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2. Psychological conceptions. General analysis of experience. Classification of mental processes. Child Study-scope and method. Stages of mental development. Reproductive and productive mental activity. Apperception. Growth of conceptions of self and world; part played by inter-subjective intercourse. The social consciousness. Development of moral character. Development of impulses into formed habits of action, thought, or will. Classification of impulses. Significance of play and imitation. Growth of language.

3. Theory of the curriculum. Classification of the subjects of instruction. General principles of selection. Relation of school studies to one another. Herbartian and other theories. Training and discipline. The school as an ethical institution. Theories of moral education. Principles of general method. Lesson types. Herbartian theory in relation to modern psychology.

4. Organisation and administration of education. Conception of a system of education. The parts of the system and their mutual relation. Current problems in education.

Each of the yearly courses will consist of ninety lectures. All students are required to perform the class exercises, and to take part in viva voce and written examinations as part of the ordinary class work.


For Preparatory Study Baldwin's Story of the Mind, and the Primers of Logic, Psychology, and Philosophy, in Murray's Primers of Philosophy Series."

PHILOSOPHY I.-Pass-Mellone's Text-book of Logic. Welton's Logical Bases of Education. James' Text-book of Psychology. Külpe's Introduction to Philosophy. Additional for Honours-Stout's Manual of Psychology. Bosanquet's Essentials of Logic. Mill's Logic.

PHILOSOPHY II. AND III.-Pass-Plato's Republic (Golden Treasury). Roger's History of Philosophy. Welton's Logical Bases of Education. Stout's Groundwork of Psychology. MacCunn's Making of Character. Additional for Honours-(1) For students specialising in education Raymond's Principles of Education. Herbart's Letters and Lectures (edited by Felkin) Monroe's History of Education (Briefer course, Macmillan). Bagley's Educative Process. Board of Education Special Reports, vols. 7 and 9. (2) For students specialising in History of Philosophy - A more detailed knowledge of the history of modern philosophy, with special reference to the development of the theory of knowledge from Descartes to Kant; Descartes' Method and Meditations (Veitch). Berkeley's Principles of Human Knowledge (Selections, Clarendon Press). Watson's Selections from Kant.



Course of lectures will be delivered to honour and post graduate students at hours to be arranged.

A special course of lectures will be delivered during Michaelmas Term, 1908, by DR. E. N MERRINGTON, on THE METAPHYSICAL BASIS OF ETHICS. In this course the underlying principles of ethics will be studied with a view to determining the essential relation between moral science and metaphysis. In this connection, the relation of ethics to the natural sciences, and especially to psychology, will be considered. The claim of empiricism, naturalism, and positivism, that ethics should be separated from metaphysics, will be critically examined. The thesis of the course is to maintain that ethics is essentially a science of values or worths, and to determine what metaphysical principles are implied in the science, so viewed.

Some previous acquaintance with philosophy is required on the part of those who enter this course. Not less than ten lectures will be given. In addition, a seminar is held for discussion of the main problems. Each student must make a special study of a particular author or tendency, and prepare a thesis on some phase of the subject approved by the lecturer. Intending students should consult the lecturer early in Trinity Term as to their courses of reading.

D'Arcy's Short Study of Ethics. Münsterberg's Psychology and
Life. Spencer's Data of Ethics. Green's Prolegomena to Ethics.
(b) For Graduate Students-Kant's Theory of Ethics (Transl.
Abbot). Taylor's Problem of Conduct; also Elements of Meta-
physics. Boyce Gibson's Philosophical Basis of Ethics.
World and the Individual. Huxley's Evolution and Ethics.
Bradley's Appearance and Reality.



A special course of lectures is delivered in each year during Lent Term to second year students in the Faculty of Medicine. The following subjects will be discussed in the lectures:

Classification of the sciences. Nature of scientific method. Analysis and synthesis as exemplified in the different orders of the sciences. The methods of the formal sciences. The principles of syllogistic reasoning. The methods of the physical sciencesobservation, experiment, hypothesis and verification. methods of the natural sciences. Classification, analogy and empirical definition. The function of deduction in the physical

and natural sciences.


Students will be examined in the subjects discussed in the lectures. No special textbook is prescribed. For preparatory study, Welton's Logical Bases of Education, or Hibben's Inductive Logic, is recommended.


The following will be the subjects of study in 1908 :


PASS-The History of England from 449 to 1558.

BOOKS RECOMMENDED.-Ransome's History of England, or some other book of similar character. Green's Short History. Freeman's English Constitution. Gibbins's Industry in England. Wakeman's Church of England.

