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Richard Cutts, esq. of Arkesden, in Essex, by whom lie had Thomas; John, who died young; and two daughters, Dorothy, wife of Sir Thomas Hartop, km. of Burton Lasers, Leicester: and Eliza, in. to John Fearnley, of Creting, in Suffolk. He d. in 1636, and was s. by his son,
Ii. Sir Thomas Bendish, then aged about twentynine years. " He was," says Morant, " a man of great sense and resolution, and steadfastly loyal to his prince, King Charles I. For at the beginning of the national troubles he had a chief hand in drawing up, 18th July, 1642, and presenting to the King a declaration, and afterwards petition, both to his Majesty and the parliament, recommending an amicable accomodation, in order to stop the distractions and bloody miseries wherein this nation was most unhappily involved. For which good office he was imprisoned twenty-two months in the Tower, by order of the House of Commons; and his estate being sequestered, he was forced to pay a composition of £1,000. He also sent £'3,000 to his Koyal master, when under restraint at Newcastle. However, though he fell at first under the displeasure of the prevailing powers, yet so considerable was he on account of his capacities and integrity, that afterwards they made choice of him to be their ambassador to the Ottoman Porte; but no arguments of theirs could prevail with him to accept of this honourable employ without the King's commission, which his Majesty readily granted him, and also leave to carry with him such seal as the Parliament had given him, and to make such use of it as he should think fit, and might conduce to the advantage of himself and the Turkey company. He entered on his embassy in 1647, and resided at the Turkish court about fourteen years, filling up that great post with admirable sufficiency. For besides his skill in languages, he was a gentleman of consummate prudence and invincible courage. How well lie understood his character, and how jealous he was of his prince's and country's honour, appears from the instances set down as follows: first, when the grand vizier would have publicly affronted him at an audience, in causing the chair to be removed out of the room that he might deliver his embassy standing. Sir Thomas made one of his gentlemen kneel down and lean on his hands, and then sat down upon him, before he would deliver bis embassy. At another audience, when the grand vizier would have placed the French ambassador above him, he jostled him from his chair, and took his place, telling him that he was ambassador from a crowned head who was king of France as well as England. Another time there happening some disputes between the grand vizier and Sir Thomas, Sir Thomas rose up, and kicking from him the stool whereon he sate, said, his master was dishonored, and he would have reparation for the affront. This resolute and gallant behaviour made him only the more considerable. King Charles I. had such a sense of his gallant behaviour, and the eminent service he had done the Levant Company, beyond any other ambassador, that he wrote him a letter of thanks from the Isle of Wight, about November, 1648. After that King's tragical death, Sir Thomas continued firm to his son's interest, and renewed the capitulation between the Grand Signior and bin, by the title of Charles II. King of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, and this prince confirmed Sir Thomas in his commission of ambassador extraordinary. How he came to escape the resentment of the then usurping powers, and keep out of the reach of men whose hearts were found harder than those of most princes, we cannot explain, especiallywben Sir Henry Hyde, sent by King Charles II. as his agent to the Ottoman Porte, in 1640, was sentenced by the High Court of Justice March, 1650, to be beheaded. However, in 1653, Oliver, the Protector,
dispatched Richard Laurence to Constantinople with letters of revocation for Sir Thomas, who shewed the value he had for the King's commission, by telling Laurence, that he was sent by the King, and would not deliver up his commission without his Majesty's order, upon which articles of high treason were exhibited to the parliament against him by one Paul Hagett, but without effect; for Sir Thomas appears to have continued in Turkey until recalled thenc* in 1662 by King Charles II., who gave him a very honourable testimonial of his loyalty and good tffec tion, with promises of doing him service. This renowned gentleman, the chief glory and ornament of his family, after many years spent abroad, at last departed this life at Bower Hall, the place of hi* nativity, about the year 1674, aged 67 years. Hi» lady, the faithful companion of his travels, died « Constantinople, and her body was brought over and buried here. She was Anne, daughter and co-heir of Henry Baker, of Shoebcry, in this county. By her he had Thomas, John, Robert, Henry, Andrew, and
six daughters, Dorothy, m. first, to Williams,
secondly, to — Bowyer;: Abigail, m. to — Edwards; Anne, m. to Sir Jonathan Dawes, knt.; Elizabeth, m. to — Cartwright; Diana, m. to Sir Streniham Masters, knt.; and Susan, m. to Sir William Hooker, knt.
