Imágenes de página
PDF
ePub
[ocr errors]

Commendation of the Peace Cause by Prominent Men. OFFICERS OF THE AMERICAN PEACE SOCIETY. “ The cause of Peace we regard as an eminently philanthro

HONORARY PRESIDENT. pic and Christian enterprise of great importance, and worthy of HOWARD MALCOM, D.D. LL.D., Philadelphia. sympathy and support. It has already accomplished much

PRESIDENT. good, and would doubtless accomplish vastly more, if it pos

Hon. EDWARD S. TOBEY, Boston, sessed adequate means. We think it deserves, as it certainly

VICE-PRESIDENTS. needs, a large increase of funds. The American Peace Society,

Hox. ALEXANDER H. RICE, Boston. charged with the care of this cause in our own country, and

Hon. WILLIAM B. WASHBURN, Boston. whose management has deservedly secured very general appro

Hon. GERRITT Smith, Peterborough, N. Y. bation, we cordially commend to the liberal patronage of the

Hon. John Jay, New York City. benevolent."

ANDREW P. PEABODY, D.D, LL.D., Cambridge, Mass.

Hon. AMASA WALKER, LL.D., North Brookfield, Mass. A. P. Peabody, D. D. LL. D., Cambridge, Mass.

Elihu BURRITT, Esq., New Britain, Ct. A. A. Miner, D. D., Pres't Tufis' College, Buston, Mass

John G. WITTER, A. M. Amesbury, Mass. Hon. Wm. A. Buckingham, Ex-Gov. of Conn

D. C. SCOFIELT), Esq , Elgin, Ill. Luke Hitchcock, D. D., Cincinnati, Ohio.

Myron Puelos, Esq., Lewiston, Ill. Leonard Bacon, D. D., New Haven, Conn.

Gov. Conrad BAKER, Indianapolis, Ind. Rev. John H. Aughey, St. Louis Mo.

Bishop Tuomas A. Morris, Springfield, Ohio. Stephen H. Tyng, D. D., New York.

R. P. STEBBINS, D.D., Ithaca, N. Y. Howard Malcom, D. D., LL. D., Philadelphia.

Hon. Robert C. WINTUROP, Brookline, Mass. Bishop Thomas A. Morris, Springfield, Obio.

Tutuill King, Chicago, [ll.

Hon. FELIX R. BRUNOT, Pittsburg, Pa. Rev. T. D. Woolsey, D. D, LL. D., Ex-President Yase Conege.

Hon. REVERDY JOHNSON, Baltimore, Md. E. O. Haven, D. D., Evanston, N.

THEODORE D. WOOLSEY, D.D., LL.D., New Haven, Conn. Hon. David Turner, Crown Point, Ind.

Hon. EMORY WASHBURN, Cambridge, Mass. J. M. Gregory, LL. D., Champaign, 1.

Hon. WM. CLAFlin, Boston, Mass. R. M. Hatfield, D. D., Chicago, Ni.

Rev. Mark Hopkins, D.D., LL.D., Williams College. John V. Farwell, Chieago, M.

Rev. W. A. STEARNS, D.D., LL.D., Amherst College. Hon. Wm. R. Marshall, Ex-Gov. of Minn.

Rev. Dorus CLARKE, D. D., Boston. Hon. James Harlan, U. S. Senator, lowa.

Hon. Wm. E. Dopge, New York. Rev. P. Akers, D. D., Jacksonville, Ni.

GEORGE H. STUART, Esq., Philadelphia. Rev. Noah Porier, D. D., LL. D., Pres. Yale College.

Hon. JACOB SLEEPER, Boston. Rev. Prof. Samuel Harriss, D. D., LL. D., Yale Theo. Seminary.

Rev. E. E. Hale, Boston. Mark Hopkins, D. D., LL. D., Williams College.

William H. BALDWIN, Esq., Boston. Emory Washburn, LL. D., Cambridge, Mass.

Hon. HENRY L. PIERCE, Boston.
Hon Reverdy Johnson, Baltimore, Md.

DIRECTORS.
David Dudley Field, LL. D., New York.
Hon. Gerrill Smith, Peterboro', New York.

Hox. AMASA WALKER, North Brookfield, Mass.

