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In the Visitation of the county of Kent temp. Jaues, this family is designated " right worshipful and ancient" by John Philipot, rouge-dragon, marshals, and deputy for said county to William Camden, clarencieux king of amis.

John Botelbr, high sheriff of Kent 22 Richard II. and knight of the shire 1 Henry V. m. the daughter and heir of Richard Perersham, and from that marriage lineally descended

Sir Oliver Botelek, who, in the time of Queen Elizabeth, upon his marriage with Anne, daughter and heir of Thomas Berham, esq. of Teston, in Kent, removed from Shernbroke, in Bedfordshire (where his grandfather came from Kent and settled), to that seat, and the family continued ever afterward** to reside there. He was subsequently knighted by Xing James I. in 1004. He had issue

John (Sir), who wedded Alice, daughter of Sir Edward Apsley, knt. of Sussex, but died in his father's lifetime s. p.

James, d. s. p. also in the life of his father.

William, successor to the estate.

Anne, m. to Sir George Fane, of Huston, in Kent, second son of Sir Thomas Fane by the Lady Mary Neville, only daughter and heiress of Henry, Lord Abergavenny. This lady was restored, by letters patent, to the dignity of Baroness Le Despcncer, to which barony her eldest son, Francis, Earl of Westmoreland, succeeded at her decease. (See Burke's Peerage and Baronetage.) 4

Sir Oliver d. in 1032, and was s. by his third and only surviving son,

i. Williau Botkler, esq. of Teston, in the county of Kent, who inherited the estates at the decease of his father, and was created a Baronet by King Charles I. 3rd July, 1041. He m. in 1031, Joan, daughter of Sir Henry Hanna, knt. of Ware Park, Herts, and had an only son, Oliver. At the breaking out of the

civil war. Sir William raised a regiment at his own expense for the service of the king, and was killed »t its head in the battle of Cropedy Bridge, 29th Jane, 1044, when he was «. by his boss,

Ii. Sir Oliver Botelbr, of Teston, who wedded Anne, daughter of Sir Robert Austen, bart- of Bexley, and had issue,

Philip, his successor.


Elizabeth, d. unm.

Joane, m. to Christopher Rhodes, esq.

He d, about the year 1090, and was J. by his elder son.

in. Sir Philip Boteler, of Teston, H.P. for Hytbe temp. William HI. and Queen Anne. He m. in 169*, Anne, daughter of Sir Edward Desbouverie, knC of Cheshunt, and dying in April, 1719, was *. by his only> son,

iv. Sir Philip Boteler, of Teston. This gentleman wedded, in May, 1720, Elizabeth, only daughter and heir of Thomas Williams, esq. of Cabalva, in Radnor sbire, by whom he had an only daughter, Elizabeth, who predeceased him unmarried in 1737. He d. him self in 1772, when the title became Extinct. By his last will he bequeathed one moiety of all his estates, both real and personal, to Mrs. Elizabeth BouTrrie, o< Chart Sutton; and the other moiety to Elisabeth. \ nv countess Dowager Folkstone, and her son, William. Earl of Radnor. Teston Manor became the property of Mrs. Elizabeth Bouverie.*

Arms—Ary. on a chief sa. three cups or.

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'The connexion of Sir Philip with the legatee* was as follows:—

Sir Edward Desbouverie, knt. of Cheahunt, in the county of Hertford, d. in 1094.

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William Bowter, of Petworth, grandson of Thouu Bowyer, of Knipersley, in Staffordshire, m. Eliza Tredcroft, of Billinghurat, in Sussex, and had three •one and two daughters, namely, Thomas, bis heir.

