to which is added, a short Essay on the Use of Opium in Mortification, &c. 1780," 8vo. 10. "An Inquiry into the present State of Medical Surgery, including the Analogy betwixt external and internal Disorders, and the Inseparability of these Branches of the same Profession,"

Tract is well written, and deserves the attention of those whose studies peculiarly qualify them to judge of its merit.

"Poems and Translations by [Ashley Cowper *, esq.] the Author of the Progress of Physick," Svo.

vol. I. 1783, 8vo; vol. II. 1786, Svo. It is hoped that a third volume of this work, which he had nearly, if not wholly, finished before his last illness, will be given to the world by some of his successors in the profession, the publick having testified their approbation and high opinion of the former parts, in the science and practice they treat of. 11. "A Commentary on Apoplectic and Paralytic Affections, and on the Diseases connected with the Subject, 1794," 8vo. 12. "Observations on the Use of Sponge after Amputations," London Medical Observations, vol. VII. 13. "Observations on the Use and Abuse of Mercury in the Cure of the Syphilis; in a Letter to Samuel Foart Simmons, M. D. F. R.S."-The following tribute to his memory may for the present supply the place of an epitaph :

"Accept, respected and lamented Shade,

These artless lines, yet fraught with love for thee,
While Mem'ry holds her seat in this frail frame.
What tho' thy healing power (which oft has snatch'd
A father, mother, or relation dear,

From dreaded dissolution ;—and which oft

The fever raging with increasing heat
Timely assuag'd) is now no more; yet still

Thy worth, dear man! remains fresh in the breast
Of ev'ry feeling and afflicted soul:

But far more in the minds of those to whom
Thy bounteous care extended: they, indeed,
Inspir'd by gratitude, and pleasing thought,
Of thy good deeds, will gladly speak thy praise.
Long didst thou shine 'midst thy contemporaries
With just and envy'd glory; till, at last,
Stern Death, sure end of all the human race,
Remov'd thee hence, and sent thee to receive
The blessings of a Merciful Redeemer!"

This gentleman, a barrister-at-law, was the third and youngest son of Spencer Cowper, esq. (chief justice of Chester in 1717, and one of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas) and nephew to the first Earl Cowper. He was for many years Clerk of the Parliaments. The "Progress of Physick," the principal Poem in the above-mentioned volume (which was dedicated to his first-cousin, the Hon. and Rev. Dr. Spencer Cowper, Dean of Durham) was first published in 1744. He was also Editor of "The Norfolk Miscellany, 1744," 2 vols. 8vo. In Dodsley's Fourth Volume are some "Verses written in his Coke upon Littleton," by his sister Judith, who had a striking taste for



Early in this year Mr. Bowyer received from New England the following polite acknowledgement of his abilities and his bounty *:


Cambridge, Dec. 1767. "The President and Fellows of Harvard College in Cambridge beg leave to return you their grateful acknowledgements for the valuable donation you have been pleased to make to their library, through the hands of their most worthy friend and generous benefactor, Thomas Hollis, esq.

poetry, and who married Colonel Madan, and transmitted her poetical taste and devotional spirit to a daughter. Under the auspices of Mr. Ashley Cowper, his nephew Mr. William Cowper, the very admirable Poet, was appointed, in 1764, to the office of Reading Clerk, and Clerk to the Committees, in the House of Lords; an employinent both of profit and of responsibility; which his natural diffidence, and dread of reading in public, soon induced him to relinquish. He was afterwards appointed Clerk of the Journals; but had not sufficient self-confidence to make (as, from a particular circumstance, it was necessary for him to do) one public appearance at the Bar of the House.

*This Letter was copied by Archdeacon Blackburne, in his "Memoirs of Mr. Hollis," p. 805.

†Thomas Hollis, of Corscombe, in the county of Dorset, esq. was born in London, April 14, 1720. This nominal birth-day Mr. Hollis ever afterwards, without regard to the change of style, continued to observe. His great-grandfather Thomas, of Rotherham in Yorkshire, a whitesinith by trade, and Baptist by persuasion, settled in London during the Civil Wars, and died there, in 1718, aged 84, leaving three sons, Thomas, Nathaniel, and John. Of these the eldest, Thomas, a considerable merchant, is chiefly memorable for his benefactions to New-England, particularly to Harvard college in Cambridge (where he founded a professorship, scholarships, &c.) to the amount of near 5000l. in which his brothers were joint contributors, without any restriction in regard to religious sects. Thomas, the only son of Nathaniel, died in 1735 (three years before his father), leaving one son, the subject of this note, and of course the heir to his father, and also to his great-uncle Thomas, who died in 1730. His mother was the daughter of Mr. Scott, of Wolverhampton, in whose family Mr. Hollis was nurtured in his infancy. The above account will rectify a mistake which has prevailed, of his being a descendant of Denzil Lord Holles, though his grandfather used to say, they


"We have not been strangers to your character as a learned Editor, a character by no means com

were of one family, which separated in the time of Henry VIII. He was educated at the free-school of Newport in Shropshire, till he was about eight or nine years of age (probably), by a Mr. or a Dr. Lee; and afterwards at St. Alban's, by Mr. Wood. In his 13th or 14th year he was sent to Amsterdam, to learn the Dutch and French languages, writing, accompts, &c.; stayed there about fifteen months; and then returned to London to his father, with whom he continued till his death, in 1735. After this he was some years in the house of his cousin Timothy Hollis, esq. His guardian was Mr. John Hollister, then treasurer of Guy's Hospital; who, to give him a liberal education, suitable to the ample fortune he was to inherit, put him under the tuition of Professor Ward, whose picture, to preserve his memory, Mr. Hollis presented to the British Museum; and, in honour of his father and guardian, he caused to be inscribed round a valuable diamond ring, Mnemosynon Patris Tutorisque. From Dr. Jeremiah Hunt, Dr. Foster, and other eminent persons, he imbibed that ardent love of liberty, and freedom of sentiment, which strongly marked his character. He professed himself a Dissenter. In 1739-40 he went to chambers in Lincoln's-inn, being admitted as a law-student; but does not appear to have studied the law as a profession, though he resided there till July 19, 1748, when he set out on his travels for the first time, and passed through Holland, Austrian and French Netherlands, part of France, Switzerland, Savoy, and part of Italy, and returned through Provence, Brittany, &c. to Paris. His fellow traveller was Thomas Brand, esq. of The Hyde, in Essex, his particular friend and future heir. His second tour, which commenced July 16, 1750, was through Holland to Embden, Bremen, Hamburgh, the principal cities on the North and East side of Germany, the rest of Italy, Sicily and Malta, Lorrain, &c. The journals of both his tours are preserved, and would be a valuable acquisition to the publick. On his return home, finding he could not obtain a seat in Parliament in the disinterested manner he wished, without the smallest appearance of bribery, he began his collection of books and medals, "for the purpose of illustrating and upholding liberty, preserving the memory of its champions, to render tyranny and its abettors odious, to extend science and art, to keep alive the honour and estimation of their patrons and protectors, and to make the whole as useful as possible; abhorring all monopoly; and, if such should be the fitness of things, to propagate the same benevolent spirit to posterity." Among Mr. Hollis's noble benefactions to foreign libraries, none is more remarkable than that of two large collections of valuable books to the public library of Berne, which were presented anonymously, as by "an Englishman, a lover of liberty, his country, and its excellent constitution, as restored


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