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265]
Memoirs of the Druke d'Enghien.

[266 step by step, always learoing together, I have great obstacles to overcome ; without which I should never have been sometimes the caprices of temper, at able to fix his attention. In this man- others the sallies of indocility ; almost ner I made him learn all the best pieces always an agitation of body and a disin Lafontaine. The memory, under- sipation of mind that nothing can equal. standing, and taste, were all exercised at It requires address and indulgence both once. I take great care, when he is re- to prevent faults and to obviate disgust. peating any thing and makes a mistake, Sometimes, however, it is necessary to to present the idea instead of telling him punish : weakness would be still worse the word : thus the operation of reason than severity. In the beginning, after is added to that of the memory. Rous- an unpardonable disobedience, I shut scau and other philosophers may well the books, and declared that I would not assert that these fables so employed are continue the lesson : he wept much, and admirable for children. They amuse begged permission to do what he had while they engage them: they develope before refused. I continued firm for or create ideas : they familiarize the pu- some time, and at length yielded only to pil with the graces of expression, and his most earnest intreaties.

This meeven impart a feeling for beauties of thod has often been attended with sucstyle which mature age alone might be cess. I still employ it, though the tears supposed capable of relishing. His me- no longer come. I have sometimes agmory is ready, but not very retentive : gravated ennui by forcing him to pursue it retaios ideas much better than words. a passage which he disliked. He would He has known more of geography accustom himself to any thing if one were than I did at twenty. He forgets it so to be inflexible. One day when he had easily that I merely now and then wilfully transgressed a formal prohibiplace the priocipal notions before his tion, I gave him his choice either to be eyes. On the other hand he will recol- deprived of the dessert, or to beg pardon lect, after an interval of several months, of God upon his knees. He chose the an anecdote related en passant, or a re- former. It was not long before he remark of the importance of which he is lapsed into the same fault

. I immedinot aware. In short, ideas accumulate in ately ordered him to fall upon his knees his head, and though he often confuses and beg pardon of God, which he did

them in a ludicrous manner, yet it is evi- after some hesitation, and I remitted the www.haldent that he combines them very sensi- other part of the punishment. He never Town cellent when it comes to be seconded by Notwithstanding the indifference which

reason. An extraordinary perspicacity he frequently affects towards reproof and also renders him as susceptible of in- even humiliation, he is not without pride. struction as the warmth of his temper I told him the other day, being satisfied tends to make him averse to it. I soon with him, that I wished to reward him, perceived and profited by this advantage. not with sweetmeats or amusements, but By appearing rather to converse than with honour. The best reward, he anteach ; by contriving to afford him the swered, is the approbation of one's conpleasure of finding out things himself ; science.--Very true, but it is just that by explaining every thing, and requiring those who deserve it should be farther reasons for every thing: in a word, and rewarded. I will mention your good this is my fundamental principle—by behaviour at table, and afford you an placing reason invariably at the threshold opportunity of doing yourself honour by of his understanding--I found means, repeating something of your lesson.without effort, in spite of his excessive This gave him great pleasure.

I have giddiness, to make him acquire more already contrived several occasions for knowledge, and in particular more judg. him to display his little acquirements, ment than I ever had in my life at a much and he has turned them to good account. more advanced age. As it is in his dis- When age and reason shall have temposition to kick when my bridle is held pered the petulance of the young prince, tigbil , and to run away when it is relaxed, instruction will produce in him the fairest

Eng. Mag. Vol.iv.

267] Memoirs of the Right Hon. Richard Brinsley Sheridan. (268 fruit. The wish to please, combined regret. All the world knows that the with a store of knowledge, will excite treachery which enabled Buonaparte to bim to distinguish bimself by glorious secure the person of this prince, and his qualities.

subsequent murder, are among the Such was in bis childhood the prince blackest of the crimes by which he stáin: who ought to have been the pride and ed his reign, unhappily of too long conthe prop of his house, and who is unfor- tinuance. tunately the subject of its everlasting

RIGHT HON. R. B. SHERIDAN.

Concloded.