Robert, of Chichester, mayor in 1532, whose son,
Alderman Francis Bowyer, was father of
Sib William Bowyer, knt. who purchased
the estate of Denham Court* Bucks, and
was ancestor of the present
Sir Gboxge Bowyer, hart, of Denham
Court and Radley. (See Buree's Peer-
age and Baronetage.)
John, of Petworth, whose granddaughter, Grace

Bowyer, m. Robert Badger, of Wimbell.
Elizabeth, si. to Thomas Norton,
katherine, m. to John Calcot.
The eldest son,

Thomas Bowyer, esq. of London, m. Jane, daughter and heir of Robert Merry, of Hatneld, and by her, who ■edded,secondly, Alexander Nowell.deane of Paules, bid, inter alios, a son,

Thomas Bowyer, esq. of Leighthorne, in Sussex, who left by Jane, his second wife, daughter of John Birch, baron of the Exchequer, a son,

i- Sir Thomas Bowyer, of Leighthorne, who was created a Baronet in 1027. He m. first, Ann, daughter and co-heir of Adrian Stoughton, esq. of Stoke; iod secondly, Jane, daughter and heir of Kmery Craoley,relict of Samuel Austen, of Stratford, and of *ir George Stoughton. By the former only did Sir Thomas leave issue,

Thomas, aged upwards of twenty-four in 1034, who
predeceased his father in 1034, leaving a son,
James, successor to bis grandfather.
John, rf. r. p.

Asm, n. to Sir John Morley, knt. of Broomes and Chichester, and had an only daughter and heir, Cayhebinb, m. to Peter Bettesworth. Sir Thorn** was $. by his grandson,

ii. Sib Jambs Bowyer, of Leighthorne, who surrendered his patent of Baronetcy, and procured a new "tie in 1678, with the precedency of the former, entailing the title on Henry Goring, esq. of Highden, in Nuaex. Sir James Bowyer rf..«. p., when the Dignity trader the first patent became Extinct.

^rau—Or, a bend vair cottissed sa.

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The pedigree of the Bowyers, of Knipersley, is traced by Sir William Dugdale up to Aldred Bowyer, temp. Henry II. and is to be found recorded at full length in the Visitations of Staffordshire, preserved in the British Museum. A hi red's descendant,

Thomas Bowyer, living ? Rhiiaku II. married Katharine de Knipersley,* and thus acquired the estate of Knipersley. He was direct ancestor of

Sir John Bowyrr, knt. of Knipersley, living in 1508, whose grandson,

I.john Bowyer, esq. of Knipersley, was created a Baronet in 1660, and the title remained with his children until the demise of Sir William Bowyer, his youngest surviving son, the fourth baronet, in 1701. That gentleman had four daughters, his coheirs, vix.

i. Mary, m. Charles Adderley, esq.of Hams Hall, Warwickshire, and from this marriage descend the present Charles Bowyer Ad Dbrley, esq. of Hams Hall, Ralph AdderLey, esq. of B arias ton Hall, &c. &c. (See Burke's Commoners, vol. ii. p. 279.) il. Dorothy, m. to Sir Thomas Gresley, bart. in. Jam-:, m. to Leftwich Oldlield, esq. of Leftwich, in Cheshire.

iv. Anne, m. first, to Sir John Bellot, bart. and secondly, to Rowland Port, esq. of Ham, but dying s. p. left her share of the Knipersley estate to her nephew, Sir Nigel Gresley, bart.

Amis—A lion rampant,between three crosses crosslet, ii tehee gu.

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came (by a partition) to Alureri Biddulph, who awnmeri, temp. Henry III. the name of Knipersley, and was ancestor of Katharine Knipersley, who married Thomas Bowyer.

estate by the Norman. He ///. the daughter and sole heir of Sir Robert Remington, knt. of Remington, and left a son and heir.

Sir Robert Bradshaw, who allied with the Conquerors, by marrying the daughter of Sir William FitzJohn, a Norman Knight; by her he bad two sons, John, (Sir) his heir.