Rev. L. H. ANGIER, Everett, Mass.
Hon. Peter Cooper, New York.

JOHN FIELD, Esq., Boston,
George H. Stuarı, Esq., Philadelphia.
Hon. F. R. Brunoi, Chairman Indian Commission, Pilisburg, Pa

H. H. LEAVITT, Esq.,

SAMUEL RODMAN, New Bedford, Mass. Hon. Elihu Burriti, New Britain, Ci.

Thomas GAFFIELD, Esq , Boston, Mass.
Hon. Edward S. Tobey, Boston, Mass.

JUDGE MAY, Lewiston, Me.
Amasa Walker, LL.D., No. Brookfield, Mass.
George F. Gregory, Mayor of Fredericton, N. B.

Rev. Sidi H. Browne, Columbia, South Carolina.

Rev. Geo. W. THOMPSON, Stratham, N. H. Hon. Wm. E. Dodge, New York.

WM, G. HUBBARD, Delaware, Ohio. Hon. G. Washington Warren, Pres. Bunker Hill MI. As’uon.

ABEL STEVENS, LL.D., Brooklyn, N. Y. Hon. John J. Fraser, Provincial Secretary, N. B.

REV. PHILLIPS BROOKS, Boston, Mass. C. H. B. Fisher, Esq., Fredericton, N. B.

Rev. G. N. BOARDMAN, D. D., Chicago, Ill. T. H. Rand, Chief Superintendent Education, N. B.

Hiram Hadley, Esq., Chicago, Ill. A. F. Randolí, Esq., Fredericton, N. B.

T. B. COOLEDGE, Esq,, Lawrence, Mass. J. B. Mortow, Esq., Halifax, N S

Jay COOKE, Esq., Phila., Pa, John S. Maclean, Esq., Halifax, N. S.

SAMUEL WILLETTS, Esq.p N. Y. D. Henry Starr, Esq., Halifax, N. S.

Hon. EDWARD LAWRENCE, Charlestown, Mass. M. H. Richey, Ex-Mayor, Halifax, N. S.

ALBERT TOLMAN, Esq., Worcester, Mass. Geo. H. Siarr, Esq., Halifax, N. S.

Hon. C. W. GODDARD, Portland, Me. Jay Cooke, Esq., Philadelpbia.

ALPHEUS HARDY, Esq., Bostop. John G. Whittier, Amesbury, Mass.

DANIFL PALMER, Esq., Charlestown, Mass. Hon. Charles T. Russell, Cambridge, Mass.

Rev. S. HopkiXS EMERY, Bridgport, Conn. Samuel Willeris, New York.

[ocr errors]

66

[ocr errors]

A. 8. Morse, Esq., Charlestown, Mass. Joseph A. Dugdale, Iowa.

Hon. D. K. HITCHCOCK, Newton.
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher, Brooklyn, N. Y.

Rev. B. K. PIERCE, D. D., Boston.
WILLIAM M. CoRNELL, D. D., LL.D., Boston.

3

6OVERNORS.

SIDNEY PERHAM, Governor of Maine.
JULIUS CONVERSE, Governor of Vermom.
SETH PADELFORD, Governor of Rhode Island.
ISRAEL WASHBURNE, JR., Ex-Gov. of Maine
L. A. WILMOT, Governor of New Brunswick.
JOHN T. HOFFMAN, Governor of New York
JCHN W. GEARY, Governor of Pennsylvania
E. F. NOYES, Governor of Ohio.
C. C. CARPENTER, Governor of lowa.
P. H. LESLIE, Governor of Kentucky.
HARRISON REED, Governor of Florida,

EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE.
H. H. LEAVITT, Esq., Boston.
Rev. L. H. ANGIER, Everett, Mass.
Rev. WM. P. TILDEN, Boston.
Hon. G. Washington WARREN, Boston,
John CUMMINGS, Esq., Boston.
Hon. C. T. Russell, Cambridge.
S. D. WARREN, Esq , Boston.
Rev. Dorus CLARKE, D. D., Boston,
John W. FIELD, Esq., Boston.
Rev. John W. OLMSTEAD, D. D., Boston,
Rev. S. E HERRICK, Boston.
REV. J. B. Milus, D. D., Cor. Sec., and Asst. Treasurit
Rev. H. C. DUNHAM, Recording Secretary.
Rev. DAVID PATTEN, D. D. Treasurer.

