Politics and the Ethiopian Famine: 1984 - 1985

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Transaction Publishers, 1986 - 237 páginas
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An investigation into the conditions of resettlement after the famine.
 

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Índice

INTRODUCTION
1
Explanations Offered in the Media to Account for the Famine
4
Background to the Research
5
Funding for the Research
6
Organization of the Book
7
THE CREATION OF THE ETHIOPIAN EMPIRE BACKGROUND TO THE CURRENT CRISIS
9
The Politics of Empire
10
The Creation of the Empire
11
Escape from the Resettlement Sites
104
CONDITIONS FACED BEFORE AND AFTER RESETTLEMENT SUPPLEMENTARY DATA FROM PERSONS INTERVIEWED WHILE IN TRA...
107
TRANSIENT SETTLERS FROM WOLLO INTERVIEWED IN KIRMUK
108
Personal History of Respondents see Tables 1 2 and 3
109
Economic Background of Respondents see Table 4
110
Causes of Famine
111
Negative Impact of Government Policies on Agricultural Strategies and ProductionCauses of Famine
114
Plans for the Future
115

Incorporation of Conquered Regions
14
Attempts at Assimilation of Conquered Areas
15
Reform in the Idiom of Modernization Under Haile Selassie
16
Resistance of OnceConquered National Groups
17
Resistance of Subjugated National Groups
18
Resistance of an Annexed Former European Colony
19
The Case of Wollo
20
Reform in the Idiom of Socialism Under the Dergue
22
Reemergence of Resistance from the National Groups
23
The Role of Resettlement in the Creation and Maintenance of the Ethiopian Empire
26
The Dergues Resettlement Apparatus
28
Background to the 19841985 Resettlement Program for Famine Victims
29
THE RESEARCH DESIGN
37
The Nature of Refugee Testimony
38
Topics Examined by the Research
42
Scholars and Specialists Statements About the Causes of Famine
43
Liberation Fronts Statements About the Causes of Famine
44
Directing War to Eliminate Food Supply and Suppliers
45
Dimensions of the Famine
46
Emergency Assistance and Longterm Development Assistance
47
CAUSES OF FAMINE IN THE TIGRAY REGION TESTIMONY OF VICTIMS OF FOOD SHORTAGES WHO FLED WESTWARD FROM TIGRA...
51
Personal History of Respondents see Table No 1
54
Family History of Respondents see Table No 2
56
Economic Background of Respondents see Tables 3 and 4
58
Agricultural Production see Table No 5
59
The Impact of Army Activities and Government Policies on Agricultural Production in Tigray Causes of Famine See Tables 6 7 and 8
61
Reasons Given for Fleeing Homeland Areas see Table No 9
68
Attempts to Receive Food at GovernmentRun Feeding Centers
69
Why Parts of Families Stayed in Ethiopia Rather Than Travel to Sudan
71
Plans for the Future see Tables 1116
73
CONDITIONS FACED BEFORE AND AFTER RESETTLEMENT TESTIMONY FROM ESCAPEES OF THE ETHIOPIAN RESETTLEMENT CAM...
77
The Interviews
78
Personal Background of the Escapees? see Table No 1
79
Family History of Respondents see Table No 2
81
Economic Background of Respondents see Table No 3
82
Causes of Production Declines see Tables 5 6 and 7
84
Ethiopian Army and Government Actions in the Respondents Villages see Table No 7
85
Holding Camp Conditions
87
Travel Conditions to the Resettlement Sites see Tables 10 and 11
89
Westerners and the Resettlement Scheme
92
Conditions in the Asosa Resettlement Sites
95
Persistent Food Shortages at the Resettlement Sites
97
The Collectivization of Agriculture
99
Work Conditions in the Resettlement Sites
100
Mortality Rates in the Resettlement Camps
101
Security in the Resettlement Sites
102
TRANSIENT SETTLERS FROM TIGRAY INTERVIEWED IN YABUUS
116
Participants Account of Resettlement in Metu Ulubabor
117
THE SPREAD OF FAMINE THROUGH POLICY TESTIMONY FROM PEOPLES INDIGENOUS TO THE AREAS TARGETED FOR RESETTLEM...
123
Personal Background of Respondents see Tables 1 and 2
125
Economic Background of Respondents see Table No 3
127
Agricultural Production see Table No 5
128
Background to Land Reform and Peasant Associations
129
Causes of Agricultural Production Declines see Tables 6 and 7
130
Reasons Respondents Left for Sudan see Tables 8 and 9
145
Plans for the Future
151
POLICYRELATED FOOD SHORTAGES DISPLACEMENT AND COERCION SUPPLEMENTARY DATA FROM REFUGEES IN THE SUDANES...
155
Personal History of Respondents see Tables 1 2 3 4 and 5
156
Economic Background of Respondents see Table 6
158
Battle for the Coffee Crop
159
Causes of Famine see Table 7
160
Reasons for Leaving for Sudan see Table 8
161
Plans for the Future
163
THE IMPACT OF RESETTLEMENT FURTHER TESTIMONY FROM PEOPLES INDIGENOUS TO AREAS TARGETED FOR RESETTLEMENT
165
The Selection and Acquisition of Land for Resettlement Sites
166
The Settler Population
170
Obligations of Indigenous Peoples to Support Settlers
172
The Role of Settlers as Special Security Forces
175
The Battle for the Coffee Crop
176
Relation of the Government to the Settlers and Indigenous Peoples
179
Increased Militarization of the Border Region
180
Internal Displacement
181
Deforestation
182
The Future of Resettlement
187
CONCLUSIONS
189
Government Programs That Affected Food Production
190
Coercive Labor Programs and Decline in Available Labor Force
191
Causes of Hunger in 19841985
192
RECOMMENDATIONS
195
Criteria for Support to Assistance Agencies Working among Famine Victims in or from Ethiopia
196
A Moratorium on the Resettlement Program
197
BIBLIOGRAPHY
199
GENERAL SURVEY Sudan 1985
203
INTENSIVE INTERVIEW 1 Re LongTerm Causes of Famine Socioeconomic History
206
INTENSIVE INTERVIEW 2 Re Immediate FlightDisplacement Factors
209
INTENSIVE INTERVIEW 3 Re Repatriation
211
INTENSIVE INTERVIEW 4 Re The Mechanism of Resettlement
213
COVERAGE OF THE FAMINE IN ETHIOPIA
214
Addis Zemen The National Ethiopian Newspaper Taisas 6 1977 Ethiopian Calendar
230
The Anuak
232
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