George, (Sir) who seated himself in the county of Warwick, and wedded the daughter and heir of Humphry Atherston, of Atherston, by whom he left a son, John,* from whom the Brudshaws of Atherston, and other places in Warwickshire. The elder son and heir,

Sir John Bradshaw,living in the 13th of Henry I. m. a daughter of Sir Johu Molineux, knt. of Sephton, in Lancashire, and left a son and successor,

John Bradshaw, who was alive in the 8th of King Stephen, and marrying a daughter of Brackenbury, of Brackenbury, left a son and heir,

William Bradshaw, who wedded a daughter of Sir William Trollope, knt. of Tiiomley, his son,

Sir John Bradshaw, living in the 2nd of Richard I. took to wife the daughter of Sir Walter Harcourt knt. of Stanton, and left a son and heir,

Sir John Bradshaw, who m. a daughter of Sir Ralph Musgrave, knt. and had issue,

Thomas Bradshaw,living in the *Wrd of Henry III. whose wife wasa daughter of Adam Hoghton,of Hoghton Tower, in Lancashire, and whose son and heir,

Sir John Bradshaw, m. in the loth of Edward I. the daughter and heir of Sir John Bromley, knt. of Bromley, in the county of Stafford, by whom he had three sous, viz.

I. Thomas, (Sir) progenitor of the Bradshaws, of


II. William, (Sir) of whom presently.

in. John, (Sir) who m. the daughter and heir of Langton, of Langton, but having no issue, settled his estate upon his elder brother, The second son,

Sir William Bradshaw who is represented as a soldier and a traveller, assumed the Cross in the 8th of Edw Ard II. and was absent from his lady ten year* in the holy wars, which lady was Mabel, daughter ami co-heir of Hugh Norris, Lord of Sutton, Raynhill, W histun, H aigh, Black rode, and Wcstleigh, six. m anors. Sir William possessed as "his property" Hajgh and BlacVrode, by a twelfth part of a knight's fee, as Hugh le Norris held the same, and as Mabel Brads hui: li, his wife held the same as heir of Hugh, for which they paid ;*>-. #d. aid, temp Edward III. for making the King's eldest son a knight, as appears by the accounts of John Cockayne'4 late sheriff of that county. At that time Sir William mad > an alteration in the spelling of his name, changing the last syllable from Shaw to Shaic.h," acquiring an addition of two martlets in his coat of arms, and a vine to his crest. During Sir William's protracted stay in Palestine, a report reached home that he had been slain, and on his return he found Mabel, his wife, acknowledging another lord, in the person of Sir Osmond Nevil, a Welch knight to whom she had been married. "Sir William returning," says an old writer, "came in a palmer's habit amongst the poor to Haigh, whom, as soon as his wife beheld, transported with the resembling idea of her former husband, fpll a weeping, for which Sir Osmond gave her correction; Sir William thereupon

withdrew, and made himself known to his tenants and upon intelligence of the discovery, Sir Osmund fled towards Wales, but near to Newton Park,in Lancashire, Sir William overtook and slew him. Mabel was eujoyned by her confessor to do penance while she lived, by going once every week bare-footed, and bare-legged from Haigh to a cross near Wigan, vhida from that occasion is called Mab'a Cross to this day. They now both lie buried in Wigan Church, under i fair stone tomb adorned with two prostrate figure?, the man in antique mail, cross-legged, unsheathing: ■ sword, which hangs on his left side, and on hi- >i... der his shield, with two bends thereon; she is in i long robe, and veil'd, her hands elated, andconjoynej, in a praying posture ; tho' they were formerly placri in a chapel on the south side of the chancel, belong ing to the family, which chancel was in being in Hi bel's time, as appears by ancient deeds. In the lfch of Kdward II. Sir William, with John de Honn-jy, were returned knights of the shire for the county of Lancaster, to serve in the Parliament then to be b/M at Westminster, having allowance of £7. 14*. f<* twenty-two days attendance; to Sir William, at tin* rate of •U. per clay, and John de Horneby, J*. Sir William served again for the said county, in the 2nd and 4th of Edward III. By Mabel, his wife, be had two sons,

Richard, his heir.

Thomas, who m. the daughter and heir of Sir John Twisden, of Twisden, in Kent, and founded the family of Bradshaigh, of Twisden. The elder son and heir,

Richard Bradsheich, esq. of Haigh, m. the daughter of Sir Robert Holcroft, knt. of Holcroft, in Cheshire, and was s. by his son,

Rocer Bradsheigh, esq. of Heigh, who wedded in the Gth of Richard II. the daughter of John OtbJi ston, esq. of Osbaldston, in Lancashire, and bad a s>'n and heir.