ulations as should serve for precedents in Soon after this, the melancholy indis- any future exigency of a similar nature. position of his Majesty led to the consi- The French revolution, which was deration of a question of the greatest now in its portentous infancy, soon made magnitude, and which may truly be said such rapid strides to gigantic terror, as to have exceeded in importance the set- could not fail to attract universal attentlement of the crown after the abdication tion. In England this tremendous event of James the Second. On this question, was beheld by some with fearful expecwhich related to the mode of supplying tation, while by others it was contemthe defect of the exercise of the royal plated with pleasure, and the eager antiauthority, Mr. Sheridan, as might be ex- cipation of still more extensive changes pected, strenuously advocated the ex- for the diffusion of liberty. Among the clusive, unconditional right, of the heir- former, Mr. Burke took the lead ; and apparent to assume the office of Regent, with the perspicuity of an enlightened without even consulting or being bound statesman who examines minutely into by parliament. In this doctrine he cer- the moral elements as well as the extertainly did not stand alone, but consider- nal movements of great bodies, he pering the favour in which he was held at ceived that all this pretext of freedom Carlton House, and the well known trust and the rights of man arose from the reposed in his opinion by the Prince, it corrupt motives of deep and designing was generally believed that he took the men to overturn a government for their lead in those counsels which were then own purposes. Mr. Sheridan, on the prevalent on this subject. Certain it is, other hand, whether out of pique or vanthat the letter written by the Prince to ity, thongh it is possible that there was Mr. Pitt on the parliamentary restric- in his conduct a mixture of both, seized tions, was the composition of Mr. Sher- every opportunity to eulogize the French idan ; and from this fact alone, it is evi- army and the Convention for resisting dent that bis influence exceeded that of the monarch and countenancing the his political associates. At present there atrocities committed in the name of libcan hardly exist two opinions on the erty. On the 9th of February 1780, matter which was then so strongly con- when Mr. Burke took occasion to anitested ; and while due credit must be madvert upon some points advanced by given to the ability with which the friends Mr. Fox upon this subject, Sheridan inof the Prince maintained his claims, terfered, and attacked the former with every candid observer who knows any great vehemence, and charged him with thing of the constitutional principles of defending an accursed system of despotic the English government, must see the goveroment. This could hardly be supglaring inconsistency of the Whigs on posed to sit quietly upon a mind so lofiy this point, and their total departure from and irritable as that of Burke, wbo, in the great doctrines laid down at the Re- reply answered, that he most sincerely volution. Providentially, however, the laniented the inevitable necessity of now restoration of his Majesty's health at that publicly declaring, that benceforth his time put a stop to the practical necessity hopourable friend and he were separated of adopting any further measure, than in politics ; yet, even in the very mothe settlement of such positions and reg. ment of separation, he expected that his

269) Memoirs of the Right Hon. Richard Brinsley Sheridan. [270 honourable friend, for so he had been in the applause for which he could hope the habit of calling him, would have from clubs was scarcely worth the sactreated bim with some degree of kind- rifice which he bad chosen to make for ness ; or, at least, if he had not, for the so insignificant an acquisition." sake of a long and ainicable coonexion Thus terminated a friendship of long heard him with some partiality, he would standing, and to which Sheridan was no have done him the justice of representing doubt indebted for a considerable porhis arguments fairly. On the contrary, tion of that knowledge which was nec: he had cruelly and unexpectedly mis-stat- essary to establish his reputation, though ed the nature of his observations, by he wanted industry to cultivate his excharging him with being an advocate for traordinary powers by close applicadespotism, though it was in the recollec- tion. tion of the honourable gentleman and It may here be proper to observe, that the whole house, that in the beginning so complete was this disruption, and of his speech he had expressly reprobat such was the aversion of Mr. Burke to ed every measure which carried with it the political principles and private coneven the slightest appearance of despo- duet of his old acquaintance, that whentism.' All who knew him could not ever Sheridan's name was announced, he avoid acknowledging that he was the always quitted the company. For this, professed enemy of despotism in every indeed, he seems to have had sufficient shape ; whether it appeared as the splen- reason, as notwithstanding the rebuke did tyranny of Lewis the Fourteenth, which Burke had given in the speech or the outrageous democracy of the pre- just mentioned, the other continued, on sent goverament of France, which lev- many occasions, to goad him with severe elled all distinctions in society. The remarks in the house, particularly on honourable gentleman also had charged that subject which he knew would alhim with having libelled the National ways act poignantly on his feelings. Assembly, and stigmatized them as a This certainly was ungenerous and imbloody, cruel, and ferocious democracy. prudent, because it could only serve to Mr. Burke said, he appealed to the widen a breach, which by conciliation, house, whether he had uttered a single might have been healed ; and it tended, syllable concerning the National Assem- in a great degree, to lesson the respect bly, which could warrant such a con- that was due to a man, who merited the struction as that put upon his words. 'thanks of all mankind, for the energy He felt himself warranted in repelling with which he resisted the deadly docthe imputation; because, the whole trines of political fanatics, who were obtenor of his life had proved that he was viously bent on the destruction of all soa sincere friend to freedom, and as such, cial order, in the levelling of rank and he was concerned to find that there were property. persons in this country who entertained In 1792, Mr. Sheridan lost his amiatheories of government not consistent ble partner, who died of a consumption with the safety of the state, and who at Bristol Wells, leaving two children, a were ready to transfer a part, at least, of son and a daughter ; the former being that anarchy which prevailed in France now living at the Cape of Good Hope, to this kingdom, for the purpose of ef- but the latter died shortly after her mofecting their own designs. Having pur- ther of a similar complaint at Wansted. sued this strain of self-vindication to a Mrs. Sheridan's maternal family came considerable length, Mr. Burke, conclu. from Wells, in the cathedral of which ded, with saying " it appeared that the city her remains were deposited, in the honourable gentleman had made a sacri- same vault with those of her brothers of his friendship, for the sake of catching Thomas and Samuel and her sister Masome momentary popularity. But if the ria Tickell, all of whom were remarkable fact was such, however greatly he should for their extraordinary musical talents

