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as may be supposed, without a degree of influence upon the state of their minds, though we cannot say that they were productive of abiding detriment. They felt grateful, that by the Lord's mercy they were preserved from perishing through famine.' Per. Acc. United Brethren, No. Ixiv. P. 254. The above is from Nair; the following is from Hopedale.
"Your kind expressions concerning us and our labours filled our hearts with gratitude. We can assure you, dear Brethren, that the daily mercies of our Saviour still attend us both in our <external and internal concerns. Poor and defective as we feel ' ourselves to be, he has not taken his grace and spirit from us, but forgiven us all sin, daily and richly supported and helped ⚫ us in our labours, comforted us in all distress, preserved us in 'peace and brotherly love, and excited in us all an ardent desire to live unto and serve Him with all our hearts.
'Several of us have been ailing, but he approved himself our 'kind physician, and nothing essential has been neglected in the 'performance of our daily duties through illness. Constant communion with him is the source of all spiritual life and strength, and we pray him to lead us more and more into that blessed • track.
· With thanks to Him we are able to say, that the walk of most of our Esquimaux has been such as to give us heartfelt joy. Our Saviour has led them as the good shepherd in the way of life everlasting, and by his Spirit taught them to know that without him they can do nothing good. They set a value upon the word of God, and desire in all respects to live more in conformity to it. The love of our Saviour towards them excites their wonder, and they sometimes complain with tears, that they do not love him, and give joy unto him as they ought for his great mercy vouchsafed unto them. The word of his cross, 'sufferings and death melts their hearts, and causes them truly to repent of, and abhor sin, which nailed him to the cross, and to mourn and cry for pardon. Instances of this blessed effect of the doctrine of a crucified Saviour we have seen in our public 'meetings, in our private converse with them, and in the schools. The latter have been kept up with all possible punctuality and ' diligence.
'We can declare, with truth, that Jesus Christ, our Saviour, ' has been the heart's desire of us all, towards whom we wish to press forward, that we may live to him and enjoy more of his 'sweet communion. Notwithstanding all weakness and deficiency still observable in our small congregation, we have great 'reason to rejoice over most of them, especially over the com'municants. The celebration of the Lord's Supper is to them
a most important and blessed transaction. We have re-admitted to it those, whom you may remember last year to have 'fallen into foolish and superstitious practices during a time of 'sickness and frequent deaths, but who truly repented of their
We pray for more spiritual life among our youth, in whom we have discovered too many traces of levity.
Two adults and two children have been baptized, two girls, baptized as children, were received into the congregation, three were made partakers of the Lord's Supper, three became can'didates for it, and one a candidate for baptism. One child died during the year past. At the conclusion of the year our congregation consists of eighty-eight Esquimaux brethren and 'sisters, of whom thirty-one are communicants. One hundred ' and twenty-two persons lived on our land. We have had no 'addition from among the heathen, none having resided in our 'neighbourhood.
To the worthy British and Foreign Bible Society we beg you to present our most cordial thanks, for the Gospel of St. John in the Esquimaux language, printed and bound up in the best Our hearts are filled with gratitude towards them 'for this most valuable donation, and we pray the Lord richly 'to reward them for it, and to cause all their labours of love to 'succeed, for His glory and the welfare of mankind. Our peo
ple take this little book with them to the islands when they go "out to seek provisions, and in their tents, or snow-houses, spend their evenings in reading it with great edification and blessing. "They often beg us to thank the Society in their name when we write to England.
'We feel very sensibly the loss of private letters, and of the 'diaries and accounts of our congregations and missions, by the the stoppage of communication between England and the Con* tinent. O that the Lord would hold his hand over our settle'ments in Germany, since it appears as if they were threatened by a new war.
As you approve of the building of a store-house for our Esquimaux, we shall now take steps to complete that work.'— Per. Ac. Ixiv. p. 260.
Let it be observed, that Okkak, the most northerly of the three settlements, lies in a latitude little short of 58° N. and 21° to the south of Cape Chudleigh; that on doubling this cape, the coast trends S.S.W. as far as to 58° of N. lat.; that it then takes a sweep to the northward, and thus forms a bay named, in the accounts of these missionaries, Ungava Bay. The line of the voyage extends then from Okkak, along the coast of Labrador, to the Cape Chudleigh Islands, from whence it takes a south
and westerly direction to the bottom of Ungava Bay. They were induced to undertake it by a statement of the Esquimaux visiters, who occasionally repaired to the establishments already formed, and reported that the main body of this nation lived near and beyond Cape Chudleigh. In addition to these accounts they received the most earnest applications to form a new settlement to the northward, applications to which they felt themselves the more inclined to listen, as the country around their present establishments was very thinly inhabited, and it appeared that the aim of the mission, to convert the Esquimaux to Chris-, tianity, would be much better obtained, if access could be had to the main body of the Indians, from which the roving inhabitants appeared to be mere stragglers
Having obtained the consent of their superiors in Europe, a company was formed for the voyage under the superintendence of Brother Kohlmeister, who was eminently qualified for the charge, by a residence of seventeen years in Labrador, during which time he had acquired an accurate knowledge of the Esquinaux language, and was deservedly respected and beloved both by Christians and Heathens. Brother Kmock accompanied him in the voyage, and their crew consisted of four Esquimaux families belonging to Hopedale. Having commended themselves in prayer to the grace and protecting care of God, their Saviour, and to the kind remembrance of their dear fellow-missionaries, they set sail from Okkak, in a large decked boat, on the 24th of June, 1811.
