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415]
Varieties : Critical, Literary, and Historical.

(416 For the Pentateuch and to the First Book of company; and, after having gone through

Chronicles.
WESTMINSTER, TEN.

the version or corrections, all the division Dr. Andrews, Dean of Westminster, and after- was to meet, examine their respective wards Bishop of Winchester.

performances, and come to a resolution, Dr. Overall, Dean of St. Paul's. Dr. Saravia.

which parts of them should stand. Dr. Clarke, Fellow of Christ's Com. Cam. When any division had finished a Dr. Laifield, Fellow of Trinity-coll. C. Dr. Leigh, Archdeacon of Middlesex.

book in this manner, they were to transMr. Burgley.

mit it to the rest, to be further considered. Mr. King.

If any of the respective divisions shall Mr. Thompson. Mr. Bedwell.

doubt or dissent upon the review of the For Chronicles, Job,

Psalms, Proverbs, Canti- book transmitted, they were to mark the cles, Ecclesiastes.

places, and send back the reasons of their CAMBRIDGE, Eight. Mr. Lively.

disagreement. If they happen to differ Mr. Richardson, Fellow of Emanuel-coll. about the amendments, the dispute was to Mr. Chadderton, Fellow of Christ's-coll. Mr. Dillingham, Fellow of Christ's-coll.

be referred to a general committee, conMr. Andrews, Master of Jesus-coll.

sisting of the best distinguished persons Mr. Harrison, Vice Master of Trin,-coll.

drawn out of each division. However, Mr. Spalding, Fellow of St. John's-coll, and Hebrew Professor.

the decision was not to be made till Mr. Bing, Fellow of Peterhouse, and Hebrew they had gone through the work. Professor.

When any place is found remarkably For the four greater Prophets, the Lamentations, and twelve lesser Prophets.

obscure, letters were to be directed by OXFORD, SEVEN.

authority to the most learned persons in Dr. Harding, President of Magdalen-coll. Dr. Reynolds, President of C. C. C.

the universities, or country, for their Dr. Holland,' Rector of Exeter, and King's judgment upon the text. Professor.

The directors in each company were Dr. Kilby, Rector of Lincoln, and Regius Professor.

to be the Deans of Westminstone and Mr. Smith, afterwards Bishop of Gloucester. Chester, and the King's Professors of Mr. Brett.

Hebrew and Greek in each university. Mr. Fairclowe. For the Prayer of Manasseh, and the rest of the The translations of Tindal, Matthews, Apocrypha.

Coverdale, Whitchurch, and Geneva, to CAMBRIDGE, SEVEN. Dr. Duport, Master of Jesus-coll.

be used, when they came closer to the Dr. Brainthwait, Fellow of Emanuel. original than the Bishops' Bible. Dr. Radclyffe, Fellow of Trinity-coll. Mr. Ward, Master of Sidney-col. and Marga

Lastly, Three or four of the most emiret Professor.

nent divines, in each of the universities, Mr. Downes, Fellow of St. John's, and Greek though not of the number of the transla

Professor. Mr. Boyse, Fellow of St. John's-coll. tors, were to be assigned by the ViceMr. Ward, of King's-coll.

Chancellor, to consult with other heads For the four Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, and of houses for reviewing the whole traus

Apocalypse.
OXFORD, Eight.

lation.-Mon. Mag. Dr. Ravis, Dean of Ch. Ch. afterwards Bishop

of London. Dr. Abbot, Master of University-coll. and

PROGNOSTICATORS. afterwards Archbishop of Canterbury. Dr. Eedes.

The Natural History Society of ZuMr. Thompson.

rich has taken occasion of the silly noMr. Savill.

tion which ascribed the cold and rainy Dr. Peryn. Dr. Ravens.

weather last summer to the lightning-conMr. Harmer.

ductors, and which in two villages of that For the Epistles of St. Paul, and the Canonical Epistles.

canton even produced acts of violence WESTMINSTER, SEVEN.

agaiost those conductors, to publish some Dr. Barlowe, Dean of Chester.

excellent observations on the advantages Dr. Hutchinson. Dr. Spencer

and disadvantages of that contrivance. Mr. Fenton.

“ For upwards of a century, (says this Mr. Rabbet. Mr. Sanderson.

little tract) meteorologists have been indeMr. Dakins.

fatigable in noting down the state of the Rules for conducting the Translation. weather, and seeking the causes of its Every member of each division to changes ; but still they can predict little take the chapters assigned for the whole more of its future vicissitudes than the

417)
Varieties : Critical, Literary, and Historical.

