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911] Kean's Richard III.-Memoirs of Morland, the Painter. [912 thing of apparent indecision is perhaps attri- cular spot, but, when thrown into strong relief butable to the circumstance of her only acting by an adventitious ray, you instantly acknowat present on particular occasions. An actress ledge its presence and its power. We do not who appears only once a year cannot play so mean hy any means to defend Mr. Kean's well as if she was in the habit of acting once a Readings. Nay, we think some of them erroweek.--- Eraminer.

peouse--hut we feel persuaded, that, if the eye MR. KEAN IN DUBLIN.

is watched---if the labouring soul is followed Tae annouucement of Mr. Kean brought through all the workings of his countenance, one of the most crowded houses this season. It much of that censure which has been lavished was absolutely crammed. We own we were upon Mr. Kean’s New Readings, as they are glad, independently of the pleasure which we should be recollected, that, though those read

One thing, however, always feel when talent is honoured, at the view of the house last nigbt. We really

bring down” plaudits,

ings occasiovally “ thought that the people of Dublin were stolen they are only the secondary beauties of Mr. uway by the ears----that they were music mad; ---though we should miss some peculiarities,

Kean's performance. If they wereall omitted and ihat they had not a soul for the severer Richard, in Mr. Kean's personation, would be beauties of Tragedy. But we rejoice to find that they only want the proper attractions as effective as it is. In fact, it is this peculiariand that they know how to value, as becomes ty that has given Mr. Kean such sway and themselves and him, the performance of such mind---it is the vigour and the soul which per

masterdom in his profession---it is the pervading an actor as Mr. Kean. His entre was greeted, as might be easily molem---the living and exhaustless light--the

vades and inspires the man---the mens agitat expected, with the most enthusiastic welcome ; fire in his heart, and the fire in his brain, and his first speech, given with familiar and which glows with such intenseness, and shines original boldness, was applauded to the echo out with such brilliancy-- these are the secrets that should applaud again. The eyes of this of Mr. Kean's success; and, when another actman are truly magical. Those in a remote or shall be so fortunate as to find them, he may part of the Theatre, who are not blest with calculate on the same renown. strong sight, can have no idea what wonders he does with the piercing, rapid alteration of lar criticism. Nor, indeed, is it necessary,

We have left ourselves no place for particuthis organ. It is the glass of Banquo. All We are all familiar with Mr. Kean's Richard, the passions in the royalty of nature, appear and should only repeat what has been said a and vanish on its changing surface... It begins thousand times by an induction of particulars. to speak before the lips move, and it occasion Suffice it to say, then, that it was bloody, bold, ally belies the language of the lips. Hence and dangerous---that the sarcasms were giveu the panses, which, to those who can see the with infoite bitterness, and the hypocrisy outline of the face alone, appear sometimes maintained with consummate address. But it uncalled for, or contrary to the ordinary is in the tire, and stir, and hustle of the piece that reading of the text, when accompanied with Mr. Kean, to use a familiar

term, is at home--the pregnant cominent of the eye become in that he blazes, and burns, and goes out at a moment natural, forcible, and striking. His eye is like a sudden beam of light upon a bid length, like a Volcano, with an explosion that den truth. You do not expect it in any parti

is tremendous.---Dublin Paper, July 1, 1817.

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MEMOIRS OF EMINENT PERSONS.

GEORGE MORLAND, THE PAINTER.*

From La Belle Assembice.
MORLA

ORLAND had taken a house in ed in it with only a boy to attend on him.