In their progress they met with many interruptions from large fields of ice, which often presented a threatening appearance. They kept in general close to the shore, and had to work their way through numerous straits, formed by thesmall islands which lie scattered along the coast in great numbers, sometimes sleeping on board, and at others, pitching their tent on shore. They often met with very wild and singular exhibitions of scenery; and the Moravians, ever observant of all that is interesting in the appearances of nature, do not fail to gratify the reader by their description of them. The following is a specimen of the notice they take of these things, and the way in which they record them.
June 25th.-We rose soon after two o'clock, and rowed out of the Ikkerasak with a fair wind. The sea was perfectly calm and smooth. Brother Kmock rowed in the small boat along the foot of the mountains of Kanmayok, sometimes going on shore while the large boat was making but little way, keeping out at some distance to avoid the rocks. The outline of this chain of mountains exhibits the most fanciful figures. At various points the rocks descend abruptly into the sea, presenting horrid precipices. The strand is covered with a black VOL. III. N. S.
sand. At the height of about fifty feet from the sea the rocks have veins of red, yellow, and green stone, running horizontally and parallel, and sometimes in an undulated form. Above these they present the appearance of a magnificent colonnade, or rather of buttresses, supporting a gothic building varying in height and thickness, and here and there intersected by wide and deep chasms and glens running far inland between the mountains. Loose stones above have in some places the appearance of statues, and the superior region exhibits various kinds of grotesque shapes. It is by far the most singular and picturesque chain of mountains on this coast. To the highest part of it we gave the name of St. Paul's, as it is not unlike that cathedral, when viewed at a distance, with its dome and two towers. p. 14.
On the day following they met with some of the believing Esquimaux, who were on their summer excursion, at which time they have many opportunities of mingling with the unconverted of their own nation. It refreshes our hearts to hear, that the wilds of a savage country exhibit a scene so soothing as that which these worthy men realized upon this occasion.
The number of the congregation, including our boat's company, amounted to about fifty. Brother Kohlmeister first addressed them by greeting them from their Brethren at Okkak, and expressing our joy at finding them well in health, and our hopes that they were all walking worthy of their christian profession, as a good example to their heathen neighbours Then the litany was read, and a spirit of true devotion pervaded the whole assembly.
Our very hearts rejoiced in this place, which had but lately been a den of murderers, dedicated, as it were, by the angekoks, or sorcerers, to the service of the devil, to hear the cheerful voices of converted heathen most melodiously sounding forth the praises of God, and giving glory to the name of Jesus, their Redeemer. Peace and cheerful countenances dwelt in the tents of the believing Esquimaux.' p. 16.
What else is it than the spreading of this moral cultivation over the vast and dreary extent of that Pagan wilderness, which is every where around us, that can lead to the accomplishment of the following prophecies?"Israel shall blossom and bud and fill the "face of the world with fruit." "The wilderness and solitary place "shall be glad for them, and the desert shall rejoice and blossom
as the rose." "In the wilderness shall waters break out, and "streams in the desert, and the parched ground shall become a "pool, and the thirsty land springs of water. In the habitation "of dragons where each lay, shall be grass with reeds and "rushes."
They were detained from the 3d to the 15th of July, in Nullatartok bay, by the quantity of drift ice which set in upon the coast. This gave them time for exploring the neighbourhood; and these observant men neglect nothing in their power that can
be turned to useful information for future travellers. They make minutes of the bays, points, and islands, with which they are made acquainted by the natives. They record the face of the country, and the appearance of its mineralogical productions. They take great interest in relating the manners and peculiar practices of the people. They make collections of plants, and are amused with the examination of them. In a word, they notice all and record all, which can give interest to the narrative of an accomplished traveller; and the only additions which they graft upon all this, are a constant recognition of God, and an eye steadily fixed on his glory. Can it be this which has so long repelled the attention of worldly men from their labours and enterprises? which made their good be evil spoken of? and which, till within these few years, restrained them from offering to the public a mass of solid information that has now perished from the memory, and cannot be recalled?
The following is a specimen of the manner in which they mingle the business of piety, with the business of ordinary travellers.
Perceiving that our abode in this place might be of some duration, we for the first time pitched our tents on shore. Our morning and evening devotion was attended by the whole party, and on Sundays we read the Litany and conducted the service in the usual way, which proved to us and our Esquimaux, of great comfort and encouragement in all difficulties. We were detained here by the ice from the 3d to the 15th, and our faith and patience were frequently put to the trial. Meanwhile we found much pleasure in walking up the acclivities of the hills and into the fine green and flowery vallies around us.' p. 22.
6th. In the evening we met in Jonathan's tent. Brother Kohl meister addressed the company, and reminded them that to day the holy communion would be celebrated in our congregations, which we could not do in this place under present circumstances. Then, kneeling down, he offered up a fervent prayer, entreating the Lord not to forget us in this wilderness, but to give us to feel his all reviving presence, and to feed our hungry and thirsty souls out of the fulness of his grace. A comfortable sense of his love and peace, filled all our
hearts on this occasion.'
On the 16th, they advanced to,Nachvak, and the scene of magnificence which opened upon them here, is well described by our travellers.
16th. The view we had of the magnificent mountains of Nachvak, especially about sun rise, afforded us and our Esquimaux great gratification. Their south east extremity much resembles Saddle island, near Okkak, being high, steep, and of singular shape. These mountains in general are not unlike those of Kanmayok for picturesque outline. In one place tremendous precipices form a vast