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• 29d. The contrary wind forbidding our departure, Brother Kohl. meister, accompanied by Jonathan Jonas, and Kukelina, walked across the country to the N. W. bay to return their visit. When they saw them coming at a distance, they fired their pieces to direct them to the tents, and came joyfully to meet the missionary and his party. Nothing could exceed the cordiality with which they received them. A kettle was inmediately put on the fire to cook salmon trout, and all were invited to partake, which was the more readily accepted, as the length of the walk had created an appetite, the keenness of which overcame all squeamishness. To do these good people justice, their kettle was rather cleaner than usual, the dogs having licked it rell, and the fish was fresh and well dressed. To honour the missionary, a box was placed for him to sit upon, and the fish were served up to each upon a fat stone instead of a plate. After dinner Brother Kohlmeister in acknowledgement for their civility, gave to each of the women two peedles, and a small portion of tobacco to each man, with which they were highly delighted.
• All of them being seated, a very lively and unreserved conversation took place concerning the only way of salvation through Jesus Christ, and the necessity of conversion. With John and his mother Mary, Brother Kohlmeister spoke very seriously, and represented to them the danger of their state as apostates from the faith, but they seem blinded by Satan, and determined to persist in their heathenish life. The Esquimaux now offered to convey the party across the bay in their skin-boat, which was accepted. Almost all of them accompanied the boat, and met with a very friendly reception from our boat's company. In the evening, after some hymns had been sung by our people, Jonas addressed them and the heathen Esquimaux, in a short nervous discourse on the blessedness of being reconciled unto God.
• Kummaktorvik bay runs N. E. and S. W. and is defended by some islands from the sea. It is about four or five miles long, and surrounded by high mountains, with some pleasant plains at their foot covered with verdure. It's distance from Nachvak is about twelve miles This chain of mountains, as will be hereafter mentioned, may be seen from Kangertlualuksoak, in Ungava Bay, which is a collateral proof that the neck of land terminated to the N by Cape Chudleigh, is of no great width. Both the Nain and Okkak Esquimaux frequently penetrate far enough inland to find the rivers taking a westerly direction, consequently towards the Ungava country. They even now and then have reached the woods skirting the estuaries of George and South rivers.' p 35.
On the 2d of August, they passed a strait among the islands off Cape Chudleigh, when the coast takes a S. S. W. direction. At this place the tides rise to an uncommon height. The coast is low, with gently sloping hills, and the country looks pleasant, with many berry-bearing plants and bushes. It is from this point of the voyage, that they seem to enter upon new ground, for at a very great distance to the N. W. they descried a large island
named Akpatok, which, according to the statement of the Esquimaux, encloses the whole gulf or hay towards the sea, consists of high land, and is connected to the western continent at low water by an istomus. Now it is the north coast of this island which appears to be the line laid down in maps and charts as the coast of America to the south of Hudson's Straits. So that a large inland bay, separating the district of Ungava, from the island of Akpatok, and which, from the map accompanying this account, is made to extend from W. longitude 65° 45' to 70°, and from N. latitude 60° 15' to about 58°, appears to be an expanse of water wholly unnoticed by former navigators bortom of this bay lies the Ungara country, and our party, in their progress towards it, had intercourse with the natives on the coast. Our missionary took an early occasion to make known his object in visiting them.
• Brother Kohlmeister visited the people in their tents. They were about fifty in number, men, women, and children He informed them that nothing could induce the missionaries to come into this country but love to the poor Heathen, and an ardent desire to make them acquainted with their Creator and Redeemer, that through him they might attain to happiness in time and eternity. Some seemed to listen with attention, but the greater part understood nothing of what was said. This of course did not surprise us, as most of them were quite ignorant Heathen who had never before seen a European. 'They, however, raised a shout of joy when we informed them that we would co'ne and visit them in their own country. Many were not satistied with viewing us on every side with marks of great astonishment, but came close up to us and pawel us all over. At taking leave we presented them with a few trifles, which excited among them the greatest pleasure and thankfulness. p. 47.
A few days afterwards we have the following specimen of the tides in this bay.
* 7th. On rising, to our great surprise, we found ourselves left by the tide in a shallow pool of water, surrounded by roc y hills, nor could we at all discover the situation of our skin boat, till after the water had begun to rise, and raised us above the banks of our watery dungeon, when, with great astonishment, not having been able to find it on the surface of the sea, and accidentally directing our eyes upwards, we saw it perched upon the top of a considerable eminence, and apparently on shore. We then landed, and ascending a rising g.ound, beheld, with some terror, the wonderrul changes occasioned by the tides. Our course was visible to the extent of two or three English miles, but the sea had left it, and we were obliged to remain in this dismal place till about noon beiore the water had risen sufficiently to carry us out. We now began to entertain fears lest we might not always be able to find proper harhours so as to avoid being left high and dry at low water, for having anchored
in nine fathoms last night, we were left in one and a half this morning. Uttakiyok and Kukekina were with us on shore. The eminence on which we stood was overgrown with vaccinia and other plants, and we saw among them marks of its being visited by hares. Near the summit was a spot covered by red sand which stained one's fingers, and among it were fragments of a substance resembling cast iron. We seemed here to stand on a peninsula connected by an isthmus with another island, or with the continent, but probably at high water it may be a separate island.' p. 51.
