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Varieties : Critical, &c.

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VARIETIES,
CRITICAL, LITERARY, AND HISTORICAL.

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From the Earopean Magazine.

of changing his religion ; but two reasons SIR,

induced him to take the turban: the first NHE Duke of Ripperda being a pro- was, the fear that the courtiers would seek

minent character in the new novel to destroy him on account of his professcalled “ The Pastor's Fire-side," I think ing Christianity; and the second was, a genuine account of him may not be the desire he had of enjoying the priviunacceptable to your readers.

B.

leges of the country he was jn. He was, London, Feb. 12, 1817.

therefore, circumcised, and took the

name of Osman, Those who were enJohn WILLIAM, Duke de Ripperda, vious of him at last succeeded in accomof a noble family in Groningen, served the plishing his disgrace. But after two States-General sometime as a colonel of months imprisonment he obtained his infantry; he was invested with this rank liberty, with a prohibition of appearing at after he had been appointed ambassador court till permitted. With a view of from Holland to the Court of Spain. again getting into favour, he affected a His ready and insinuating genius having great zeal for the Mahometan religion ; pleased Philip V. he fixed himself at the and nevertheless meditated a new system Court of Madrid, and there attained of religion, which he thought would be great distinction. In the year 1725, he acceptable to the people. However, the concluded at Luxembourg a treaty of credit of the Duke de Ripperda standing peace and commerce between the Empe- upon weak foundations, was quickly ror and the Catholic King. On his overturned. Obliged to quit Morocco, return to Madrid he was made a Duke he retired, in 1734, to the port of 'Teruand Grandee of Spain ; the direction of an, where he remained till his death, in the War, Marine and Finance depart. 1737, equally despised by Mahometans ments, were entrusted to him : in fact, and Christians. His death was occa. he obtained the power of prime ministersioned by a languid disease, the effect of without the title ; but it was shortly dis- chagrin arising from his situation. The covered that he was charged with a bur. Bashaw of Tetuan tood possession of his then above his powers. The King of small property, conformably to the estaSpain was obliged to remove him from blished custom in all the states of the the court and public affairs in 1726. sovereign of Morocco. He left two sons, Through this disgrace he nearly lost his who were drowned near the coast of reason, already weakened by his rapid Biscay, in going from Spain to England. elevation, He was obliged to seek an asylum with the English ambassador,

THE PIG OF BREST. Stanhope, from whoni he was carried A writer in the Journal de Paris, reaway by force, to be imprisoned in the commends the following circumstance, castle of Segovia. He remained there which lately happened in the neighbourtill the ed of September, 1728, when he hood of Brest, to the attention of drafound means of escaping into Portugal. matists of his country. A man coveted From thence he went into England, and a farmer's pig ; broke in the night into afterwards into Holland, where he formed the bumble abode of the unsuspecting an acquaintance with the ambassador of animal ; knocked himn on the head ; Morocco, who engaged to present him to threw the carcase across bis shoulder, his sovereign, Muley Abdallah. He and carried it off. Punishment often was received by him with distinction, follows closely at the heels of guilt. The and acquired great credit, as great there robber came to a ditch in his way; as that which he had before obtained in crossing it, he fell with his load, and next Spain. The Duke de Ripperda passed morning the murderer and robber was some time in Morocco, without thinking found lifeless by the side of bis victim.

OF

177] Varieties : Critical, Literary, and Historical.

(178 " Here is a subject !” exclaims the par- pathetic fever. My plan of treating rator, “here is a moral denouement, if these cases, and which I have successever there was one! Ab! gentlemen of fully practised some years, is immediatethe Magpie, the Ravens, the Dog of ly to apply a lotion made of equal parts Monturgis, &c. &c. allow a place in of spirits of turpentine, and cold-drawn your menagerie for the Pig of Brest ! linseed oil, heated (by standing in hot Consider what an effect will be produced water) to a degree which the sound by a title of this kind on a play-bill : parts would bear without injury, afterThe Pig, the Avenger of Guilt, or the wards plasters, of the yellow Basilicon Robber Punished by Himself. I would ointment, spread on fine old linen rags. lay any wager that it runs a hundred I then give a proportionate dose of launights, and eclipses all the animals that darum in warm brandy-and-water, and are-now the rage.”

put my patient in a warm bed ; thus, as

Mr. Kentish, in bis Essays on Burns, reTREATMENT SCALDS AND BURNS. marks, keeping up a unity of intention

To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. by both the external and internal means, Sir,--Being a constant reader of your which leads to the restoration of the unity excellent miscellany,and observing in the of action, and thus is the cure performed. one for August, p. 81, the fatal result of I then repeat this mode of treatment a scald, and the censure passed on the twelve hours after its first application, present state of medical science, as ap- with the exception of using them cold. plicable to that peculiar branch of it, l Afterwards the parts are to be dressed have been induced to trouble you with with emollientointments, or, according as the following remarks. I confess I do their appearance may indicate, until supnot feel much surprised at the want of puration commences, when the sympsuccess of what I deem the improper toms will point out the ordinary mode of treatment of that case, as it is now gen- cure.