THE ADVOCATE OF PEACE.
1976, kćarch 30:7 sugflises afbambridge

.
Fency
Tom ,

[ocr errors]

(N. S. Vol. YI.3, 16; YIT.1,2. Ox EARTH PEACE . ... NATION SHALL NOT LIFT UP SWORD AGAINST Nation, NEITHER

SHALL THEY LEARN WAR ANY MORE.

New Series.

BOSTON, MARCH 1875.

Vol. VI. No. 3.

:

THE INTERNATIONAL LAW ASSOCIATION. anxious question, “ What of the night?" True, the Queen in

her speech refers to the peace of Europe And yet, have we The general Secretary, Dr. Miles, has just received a letter no reason to fear it is a peace beneath which volcanic fires are from the Hon. N. Bredius, of the States General of Holland, in temporarily slumbering? Statesmen 10-day are perplexed bewhich he writes : “ I have been so happy as to secure the gov- yond measure by the prodigious growth of the military system, ernment's sympathy and co-operation for your meeting in this and, as a result, of military indebtedness. Even victorious Gercountry next August. I hope a great number of your people many is crushed by heavy taxes. And her people have become will afford us the honor of their presence." It is gratifying to bondmen to the intolerable exactions of universal militaryism. learn of the growing interest in Europe in the association and Dr. Lowenthal of Berlin, in a recent leiter, forcibly describes the in its objects and aims.

condition of his native land. He says: It will be remembered the States General has recently adopied

“ All good fathers of families labor to provide, as far as posresolutions in favor of the peaceful settlement of the differences sible, for their offspring. But their endeavors are in a large of nations, similar to those previously adopted by the British degree counteracted so long as they see suspended over their Parliament, the Chamber of Deputies at Rome, the Diet of heads the sword of Damocles,-that constant apprehension of Sweden, and our own Congress. In the discussio of those war, through which the political system of modern Europe has resolutions in Holland, the speakers on both sides took occasion degraded itself to the level of the savage red Indians of North to commend the association, and to express confident expecta- America, inasmuch as it compulsorily retains under armed contions of its success. M. Van Ecke, who introduced the reso- scription, or idle barrack life, so great a proportion of the most lutions, said: “Next year our country, and indeed this city, skilful workers and artisans amongst the people. Let us prowill be honored by a visit from the conference of the Associa: claim throughout Europe that we can but regard these diplotion for the Reform and Codification of the Law of Nations. I matic oppressions as a hunting down of the populations, and hope that, when giving them a welcome to our country, we that instead we earnestly desire to see the settlement of internamay be able to show them that the Dutch nation in its efforts tional disputes remitted to a tribunal of arbitration, sanctioned for right and justice, knows how to unite actions with pro- by and carrying out the law of nations." fessions.

An able English writer, after commenting upon the deploraThe speakers who opposed the resolution, did so, as they in- ble evil of the military system, adds: “ In my view the remedy timated, for the reason that attempts to secure universal arbi- lies in taking without delay some tentative steps toward the tration will be ineffectual except in the way the International adoption of an international law that shall deal with the settle. Association proposes, by beginning with the codification of in- ment of disputes, and for the establishment of an international ternational law. Baron Mackay said : If one wishes to make tribunal.” It would seem that in their efforts to discover a way an end of war in Europe, there is only one means left-it is of escape from the increasing burdens and perils of the present this : to codify the laws of nations, and institute an interna.

war system, thoughtful men in different countries, with remarktional court." Count von Zuyler said : A general system of able unanimity are looking in the direction in which the recentarbitration requires, before its adoption, if not an international ly-formed International Law Association is laboring: This becode, at least determined rules for proceeding to it.” Lord ing so, it is to be hoped that that assoc ation will take no Derby has recently said : “ Unhappily there is no international backward step. Let it gather to itself increased efficiency, tribunal to which cases of dispute can be referred, and there is that, if possible, it inay fulfil the hopes that it is raising. no international law to meet such cases. If such a tribunal existed it would be a great benefit to the civilized world." It