Students will be required to write essays in the course of the year, which should be of from three to six pages.

The following additional work will be required from those who seek Distinction :

1. The History of England from 1066 to 1307.

BOOKS RECOMMENDED, IN ADDITION TO THOSE MENTIONED ABOVE.Davis's England under the Normans and Angevins. Freeman's William I. Mrs. Green's Henry II. Tout's Edward I. Hutton's Misrule of Henry III. Hutton's Simon de Montfort and his Cause. Church's St. Anselm. Essays on Becket by Freeman and Froude. The character of Jocelin de Brakelond (translation, ed. Clarke).

2. The History of Europe from 800 to 1250.

BOOKS RECOMMENDED.-Tout's Empire and Papacy.

Bryce's Holy

Roman Empire. The chapters in Milman's Latin Christianity on
the Papacies of Gregory VII. and Innocent III. Morison's St.
Bernard. Sabatier's St. Francis. Kingsford and Archer's

3. Essays to be written in the course of the year. The essays should be of from 25 to 50 pages.


PASS.-History of the British Empire from 1558 to 1714. BOOKS RECOMMENDED.-Bright's History of England, or some other book of similar character. Green's Short History. Beesley's Elizabeth. Corbett's Drake. Gardiner's Puritan Revolution. Harrison's Cromwell, or Firth's Cromwell. Woodward's Expansion of the British Empire. Seeley's Expansion of England. Students will be required to write essays, which should be of from three to eight pages.

The following additional work will be required from those who seek Distinction or Honours:

1. The reign of Elizabeth.

BOOKS RECOMMENDED, IN ADDITION TO THOSE MENTIONED ABOVE.Prothero's Statutes, introduction and pages 1 to 249. Harrison's Description of England (ed. Withington). Voyages of Elizabethan Seamen (ed. Payne), first series, introduction, and pages 1 to 81, 193 to 272. Froude's Elizabethan Seamen.

2. The English Colonies in America to 1714.

BOOKS RECOMMENDED.-Thwaite's Colonies. Fiske's Old Virginia and her Neighbours. The Beginnings of New England. Dutch and Quaker Colonies.

3. Essays to be written in the course of the year, which should be of from 35 to 70 pages.


Mr. R. F. Irvine, M.A.
Mr. H. Y. Braddon.
Mr. H. Dunstan Vane,


Mr. W. G. Woolnough, D.Sc.,
F.G S.

Mr. F. A. Russell, M.A.

Mr. F. B. Guthrie, F.C.S,

Courses of lectures on the following subjects (Commerce I.) will be delivered during 1907 :


(a) Principles of Economics.

[As introduction to the subject Students will be required to read Marshall's Economies of Industry, Bonar's Elements of Political Economy, Ely's Outlines of Economics.]

(b) Accountancy.

(c) Business Methods and Technique of Special Businesses. (d) Commercial Geography (with special reference to Australia).

(e) Commercial Law.

() History of Elementary Technology of Commercial Products.

Students will be required to write Essays, to perform Class Exercises, and to take Examinations in the subjects dealt with in the lectures or in the books prescribed for reading.



16. An introductory course of about sixty lectures on the Elementary Principles of Mechanics, Properties of Matter, Sound, Heat and Light, and Electricity and Magnetism

Text Book.-Watson's Text-book of Physics.


17.-A course of sixty lectures on the Properties of Matter, Heat, and Electricity and Magnetism.


18.--A course of sixty lectures on Physical Optics, Acoustics, and Electricity and Magnetism.

For Honours the examination will include the subjects of the Second Year.


The Physical Laboratory was designed by Richard Threlfall, M.A., F.R.S., Hon. Fellow of Caius College, Cambridge, then Professor of Physics in the University, and was built under his supervision. The building was commenced in 1886, and completed early in 1888. Considerable additional laboratory accommodation was provided in 1901 by an extension of one side of the building.

The Laboratory was founded for the encouragement of the study of Physical Science, and its object is not only to afford facilities for imparting instruction but also for aiding research.



The course consists of quantitative experiments in the following:

Measurement of Length. Estimation of Mass. Determination of Density. Thermometry and Expansion. Calorimetry. Determination of Musical Pitch. Measurement of Velocity of Sound in the Air and in Solids. Reflection and Refraction of

Light. Total Reflection. Refractive Indices. Elementary Spectroscopy. Double Refraction. Polarisation of Light. Fundamental Experiments of Electro-statics. Electrometer and Galvanometer Measurements. Measurement of Resistance. Electro-magnetic Induction.

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