in. Sir John Bendish, the second but eldest surriring son and successor to his father, had by Martha, his wife, daughter and heir of Richard Batson,of London, six sons, John, Richard, Charles, Robert, all of whom died young, and Henry; also three daughters, Anne, Martha, and Sarah, wife of John Pyke Crouch, esq. He died 1706, and was s. by his only surviving son,
iv. Sir Henry Bendish, for many yearsajusticeof the peace, and one of the deputy-lieutenants &c. of Essex. He m. Catherine, daughter of Sir William Gosling, knt. one of the Sheriffs of London in 16$4, and by her had one son, named Henry, who lived only five months. Sir Henry d. 4th September, 1717, when the Baronetct Expired.
Arms—Argent, a chevron sable, between three rams' heads erased azure, armed or. In the reigns of King Edward III. and Henry IV. they ga*e a wild ram's head for their arms. They quartered the coats of Burghwell, Grauncestre, Bennington, Cal leys, Beauchamp, Bradfield, Huntingdon, Clapton. Newport, Ford, Baker, Bateson.
of Beebampton, in Buckinghamshire. He m. Mary, daughter of Robert Taylor, sheriff of London 34 ElizaBeth, and had issue,
Simon, his heir.
Richard, an eminent merchant of London, who m- Elizabeth, daughter of William Cradock, esq. of Staffordshire, and by her, who wedded, secondly, Sir Heneage Finch, knt. left a son, Simon, of whom hereafter as heir to the estates of his uncle, Sir Simon, the baronet.
John, d. $. p.
Anne, m. to William Duncombe.esq. of Brick hill,
Margaret, m. to Sir George Croke, knt. justice of
Sir Thomas was s. by his eldest son,
i. Sir Simon Bennet, of Bechanipton, in the county of Bucks, created a Bahoni.t 17th July, 1627. He m. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Arthur Ingram, knt. but dying s. p. about the year 1631,the Baronetcy became iXTiKCT. The manor of Bechanipton devolved on (the son of his brother Richard) his nephew, Simon BknHet, esq. of Beebampton, who m. Grace, daughter of Gilbert Moor wood, merchant, of London, and died in 1683, leaving three daughters, his co-heirs,
Elizabeth, m. to Edward Osborne, Lord Latimer,
and d. s. p.
Arms— Gu. a bezant, between three demi-lions rampant, arg.
BENNET, OF BABRAHAM.
CzuTiDfSnd Nov. I860.—Extinct 23rd May, 1701.
it in cage.
Thomas Bennet, alderman of London, youngerbroUit of Sir John Bennet, ancestor of the Earls of Tankrnille, purchased from Sir Toby Palavicini the estate of Babraham, in Cambridgeshire. He left two sons •ml a daughter, viz.
Richard, whose daughter, by his first wife, Jane,
Rebecca, m. to Sir Bulstrode Whitlock, knt. ereated Lord Whitlock by Cromwell. The ncond son,
i. Tbohai Bennet, esq, of Babraham, in Cambridgeshire, was created a Baronet 2*2nd November, 1600. He m. Mary, daughter and en-heir of Levinus Mouk, esq- and died in 1667, leaving a son and successor,
ii. Sir Levinus Bennet, of Babraham, who m. Judith, daughter of William Boeve, merchant of London, >nd died 5th December, 1693, leaving a son and successor,
Hi. Sia Richard Bennet, of Babraham, who ;;/. in 1601, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Charles Adelmare Cesar, knt. of Bennington Place, in Hertfordshire, M.P. and by her, who wedded, secondly, James Butkr.psq. M.P. of Warminghurst Park, Sussex, having » daughter only, Judith, who d. unmarried; the Baiosetct became Extinct at his decease, 23rd May, ■?*i. aged twenty-eight.