. continue to admire his talents, he must In 1795 Mr. Sheridan married Miss tell him, that his argument was chiefly Harriet Ogle, youngest daughter of Dr. ad argument ud invidiam, and that all Newton Ogle, dean of Winchester and

271] Memoirs of the Right Hon. Richard Brinsley Sheridan. [279 prebendary of Durham, by whom he had then Chancellor, Lord Henry Petty, and one son namedCharles, t'ho is also living. other inembers of the cabipet, are said to

Though this ingenious man and pow- have exerted their agility in the ball room erful speaker continued through life the till seven o'clock in the morning ; but inflexible opponent of Mr. Pitt, to whom, the most curious part of the festivity indeed, he seems to bave had a personal consisted in the circumstance, that the repugnance, it is but a tribute of strict servants in waiting were bailiffs and their justice to say, that on some occasions, he followers, who being then in possession acted nobly in disseating from his own on various executions, were put into party. Thus, when Mr. Fox thought it liveries obtained from Drury Lane Theunnecessary to attend his parliamentary atre, to disguise their character and renduties, because he could not obtain his der them useful, object, which was the adoption of a new But it was the fortune of Mr. Sheridan system favourable to the republican rules to be connected with very short-lived of France, Mr. Sheridan continued his administrations, and this soon terminated attendance, and in some critical instan- throagh the imprudence of the party in ces gave his support to government. endeavouring to impose upon the King, This patriotism was remarkably conspi- with respect to the great question of cuous and beneficial during the alarming catholic emancipation. On this occa· mutiny among the seainen of the fleet, sion the wit observed, that he had beard which called for prompt measures and of men knocking out their brains by united strength, to save the country from running against a wall, but he had never destruction. Theo Mr. Sheridan dis- known, till now, of any thing so foolish played his talents to great advantage, and as to build a wall for the purpose, acted most honorably in laying aside From this period, Mr. Sheridan graparty politics for the general safety, dually declined in the public estimation, while his associates either remained si- and became more and more embarrassed lent, or absented themselves from their in his circumstances. Having succeeded public station as the representatives of in getting returned for the city of West

minster, he was thrown out on a subse In 1799 Mr. Sheridan returned once quent application at Stafford, and at the more to theatrical concerns and produ- last general election he was not chosen ced a splendid drama, translated from for any place. the Gerinau of Kotzebue, under the The closing years of his life were pasname of Pizarro, though in the original, sed under a cloud which depressed his the piece bears the title of The Spaniards faculties and injured his health. He was in Peru. This performance was sold to lost to the world and almost 10 society. Mr. Sheridan by'a German for one hun. They who once adınired now forsook dred pounds, but the version was so un- him; and such is the stability of politicintelligible that little use could be made al friendship, even Mr. Fox belore his of it, but two other translations in man- demise, behaved with great coolness 10 uscript falling in his way he adopted his old companion and zealous adhereat. them, and with a slight addition of his The disease of wbich Mr. Sheridan own, contrived to render the piece high- died had its seat in the liver, and the ly attractive for that and the ensuing length of its continuance plainly evinced season. The play was printed with the the strength of the original stamina, had name of Mr. Sheridan prefixed, and it is the same been not undermined by irresaid, that not less than twenty-nine thou- gular babits, which increased as he adsand copies of it were sold in a short vanced io years and trouble, till he esspace of time,

caped from this mortal scene to enjoy, When, by the death of Mr. Pitt, a new as we sincerely trust, eternal rest. He administration was formed, Mr. Sheridan died on Sunday the 7th Jaly, 1816, and was appointed Treasurer of the Navy, in was interred on the Saturday following which office, he no otherwise distinguish. in the Poet's Corner in Westminster ed himself than by giving a grard fête Abbey, near the graves of Garrick and at Somerset House, where Lord Erskine, Cumberland.

the people.

273)

Poetry.

[274

POETRY.

Y

A NORTHERN SPRING. Or is it bold Gunnar, who vainly assays

On the horse of good Sigurd to rush thro' the From Helga, a Poem, by the Rev. William

blaze? Herbert. TESTRENE the mountain's rugged brow The steed knows his rider in field and in stall :

No other hands rein him no other spurs gall. Was mantled o'er with dreary snow ;

He brooks not the warrior that pricks his dark The sun set red behind the hill,

side, And every breath of wind was still :

(pride.