Charlotte-street, Fitzroy-square, These were the periods, when left to after having obtained a fourth letter of thought and reflection, that he would rulicence. Here bis establishment soon minate on his folly, and lament his many bore the appearance of confirmed irregu- mispent hours ; for the heart of Morland larity: bis domestic life had little to at- was never corrupt, however depraved tach a man of such dissipated habits, and was his general conduct : frequent were he had no children to engage him to alter the resolutions he made to resorm, but them : though a very sincere regard sub- these always vanished at the end of a sisted between him and his wife, yet their few weeks ; domestic differences drove disagreements were frequent; and he was him from home, and his vicious companoften absent from his home for three or ions again drew him into the vortex of four months together, during which time his former dissipations. she would quit her house io reside with His constitution at length yielded to the her parents, leaving the premises without assaults of excess : his eye-sight failed, any superintendant; and it was no upn- his hand shook, his spirits Aagged, and sual thing for her, on any of their dis- the melancholy idea of putting an end io putes, to quit her home, while he remain- his existence sometimes assailed his Concluded from Ath. Vol. I. p. 834.

miod: to avoid this act of despondepoy,

913]
Memoirs of Morland, the Painter.

914 he became yet more intemperate, till, after next took shelter at Mr. Merle's, carver an attack of apoplexy, he brought on a and gilder, in Leadenhall-street; bere he complication of disorders ; and the con- met with true kindness, Mr. Merle being finement to which he submitted, in order one of those few friends who never took to elude the pursuits of his creditors, ac- advantage of his distresses. Morland's celerated the progress of his diseases. He conduct here serves to shew how much seldom quitted his painting room till it real kindness, wrought on a disposition was time to go to bed, and took his meals naturally good, and that to the mistaken behind his easel, though never at regnlar rigidity of his well-ineaning father might periods. Beef-steaks and onions, with be attributed his governing himself with purl, gin, and a pot of porter, generally so loose a rein when he arrived at mancomposed bis breakfast: his dinner he hood. During his stay at Mr. Merle's, would take at eleven, twelve, one, or he laboured diligently in his profession, three o'clock, just as his appetite prompt, he rose at six, and continued painting till ed, very seldom eating his meals with his three or four : the pernicious habit of wife: during the whole day he swallow-drinking spirits, he could not, however, ed every kind of strong liquor, never resolve to quit; it increased upon him, drinking tea.

and though he was so industrious during When be found he could no longer the day, he seldom retired to bed till two reside in Charlotte-street, he removed to or three hours after midnight. Chelsea, where he was arrested by an old Fancying himself insecure, be refreater friend, to whom he owed upwards of to Hackney, where the neighbours were three hundred pounds, the artist was, astonished at the vast sums he was said however, soon extricated from this diffi- to receive, and the profusion with which culty, having always bail at his command, he spent them : in short, they suspected His next removal was to Lambeth, where he was there for no good, and after serhe lodged with his man in the house of a eral surmises, they concluded that he was waterman ; yet he here began to doubt a fabricator of forged Bank notes ; and his security, and took a ready-furnished an information was lodged against him. house at East Sheen, where he resided Morland seeing the oblicers coming, refor some time, till he was betrayed by treated the back way, over the fields to another of his creditors, in whom he had London, leaving his wife to receive the placed his confidence. When this affair strangers. The officers broke open every was arranged, he took up his abode in drawer, searched every place, but finding Queen Ann-street, East, where he re- only unfinished pictures, pipes, pots, and niained perfectly safe for three months, whimsical sketches, an explanation took though in the midst of his creditors. place, and they retired.

In November, 1797, Morland's father In 1798, Mr. Lynn, a surgeon in died, at the age of eighty-five : and soon Westminster, attended Mrs. Morland ja after this event our artist was advised to an illness, and Morland expressing a nish claim the dormant title of Baronet, to be rid of the set that haunted him, Mr. which had been left by Sir Samuel Mor- Lynn, who had a picturesque cottage at land, an ingenious mechanic and mathe- Cowes, in the Isle of Wight, generously matician, on whom it was conferred by offered him the use of it. Mrs. Morland Charles II., and from whom Morland and her servant iminediately went thither, was lineally descended. Finding, how- in April, 1799, and was soon followed ever, that no emolument was attached to by her husband and his man. it, but that it would be assumed not Though the alledged object of his without great expence, he relinquished journey was retirement, the apartment in the design, observing, that plain George which he painted was filled with sailors, Morland would always sell his pictures, fishermen, and smugglers, from morning and there was more honour in being a to night; yet the general conduct of fine painter than a titled gentleman. Morland was such as to gain the friend

Alter several removals, he hired lodg- ship of Mr. Lynn, who recommended ings in the house of a methodist cobler, him to an excellent patron in a medical at Kennington-green, who made many friend, who purchased up his mere efforts to reclaim him without success. He sketches at an immense price.