As far as relates to internal remeerally understood that, where any ex- dies, as I before observed, it is as essentraordinary action has been excited in tial they should be of the stimulating any part of the system, the same stimu- king as the external; and, certainly. lus, though in a less degree, should be active purgatives, as rcommended in your persevered in, until the parts gradually paragraph, are, in my opinion, highly assume their healthy action ; as, for in- improper, as they generally bring on that stance, where heat has been the cause of weakness and languor which inevitably diseased action, heat shonld be continued: retard the healing process, while the adand, where it has been produced by ex- ministration of opium generally allays cessive cold, as more particularly in the that peculiar irritability produced by a northern climates, cold applications destruction of the cuticle, and conseshould be used until the parts act in upi- quently prevents any disposition of the 800 with each other, or by natural com- nervous system that may exist, likely to mon stimuli. I therefore feel no hesita- produce convulsions, the occurrence of tion in saying, from my own experience, which, in cases of this kind, generally that there might have been more proba- proves fatal. bility of a favourable issue in applying the stimulating than the antiphlogistic re. The Private Correspondence of Benjamedies, as it appears 10 me, the constitu min Franklin, LL.D., F.R.$. &c. Vol. tion, having sustained a severe shock by II. Now first published from the orithe unnatural stimulus of heat, it is only ginal, by his Grandson, Wm. Temple aggravated by the extreme frigidity of the Franklin. 1817. applications, which certainly produces a The following extract from this work contrariety of effects. When applied to is a sort of confession of faith with resa patient who, a few minutes before, had pect to which the Doctor enjoined secrebeen complaining of excessive heat and sy to the Rev. President Stiles, to whom thirst, I have seen it immediately produce it was addressed : that cold shivering which, in my opinion, “ You desire to know something of is so fatal a symptom of the case, as it is my religion. It is the first time I have generally the precursor of violent sym- been questioned upon it. But I cannot

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Varieties : Critical, Literary, and Historical.

[189

1

ATTENDANTS.

take your curiosity amiss, and shall en- at the same moment. Each of the deavour in a few words to gratify it. company lifted up his eyes in wonder, Here is my creed : I believe in one God, first at the thought, itself, and secondly, the creator of the universe. That he at the

That he at the impossibility of executing it governs it by his providence. That he Franklin, however, insisted that the ought to be worshipped. That the most thing was practicabe, and not only so, acceptable service we render to him is but would not long remain a mystery. doing good to his other children. That He lived long enough not only to see the soul of man is imınortal, and will be his notion reduced to practice, but, to treated with justice in another life respect- see as many as forty threads spun by the ing its conduct in this. These I take to same motion. Had he lived till now, be the fundamental points in all sound he would have seen a hundred spun, at religion, and I regard them as you do in the same jastant, by a single fernale, whatever sect I meet with them. As to with only the help of a child. Jesus of Nazareth, my opinion of whom you particularly desire, I think the sys- MISDOINGS PORMERLY AMONG THE ROYAL tem of morals and his religion, as he left them to us, the best the world ever saw,

To the Editor of the Panorama. or' is like to see ; but I apprehend it has

SIR,- The insertion of the following received various corrupting changes, and will very much oblige A Friend. 'I have, with most of the present dissenters Extracts from a curious Manuscript, containing in England, some doubts as to his divin Directions for the Household of Henry VIII. ity; though it is a question I do not His highness' baker shall not put alum dogmatize upon, having never studied it, in the bread, or mix rye, oaten, or bean and think it needless to busy myself with flour with the same ; and if detected he it now, when I expect soon an opportu- shall be put in the stocks. nity of knowing the truth with less trou His highness' attendants are not to ble. I see no harm, however, in its steal any locks, or keys, tables, forms, being believed, if that belief has the good cupboards, or other furniture, out of consequence, as probably it has, of mak- noblemen's or gentlemen's houses where ing his doctrines more respected and he goes to visit. more observed ; especially as I do not Master cooks shall not employ such perceive that the Supreme takes it amiss scullions as goe about naked, or lie all by distinguishing the believers in his gov- night on the ground before the kitchen fire. ernment of the world with any peculiar No dogs to be kept in the court, but marks of bis displeasure. I shall only only a few spaniels for the ladies. add respecting myself, that having expe