Be he prince, be he chieftain of might and of But pre he rose, the southern blast A veil o'er heaven's blue arch had cast;

How he neighs! how he plunges, and tosses his

mane! Thick roll'd the clouds, and genial rain

[disdain !

How he foams ! how he lashes his flank with Poor's the wild deluge o'er the plain.

O crest-fallen Guonar! thou liest on tbe plain ! Fair glens and verdant vales appear, And warmth awakes the budding year.

Through the furnace no warrior, save Sigurd O'tis the touch of fairy hand

may ride.

[bride!

Let his valour for thee win the spell-guarded That wakes the spring of Northern land !

He bas mounted his war-horse, the beauteous It warms not there by slow degrees,

and bold; With changeful polsė, the uncertain breeze ;

His buckler and harness are studded with gold. But sudden be wondering sight Bursts fore beam ofliving light,

A dragon all writhing in gore is his crest; And jostan serdure springs around,

A dragon is burnisb’d'in gold on bis breast. And magic flowers bedeck the ground.

The furnace grows redder, the flames crackle

round, Returdd from regions far away,

(ope bound.

But the horse and the rider plunge through at The red-wing'd throstle pours his lay; The soaring snipe salutes the spring,

He has reach'd the dark canopy's shield-cov

er'd shade, While the breeze whistles through his wing ;

[laid; And as he haiis the melting snows,

Where spell-bound the beautiful damsel is The heathcock claps his wings and crows.'

He has kissed her closed eyelids, and callid

her his bride; Bright sbioes the sun on Sigtune's towers, And Spring leads on the fragrant bours.

He has stretclid bis bold limbs in the gloom by

her side. The ice is loosed, and prosperous gales Already fill the stratting sals.

Bann. Reg.

“My name is bold Gunnar, and Grana my steed;

speed. BRYNHILDA.

Thro’ bickering furnace I prick'd him with A Poem, by the same Author.

The maiden all languidly lifts up her head,

She secms in her trance half awaked from the O STRANGE is the bower where Brynhil dead;

(eries, Around it the watchfire high bickering shines ! « Does the bravest of warriors claim me as his

Like a swan on the salt-lake she mournfully Her couch is of iron, her pillow a shield, And the maiden's chaste eyes are in deep

prize ?" slamber seal'd.

[spread, "O know'st thou young Sigurd, who lies by Thy charm, dreadful Odin, around her is thy side ?

[bride? From thy wand the dread slumber was pour'd O kenn'st thou, Brynhilda, who calls thee his on her head.

[and flame, On the gay hills of France dwells thy proud The bridegroom must pass through the furnace foster-sire,

(fire. The boldest in fight, without fear, without And there thy chaste bower was guarded by blame.

It was mantled with ivy and luscious woodbine, O whilom in battle, so bold and so free, It was shrouded with jasmine and sweet eglanLike a pirate victorious she rov'd o'er the sea. tine.

[thy bower, The helmet has oft bound the ringlets, that now O mivd'st thou, when darkling thou sat'st in Adown her smooth shoulder so carelessly flow; What courser came fleet by thy charm-circled And that snowy bosom, thus lovely revealid, tower ?

(and free Has been oft by the breastplate's tough iron Whose hawk on thy casement perch'd saucy conceal'd.

(sleep, What warrior pursued it? Whose crest did'st The love-lighting eyes, which are fetter'd by thou see?

[thy view ? Have seen the sea-light raging fierce o'er the Did the gold-burnish'd dragon gleain bright to deep,

(slain Did thy spells hold him back, or did Sigurd And 'mid the deep wounds of the dying and break through ?

[hands pour, The tide of destruction pour’d wide o'er the For whom the bright mead did thy snowy plaio.

[bare, Which never for man crown'd the goblet beThose soft-rounded arms now defenceless and fore? Those rosy-tipp'd fingers, so graceful and fair, On the wonders of nature, the stories of old, Have rein’a the hot courser, and oft bathed in On the secrets of magic high converse ye held; gore

He sat by thy side, and be gazed on thy face, The merciless edge of tbe dreaded claymore. He hail'd thee most worthy of Sigurd's emWho is it that spure his dark steed at the fire ? brace ; Who is it whose wishes thus boldly aspire The wisest of women, the loveliest maid, To the chamber of shields, where the beaati- The bravest that ever in battle outrade: ful inaid

And there, in the gloom of that mystic alcore, By the spell of the mighty defenceless is laid? Ye pledg'd to each other the firm oath of love. Lit Sigurd, the valiant, the slayer of kings, Now spell-bound thou canst got his features With the spoils of the Dragoa, his gold aud bis descry,

[eye. rings?

Thy charins in the gloom do not meet his keeu

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