HEAR THE QUEEN. may then he asked, of what use are these resolutions in favor of arbitration in the different legislatures? Henry Richard, M P., On the fifth ult., before the Parliament, Queen Victoria in her the pioneer in these movements in the legislatures, answers : speech, recommended the repeal of exceptional statutes in rela

“ The advantage is obvious and immense. It is acknowl- tion to the peace of Ireland. She also favored the enactment edged on all hands, in these days, that no salutary and lasting of laws for the reconstruction of the judiciary and the transfer change can be effected in the national habits and institutions of land. She also favored the consolidation of the sanitary except through the power of public opinion. Seldom does such laws and wants that the dwellings of the working classes be an initiative arise with governments, and, if it did, its success improved by the passage of certain acts. The following is her would probably be doubtful What is imposed by the mere little speech : will of ihe few is often received with comparatively little favor. My Lords and GentlEMEN: My relations with all foreign But how is it possible that a more legitimate or more einphatic powers are friendly. The peace of Europe continues unbroken expression can be given of the wishes of the people in this re- and I trust will remain so. I shall do my endeavors thereupon. spect than by the deliberate votes of these representative assem- The conference at Brussels on the usuages of war have been blies, which are chosen for the very purpose of giving articu- concluded. My Government has carefully examined the reports late utterance to the popular voice?"

of its deliberations, but, considering the importance of the That is, these votes are an expression by the people of their principles involved, and widely divergent opinions thereon exdissatisfaction with the present war system, and of their wish pressed, and the improbability of their reconciliation, I have that some method may be devised for ihe peaceful settlement of refused proposals for further negotiations. the differences of nations. The International Association, if we The Serrano Government in Spain has ceased to exist, and mistake not, has undertaken to devise that method by an en- Prince Alphonso has been called to the throne. The question deavor to reform and codify the law of nations, and to secure of recognizing him in concert with other powers is now before the constitution of an international tribunal. And certainly my Government, and a decision will not long be delayed. I this association cannot be 100 proinpt and earnest its work. earnestly hope that peace will be speedily restored to that great For a glance at the present condition of the nations prompts the l but unfortunate country.

THE WAR OF THE REBELLION. ITS COST IN LIFE AND

TREASURE.

Exertions for the suppression of the East African slave Sanitary Commission of itself being not less than five hundred trade have not been relaxed. I confidently trust they will result millions, equal to $100 for every family in the loyal States. in the complete extinction of that traffic, which is equally re- If one might venture to estimate the loss, in dollars and pugnant to humanity and injurious to legitimate commerce. cents, to the Rebels, it could not be placed at less than three. The differences between China and Japan, once threatening fourths of our own.

This would swell the aggregate cost of war, are now happily adjusted. I have learnell with pleasure the war to the stupendous sum of seven billions of dollars. that my Minister at Pekin was largely instrumental in effecting The above figures have been carefully taken, most of them this result.

at least, from Greeley's “ American Conflict,” and are, no The past year has been one of general prosperity and pro- doubt, very nearly correct. gress throughout the Colonies. The gold cost shows a steady One million men and seven billion dollars as a part of our advance in the establishment of civil government Peace has four years' war ! The rest is in bereft households, and widowed been inaintained and slavery abolished Henceforward there wives, and homeless orphans, and broken-hearted mothers; will be freedom there as elsewhere, I shall doubtless have your and sorrow, and anguish, and wretchedness that can never be

1 concurrence in any measures which it shall be my duty 10 told. Do the people of the country want another war? adopt, insuring a wise and humane systein of native adminis- Shall we talk of other wars? Our Mexican war cost over tration in Natal.

one hundred million; our Revolutionary war cost England An ample harvest has restored property in India. By the $680,000,000 ; and the wars of the French Revolution more than blessing of Providence I was able io entirely avert the loss of $5,000,000,000 and she spent some $10,000,000,000 more in wars life which was apprehended from famine.

having for their object, first, the humiliation of the Bourbons, GENTLEMEN OF The House (F. COMMONS. The finances are and then their restoration to the throne. The wars of Christenin a satisfa.tory condition. The trade of the country has dom, during the twenty-two years preceding the fall of Naposomewhat fallen short, but there has been general prosperity leon, are estimated to have cost about $15,000,000,000 ! supported hy an excellent harvest. Reductions of taxation But what are dollars and cents when compared to the have led to a steady increase in the consumpuon of the neces- destruction of life, and the other horrors which inevitably folsities of life, and such articles as contribute to the revenue.