The officers of bis majesty's privy rienced the goodness of that Being in chamber shall be loving together, no conducting me prosperously through a grudging or grumbling, por lalking of long life, I have no doubt of its continu- the king's pastime. ance in the next, though without the The king's barber is enjoined to be smallest conceit of meriting such good- cleanly, not to frequent the company of ness.”_Crit. Rev.

misguided women, for fear of danger to

the king's royal person. ANECDOTE OF DR. BEN. FRANKLIN. There shall be no romping with the

Dr. Franklin was once in company maids on the staircase, by which dishes with Dr. Priestley, with whom he was and other things are broken. very intimate, and with a number of Coals only to be used by the king's, other scientific men, who made up a queen's, and lady Mary's chambers. party; they were mostly members of The brewers not to put any briınstone the Royal Society, and known to each in the ale. other. The conversation turned on the Twenty four loaves a day allowed for progress of Arts, and on the discoveries his highness' greyhounds. favourable to human life, which remained to be made. Franklin regretted much

ROBERT FREEBAIRN. that no method had yet been found out We insert the melancholy death of a to spin two threads of cotton, or wool, son of this artist from a sincere wish tha:

SPICK AND SPAN.

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Varieties : Critical, Literary, and Historical.

[182 it may prevent others from falling mar- if the latter became refractory, she would tyrs to the inconsiderate foolishness of bite her severely, and drive ber into a persons who ought to know better, corner of the den : in short, she kept her This artist's son (Samuel) died in 1813 completely under control. at the age 14. His death was occasion Capt. Waddington shortly after his ed by a silly trick, which was at one arrival in England disposed of the lioness time prevalent, of pulling children up and her foster-mother to Mr. Cross, the from the ground by the head, in order spirited proprietor of the menagerie at "to shew them London." About two Exeter Change, where the two friends months before his death he complained are to be seen, inhabiting the same cage, to a young friend of a stiff neck, for and exhibiting a most extraordinary inwhich the other suspended him in the stance of affection between two fomales ! manner mentioned above. It appeared Chapter Coffee-house, Feb. 25. at an investigation after his death, that the second vertebra was wrenched from ILLUSTRATION OF PROVERBS, OBthe others nearly an inch, by which the

SCURE SAYINGS, &C. head was pressed forward ; the ligaments boing torn, and an abscess formed be THIS is a very common expression, tween them and the windpipe.—N.Mon, applied to any thing quite new, but the

words appear to want explanation. The

most obvious derivation is from the ItaNATURAL HISTORY.

lian, spicata de la spanna, fresh from the from the New Monthly Magazine. hand, or, as we say in another proverbial - A lioness only eight days old was pur- phrase of our own, “ fresh from the chased in 1815, at the Cape of Good mint.” There are numerous Italian Hope, by Capt. Waddington, of the City words in our language, which were of Edinburgh East Indiaman. The ani- brought in before the Reformation, when mal was fed with milk and bread, and it was not only customary for our young suffered to roll about on the floor of men of family to complete their studies Capt. W.'s bed-room. A terrier bitch, in that country, but many Italiang residkept in the same house had littered á ed here as collectors of the papal imposts, few days previously to the purchase, and or as holders of our best benefices. her pups had been destroyed. A servant This certainly is a more rational etymoaccidentally going into the bed-room logy than that which derives the phrase found the bitch suckling the whelp. As- from a spear, because the head of that tonished at the spectacle, he soon com- weapon was formerly called a spike, and municated the circumstance to the family, the staff a span ; thereby meaning that and crowds flocked into the house to every part is new.--New Mon. Mag. witness so extraordinary a sight. It was

HE IS A DAB AT IT. resolved not to separate the new compa This is very commonly said of a clever nions ; they were placed in a large ken- person in any profession : but the word nel in the yard ; and the bitch conceived dab is neither Saxon nor British ; whence a maternal attachment to the whelp, then does it come? The answer is, that which the latter seemed return with it is nothing more than a corruption of great affection. A commodious cage be- adept, which is former times denoted a ing made for them, they were conveyed professor of the occult sciences, especialon board the ship, which proceeded to ly alchymy. The Rosicrucians, who England. During the voyage their friend- affected the art of making gold and of ship increased daily; the lioness grew prolonging lise, maintained that there prodigiously, but appeared unconscious were twelve enlightened brethren of that of her superior strength, or unwilling to mystical community who possessed the use it to the detriment of her foster- highest secrets of the order; these select mother. The latter having acquired the members were called adepts ; and when ascendant, preserved it: at her meals she any one of them dicd, his place was filiavariably satisfied herself before she per- led up by another to keep the body permitted the boness to taste a morsel; and fect. To be an adept, therefore, denotes

183)

Mr. Maturin's New Tragedy.