915]
Memoirs of Morland, the Painter.

[916 On Morland's return to London, find- to such a state of weakness was his nering it impossible to satisfy his creditors, vous system at length reduced, that a sinhe caused himself to be arrested, and ob- gle glass of liquor would intoxicate him. tained the rules of the King's Bench pri. He grew so hypochondriacal, that the son.

His wife, his brother, with a man idea of being alone in darkness, tho' but for and maid-servant, formed his establish- a moment, became insupportable; and to meot; here he kept opeu house, and sat relieve his terrors, he sought relief in visitdown to a plentiful table, at which Mrs. ing night-houses instead of retiring to bed. Morland presided, and he generally got His life, at this period, was fast apso completely intoxicated that bis bed proaching to its close ; he was taken in was the floor; he having given particu- execution by a publican for debt, and lar orders never to be carried to bis cham- conveyed to a spunging-house, where, bec in that state. The ruin of his char- overwhelmed with misfortunes, debts, acter and constitution might now be said and neglect, the sure attendant on adverto be completed ; his excesses were with- sity, he swallowed in despair a great out interinission, and he had no opportu- quantity of spirituous liquors : that repity of exercise to carry off their baneful source was now in vain; the next morneffects ; he had even so little confidence ing be dropped off his chair in a fit, as he in himself that he feared to touch a pic- was sketching a bank and tree in a drawture lest he should spoil it ; for though ing which his mother long possessed. Afcommon report has asserted that he paint- ter this he never spoke coherently, but reed best when intoxicated, the following mained eight days delirious and convulsremark of the artist himself proved it to ed, and expired on the 29th of October, have been otherwise : a friend once 1804, in the forty-second year of his age. speaking with him on one of his paint

The mutual affection of Morland and ings where the colours were discordant, his wife, evinced itself in the alarm that Morland remarked it, and said, “ Can it each felt if the other was indisposed. It be wondered at ? I was half drunk when is remarkable that they frequently observI did it:" accordingly painted it all over ed, in their conversations, ihat they felt a again. Certainly he had tippled till his strong presentiment that one would not brain was affected, and then was obliged long survive the other. It was intended to take a certain quantity of spirits to steady to keep the death of Morland a secret his hand : bis nerves, as well as his mind, from his wife as long as possible : but requiring a support froin false energy.

she could not be induced to credit the An Insolvent Act, in 1802, liberated assertion that he yet lived : having obhim from his confinement. He did not, tained the fatal conviction that her fears however, quit his house in Lambeth-road, were just, she gave a piercing shriek, tell till he was attacked by a second fit of into convulsive fits, which lasted three apoplexy, which greatly alarmed bim. days, and expired on the 2d of NovemBeing annoyed also with his creditors, ber, in the thirty-seventh year of her age: he removed io the Black Bull, at Highgate, one grave contains their bodies, in the but quarreling with his landlord, he re- burial-ground of St. James's Chapel. paired to his brother's in Dean-street. Though the merit of this artist must be Previous to his removal from the King's allowed to be great, yet he certainly owed Bench, his wife had taken lodgings at his popularity very much to circumstances; Paddington for the recovery of her health; the anecdotes attached to his pictures where, to his everlasting credit, he allow. forwarded the sale of them : many pered her two or three guineas a week, sous thought he could not live long, which were regularly paid during his therefore they bought his pieces on spegreatest exigencies

. At this place he culation, imagining that every one he painted his curious picture of his own drew would be his last, and that their garret, with bimself at work, and bis man profits would be largely increased by bis Gibbs, who was his cook, frying sausages. deaths : and, indeed, when that event did

His apoplectic fits now becaine more happen, bis pictures rose considerably, frequent, and each fit left him in a greater both iu price and fame. State of debility than the preceding; and

The year 1790 was the time that 3N Eng. Mag. Vol. I.