low? The wars of one man in the dark ages destroyed 18,

000,000 of souls Nearly 3,500,000 of these were butchered DESTRUCTION BY WAR.

in cold blood! One European country lost during the thirty years' war 12,000,000 inhabitants In seven of the most remarka',le sieges, more than 3,500,000 souls perished. In that

of Paris alone, in the sixteenth century, 30,000 persons died of Now that the country is considered in the most imminent that Edmund Burke's estimate of the loss of life by war is

hunger. The figures thicken belore me, and I will only add danger of drifting into another civil war, a tew facts and figures thirty-five billions ; or nearly three times more than the present respecting the last one may be of interest.

The whole number of men called into service was 2,668,523: population of the globe. Dayton City Free Press.
actually engaged in the contest, about 1,500,000; which is
about one-tenth of the entire male population from whence ihey

THE CHANGES OF EIGHTY YEARS. were drawn.

Of this 1,500,000, 56,000, or about one in A man who has lived eighty years and kept his eyes open twenty-seven, fell dead in batile; 85,000 died of their wounds. and 184,000 perished by disease in hospitals. To these fign.es with an intelligent interest in public affairs, has seen great we add the numbers who died at home from wounds and disrases changes in his day. In his brief address to the friends who contracted while in the service, and the losses will be swelled visited him on his eightieth birthday, Mr. W. C. Bryant to 300,000 ; or about one-fifth of all engaged the contest!

remarked : But this is only one side : If we sup: ose the losses of the Rebels to have been equal to ours, then the loss to the country

I have lived long, as it may seein to most people, however in men —the effective force and flower of the nation-was not short the terın appears to me when I look back upon it. Jo less than 600,000, or an average of more than 400 for each day that period have occurred various, most important changes, hoth of the four years' struggle! Then we add the crippled and per- political and social, and on the whole I am rejoiced to say that manently disabled by disease, and the nation's loss will be they have, as I think, improved the condition of mankind. The swelled to the tearful aggregate of 1,000,000! and this is about people of civilized countries have become more enlightened and one-thi d of all who were actually engaged in the contest. In enjoy a greater degree of freedom. They have become especother words, the soldier who was in the war had but two ially more humane and sympathetic, more disposed to alleviate chances against one that he would come out a sound and a each others' sufferings This is the age of charity. whole man. Do our young men want another war? Out of I remember the time when Bonaparte filled the post of First 180.000 negroes who were enlisted, about one in six perished | Consul in the French Republic—for I began early to read the in the service, and of these eight-ninths died in the hospitals. newspapers. I saw how that Republic grew into an Empire ; And now as to dollars and cents. Froin the year 1860-10 the how that Empire enlarged itself by successive conquests on all close of the war, our National debt was as follows:

sides, and how the mighty mass, collapsing by its own weight,

iell into fragments. I have seen from ihat time to this change 1860 Jan. 30 total...

$64,769,703 afier change take place, and the result of them all, as it seems 1861

90,867,828

to me, is that ihe liberties and rights of the humbler classes 1862

514,211,371 have been more and inore regarded both in framing and execut1863

1,097,274,300 ing the laws. For the greater part of my own eighty years 1864

1,740,036,689 it seemed to me, and I think it seemed to all, ihat the extinc1865 March 31* total..

2,423,437,000 tion of slavery was an event to be accomplished by a remote 1866 Jan. 1, (less cash on hand,)

2,749,461,745

posterity. But all this time its end was approaching, and sudMarch 31st, 1865, was really the close of the war, but the denly it sank into a bloody grave. The union of the Italian mustering out of the army and other incidental expenses principalities under one head, and the breaking up of that required nearly four hundred millions more, running up the anomaly in politics, the possession of political power by a National debt to nearly $2,800,000,000! To which, if we add the priesthood, seemned, during the greater part of the fourscore state and local debts, the aggregate will overreach ihe enormous years of which I have spoken, an event belonging to a distant sum of four billions of dollars as the actual debt incurred by and uncertain future, yet was it drawing near hy steps not war! a daily accumulation of nearly three million dollars apparent to the common eyes, and it came in our own day. The ($3,000,000). And this does not include the volur.tary contri- peuple of Italy willed it, and the people were obeyed. butions inade by the people to the National cause--that 10. the

There is yet a ume which good men earnestly hope and pray

for,-the day when the population of the civilized world shall *l.ee surrendered April 9th, 1865.

prepare for a universal peace by disbanding the enormous

71

575

X C 55

THE ADVOCATE OF PEACE.

