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DEPOSITED BY THE

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

14- 67

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The SEOOND SEssION of the EIGHTY-FOURTH CONGREss commenced this day, conformably to the (‘onstit in ion of the United States, and the Senate met in its Chamber in the city of “'ashmgton.

TUESDAY, JANUARY 3, 1956

The Honorable RICHARD M. NIxON, Vice President of the United States and President of the Senate, called the Senate to order, and the Chaplain, Rev. Frederick Brown Harris, D. D., of Washington, D. C., Ofiered prayer.

QUESTION OF QUORUM

Mr. JOHNSON of Texas raised a question as to the presence of a quorum;

Whereupon

The VICE PRESIDENT directed the roll to be called;

When

Ninety-one Senators answered to their names, as follows:

From the State of Alabama:
Messrs, LIsTER HILL and JOHN
SPARKMAN:
From the State of Arizona:
Messrs. CARL HAYDEN and BARRY
M. GOLDwATER;
From the State of Arkansas:
Messrs. JOHN L. McCLELLAN and
J. W. FULBRIGHT;
From the State of California:
Messrs WILLIAM F. KNOwLAND and
THOMAs H. KUOHEL;
From the State of Colorado:
Messrs. EUGENE D. MILLIKIN and
GORDON ALLOTT;
From the State of Connecticut:
Messrs. PRESCOTT BUSH and WIL-
LIAM A. PURTELL;
From the State of Delaware:
Messrs. JOHN J. WILLIAMS and J.
ALLEN FREAR;
From the State of Florida:
Mr. SPEssARD L. HOLLAND;
From the State of Georgia.‘
Messrs. WALTER F. GEORGE and
RICHARD B. RUSSELL;
From the State of Idaho:
Messrs. HENRY C. DwORsHAK and
HERMAN WELKER;
From the State of Illinois:
Messrs. PAUL H. DOUGLAs and Ev-
ERETT MOKINLEY DIRKSEN;
From the State of Indiana:
Messrs. HOMER E. CAPEHART and
WILLIAM E. JENNER;
From the State of Iowa:
Messrs. BOURKE B. HIOKENLOOPER
and THOMAS E. MARTIN;
From the State of Kansas:
Messrs. ANDREW F‘. SCHOEPPEL and
FRANK CARLsON;

From the State of Kentucky:
Messrs. EARLE C. CLEMENTs and
ALBEN W. BARKLEY;
From the State of Louisiana:
Messrs. ALLEN J. ELLENDER, Sr.,
and RUssELL B. LONG;
From the State of Maine:
Mrs. MARGARET CHASE SMITH and
Mr. FREDERIcK G. PAYNE;
From the State of Maryland.‘
Messrs. JOHN MARSHALL BUTLER
and J. GLENN BEALL;
From the State of Massachusetts:
Messrs. LEvERETT SALTONsTALL and
JOHN F. KENNEDY;
From the State of Michigan:
Messrs. CHARLEs E. POTTER and
PAT MONAMARA;
From the State of Minnesota:
Messrs. EDWARD J. THYE and HU-
BERT H. HUMPHREY;
From the State of Mississippi:
Messrs. JAMEs O. EAsTLAND and
JOHN STENNIs;
From the State of Missouri:
Messrs. THOMAS C. HENNINGs, Jr.,
and STUART SYMINGTON;
From the State of Montana:
Messrs. JAMEs E. MURRAY and
MIKE MANsEIELD:
From the State of Nebraska:
Messrs. ROMAN L. HRUsKA and
CARL T. CURTIs;
From the State of Nevada:
Messrs. GEORGE W. (MOLLY) MA-
LONE and ALAN BIBLE:
From the State of New Hampshire:
Messrs. STYLEs BRIDGES and NOR-
RIs COTTON;
From the State of New Jersey:
Messrs. H. ALEXANDER SMITH and
CLIFFORD P. CAsE;
From the State of New Mexico:
Messrs. DENNIs CHAvEz and CLIN-
TON P. ANDERSON;
From the State of New York:
Messrs. HERBERT H. LEHMAN and
IRvING M. IvEs;
From the State of North Carolina:
Messrs. SAM J. ERvIN, Jr., and W.
KERR SCOTT;
From the State of North Dakota:
Messrs. WILLIAM LANGER and MIL-
TON R. YOUNG;
From the State of Ohio:
Messrs. JOHN W. BRIOKER and
GEORGE H. BENDER;