Sir Thomas Bradshaigh, knt. of Haigh, living in the 11th of Henry IV. who m. a daughter of Sir William Sherburne, of Stonyhurst, in Lancashire, and hail, with a daughter, the wife of Sir John, St Joan, of Bletso, a son and successor,

James Bradshaigh, Lord of Haigh, &c. in the 3rd of Henry VI. who wedded a daughter of Sir RicharJ Prescott, knt. and left a son and heir,

William Bradshaigh, living in the 1st of Richup III. and *. at his decease, by bis son,

James Bradshaigh, esq. of Haigh, who died in titt 20th of Henry VII. leaving three sons, Sir Roger and Sir Ralph, who both died without issue, and tbe continuator of the line,

William Bradshaigh, esq. who m. Maud, dangb ter of Sir Christopher Standish, knt. of Duxbury, in Lancashire, and had a son and heir,

Roger Bradshaigh, esq. of Haigh. This gentleman m. in 1567, Jane, daughter of Ralph StandUh, oi Standish in Lancashire, and had issue,

Janes, his heir.

Edward, surnamed the Deaf.

Richard,serjeant at arms to Queen Elizabeth.

Thomas, serjeant at arms to Queen Elizabeth
and to King James I.



Anne, in. to Richard Grosvenor, esq. of Eaton, >«" the county of Chester.

William Bradshaw, a younger son of this John Bradshaw, m. the daughter and heir of Bonier, of Bouler, in Gloucester&hire, and settled there—whence the Bradsliaws of Bonier, which line after four generations terminated in two daughters,

Jane Bradshaw, who died a nun.

Marcaret Bradshaw, m. to Sir William fan

dolph, aud conveyed to her husband the inben'


Mary, m. to Robert Berkenhead. esq. of Cheshire.
Ellen, ■. to Ralph Hnufjhton, esq. of KirMeen, in

Mabel, 1 .
Mice. / d- >ount'-
Tbe eldest son and heir,

J»*es Bsiushaigh, of Haigh, wedded first, Jane,
only daughter and heir of Thomas Hoghton, esq. of
Hochton Tower, and in right of her grandmother, of
AwLton-under-Line,* by whom he had issue,
Roger, his heir.

Jane, m. to Richard Emine, of London, merchant. Catherine, d. nnm. Hr si. secondly, Dorothy, daughter of Robert Tatton, esq, of Wettenahaw, in the county of Chester, and by that lady had

William, who d. s. p.

Alexander, m. to Dorothy, daughter of William

Jennings, esq. of Derbyshire.
MaVll, «. to Robert Goddard, esq. of Hargrave,

in the county of Chester.
Maud, rf. young. ,

Anne, m. to Richard Royle, esq. of Hargrave.
He (James) was s. at his decease by his eldest son,

Roger Braushaich, esq. of Haigh, who in. Anne, dioghter of Christopher Anderton, esq. of Lostock, in tiit county of Lancaster, and died in 1641, having had nine sons and six daughters,

Jives, his heir, who acquired the reputation of a
scholar and a poet. He had travelled over Eu-
rope, and was familiar with its languages and
its letters. He died in the year 1631, before liis
father, leaving by Anne his wife, daughter of
Sir William Norris, Lnt. of Speak, in the county
of Lancaster,
Roger, (Sir) successor to his grandfather.
Eleanor, a nun at Graveline.
Anne, m- 1049, to Thomas Culcheth, esq. of
Culcheth, in Lancashire.
Thomas, «*. young.
Richard, an eminent scholar, living in Paris, in

Edward, likewise a scholar in France.
W illi^m, (Sir) who was knighted by King Charles
I. for his good and faithful services, m. Iirst,
Dorothy, Lady Butler, but by her had no issne.
Sir William wedded secondly, Margaret, dau^h-
trr of Sir Francis Englefield, knt. of Berkshire,
and relict of Hatton Berners, esq. of Whittle-
bury, in Northamptonshire, by whom he had a

William, who left by Troath, daughter of John
Kennet, of Cockahaw, two daughters.
Thomas, student at Naples.
Roger, " who followed the wars."
Peter, living at St. Omers, in 1647.
('hristupber, living at the same time in Italy.
June, At. to Nicholas Blundell, esq. of Crosby, in
Lancashire,now repr sented by William Blun-
Dsi.L, esq, of Crosby.
Dorothy, Jr. to Hamlet Massey, esq. of

EJiabeth. 1 a, Crav<,,inc.

