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385] Picturesque Survey of Water, Wood, and Mountain Scenery. [386 have heard a sentence from every noble- the Londoners adopted the broad Scotch, man in England ; till, after dinner, un- broad Scotch would then be considered dertaking to divide the bill, he ran throʻ the standard of purity. If the Court pounds, shillings, and pence so adroitly, chose to call for winegar, every one else, and cut his figures with such commercial under pain of vulgarity, must purse up nimbleness, that I asked him by way of their mouths to the pronunciation; and a jest, whether he was not a clerk? To meeting between the teeth and lip in V, my surprize he confessed he was a ban- would be thought to disfigure the finest ker's assistant; so, as it was now clear, he face at St. James's. had only picked up the chit-chat of noble It is now no more than two days since men, while they were drawing money, he I left home, and yet it appears almost declined quoting them any more. Indeed ten. When one changes on a sudden, afterwards be made an effort to re-esta- from still life to busy, the time, as it passblish his consequence, by showing that es, seems short, because novelty occupies he was upon good terms with bruisers ; the mind; but on looking back at it, we and they, he assured me, were upon the fancy it long, because we measure its duvery best terms with lords.

ration by the number of incidents. Being only a few hours in London, J I shall write every week, and, as I have hitherto remarked nothing extraor- become acquainted with the town, give dinary, but the ridiculous accent of the you some account of its customs, manpeople. They too laugh at mine, not ners, and literature. Meanwhile rebecause it is, in itself, worse than their member me to friends at Sully. Say the own, but because it is not spoken where kindest things for me to dear puss,

and there are a great number of houses. If tell Lion, I kiss his

paw. ADIEC.


From the New Annual Register.


“On the other hand the soldiers of (F towering eminences have the pow- Hannibal shrunk back with awe and

er to charm and elevate men, who affright, when they arrived at the foot of are pursuing the milder occupations of the mountains, tbat backed the town of life, with what rapture shall they inspire Martigny. The sight of those enormous the hearts of those long encompassed rampires, whose heads, capped with with danger, who, from the top of high eternal snow, appeared to touch the heamountains, behold the goal to which vens, struck a sensible dejection on the their wishes and exertions have long been hearts of the soldiers. It was in the anxiously directed !- Zenophon affords middle of autumn: the trees were yellow a fine instance of the power of this union with the falling leaf; and a vast quantity of association and admiration over the of snow having blocked up many of the mind and heart. The Ten Thousand passes, the only objects which reminded Greeks, after encountering innumerable them of humanity, were a few miserable difficulties and dangers, in the heart of cottages, perched upon the points of inacan enemy's country, at length halted at cessible cliffs ; flocks almost perished the foot of a high mountain. Arrived at with cold ; and men of hairy bodies and 113 summit, the sea unexpectedly burst, of savage visages ! On the ninth day,afier in all its grandeur, on their astonished conquering difficulties without number, sight! The joy was universal; the the army reached the summit of the Alps, soldiers could not refrain from tears; The alarm, which had been circulating they embraced their generals and cap- among the troops all the way, now betains with the most extravagant delight; came so evideni, that Hannibal thought they appeared already to have reached proper to notice it; and, halting on the ibe places of their nativity, and, in im- top of one of the mountains

, from which agioation, again sat beneath the vines there was a fine view of Italy, he pointed that shaded their paternal

dwellings! out to them the luxuriant plains of Pied* See p. 158.

munt, which appeared, like a large map.

387] Picturesque Survey of Waler, Wood, and Mountain Scenery. [388 before them. He magnified the beauty of a soldier but was alternately petrified those regions, and represented to them, with horror, or captivated with delight. how near they were of putting a final At one time feeling himself a coward, at period to their difficulties, since one or another, animated with the inspirations two battles would inevitably give them of a hero ! Arrived at the summit of possession of the Roman capital. This that tremendous mountain, and anticipatspeech, filled with such promising hopes, ing nothing but a multitude of dangers and the effect of which was so much en. and accidents in descending from those forced by the sight of Italian landscapes, regions of perpetual snow, on a sudden inspired the dejected soldiers with renew. turning of the road, they beheld tables, ed vigour and alacrity ; they sat forward, covered, as if by magic, with every kind and soon after arrived in the plains, near of necessary refreshment–The monks of the city of Turin.