(418 observant husbandman or mariner. A chants, or bankers, froin Lombardy, who great obstacle to the progress of meteo- were the first that publicly lent money rological science is the absolute want of upon pledges. They dwelt together in a a survey of the weather of the whole street, from them nameu Lorrbard-street, globe. Could we even obtain, which it and which is still famous for money conwould be very difficult to do, a complete cerns. The appellation of Lombard was knowledge of the weather of all Europe, formerly considered as synonymous with still this is but about the sixtieth part of usurer all over Europe. the wole surface of the earth. "How

THE CHEQUERS. very possible it is that, while we complain of continued rain and deterioration Nor were the chequers, at this time a of the climate, other parts of the world common sign for a public house, less may be suffering from drought and heat! expressive; being the representation of llow can the ant, whose excursions are a kind of draft board called tables, and confined to the few paces round her showing that the game might be played abode, form a judgment of what is passo in the house where the figure was dising in the whole circumjacent country? played. From the colour of the cbequers, It is a fault of the age, and a proof of the which was red, and their similarity io latyet imperfect state of science that peo

tice work, it was corruptly called a red ple fancy themselves capable of compre- lattice, which word is frequently used by hending and explaining every phænom- ancient writers to signify an ale-house. euon. Should they fail to hit upon the Falstaff tells Pistol, yet you will en true cause, it matters not--they make sconce your red-lattice phrases under the one : and owing to the universal thirst shelter of your honour. of novelty, the most absurd notions, the

THOU ART A DOG IN A DOUBLET. most fallacious positions advanced by the dabbler in science, who seeks to obtain

This phrase is commonly applied to a cheap reputation in newspapers and a person who has it in his power to inperiodical works, is caught up with jure another with impunity, by being avidity. At one time it is ihe lightning- clothed with power or possessed of propconductors, at another the spots on the erty. The allusion is to the ancient sun that occasion the unfavourable weath. practice of boar-hunting, in which the er; or we are told about a derangement lets of thick buff leather buttoned on the

favourite dogs were clothed with doubof the earth's axis, a gradual internal refrigeration of the globe, or the influen- back, and so framed altogether as to proces of comets ; and thus the credulous tect the animals from the tusks of their public is treated with the grossest ab. formidable enemy; while those that surdities , mingled with the most impu- of having their entraiis torn out by every,

were not so defended stood the chance dent falsehoods, which serve only to confuse, instead of instructing. Censurable stroke. Some of our best pictures of as this may be, we must equally con

field sports, painted by Rubens and othdemo on the other hand that avidity ers, represent part of the pack in this with which such stuff is swallowed, and attire. which induces those empirics in science

BY HOOK OR BY CROOK. to play such scurvy tricks with the pub It has been erroneously stated, that lic.-Panor.

this saying began in the reign of Charles the First, when two learned judges pre

sided in the courts, whose profound THE THREE BLUE BAL'LS.

knowledge of the law and consummate The three blue balls affixed to the integrity, were such as to make it a prodoors and windows of pawn-brokers, byverbial observation concerning any diftithe vuigar humorously enough said to cult cause, that it must be gained by indicate that it is two to one the things Hooke or by Crooke. The truth, howpledged there will never be redeemed, ever, is, that the proverb was in comwere in reality the arms of a set of mer- mon use as far back as the time of Hen

From the New Monthly Magazine.

419]

Varieties : Critical, Literary, and Historical.

[420

ry the Eighth, for the hook is the peas- strong light, present, in general, a vertiant's instrument to cut down any thing cal pupil

, as is observed in cats, owls, within his immediate reach, but when and loads. M. de Jonnes has observed that is too elevated, he must have re- the same disposition in the iris of the course to his crook, with wbich the lofty Trigonocephale, which he describes; but, bough may be brought to bis grasp. little conversant with anatomical terms, Thus craft allures, what force cannot he ascribes to a winking eye-lid this conquer.

peculiar disposition of the pupil ; but

we perceive by the details, that the author Foxes TURNED HUNTERS, knows that all true serpents are deprived The island of Sprogue, in the middle of eye-lids--a characteristic which parof the Great Belt, which is inhabited by ticularly distinguishes this class from that only a single family, and in tempestuous of the Sauriens. These serpents, whose weather is frequently for several days agility is very remarkable, have a mantogether the retreat of numerous travel- ner of darting, which M. Jonnes carelers, has been since the last autumn fully describes ; they roll the body in over-run by a particular kind of spotted four circles, one upon another, whose water-rats, which destroy all vegetation, circumvolutions incline all at once at the but never venture into the house, being will of the animal, which throws the natural enemies of the common house- whole mass forward five or six feet. rats. In order to exterminate them it is Another fact, pointed out by M. Jonnes, intended to convey filty foxes and as is, that the Trigonocéphalé can, in the many cats to the island. In many parts manner of the crested serpents, raise itof Fühnen similar complaints are made self vertically on its tail, and thus attain of the increase of the martins.—Pan. the height of a man ; he was on two

occasions witness of this action, and he WEST INDIA SERPENTS.