Anne, J

Krancis.m. to Edward Scariabrick, esq. of Scaris

brick, in Lancashire. Frances, a nun at Ronen. K<4>er Bradshaigh was s. by his grandson,

i. Sir Roger Bradshaigh, of Haigh, b. in 1027, and knighted in the 12th of II. by which monarch he was created a Baronet 17th November, 1679. He in. in 1647, Elizabeth, daughter of William Penington, esq. of Moncaster, in Cumberland, and had a son and daughter to survive, viz. Roger, his successor.

Elizabeth, m. to Thomas Preston, esq. of Holker, in Lancashire, and had an only daughter, Catherine Preston, heir of her father, who wedded SirWilliamLowther.bart. of Marske. (See Burke's Commoners, vol. i. p. 479.) Sir Roger was the first of his family who embraced the Reformation, they had all previously been Catholics, and his conformation was attributable chiefly to his guardian, James, seventh Earl of Derby, under whom he had been educated. At the time, in the civil war, when that nobleman was beheaded at Bolton, Sir Roger fell into the hands of the Parliamentarians, and was consigned a prisoner to the castle of Chester, but nothing could induce him to swerve from his allegiance to his royal master. DoctorWroe,inhis" Memorials and Characters of eminent Persons, describes him as " remarkable forthechas tenessof his conjugal lovefthe goodness of a father's care, and the sweetness of a master's rule. Plenty and welcome (continues the same authority) were never wanting at his table; no man entertained both acquaintance and strangers, with greater freedom and affability. His charity was extended to all who stood in need of it, and he had not only a cheerful heart, but a liberal hand; which I never knew contracted or shut up when any just occasion called to stretch it out; but I have often been a witness of his forward bounty, that he might provoke others by the example of his own cheerful liberality. Fortwo things he is to be honoured: his religion to God, and his unshaken loyalty to his Prince. His religion was true Protestant,in which he was happily educated, and instructed in his greener years, by the care and direction of James, Earl of Derby, to whom he was entrusted by his faithful guardian, John Fleetwood, of Pcnworthara, esq. to whose religious designs, and the jointendeavours of his virtuous consort,he owed the early impressions of piety and in that family first commenced protestant, and was thence sent to the Isle of Man, where the principles he had already imbibed, were soon cultivated and improved under the umbrage of that religious, loyal, and great man. Next to his religion, his loyalty was most dear to him. In him both commenced together, and he gave early proofs of his loyalty, in an age wherein it was judged a crime; when rebeltiou looked gay with success, and sacrilege had providence to gild it over; yet even then, he judged not thecause by its success, but by the righteousness of it, and durst be honest spite of bad times. Th<king was well acquainted with his worth, and entrusted him with those offices, which witnessed the esteem be had both of his faithfulness and ability. His country judged him a true patriot, no leas than a good subject, and therefore made choice of him for their representative in Parliament, in which station he served many years with great diligence and fidelity ; and in the recesses of that public employ was not leBs serviceable to his country at home, than faithful to their interest abroad."

This eminent person, who had served in parliament the greater part of his life, either' for the county of Lancaster, or Borough of Wigan, died at Chester, 31st March, 1684; was buried in the family vault at Wigan (where his widow erected a marble monument to his memory) and .?. by his son,

• Junes Brarltbaish had a ijreat contest about this lady's paternal estate, which he (Mutually lo*t, (he derisiun **in; m favour of her ancle, Alexander Hoghton.

ii. Sir Roger Bkadshaioh, of Halgh, who had received the honour of Knighthood from King C H » R Lbs 11. in the lifetime of his father. He m. 7th April, 1673, Mary, daughter and co-heir of Henry Murray, esq. gentleman of the bed chamber to King Charles I. by his wife, Anne, Viscountess Bayning, and had issue,

Roger, his successor.