St. Bernard had prepared the banquet. “This celebrated march, performed Bending with humility and grace, those at such an unfavourable season of the holy fathers besought the army to paryear, in a country, rendered by nature take the comforts of their humble fare. almost inaccessible, has been the admira- The army feasted, returned tumultuous tion of every succeeding age ; and many thanks to the monks, and passed on. a fruitless attempt has been made to as- A few days after this event, the battle certain its actual route. Gen. Melville of Marengo decided the fate of Italy. has at length settled the question. With To the eye and heart of the ambiPolybius in his hand, be traced it from tious, how many subjects of inducement

the point where Hannibal is supposed and delight do mountains present ! to have crossed the Rhone, up the left Who would not be proud to climb the bank of that river, across Dauphiné to the summits of the Alps, the Pyrenees, and entrance of the mountains at Les Echelles, the Andes ? Is there a Sicilian, who along the vale to Chamberry, up the banks does not boast of Etna ? Is there a of the Isere, by Conflans and Mouster, Scot, who does not take pride in celeover the gorge of the Alps, called the Lit- brating Ben Lomond ? and is there an tle St. Bernard, and down their eastern Italian, that is not vain of the Apenslopes by Aosti and Ivrea, to the plains of nines ? Who, that is alive to nature Piedmont, in the neighborhood of Turin. and the muse, would not be delighted to

“On the 6th of May, in the year wander up the sides of the Caucasus, eighteen hundred, Napoleon, then first the cone of Teneriffe, or those heautiful consul of France (gaudens vium fecisse mountains, situated on the confines of ruina,) set off from Paris to assume the three nations, so often and so justly command of the army of Italy. On the celebrated by the poets of antient thirteenth, he arrived in the neighbour. Greece ? and shall our friend Colonna hood of Lausanne. Having reviewed be censured for confessing, that the his troops, he pursued his journey along proudest moments of his existence have the north banks of the lake of Geneva, been those in which he has reached the and passing through Vevey, Villeneuve, summits of the Wrekin, the Ferywn, and Aigle, arrived at Martinach, situat- and the cone of Langollen ? or when ed near a fine sweep of the Rhone, near he has beheld from the tops of Carnedds its confluence with the Durance. From David, and Llewellyn, a long chain of this place the modern Hannibal, (not mountains, stretching from the north to more resembling that warrior in milita- the south, from Penmaenmawr to Cader ry talent than in perfidy,) passed through Idris ? Snowdon rising in the centre, Burg, and St. 'Brenchier; and after his head capt with snow, and towering great toil, difficulty and danger, arrived above the clouds, while his immense with his whole army at the top of the sides, black with rugged and impending great St. Bernard. The road up this rocks, stretched in long leogth below! mountain is one of the most dif. " During his continuance on Pen-y ficult, and the scenes, which it presents, Voel, Mr. Cox, the celebrated Swiss are as magnificent as any in Switzerland, traveller, felt that extreme satisfaction, Rocks, gulphs, avalanches, or precipices, which is ever experienced when elevated presented themselves at every step. Not on the highest point of the adjacent

389] Picturesque Survey of Wuler, Wood, and Mountain Scenery. (390 country. The air, as that gentleman lian peasants, in the same manner, have justly observes from Rousseau,' is more such an affection for Etna, that they bepure, the body more active, and the lieve Sicily would not be habitable mind more serene. Lifted up above without it. It keeps us warm in winthe dwellings of man, we discard all ter,' say they, and furnishes us with grovelling and earthly passions ; the ice in summer.' thoughts assume a character of sublimi • If we except mountains, nothing has ty, proportionate to the grandeur of the so imposing an effect upon the imaginasurrounding objects : and, as the body tion, as high, impending and precipitate approaches nearer to the ethereal re. rocks; those objects, which, in so pecugions, the soul imbibes a portion of liar a manner, appear to have been formtheir unalterable purity.' In a note to ed by some vast convulsion of the earth ; this passage Rousseau expresses his and I remember, my Lelius, few scenes, surprise, that a bath of the reviving air which have given me greater severity of of the mountains is not more frequently delight, than those vast crags, which read prescribed by the physician, as well as themselves in a multitude of shapes, near by the moralist.