The estates eventually devolved on Bennet Alex*"EiE,esq. ion of Edward Alexander, esq. of Ongar, '■> Levina, daughter of SiH Levini-s Bennet, hart.
Mr. Alexander assumed in consequence, by act of parliament in 1742, the surname and arms of Bennet. He M. Mary, daughter of Benjamin Ash, esq. and had by her, who m. secondly, Richard Bull, esq, son of Sir John Bull, knt. one son and one daughter, viz.
Richard-hbnry-alexander Bennet, esq. of Babraham, who sold the estate in 1765, and it ultimately became the property of General Adeane.
Levina, m. 16th January, 1762, to John Luther, esq. of Mylc.H, in Essex, M.P. for that county. (See Burke's Commoners, vol. iv. p. 7.)
Arms— Gu. a bezant between three demi lions rampant, arg.
I. Sir William Bensley, son of Thomas Bensley, esq. of Norfolk, by Elizabeth, daughter of William Winter, esq. of the same county, entered the nayy at an early age, but retiring from the service, repaired to the East Indies, whence returning in 1777, he was chosen one of the Company's directors, and created a Baronet in 1801. He m. Mary, daughter of Vincent Biscoe, eftq. of London, but dying without issue, 17th December, 1800, aged seventy-two, the Baronetcy became EXTINCT.
Arms—Sa. a fess erminois, charged with a bomb bursting ppr. between three mullets of the second.
Descended from the Barons Berkeley, of BerkeLey Castle, was
Sir Richard Berkeley, knt. of Stoke Gifford, in the county of Gloucester, who died in 1514, leaving issue by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Humphrey Coningsby, knt. two sons, namely, Sir John Berkeley, of Stoke Gifford, ancestor to the Lord Botetort, and
Sir Maurice Berkeley, K.B. of Bruton, in the county of Somerset, standard-bearer to Hknry VIII. and Edward VI. and to Queen Elizabeth. Of this gentleman it is mentioned, that, in the first year of Queen Mary, riding casually in London,he met with
Sir Thomas Wiat at Temple Bar, and persuading him
Gertrude, m. to Edward Home, esq.
Gordon, in the county of Somerset. Anne, in. to Nicholas Poynings, esq. of Adderley. Frances, ft. unmarried. Sir Maurice m. secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Anthony Sands, esq. and by that lady had two other sons and a daughter. He was s. at his decease by his eldest son,
Sir Henry Berkeley, knt. of Bruton.who m. Margaret, daughter of William Lygon, esq. and had three sons, viz.
Maurice (Sir), his heir.
Henry (Sir;, ancestor of the Berkeleys of Yar
lington. Edward (Sir), of Pylle, ancestor of the present Edward-berkeley PunI Man. Lord Portman. (See Burke's Peerage, and Commoners, vol. i. p. 02.) The eldest son,
Sir Maurice B Er KeleY , received the honor of knighthood from the Earl of Essex, while serving under that nobleman in the expedition to Calais, anno 1596. Sir Maurice in. Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Henry Killegrew, of Hanworth, in the county of Middlesex, and had issue five sons and two daughters* viz. Charles (Sir), his heir. Henry (Sir). Maurice (Sir). William (Sir).