11

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

He

Teen

[ocr errors]

armies which they keep in camps and garrisons, and sending war will be niade an impossibility. Why cannot our Congress their soldiery back to the fields and workshops from which, if say an earnest word in so goud a cause? Certainly no nation the people were wise, their sovereigns never should have with is more supremely interested than the United States in the drawn them. Let us hope that this will be one of the next maintenance of the world's peace. It is, in an exceptional great changes.

sense, a market for a number of all-inportant products, needful

to other nations for food, clothing, convenience and luxury; GOING TO LAW.

and quick, constant, and uninterrupied interchange, so essen.

tial to prosperity, is ever greatest in times of profound peace, A farmer cut down a tree which stood so near the boundary and least in periods of war and perturbation. line of his farm that it was doubtful whether it belonged to him or his neighbor. The neighbur, however, claimed the tree, and

Take Care of Your Choice --A Quaker, residing in Paris, prosecuted the man who cut it, for damages. The case was con

was waited on by four of his workmen, in order to make their tinued from court to court. Time and money were wasted, temper compliments, and ask for their usual New Year's gitis. “Well soured and temper lost, but the case was ga ned by the prosecuirr. my friends," said ihe Quaker, “ here are your gifts : choose The last of the transaction was, the man who gained the cause fitteen trancs or the Bible.'' "I don't know how to read," came to a lawyer to execute the deed of his whole farm, which said the first, " so I take the fifteen francs. • I can read," he had been compelled to sell to pay his cosis. Then house said the second, but have pressing wants He took the less and homeless, he could thrust his hands into his pockets, fitieen francs. The third also made the same choice. and triumphantly exclaim, “I've beaten him!”

now came to the fourth, a young lad of about thiriéen or fourThis reminds us of a little story. Forty-three years ago a

The Quaker looked at hin with an air of goodness, young man was teaching a country school. lle had not been Will you, too, take these three pieces, which you may atin the place one quarter before he had acquired a reputation for tain at any time by your labor and industry? "

As you say knowing more than he did know, but he was wise enough to the book is good I will take it, and read from it to my mother,”' take nu pains to disabuse the popular mind of the favorable im- replied the hoy. lle took ihe Bible, opened it, and found bepression. If there was one study that he was more deficient tween the leaves a gold piece of furty francs The others hung in than another, it was surveying. But he taught it as well as down their heads, and the Quaker told then he was sorry they he could, and his pupils learned. Two farmers had a chronic had not made a better choice. dispute as to the line between their lands, and for many years they had contended as to the right of possession in a little

The MENNONITES. — The Mennonites derived their name sirip. Buth of them were warmly interested in the young from Mennon Simon, who was born in Germany, in the year school teacher, and in a happy moment it occuried to viem to 1505, and was man of eminent piety. They are like the ask him to examine their titles and maps, and io decide as to Baptists in denying infant baptism, but unlike them in pourthe true running of their dividing line He took the

ing instrad of immersion; like the Friends in being opposed 10

papers. gave his whole mind” to the question, unde a map with the war and oaths; and, as all good Christians ought to be, they line where he believed it should be. Búth parties accepted it, are strict in discipline, and aim to cultivate practical religion. set their fence according to it, lived in peace, and to this day, A large community of them, which has had a settlement near after the lapse of nearly half a century, ihe schoolmaster's line the Black Sea for nearly a hundred years, have recently been is undisturbed, though the lands have changed hands frequent- forced by the Russian government to the alternative of bearing ly The line will doubtless never be disturbed. How much arms or emiy rating, has decided upon the latter, and are combeiter is this than to go w law, consume their property in vex- ing to America. Over 6,000 have already arrived, and are alious litigation, alienale families, fret themselves, and be. seuled in different Wesiern States and Territories queath a feud to successive generations. Both the farmers valuable acquisition. have long since gone 10 sleep with their fathers, but the young schoolmaster, who judged between them, lives to make this Peace is necessary to all the higher intellectual operations. the first record of his decision — N. Y. Oliserver.