From the State of Oregon:
Messrs. WAYNE MORsE and RICH-
ARD L. NEUBERGER:
From the State of Pennsylvania:
Messrs. EDWARD MARTIN and JAMEs
H. DUFF;
From the State of Rhode Island and
Providence Plantations:
Messrs. THEODORE FRANcIs GREEN
and JOHN O. PAsTORE;
From the State of South Carolina:
Messrs. OLIN B. JOHNsTON and
STROM THURMOND ;
From the State of South Dakota:
Messrs. KARL E. MUNDT and FRAN-
cIs CAsE;
From the State of Tennessee:
Mr. ALBERT GORE;
From the State of Texas:
Messrs. LYNDON B. JOHNSON and
PRIcE DANIEL;
From the State of Utah:
Messrs. ARTHUR V. WATKINS and
WALLACE F. BENNETT;
From the State of Vermont:
Mr. GEORGE D. AIKEN;
From the State of Virginia:
Messrs. HARRY FLOOD BYRD and A.
WILLIS ROBERTSON;
From the State of Washington:
Messrs. WARREN G. MAGNUsON and
HENRY M. JAcKsON;
From the State of West Virginia:
Messrs. HARLEY M. KILGORE and
MATTHEW M. NEELY;
From the State of Wisconsin:
Messrs. ALEXANDER WILEY and
JOSEPH R. MCCARTHY;
From the State of Wyoming:
Messrs. FRANK A. BARRETT and
JOSEPH O. O'MAHONEY.
A quorum being present,

COMMITTEE TO NOTIFY THE PRESIDENT

Mr. JOHNSON of Texas submitted the following resolution (S. Res. 150), which was considered by unanimous consent and agreed to:

Resolved, That a committee consisting of two Senators be appointed by the Vice President to join such committee as may be appointed by the House of Representatives to notify the President Of the United States that a quorum of each House is assembled and that the Congress is ready to receive any communication he may be pleased to make.

The VICE PRESIDENT appointed Mr. JOHNSON Of Texas and Mr. KNowLAND as

3

members of the committee on the part of the Senate.

aoriricarioa to ‘rat: nous:

Mr. KNOWLAND submitted the follotvin: resolution (8. Res. 15l). which was considered by unanimous consent and agreed to:

Resolved, That the Secretary inform the House of Representatives that a quorum of the Senate is assembled and that the Senate is ready to proceed to business.

noun or party amino

Mr. CLEMENTS submitted the followiniz resolution ‘S. Res. 152), which was considered by unanimous consent and agreed to;

Resolved, That the hour of daily meetintz of the Senate be 12 o'clock meridian.

.unless otherwise ordered.

Aarouasatxr

On motion by Mr. JOHNSON of Texas, at 12 o'clock and 12 minutes p. m.,

The Senate adjourned until Thursday next.

THI'RSDAY. J.-\.\'l'.-\R\' 5. I956

The VICE PRESIDENT called the Senate to order and the Chaplain offered prayer.

Amsnmcz or sasiirons

Mr. RALPH E. PLANDERS. from the State of Vermont. Mr. ESTES KEFAUVER. from the State of Tennessee. Mr. ROBERT S. KERR. from the State of Oklahoma. and Mr. M‘KE MONRONEY. from the State of Oklahoma. attended.

THE JOURNAL

On motion by Mr. Joaasox of Texas. and by unanimous consent.

The reading of the Journal of the proceedings of Tuesday. January 3, 1956. was dispensed with.

nnssiici: non rm: nous:

A message from the House of Representatives by Mr. Bartlett. one of its clerks:

Mr. President: I am directed to inform the Senate that a quorum of the House of Representatives has appeared and that the House is ready to proceed with business.

I am also directed to inform the Senate that the Ilouse has passed the folIOWZIIL' resolution:

Res-aired. That a committee of three Members be appointed by the Speaker on the part of the House of Representatives to join with a committee on the part of the Senate to notify the President of the United States that a quorum of each House has assembled and Congress is ready to receive any communication that he may be pleased to make.

The House has passed the follotvinfi resolutions. which I am directed to communicate to the Senate:

House Resolution 347

Resolved. That the House has heard with profound sorrow of the death of Ron. Joml D. Dracztt. a Representative from the State of Michigan.

Resolved. That the Clerk communicate these resolutions to the Senate and

transmit a copy thereof to the family of the deceased

Resolved, That as a further mark of respect the House do now adjourn.

Ilouse Resolution 348

It'e‘sult‘t'd. That the House has heard with profound sorrow of the death of Ron. Vntit Bucnnux. a Representative from the State of Pennsylvania.

Resolved, That the Clerk communicate these resolutions to the Senate and transmit a copy thereof to the family of the dt‘Ct‘ast‘d.