In a few days they reached Kangertlualuksoak Bay, to which they gave the name of George river, after having formally taken possession of the country in the name of George II., whom they desige the Great Monarch of all those territories, in their explanati to the natives of a tablet solemnly raised in commemoration o is voyage. We do not see the necessity of this transaction, confess that our feelings of justice somewhat revolted at it. How George III. should be the rightful monarch of a territory whose inhabitants never saw a European before, is something more than we can understand. We trust that the marauding policy of other times, is now gone by; and that the transaction in question is nothing more than an idle ceremony. At all events we do think that our worthy missionaries have, in this instance, made an unwitting departure from the character which belongs to them; and we implore them, as they value the approbation of all right minded Christians, to keep by the simplicity of their one object, and never to venture one single footstep on the dubious ground of this world's politics. The following simple adventure is infinitely more in accordance with our minds.
After dining on part of the venison, we re ned to the great boat. On the passage we thought we perceived, at a considerable distance, a black bear, and Uttakiyok, elated with his recent success, hoped to gain new laurels. He entered his kayak, and proceeded as cautiously as possible along the shore towards the spot, landed, climbed the hill so as not to be observed, but when he had just got within gun shot, perceived that his bear was a black stone. This adventure furnished the company with merriment for the remainder of the voyage to the boat.' p. 57.
They determined upon the mouth of George river as a suitable place for a settlement.
12th. Having finished reconnoitring the neighbourhood, and gathered all the information concerning it which our means would admit, and likewise fixed upon the green slope or terrace above described as the most suitable place for a settlement, on account of the abundance of wood in its neighbourhood, we made preparations
to proceed. Uttakiyok, who had spent more than one winter in the Ungava country, assured us that there was here an ample supply of provisions both in summer and winter, which Jonathan‘also credited from his own observation. The former likewise expressed himself convinced that if we would form a settlement here, many Esquimaux would come to us from all parts. We ourselves were satisfied that Europeans might find the means of existence in this place, as it was accessible for ships, and had 'wood and water in plenty. As for Esquimaux, there appeared no want of those things upon which they live, the sea abounding with whitefish, seals, sea fowl, &c. and the land with reindeer, hares, bears, and other animals. The people from Killinek declared their intention of removing hither, it we would come and dwell among them, and are even now in the habit of visiting this place every summer. Our own company even expressed a wish to spend the winter here.' p. 57.
The season was now far advanced, and the danger of being overtaken by winter before they completed their return. to Okkak, began to press upon them. But they had not yet got to the bottom of the bay which they had fixed upon as the final object of their voyage. The courage of their party was beginning to fail, and the missionaries themselves were in no small degree of perplexity. In this situation of difliculty, ordinary travellers would sit down to the work of calculation, and so did they; they would weigh reasons and probabilities, and so did they; they would gather information froin the natives, and exercise their judgement upon it, and advise earnestly with one abother; and so too did these humble missionaries; but there was still one other expedient which they resorted to, and in the instance before us, it helped them out of their difficulties. This expedient was prayer. They laid the matter before God, and He answered them. This, we imagine, is what ordinary travellers seldom think of doing; what the men of an infidel world would call fanaticism ; but if there be any truth in the word of God, it is the likeliest method of obtaining counsel and direction under all our embarrassments. If any of “ wisdom, let him ask of God, that giveth to all men liberally, “and upbraideth not; and it shall be given him. But let him “in faith, nothing wavering.” Their account of this matter is too interesting to be omitted.
· 19th. In the morning we met in our tént, where we were safe from the intrusion of the Esquimaux, to confer together upon this most iinportant subject. We weighed all the circumstances connected with it maturely and impartially as in the presence of God, and not being able to come to any decision, where reasons for and against the question seemed to hold such an even balance, we de
termined to commit our case to him who hath promised that if two " of His people shall agree on earth as touching any thing that they “shall ask, it shall be done for them;" (Matth. 18 19.) and kneeling down, entreated him to hear our prayers and supplications in this our distressed and embarrassing situation, and to make known to us His will concerning our future proceedings, whether we should persevere in fulfilling the whole aim of our voyage, or, prevented by circumstances, give up a part and return home from this place.
• The peace of God which filled our hearts on this memorable occasion, and the strong conviction wrought in us both that we should persevere in His name to fulfil the whole of our commission, relying without fear on his help and preservation, no words can de. scribe ; but those who believe in the fulfilment of the gracious promises of Jesus given to his poor followers and disciples, will understand us when we declare that we were assured that it was the will of God our Saviour that we should not now return and leave our work unfinished, but proceed to the end of our proposed voyage. Each of us communicated to his brother the conviction of his heart, all fears and doubts vanished, and we were filled anew with courage and willingness to act in obedience to it in the strength of the Lord o that all men knew the comfort and happiness of a mind devoted unto, and firmly trusting in God in all things. p. 64.
On the 25th of Augnst, they reached the termination of their voyage, and sailed up the river Koksoak, which discharges its waters into the bottom of Ungava bay. The estuary of Koksoak or south river, lies in N. latitude 58° 36'. It is as broad as the Thames at Gravesend, and bears a great resemblance to that river in its windings for twenty-four miles upwards distant by sea from Okkak between 600 and 700 mil s, and Cape Chudleigh is about half way. They were soon descried by the natives, who shouted them a rapturous welcome. Upon hoisting their colours, they were incessantly hailed by the inhabitants. There was a general cry of Europeans ! Europeans! from the men in the kayaks, who, by all manner of gesticulations, expressed their pleasure, brandishing their oars, and shouting continually as they rowed alongside the boat. The women on shore answered with loud acclamations.
They were not long in acquainting the natives with the cause of their voyage, and it is delightful to observe the advantage they possessed in the zeal of their coadjutors among the converted Esquimaux, whom they brought along with them. Jonathan and Jonas conversed with them about the concerns of their immortal souls, declaring to them the love of God our Saviour towards them; and Sybilla, Jonathan's wife,
1 ; was met with seated among a company of women, and exhorting them with great simplicity and fervour, to hear and