Passion clouds the mental eye; emotion disturbs the organ of discovery. As the astronomer can only rely upon his observa

tions when the air is still, and the telescope isolated from all AMERICA'S INTEREST IN THE WORLD'S the tremulous movements of terrestrial surroundings, so the PEACE

thinker can only see justly and penetrate far when all that Although a broad ocean separates us from the nations of

could agitate his spirit is buried deep, or laid eternally at rest.

- W R. Greg. Europe, we cannot treat with unconcern the question of peace and war among them, or indeed anywhere in the world.

Human BrotheRHOOD.— The rare of mankind would perish Apart from considerations of humanity and religion, we did they cease to aid each other. From the time that the should show a culpable disregard of our material interesis by mother binds the child's head till the moment that kind assistindifference to such a question; for in this age the nations have ant wipes the death-damp from the brow of the dying, we canbeen virtually compacted into one community. It one member not exist without mutual' help. All, therefore, that need aid, suffers all the members suffer with it. We would not have it have a right to ask it from their fellow mortals; no one who inferred that we think much importance is to be attached to the holds the power of granting can refuse it without guilt. -- Sir assertions of the war prophets. The rumors of war that have W. Scoll. repeatedly come to us of late have speedily turned out to be idle rumors. It is not strange, however, that there is a wide- The ABOLITION OF WAR.-It was gratifying, even so far as spread anxiety and fear lest war should break out somewhere ; it goes, to see in one of the leading newspapers of the city, the for the enormous standing armies are a constant menace to the following editorial ullerance in relation to the ever to be deprepeace and welfare of the world.

cated issue of the bayonet and the sword, with all the untold The last number of the Christian Intelligenrer has some ex- horrors of mortal combat. · Perhaps even living statesmen cellent remarks upon our interest in the preservation of pe.ce. may find themselves forced to the admission that ihe arbitraReferring to the Association for the Reform and Codification ment of war no longer accord- with the requirements of the age, of the Law of Nations, it says :

and that international arbitration must take its place.” We had hoped to be able to announce our own government as among the first to countenance and furiher the objects of this Says John G. Whittier, “ I have given the public the best wise and broadly philanthropic association, which are to reform I had to give, and the measure of favor with which it has been and codily the law of nations, and secure the constitution of an received has been a cinstant surprise to me. This, at least, I international tribunal, by a reference to which there may be a can say truly : that I have been actuated by a higher motive peaceful settlement of the differences of nations.

ihan literary success, and it has been my desire that whatever If this can be accomplished, many of the existing incitements influence my writings may exert should be found on the side to war will be done away with ; and such a thing as an unjust of morality, freedom, and Christian charity.

- a most

[ocr errors]

a

THE ADVOCATE OF PEACE. True, and there is no hope for Austria, or France, or Ger

many, or Spain, or any of the nations, as long as the war-sysBOSTON, MARCH, 1875.

tem prevails.

In a letter we have recently received from John G. Whittier, he writes : “ Our Christian civilization is a miserable misnomer, if it is always to carry along with it the brutal barbarism of war-a survivor of the Stone Age' and cannibalism."

And, then, when we think of the miseries and cruelties, the CHRISTIANITY AND THE WAR-SYSTEM OF atrocities and agonies involved in a maintenance of the ware THE NATIONS.

system, the blood curdles in our veins. No. II.

War! What a fearful aggregate of woes and horrors, of outIn the last number of the Advocate we exposed the conflict rages and cruelties, of agonies and crimes it represents! of the war-system with Christianity, by showing that war is Lord Brougham says, “ I deem war a crime that includes all not in its nature fitted to gain the end, viz , international justice, crimes-murder, rapine, fraud, whatever can defame the charfor which it is ostensibly designed by the law of nations. acter, or alter the nature, or debase the name of man." Prof.