Henry, a major in the army, and aid-de-camp to

the Earl of Rivers, in Spain, afterwards M. P.

for Wigan, d. in 1710, at Putney.

Jnmes, (/. young.

William, captain in the army, d. in 17"25, was buried in the chancel, the burial place of his family, in Wigan church.

Richard, d. young.

Thomas, in holy orders, rector of Stradford, in
Suffolk, and Langham, Essex, m. Mary, daugh-
ter and sole heir of Robert Stephens, M. D. of
Ardley-Week, in Essex, and had issue.

Elizabeth, m. first to Job Yates, esq. and secondly,
to Gabriel, Marquis Du Qucsne.

Sir Roger was returned to parliament by the county palatine of Lancaster, in 1685, and dying 17th June. 1687, was s. by his eldest son,

in. Sir Rocer Bradshaigh, of Haigh, who was returned to parliament by the borough of Wigan, in 1695, and continued to sit for that place full half a century. He was colonel of a regiment of foot, in the beginning of the reign of Queen Anne. Sir Roger wedded Rachel, second daughter of Sir John Guise, bart. of Ell more, in Gloucestershire, and dying 25th February, 1746, left four sons and two daughters, vis.

Roger, his heir.

Elizabeth, m. to John Edwin, esq. son of Sir Hum-
phrey Edwin.
The eldest son,

lr. Sir Rogrr Bradshaigh, of Haigh, m. in April, 1731, Dorothy, daughter and co-heir of William Bellinghatn, esq. of Lerens, in Westmoreland, but dying A. p. the BARonEtcr became Extinct.

Arms—Arg. twobendlets between three martlets sa.

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knt. of Bra ham Hall, Suffolk; was created a B mover 18th April, 1663. He w. first, Susan, daughter of Sir George Southcott; secondly, Susan Michel, daughter of Sir Robert Gawsell, knt. of Watlington; and thirdly, Jane, daughter of Thomas Devenish, esq. of Lang-haiE, in Dorsetshire, but dying without surviving iaauc the Baronetcy became Extinct.

Arms—Sa. a cross patonce, or.


Cheated 18th Dec 180-2.—Extinct 9th March, M#*


The family of Braitliwaite has been for many year* settled in the county of Westmoreland.

John Braithwaitb, born in 1696, governor-in-chief of the African Company's factories on the south cos* of Africa, was killed on board the Baltic merchantman in an engagement off Sicily with a Spanish privateer He m. Silvia Cole, of Amsterdam.and had by her, who died in 1799, one son and two daughters, namely, John.

Silvia, m. to Bonnel Thornton, esq. and waa anther of the well known physician and botanist Robkrt John Thornton, M. D. Caroline, tn. to Robert Armitage, esq. The only son,

i. Sir John Braithwaite, D. in 1739, a major-general in the army and commander-in-chief of the coast of Coromandel in 1793, was created a Baronet 18th December, 180-2. He m. Elizabeth, daughter of J aim Brown, esq. by Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of Sir John Colleton, bart. and died in August, 1803, leaving a daughter, Silvia, wife .of Charles Parkhurst.e**,. and a son and successor,

ii. Sir Braithwaite, b. in I7«x, a colonel in the army, who m. in June, 1801, Eliza Davis, illegitimate daughter of Sir Edward Bouphion, bart. of I'oston Court, in the county of Hereford, bwt dying s. p. 9th March, 1809, the Baronetcy became Extinct.

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Sir Urian Brkreton, ninth son of Sir Randle Brei-eton, of Malpas Escheator, of Cheshire, and one ol the grooms of the king's chamber 32 Hknrt VIII. died 19th March, 1!) Elizabeth, leaving by Margaret, his first wif", daughter and sole heir of William Honford. of Honford, in Cheshire, and relict of Sir John Stanley, knt. several sons and two daughters, J an*1. m. to Edward Lego,esq. of Baggilegh, from whom sKwas divorced ; and Siblllu, m. to Thomas Legh, eaq. of Adlington. The second but eldest surviving sou.

William Bherkton, esq. of Honford, m. in 1578.

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