(181

ORIGIN OF CROSS BUNS,

that the person so complimented is ex- To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine, traordinarily qualified. ---Ibid.

SIR-It has been remarked, that seasons

similar to the present have occurred at Mr. Urbani,

intervals of sixteen or seventeen years; Mr. Bryant, in his Antient Mythology, not having the means of ascertaining the informs us that the offerings which people fact, by reference to many authorities, I in antient times used to present to the submit the enquiry to your pages, as a Gods, were generally purchased at the curious subject of scientific speculation ; entrance of the Temple, especially every annexing a list of years nearly corres. piece of consecrated bread, which was ponding to the above intervals, in which denominated accordingly. One species I have been able to ascertain the fact of of sacred bread, which used to be offered any severity of season or deficiency of to the Gods, was of great antiquity, and produce called Boun. Hesychius speaks of the 1816 1683 1389 Boun, and describes it as a kind of cake 1799 * 1459 1338 with a representation of two horns. Di 1783 1426 1551 ogenes Laertius, speaking of the same 1764 1406 1234 offering, describes the chief ingredients of Jan. 1817.

A. Y. which it was composed. “ He offered one of the sacred cakes called a Boun,

A 'MOUSING' QEN. which was made of fine flour and honey." A gentleman residing on Stoke Hill,

The Prophet Jeremiah takes notice of has in his 'possession a hen, which anthis kind of offering when he is speaking swers the purpose of a cat in destroying of the Jewish women at Pathros in E- mice. She is constantly seen watching gypt, and of their base idolatry. “When close to a corn rick, and the moment a we burnt incense to the Queen of Heaven, mouse appears,she seizes him in her beak, and poured out drink offerings to her, did and carries him to a meadow adjoining, we make cakes to worship her.” Jer. where she amuses herself by playing with xliv. “ 'The children gather wood, and her victim until he is dead; she then the fathers kindle the fire, and the women leaves him, repairs to her post, and is freknead their dough to make cakes to the quently known to catch four or five a Queen of Heaven." Jer. vii.

day.-Lit. Pan. Jan. 1817.

DRAMATIC.

Januel ; a Tragedy. By the Rev. R. C. Ma- guish, accuses De Zelos, (Mr. Rae) his needy

turin, author of * Bertram," " Wild Irish kinsinan, who is next heir to him after Alonzo, Boy," &c.

tho' without proof. Manuel madly demands DRURY-LANE THEATRE.--- The promise of a trial : there he persists, unsupported, in the a new Tragedy is ever an object of interest : accusation, under the strongest conviction of but our expectations are highly enhanced when bis kinsmau's guilt. De Zelos at length clears it is announced from the pen of an author, himself by oath; but Manuel, unsatisfied,dares whose histrionic genius has been bailer by him to swear upon the bier, on which a band popular applause, and whose merit has been of warriors are carrying Alonzo's armour, to stamped with public approbation. The first deposit on soine holy shrine. De Zelos hesieffort of Mr. Maturin's dramatic Muse, was tates, and his son Törrismond, (Mr. Wallack) still recent in our remembrance, and we anti- agonized by a doubt of his father's innocence, cipated an increase of the celebrity he bad ac- rushes in, and prevents him from sealing the quired, by his forcible delineation of Bertram. damning asseveration. De Zelos bad already This bope, if not realized to its full extent, has demanded the combat, and the Spanish nobles not been altogether disappointed. The brief who support him, determine to banish Manuel outline of the story is this :-:-Alonzo, son of if its issue fails him. Torrismond is with difaManuel Count Valdi (Mr. Kean) having dis- culty convinced of his father's innocence, and tinguished himself at the battle of Tolosa, and therefore, unmoved by the entreaties of Vic. rescued Cordova from the Moors, is expected toria (Miss Somerville) by whom he is beloved, at his father's mansion, where a festival is pre- appears in the lists as his father's champion. pared. His page first arrives, hoping to find Manuel has no champion---but an unknown his master already there, who had proceeded warrior comes in his behalf, and is mortally aloe by a foresi road. This excites alarm, wounded---ere he is borne off, he uncloses his and, soon after, bis war-steed coming with vizor to De Zelos, and shews himself to be a bloody stains, and his broken lance, raise Moor (Mr. P. Cooke) who had mysteriously dreadful surmises of his murder. The forest is appeared in a former scene. Manuel is then searcbed in vain, and Manuel, mad with an- banished to an antient castle of his ancestry,

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