John (Sir), a distinguished cavalier,created Baron Berkeley, of Stratton. (See Burke's Extinct Peerage.) Margaret. Jane. The eldest son,
Sir Charles Berkeley, received the honor of knighthood at Bewley in 16*23, and, being eminently loyal to King Charles I., was sworn of the privy council upon the restoration of the monarchy, and appointed, first, comptroller, and then treasurer, of the household. Sir Charles ///. Penelope, daughter of Sir William Godolphin, knt. of Godolphin, in Cornwall, and had issue,
i. Maurice, his heir.
ii. Charles, who, for his fidelity to A"i*jf Charles
English honors Expired, while those of Ireland reverted, according to the patent, to hi* father, Sir Charles Berkeley, in. William (Sir), governor of Portsmouth and riceadmiral of the White, killed at sea in 1006. iv. John, who succeeded his eldest brother as VisCount Fitzharuinck, was treasurer of tbe chamber, and one of the tellers of the Exchequer, in the reign of Queen Ankb. He a. a daughter of Sir Edward Villiers, and sister to the Earl of Jersey, governess to his royal highness William, Duke of Gloucester, and had issue, Mary, m. to Walter Chetwynd, esq. of Ingestre, in the county of Stafford, who was created in 1717 Baron Rathdown and Vi*. count Chetwynd, with tbe remainder to the heirs male of his father. Frances, m. to Sir Thomas ("large*, bart His lordship if. on the 19th December, 1711, and thus leaving no male issue, the Irish Barony of Berkeley and Viscountcy Op Fit* Hardi.nce became Extinct. Sir Charles Berkeley, upon the decease of bis second son, Charles, Earl of Falmouth, succeeding to that nobleman's Irish honors, became Baron Berkeley W Rathdown and Viscount Fitzhardince; and dying 12th June, 1688, those honors descended to his eldest sim,
l. Sir Maurice Berkeley, third Viscount Fin hardinge, who had been created a Baronet 2nd July, 1660. His lordship married Anne, daughter of Henry Lee, esq. of Quarendon, Bucks, but dying issueless in 1690, the Baronetcy became Extinct, while the Viscounty and Barony devolved on his brother.
Arms— Gu. a chev. erm. between ten crosses pattec
BERKELEY, OF WYMONDHAM.
Created in 1611.—Extinct .
Sir Thomas Berkeley, knt. Lord of Coston, second son of Thomas, Lord Berkeley, by Jane, his wife, daughter of William Ferrers, Earl of Derby, was living at the commencement of the fourteenth century. He in. Isabel, daughter and heir of Sir John Hamelin, Lord of Wymondham, in the county of Leicester, and was father of
Sir John De Berkeley, of Wymondham, made a knight banneret 34 Edward I. He left by Joan, his wife, living in 1368, a son and successor,
Sir John Berkeley, knt. of Wymondham, who i. in 1374, leaving by Elizabeth, his wife, three sons, namely,
John, his heir.
Thomas, whose daughter and heir, Elisabeth, si.
Richard, fourth Earl of Warwick.
Sir John Berkeley, knt. of Wymondham, living in 1403, was father of
Sir Lawrence Berkeley, knt. of Wymondham, who ffl. Joan, sister of Sir Robert Woodford, knt. and being slain in France in 1458, left, with two daughters. Elizabeth, m. to Sir William Hussey, lord chief justice, and Alice, m. to Thomas Woodford, esq. a son,
Sir Thomas Berkeley, knt of Wymondham, who m. Petronell, daughter of William Brokeaby, esq. and was s. at his decease in 1488 by his son,
Sir Metric E Berkeley, knt. of Wymondham, who w. Margaret, daughter of Sir John Byron, knt. of Over Colvich, and widow of Sir William Atherton, of Atherton, and left at his decease in 152*2 a son and successor.