traces the details. He assures us also, Report in a memoir of M. Mareau that, by means of large scales, laid over DE JOnnes, intitled “Monographie du each other, with which the belly is corTrigonocéphale des Antilles oa Grande ered, this serpent, like the adder, can Vipere fer de Lance de la Martinique.” climb trees, and creep along the branch

- The serpent, whose habits and nature es, in order to reach the bird's nests, M. Jonnes has observed with so much whose young he devours, and in which courage, and described with so much he has often been found coiled up. M. care, is a large viper, whose bite is of de Jonnes describes the symptoms which the most dangerous kind. M. de Jonnes generally precede the death of individuannounces, that he has been able to ex- als bitten by this serpent ; be points out amine several hundreds of this species, the various remedies used by the negroes; of which some were nearly eight feet but he remarks, in terminating his Melong. He assures us, that these ser- moir, that the most efficacious means are pents are solely confined to the islands those employed in Europe to oppose the of Martinique, St. Lucie, and Becouia ; development of the hydrophobia, viz. he believes they have never been seen on the actual cautery, or the excision of the theContinent of America. Several authors 'part bitten as soon as possible. — Mon. M. had observed the two orifices of the nostrils; and Tyson, so far back as 1683, had

THE "RED CROSS" OF ENGLAND. described them with care. But lately, one of these orifices, that nearest the In the time of the crusades, the naeye, had been regarded as an exterior tional standard of England was a White auricular organ, analogous to that of Cross, and that of the French the “ Orisome Sauriens, as the ophesaure. M. de flame," a Red Cross ; this was lost at Joppes confirms, by his observations, the battle of Agincourt; and the Eng. the most exact idca given of them by lish sovereigns, afterwards, pretending a Tyson. It is known that the species right to the kingdom of France, assuined of vertebral animals, which see better by the Red Cross of Frunce. Charles VII. night thap by day, or that cannot bear a then dauphin, being made acquainted

From the Monthly Magazine.

421
Varieties : Critical, Literary, and Historical.

[422 with this fact, changed the ensigns of water every hour, these valuable roots his nation to a While Cross ; and, the will recover their salubrious qualities more distinctly to mark that, he willed, and flavour.—While in the cold water, that, hereafter, to be considered as the they must stand where a sufficiency of national colour; he himself used an en- artificial heat may prevent freezing. If sign entirely white, which he called a much frozen before laid in cold water, cornette, and gave it as an ensign to the to each peck of Potatoes take a quarter first company of gendarmerie that he of an ounce of saltpetre, dissolved in raised, and it has ever since borne the water, which is to be mixed with the waDame of la Cornette blanche.--Ib. ter which boils the Potatoes. If the

Potatoes are so frozen as to be quite unPINDAR.

fit for nourishment to men or animals, Pindar has been over-praised; he may they will make starch, and yield more dazzle by compound epithets, but he is flour than if unfermented by the icy not a maker of good odes. His poems power. That flour, with an equal want cohesion, wholeness, drift. He quantity of wheat flour, some butter, shoots his arrows, indeed,

sugar, a little barm, and a few currants, High as a buman arm may bope

makes excellent tea bread. If formed To hurl the glittering shaft of praise, into small cakes, and put into a slow

Z. but never at the mark: the bow has oven, will keep a month. force, but the archer wants skill. Το pretend to aim at a given object, and always to urge the dart in a different di- ciRCUMSTANCES relative to tud ELErection, exhibits a cross-eyed effort, PHANTS, brought a few years since which criticism should blush to admire. to PARIS.