Morland rose to his meridian, he was

917)
Varieties : Literary, &c.

(918 then able to paint whatever subject he ly represented than the little roguish chose ; he had confidence in his owo Welch poney of the carter, and the papowers, aided by a knowledge of nature; tient humble jackass. his best productions were interiors, and All his pencil sketches evince a strong he was peculiarly happy in depicting the conception, an ease, and a distinguishing stunted dwarf pollard oak, with a group character rarely to be found in other artof sheep underit : in such objects he was ists ; and though his mode of preparing unequalled, but his cottages are wanting his pictures was often hasty and irregular, in taste and variety, and he was apt to simplicity was their chief characteristic. slight his back grounds. In tranquil Morland's touch did much, for he had scenes also he might be said to excel; the discernment to perceive, that it is a proof of this is in The Labourer's Lun- touch more than labour which finishes a cheon, The Return from Market, The picture ; and be was always particularly Weary Travellers, The Tired Cart Horse, careful in using the very best oils and Baiting the Horses, and Watering Cat- colours ; while his constant advice to tle. The expression of his dogs are pow. students was to copy nature, and if they erful ; The 'Butcher's Stall, whence a wished to draw a tree well, to place their dog has stolen some meat, and which is easels in a field, and copy the tree exactly as shrinking from the blow of a stick, is 90 it stood before them. Upon the whole, to exquisitely pourtrayed, that, to use the conclude in the words of his best biograwords of Mr. Dawe, “ you may almost pher, “ Morland's paintings indicate a imagine that you hear him shriek." mind which, with due cultivation, wasca

Hisguinea pigs and rabbits are the best pable of very high attainments, and excite ever painted, and his cart horses are ex- our admiration that so much could be efcellent. Nothing was ever more happi- fected during a life spent like his."

VARIETIES:
CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL

RIDICULE.

from the French, by a Member of the WHETHER or not ridicule be the Faculty. It seems

to bave two

objects proper test of truth, is not, per- in view :- Ist. To invite the medical haps, fully decided ; but it is most cer- profession, more particularly than has tain, that it might be used in many cases been the case hitherto, to adopt a branch in the place of severe chastisement, and in surgery which has been unaccountasometimes with a more lasting effect, eg. bly allowed to wander out of the regular pecially among young people. One sphere, and thus supersede the host of scheme of this kind was tried, with great empirics who, under the name of Den

success, by Dr. Newcome,who governed a tists, infest all our large cities. 2d. To · school at Hackney. When any mistake detect and point out the baneful qnali

happened in the pronunciation of a Latin ties of many of those means which are word, he used to make the faulty lad re- so much vaunted as dentifrices. All the peat after him, before the whole school. diseases of the teeth and mouth are suc« Nos Germáni, non curămus, quantită- cinctly and popularly treated of, and tem, syllăbărum."* And this penalty there is so much good sense and judgwas more dreaded by the boys than the ment throughout the whole, that I am ferula or the rod.--Euro. Mag. sure all your elegant readers will be

• An absurd assertion, all in false quantity, pleased with the following quotation. supposed to be made by a German, importing that “ His countrymen minded pot how they “ The teeth are the most lovely ornapronounced Latin.

ment of the human countenance ; their

regularity and their whiteness constitute THE TEETH.

that ornament; these qualities rivet our To the Editor of La Belle Amemblee. regards, and add new charms to the Sir-Wein London a few days ago, beauty of the countenance. If the I was so fortunate as to purchase Gerbuux mouth exceeds in size its ordinary proon the Teeth anil Mouth, lately translated portions, fine teeth serve to disguise this

wave,

919)
Varieties : Critical, Literary, and Historical.