We now advance to another point, and assert that the incon- Seeley, of England, does not exaggerate when he says, “ It is sistency of the war system with Christianity becomes still more the greatest evil of evils that we can conceive to be remedied. manifest when we consider the destruction of property and hu- It attacks all classes of society, and all ages ; it attacks them man life, the manifold miseries, cruelties and atrocities which with no insiduous weapons, and under no disguise, but with it necessitates.

open massacre, starvation and ruin. It is a mischief from The Christian system inculcates frugality and economy in the which no one is safe, which threatens every man's life, and use of property. It condemns, as crimes, profligacy, prodigal- every man's children's lives, and which brings in its train not ity and waste. The injunction of its Author, “ Gather up the only death, but a host of other evils, some of them, perhaps, fragments, that nothing be lost,” is binding upon national per- worse than death" He does not exaggerate, we have said. sons, even as upon individuals. They are accountable to God, But rather we should say his language is absolutely tame and as his stewards, for the manner in which they use their inadequate. All language, all imagery is tame and inadequate revenues and their possessions. By destroying and wasting as an expression of the agonies and atrocities involved in the them, they become criminals.

war-system. It does, indeed, attack all classes and ages. Moreover, the Christian system is pre-eminently a humane Among the victims upon whom it inflicts its most brutal and system. Christianity is the life and soul of all the purest and fiendish outrages, cruelties and tortures, are unoffending, noblest charities and humanities, institutions and enterprises that delicate women and helpless children, desolating millions of bless the world. It is kind and tender-hearted, pitiful, com- happy homes, filling great naliosis with sorrow, lamentation and passionate, merciful. Its endeavor is rather to alleviate than woe. A single battle implies a portentous extent of agony, an create suffering, rather to save life than to destroy it. Now amount of misery that touches hundreds of thousands of hearts, the destruction and waste of property caused by the war-sys- and the destruction of property that may require the labor of a tem are enormous, even so enormous that figures fail to enable generation of men to replace. us to appreciate them. To support it in a time of peace, Says John Foster : “ Imagine the spectacle of a violent death requires at least eighty-five per cent of the revenues of the inflicted on one human being with the instruments of war; nations, or three thousand millions of dollars annually, be multiply this to the extent of a great battle, with all the diversity sides withdrawing from productive industry the labor of at of modes in which the living body may suffer, may be smitten, least eight millions of the most vigorous men to be found in lacerated, mutilated and destroyed; and what there is in the the nations. In times of war, this destruction and waste of minds of the mutual inflicters and sufferers, and all the conseproperty are frightfully increased.

quences to survivors, to relatives and to the condition of the in. Statesmen are perplexed beyond measure by the prodigious habitants.” growth of the military system, and, as a consequence, of national The announcement that one little child in Boston, under four indebtedness. They are compelled to abandon, with a feeling years of age, had died of starvation, would bring inexpressible almost amounting to despair, important measures relating to the grief to the hearts of ail our citizens. In the recent siege of health and education of the people, the development of the na- Paris, thousands, we have been told, six or eight thousand little tional resources, the advancement of the arts and sciences, the chldren, under four years of age, died of starvation. promotion of the great works of industry, commerce and civil- What if we could take a view of the battles and sieges of one ization. This is an age of unprecedented mental activity. Mind, war, of all wars, what a vision of destruction, agony, horror, everywhere, is snapping the fetters and casting off the shackles death! The ht of the suffering necessitated by the presof ignorance and barbarism. It is an age of great discoveries ent war-system of Christian nations, is simply appalling, overin astronomy, geology, in all departments of knowledge. To whelming. When once war impended in Israel, no wonder the meet the demands of the wonderful mental activity of the age, prophet exclaimed to the people,

Destruction to furnish the appliances requisite for its exercise, calls for comes. All hands shall faint. Every man's heart shall melt. large appropriations of money. But, appropriations cannot be The people shall be afraid. Pangs and sorrows shall take hold made, for the revenues of the nations are exhausted to sustain of them. They shall be in pain as a won an that travaileth. the enormous standing armies, and preparations for war. We They shall be amazed, one at another. Their faces shall be as were deeply moved when one of the noblest statesmen of Italy flames. The day cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce ansaid to us, “ There is no hope for Italy as long as the present ger, to lay the land desolate. The stars of heaven and the conwar-system prevails."

stellations thereof shall not give their light; the sun shall be

a

a

- Howl ye.

« AnteriorContinuar »