Probably Pindar began his career as The morning after their arrival these a hymn-writer; and, having composed animals were put in possession of theic and gotten by heart certain choral songs, new habitation. The fir-t conducted to adapted for the usual solemnities of the it was the male, who issued from his more popular temples, he and his choir cage with precaution, and seemed to were also invited to sing at the tri- enter his apartment with a degree of umphal festivals of the wrestlers. The suspicion. His first care was to reconvictor might choose the hymn of bis fa- noitre the place. He examined each vourite god, and bespeak according to bar with his trunk, and tried their solidity his liking any one of Pindar's stock- by shaking them. Care had been taken songs; but there was no time to alter to place on the outside the large screw's the words, the tune, or the dance. The by which they are held together. These ode must be performed without delay, be sought out, and having found them, and could at most be new-capped with tried to turn them, but was not able. an introductory line or two about the When he arrived at the portcullis, which patron of the seast. Chance preserves separates the two apartments, he observed to us no matter which of these versatile that it was fixed only by an iron bar, rhythmical superscriptions. Many cho- which rose in a perpendicular direction. russes of the Greek 'plays could easily He raised it with his trunk, pushed up be accommodated to a boxer's dinner'; the door, and entered into the second and this was no doubt the usual resource apartment, where he received his breakof the orchestra, which was hired for the fast. He ate it quietly, and appeared to Occasion.-Ibid,

be perfectly easy:

During this time people were endeaTo the Editor of the Panorama

vouring to make the femalt: enter. We Sır,—As large quantities of Potatoes still recollect the mutual artachment of are frequently frosted, it may prevent ig- these two animals, and with what diffinorance from throwing them away, if you culty they were parted, and induced to will remind your readers, that, if soaked travel separately. From the time of their three hours in cold water, before they departure they had not seen each other; are to be prepared as food, changing the not even at Cambray, where they passed

4231

Varieties : Critical, Lilerury, and Historical.

[424 the winter. They had only been sensi- is too much (replied the father,) it would ble that they were near neighbours. The not cost me more to buy a slave." “ You male never lay down, but always stood are right, sir; and by that means you upright, or leaned against the bars of his will have two slaves for your money cage, and kept watch for his female, who your son, and the one you purchase." lay down and slept every night. On the A pareat is extremely fortunate when least noise, or the snallest alarm, he he finds a preceptor, at once the friend sent forth a cry to give notice to bis of virtue and the Muses, willing to uncompanion.

dertake the charge of a child's educaThe joy which they experienced on tion, and feeling all the sentiments of a seeing each other after so long a separa- tender father ; nothing is more rare than tion inay be readily imagined. a master of this description. There are,

When the female entered, she sent undoubtedly, persons in the world who forth a cry expressive only of the plea- would be excellent preceptors; but, besure which she felt on finding herself at ing sensible men, and knowing the value liberty. She did not at first observe the of liberty, they cannot bring themselves male, who was busy feeding in the se- to sacrifice it without a consideration cond apartment. The latter also did not sufficient to tempt them, viz. a little forimmediately discover that his companion tune and much respect. Generally they was so near him; but, the keeper having neither find the one nor the other; their called him, he turned round, and inme- profession is held in contempt; but, we diately the two animals rushed towards may ask, is that contempt well founded ? each other, and sent forth cries of joy so What! because infancy is a state of animated and loud that they shook the weakness, ought the care of developing whole hall. They breathed also through and perfecting its powers be regarded as their trunks with such violence that the a low and disgraceful employment ? Let blast resembled an impetuous gust of wind. us throw the mantle of ridicule over the The joy of the female was the most live- profession of a schoolmaster as we may, ly: she expressed it by quickly flapping it is not the less certain, that the greater her ears, which she made to move with part of governments would not stand in astonishing velocity, and drew her trunk need of so many laws to reform mankind, over the body of the male with the utmost if they had taken the precaution of formtenderness. She, in particular, applied ing the manners of children in paying it to his ear, where she kept it a long more attention to their education. time, and, after having drawn it over the whole body of the male, would often

LEVIATHAN, move it affectionately towards her owo

Job is considered as a inost ancien' mouth. The male did the same thing book, and to bave been written in Heover the body of the female, but his joy brew even before the time of Moses, as was more concentrated. He seemed to the religious knowledge of himself (Job) express it by his tears, which fell from and his friends was in general such as his eyes in abundance.

might have been derived from the early EDUCATION.

patriarchs. Soine writers are of opinion The Romans usually selected from ihat Moses himself was the author; and amongst their slaves the preceptor of others, among whom is a learned and their children. For a long time great distinguished divine, * that he was not attention was paid to education, but the writer of Job, as there is a material neglect follows close on the heels of difference in its style, and that of the luxury. Their studies were neglected Pentateuch : however, this is not of any or debased, because they did not lead to consequence with respect to the point in the first offices in the state. They va- question ; for what we wish to shew, is, Ined a tutor at a less price than a slave ; that Leviathan is the same as the crocothe beautiful expression of a philosopher dile. The book of Job is well known on this point deserves to be recorded, to be dramatic, and abounds in sublime He demanded one thousand drachms images. A writer of our own says, for the instruction of a young man. “It • Tomline, Bishop of Lincoln.

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