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E S S A Y

CONCERNING

Human Understanding.

Written by JOHN LOCKE, Gent.

THE TWENTY-FIRST EDITION.

TO WHICH ARE NOW ADDED,

LONDON:

Printed for J. Johnson, W. J. and J. Richardson, W. Otridge and Son,

F. C. and J. Rivington, D. Ogilvy and Son, Leigh and Sotheby,
T. Payne, G. Robinson, W. Lowndes, R. Faulder, J. Walker, Vernor
and Hood, Darton and Harvey, G. Wilkie and J. Robinson, C. Law,
J. White, Longman and Co., Cadell and Davies, and J. Mawman;

By Bye and Law, St. John's Square, Clerkenwell.

22

THE

CO N T E N T S

OF THE

Essay on Human UNDERSTANDING continued.

BOOK III.

Of Words.
CH A P. VII.

3. Communication bywords,

civil or philosophical. of particles.

4. Theimperfection of words · SECT.

is the doubtfulness of their 1. Particles connect parts, or

signification. whole sentences together.

5. Causes of their imperfec2. In them consists the art

tion. of well speaking.

6. The names of mixed modes 3, 4. They show what relation

doubtful: first, because the mind gives to its own

the ideas they stand for, · thoughts.

are so complex. 5. Instance in But.

7. Secondly, because they 6. This matter but lightly

i have no standards. touched here.

8. Propriety not a sufficient .

remedy.

9. The way of learning these CHA P. VIII.

names contributes also to ,

their doubtfulness. Of abstract and concrete terms. 10. Hence unavoidable obscu. SECT.

rity in ancient authors.

11. Names of substances, of 1. Abstract terms not pre- . doubtful signification.

dicable one of another, 12. Names of substances re. and why.

ferred, first, to real essen. 2. They show the difference

ces, that cannot be known. of our ideas.

13, 14. Secondly, to co-existing

qualities, which are CHAP. IX.

known but imperfectly.

With this imperfection Of the imperfection of words.

they may serve for civil,

but not well for philosoSECT.

phical use, 1. Words are used for re. 16. İnstance, liquor of the cording and communicate

nerves. P ing our thoughts.

17. Instance, gold. 2. Any words will serve for 18. The names of simple ideas, recording,

the least doubtful. a 4

19. And

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