Ogwen's Lake; at the falls of the Con" Emotions of religion are always way; at St. Gowen's Chapel in Pemthe most predominant in such elevated brokeshire, and the singular masses at regions. Mr. Adams, when employed Worin's Head, in the district of Gower. as minister plenipotentiary, from the The first of these scenes is the more enStates of America to the court of Ber- deared to my fancy, from the following lin, visited the vast mountains that sepa- Ode having been written by La Rocherate Silesia from Bohemia. Upon the fort, among its rude and sterile preciSchneegniten he beheld the celebrated pices. pits, where the snow remains unmelted

ODE. for the greater part of the year : upon

1. the Risenkoppe, the highest pinnacle in To th' Oak, that near my cottage grew, Germany, he beheld all Silesia, all Sax I gave a lingering, sad adieu ; ору, and Bohemia, stretched like a map

I left my Zenophelia true before him. Here,' says he, ' my first

To love's fine powes--thonght was turned to the Supreme

I felt the tear my cheek bedex

In that sad Creator, who gave existence to that immensity of objects, expanded before my view. The transition from this idea to

Upon the mountain's side I stood, that of my own relation, as an immortal Capt with Rothay's arching wood; soul with the Author of nature, was nat

And, as I view'd the mimic flood,

So smooth and still, ural and immediate ; from this to the

I listen'd---gaz'd in pensive mood-.. recollection of my country, my parents,

Then climb'd the hill: and my friends.'

III. " It is highly interesting to observe, Adieu, thou wood-embosoin'd spire, what pride a mountaineer takes in his

• No longer shall my rustic lyre Mr. Coxe, travelling near

* In tendor simple notes respire Munster, was requested by a peasant to

• Thy tombs among; inform him what he thought of his coun- •No longer will it sooth thy choir try; and pointing to the mountains with

* With funeral song. rapture, he exclaimed, bebold our walls

IV. and bulwarks, even Constantinople is • The world before me ;---I must rove not so strongly fortified.' And Colon • Through vice's glittering, vain alcore ; na never reflects, but with pleasure, on Alas! as 'mid the world I move, the self-evident satisfaction with which

Shall I have time. a farmer, residing in one of the most in “To tremble at the name of love, accessible cliffs, near Ffestiniog, replied

* And speak in rhyme ?" to his assertion, that England was the

V. finest and best country in the world, Five years are past, since this I sigh’d, “ah! but you have no mountains, sir ;

Since to the world without a guide, you've got no mountains ! -The Sici My fortunes I oppos'd to pridc ;--



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[ 392


On the Disposal of the Dead.

Oh! time mispent ! chitecture of man. Sometimes they My pains are lost---my talents tried--

rear themselves into vast natural amphiWith punishment !

theatres ; at other times into rampires, VI.

with all the regularity of immense walls; Now to my hamlet I'll retire,

and with no herbage, no hanging masCurd of every vain desire ;

ses of shrubs, no ivy adorning their cre. And burning with the sacred fire, That charm'd my youth; us. For, as the same elegant writer

vices, they surprise, without delighting To love I'll dedicate my lyre, And heaven-born truth.

truly observes, DO object receives so

much beauty from contrast as the rock. “When rocks are scattered among 'Some objects,' says he, are beautiful woods, covered with ivy, and peopled in themselves ; the eye is pleased with with animals, as in the celebrated pass the tuftings of a tree; it is amused at Undercliff

, nothing can be more em 4 with pursuing the eddying of a stream; bellishing to scenery, and nothing fasci

or it rests with delight on the broken nates the imagination in a more vivid arches of a gothic ruin. Such objects, and impressive manner. Of all the independent of composition, are beautirocks, which this island can boast, few ful in themselves. But the rock, bleak, can compare with those that alternately naked and unadorned, seems scarcely to form the sides, the front screens, and the deserve a place among them. Tint it back grounds of the Wye. “There,' with mosses and lichens of various bues, says Mr. Gilpin, who has described the and you give it a degree of beauty; general character of this unequalled river adorn it with shrubs and hanging berwith the skill and judgment of a painter, bage, and you make it still more picturand with all the taste and genius of a esque; connect it with wood, water

, and poet,' the rocks are continually starting broken ground, and you make it in the through the woods, and are generally highest degree interesting. Its colour simple and grand; rarely formal or fan- and its form are so accommodating, that tastic. Sometimes they project in those it generally blends into one of the most beautiful square masses, yet broken and beautiful appendages of landscape.' shattered in every line, which is characteristic of the most majestic species of

--- where high rocks, o'er ocean's dashrook. Sometimes they slant obliquely

ing foods, from the eye in shelving diagonal strata;