[920 natural error in its conformation, and as to improve the heart as well as to enoften even the illusion which results from large the understanding.

Collections the perfection of their arrangement is for this purpose are numerous; but the such, that we imagine the mouth would one now offered to parents and instrucnot have looked so well if it had been tors has many prominent advantages to smaller. Observe that lady smile whose render it deserving of their patronage. mouth discloses the perfection of their It is constructed with more simplicity, arrangement; you will never think of and is better adapted to the exercise of remarking the extent of the diameter of the memory, than the poetical compilaher mouth, all your attention will be fix- tions which have fallen in our way. ed upon the beauty of her teeth, and The selection has been made with great upon the gracious smile which so gener- taste, and it is enriched by some original ously exposes them.

pieces of peculiar beauty-one of which "This ornament is equally attractive we shall here transplant for the edificain both sexes; it distinguishes the ele- tion of our readers : it is a version of gant from the slovenly gentleman, and Miriam's song after the destruction of diffuses amiability over the countenance the Egyptian host by softening the features ; those of the sound the loud timbrel o'er Egypt's dark sca! black African cease to frighten the timid Jehovah has triumphd---bis people are free ! beauty when he smilingly

shews his teeth Sing---for the pride of the tyrant is broken ;

His chariots, his horsemen, all splendid and sparkling with whiteness. But it is more

brave. particularly to women that fine teeth are How vain was their boasting ! the Lord bath Decessary, since it is her destiny first to And chariots and horsemen are suok in the gratify our eyes before she touches our soul and captivates and enslaves our Sound tine loud timbrel o'er Egypt's dark sea! heart. The infuence which the teeth Jehovah has triumpb’d---his people are free ! exercise over beauty justifies the pre- Praise to the Conqueror ! praise to the Lord ! eminence which I attribute to them over

His word was our arrow, his breath was our

sword! all the other attractions of the counte- Who shall return to tell Fgypt the story nance, Let a woman have fine eyes, a Of those she seat forth in the hour of her pride ?

For the Lord hath look'd out of his pillar of pretty mouth, a handsome nose, a well

glory, turned forehead, elegant hair, a charming And all her brave thousands are dash'd in the complexion ; but let her also have had

Sound the loud timbrel o'er Egypt's dark sea! teeth, teeth blackened by caries, and we Jehovah has triumph'dm--bis people are free! should cease to think her beautiful,

New Mon. Mag. “When nature, sparing of her gists, shall have failed to bestow them on the THE POPE, VS. BIBLE SOCIETIES. teeth, making them defective in form and On the occasion of a Bible Society tarnished in colour, care and extreme being about to be established lately in cleanliness must be resorted to in order Poland, the present Pope, with the full to supply the imperfections and hide the concurrence of all the Cardinals, issued faults. In this case, at least, if the teeth a bull against Bible Societies. The de. do not attract our regards, they do not sign of circulating the Holy Scriptures is affect us disagreeably.”

characterized as “ an abominable device,

by which the very foundation of religSacred Poems ; selected from the best ion is undermined;" and it is declared

Writers : designed to assist Young to be the duty and object of the See of
Persons to read and recite melrical Rome, “to employ all means for the
compositions with propriely; and to purpose of detecting and rooting out
inculcate the most importunt princi- such a pestilence in every way." The
ples of Love to God and Benevolence following is a translation :
to Man. By Ph. Le Breton, A. M.

PIUS P. P. VII.
Master of the Academy in Pulund

VENERABLE BROTHER,

Health and apostolic benediction.
Streel. 18mo. 12s,

lo our last letter to you we promised, very Poetry never fails to afford pleasure soon, to return an answer to yours; in which to young minds; and therefore it is you have appealed to this Holy See, in the

name also of the other Bishops of Poland, reproper to direct that taste in such a way specting what are called Bible Societies, and

tide.

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