Resoli-ed, 'lhat as a further mark of respect the House do now adjourn.

art-sum or nisroin' AND TECHNOLOGY roa rm: SIITIISONIAN INSTITUTION

The VICE PRESIDENT‘ appointed during the adjournment of the Senate Mr. SYHINGTON as a member on the part of the Senate to the Joint Con:ressional Committee on the Construction of a Building for a Museum of History and Technology for the Smithsonian Institution. created by the act of June 28. 1955.

soup or visrroas m trams sraras uitiraitv ac/iasnv

The VICE PRESIDENT appointed dtll'lnit the adjournment of the Senate Mr. Hitt. Mr. Mouse. and Mr. Porrzn as members of the Board of Visitors to the United States Military Academy for 1956.

REPORT 0!‘ NOTI'ICATION COIXITTIE

Mr. JOHNSON of Texas. from the committee appointed to Join a similar committee appointed by the House of Representatives to wait upon the President of the United States and to inform him that a quorum of each House is assembled and ready to receive any communication he may be pleased to make. reported that on Tuesday. January 3, 1956. the committee communicated with the President by telephone and had been advised that he would send his state of the Union message to the Conizress today.

\‘ISIT OP PRESIDENT-ELECT 0!‘ BRAZIL

.Ir. JOHNSON of Texas announced that the President-elect of Brazil. Hon.

Juscelino Kubitschek de Oliveira. would visit the Senate today.

QUESTION or ot'oat'tt

Mr. JOHNSON of Texas raised a question as to the presence of a quorum:

whereupon

The VICE PRI-BIDENT directed the roll to be called:

When

Ninety-three Senators answered to their names, as follows:

Aiken Carlson Flanders
Ailott (an, N J. Ifi’ear
Azzderwn Case. 8. Oak. Fulbright
Barkley Chavez George
Barrett Ciementa Oo‘dnter
Prall mtton 00m
Bender Curtis Oran
Bennett Daniel Hayden
Bible Dirk-en Benninen
Bucket Douglas tiichenlooper
Bridge. Dufl Bill

Bush D'onhak Holland
Butler Eastland Ilrunka
Byrd ltierider Rumphm
(‘apchart Krvin IV"

Jackson Martin I‘a Ruwfi.
Jenner Ni-(‘arthy batik ;.~'.4.‘.
Johnson.“ McClellan Bcnoeppal
Johruton.8 C. McNamara \- -.-.
Kclau'tt Monroney smzih. Llama
Kerr Bur. :~-: 11:. S J.
Kilaore Hundt spararnan
Kaowtand Murray Renata
Ktichei Neel)’ 87mm
Lang" Knob-cruel’ Thunnond
Lehman O'llabooey TS"

1111‘ Pasture Wranu
Naguuaon Payne Weller
Malone Putt“ W e)
Mazaflcld Pttfllll wllltazu
Lia-".11.. Ion Robertson Young

A quorum being present.

oaomi roa tousrnntrion or x mythic BI'SINLQ On motion by Mr. Joiixsoa' of Texas. and by unanimous current. Ordered, That, follotvini: the readzzz: of the message of the Pre~ident of the United States on the state of the Union. speeches during morning blLSlIlt‘xS be limited to 2 minutesv

HES-AG! nioar rm: I'IIISILIIXT

The VICE PRESIDENT laid before the Senate the follovi'tng mevaae from the President of the United Statm. which aas read:

To the Congress 0/ the t'riztrd States:

The opening of this new year must arouse in us all grateful thanks to a kind providence ahost- protection has been ever present and whose bounty has been manifold and abundant. The state of the Union today demonstrates that can be accomplished under God by a free people; by their vision. their understanding of national problems. their :nitiative. their self-reliance, their capacity for work—and by their willingness to sacriflee whenever sacrifice L‘; needed.

In the past 3 years, responding to what our people tvant their Government to do. the Congress and the I-btecutive have done much in btllldllll! a stronger. better America There has been brr ad pro:TM in fostering the enenzzes of our people. in providing greater \ pportunzty to: the satisfaction of their need“. and in fuli‘iilint' their demands for the strength and security of the Republic

()ur country is at peace Our securzty p'sture commands respect A spirztual vitzor marks our national life Our economy, approaching the $400 billion mark. is at an unparalleled level of prosperity. The Illili"Ml income is Inuit‘ widely and fairly distributed than ever before The number of Americans at work ha» reached an all-time high. As a people. tve are achieving ever hitther standards of livinr—earniim more. producint' more. consumini: more. building more. and investint: more than ever before.

Virtually all sectors of our scciety are sharia: in these good times. Our farm families. if we act wisely, imaginatively, and promptly to strengthen our present farm tJYU'JIIU‘ILS. can also look toward to sharing equitably in the prosperity they have helped to create.

War in Korea ended 2L; yea." aizo The collective-security system has been powerfully strengthened. Our defenses have been reinforced at ~harply reduced costs. Procrams to expand aorld trade and to harness the atom for the better

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