Wave high in air, their panoply of woods,

Admiring laste delights to stray bepeath and sometimes they appear in large mas

With eye uplifted, and forgets to breathe ; ses of smooth stone, detached from each

Or, as aloft his daring footsteps climb, other and half buried in the soil.' These

Crests their high sumınits with his arın submasses of smooth rock are those objects lime. of nature, which most resemble the ar

Philos. of Nature


From the Monthly Magazine. SIR,

There is a class of animals [l'ermes] IT to

object of most ages and countries to twixt animal and vegetable life ; through preserve from putrefaction the bodies of this medium the bodies of dead animals those who, in life, had been beloved or are transformed into new life ia vegetarespected. The Egyptians have suc- bles. Instead, therefore of incasing the ceeded in their mummies, and the Ro- corpse in lead or oak coffios, or embalmmans in burning and collecting the ashes ing to preserve it a little longer from the of the dead; but the more natural and worms, it is surely more rational

, and rational process has seldom been consi- more according to the laws of nature, dered, viz. that of speedily incorporating to bury it in such thin or perishable mawith the earth all that remains of orga- terials as may most speedily promote its Rized matter

dissolution; and, if the surface of the


A Trip to Paris.


ground were covered with flowering fumed essence of all that now remains plants, the grave, instead of an object of of what was in life most dear to us. disgust and horror, might be converted If all our church-yards were flowerinto a pleasing record of our past gardens, and every grave a bed of roses, affections.

we should learn to look on the mansions How delightful is the thought, that of the dead with hope and joy, and not while we are inhaling the fragrance of a with dread and disgust; and the good rose or violet, growing in the mould Christian should follow his Lord's examcomposed of our ancestors or friends, ple, whose burial-place was in a garden. we may be breathing the pure and per

H. R.



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much as mentioned the Palais Royal, pitals here, receive any confirmation from and shall for the present postpone any what they now exhibit in that respect. notice of it, having still objects of great. The poor and sick must therefore someer interest to consider. Among these I how be provided for, though not in reckon the hospitals of Paris. If the such mapsions as, what the French call, French nation are possessed of charity the English hospitals of luxury ; where in the same degree as the people of Eng- a great part of the funds are diverted land, it must be admitted that either from their legitimate object, and expendthey are averse to making a public dis- ed in large salaries for the officers, and play of it, or that some other cause di- in splendid buildings. There are, I beverts it from that course which it takes live, twenty-two hospitals, if not more, in England ; where the meetings of nu- in Paris, the management of the whole merous societies, voluntarily united for of which is vested in a committee of some charitable purpose or other, are as government, and therefore liable to all frequent and regular as the rising of the the defects of such an administration. sun, and innumerable edifices for these The funds of these hospitals consist in purposes are constructed at the expense what little property the Revolution has of private individuals, whilst their archi- left them ; but the greatest part of the tecture serves at the same time to orna- expense is supplied by the government. ment the places where they are erected. It is perhaps a plan deserving of imita

Litle or nothing of all this is to be tion, to keep patients under different thiet with in the metropolis of France- diseases, as they do here, separated in if you except that truly grand and im- different hospitals, by which the nature posing structure the Holel des Invalides, of such diseases is likely to become erected by a warlike monarch, having more perfectly understood by the medicuncontroled command over the revenues al men attached to these hospitals. of the whole nation ; and the institution

The Hotel des Invalides distinguishfor foundlings, which is upon a very ex- es itself in a view of Paris by its gilt cutensive scale. But here, as in all other pola, an unusual object in European matters which concern the public, one architecture, proclaiming, as it were, to may see the effect of an absolute gov- the spectator, that the comfortable reernment, upon which the individuals of treat of the disabled soldier is the princialle nation idly leau-_baving neither au- pal object of the care of the nation

and thority nor inclination to take the busi- its chief. A winged lion, a trophy torn ness of the eommunity into their own from the impotent republic of Venice,

stands on a high pedestal at the entrance The streets of Paris, however, do not of the avenue leading to the gate and at present by any means exhibit that iron balustrade.* The building prestate of mendicity which must have existed formerly, if the accounts of travel

* It is scarcely necessary to remind the lers are correet; nor do these accounts stored to the city from which it was brought

reader, that this tropby bas since been re2E Eng. Mag. Vol. I.

hy the nniversal plunderers.--- EDITOR.



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