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EXPEDITION

FROM PITTSBURGH

TO THE ROCKY MOUNTAINS.

CHAPTER I.

DEPARTURE FROM PITTSBURGH -NORTH-WESTERN SLOPE OF

THE ALLEGHANY MOUNTAINS -RAPIDS OF THE OHIO.

Early in April, 1819, the several persons constituting the exploring party had assembled at Pittsburgh. It had been our intention to commence the descent of the Ohio, before the middle of that month; but some unavoidable delays in the completion of the steam boat, and in the preparations necessary for a long voyage, prevented our departure until the first of May. On the 31st of March, the following instructions were issued by the commanding officer, giving an outline of the services to be performed by the party, and assigning to each individual the appropriate duties :

“ Pursuant to orders from the Hon. Secretary of War, Major Long assumes the command of the expedition about to engage in exploring the Mississippi, Missouri, and their navigable tributaries, on board the United States' steam-boat, Western Engineer.

“ The commanding officer will direct the movements and operations of the expedition, both in re

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