Sir Thomas Berkeley, knt. of Wyinondham, who n. Margaret, eldest daughter and co-heir of Thomas de la Laund, by Katherine, his wife, daughter and coheir of Lionel, Lord Welles, by Jane, daughter and heir of Sir Robert W'aterton, nnd had two sons, MauRice, his heir; and William, successor to his nephew. The elder,
Mu Rice Berkeley, esq. of Wymondham, m. Margaret, daughter of Sir John Harrington, bart., and left, with a daughter, Elizabeth, m, first, to Robert Fit en ham, esq. clerk of the green cloth; and secondly, to Richard Leresey; a son,
John Berkeley, esq. of Wymondham, who rf. s. p. and was s. by his uncle,
William Berkeley, esq. of Wymondham, who m. Mary, daughter of Robert Baude, of Hornby, in the county of Lincoln, and d. in 1536, leaving a son and successor,
Mi Lb Ice Berkeley, esq. of Wymondham, who m. Mary, daughter of John Hall, esq. of Grantham, and died in 1600, aged seventy, leaving several children, who all d. unmarried, except one daughter, Eleanor, b. in 1563, who tn. — Wingneld, esq. and one son,
i. Sir Henry Ber.kf.ley, of Wymondham, b. in 1566, created a Baronet in 1611. This gentleman m. first, Miss Mynne; and secondly, Katharine,daughter of Nicholas Beaumont, esq. of Cole Orton, and relict of Anthony Byron, esq.; but dying *. p. the title hecame Extinct. The estate of Wymondham Sir Henry ■old to Sir William Sedley, bart. of Southfleet and Aylesford.
Arms—As Berkeley, of Bruton.
The elder branch of this family, founded by God"kt Bernard, of Wanford, whose grandson, William Bernard, was living in the time of Edward III. terminated in a female heir, Margaret Bernard, who »edded Sir John Peyton, knt. and conveyed the paternal estate of Iselham to the Peytons. (Refer to Ptrros of Iselham, extinct baronet.)
Of the younger branch was
Francis Bernard, esq. of Ahington," near Northampton, of which manor his ancestors had been proprietors upwards of two hundred years. His second *>n.
i- Francis Bernard, esq. serjeant-at-law, was cre»ted a Baronet 1st July, 1602. Sir Francis tn. first,
Elizabeth, daughter of Sir John Tallakerne, and by her had issue,
John (Sir), his successor.
Lucy, m. to Sir Nicholas Pedley, knt. M.P. for the
borough of Huntingdon. Mary, m. to Laurence Torkington, esq. of Great Stewklcy, in the county of Huntingdon. He wedded, secondly, Elizabeth, daughter of Sir James Altham, of Oxey, Herts, but had no other issue. This lady died 3rd January, 1062, and was buried in Covent Garden Church, Middlesex. Sir Francis d. in his sixty-sixth year, anno 1606, and lies interred in the north aisle of Ahington Church. He was s. by his son, Ii. Sir John Bernard, knt. member for the borough of Huntingdon in the Restoration and the Long Parliaments. He m. first, Elizabeth, daughter of Oliver St. John, lord chief justice of the Common Pleas, and had (with five other daughters, who all died unmarried,)
Rorert, his successor.
Mary, m. to Thomas Brown, esq. of Arlsey,in the
county of Bedford. Johanna, in. to the celebrated Richard Beutley, archdeacon and prebendary of Ely, regius professor, and master of Trinity College, Cambridge, and had issue,
Richard Bentley, a writer of some distinction;
d. 23rd October, 1782. Elizabeth Bentley, tn. first, to Humphrey Ridge, esq. of Portsmouth, and surviving him without issue, she m. secondly, the Rev. Dr. Favell. Johanna Bentley, the Phoebe of Dr. Byron's well known pastoral, m. to the Rev. Dennison Cumberland, Bishop of Kilmore (son of the Rev. Richard Cumberland, archdeacon of Northam pton,and grandson of Dr. Richard Cumberland, bishop of Peterborough), by whom she had
Richard Cumberland, the dramatist. Johanna Cumberland. Elizabeth-Bentley Cumberland. He wedded, secondly, Grace, daughter of Sir Richard Shuckburgh, knt. of Shuckburgh, in the county of Warwick, but by her had no issue. Sir John rf. in June, 1079, and was buried in Brampton Church, where a marble monument records the event. He was s. by his only son,
in. Sir Robert Bernard, M.P. for the county of Huntingdon in 1(388. Thin gentleman m. Anne, dau. of Robert Weldon, esq. of London, and had issue, John, his heir. Anne. Mary. He rf. about the year 1703, and his widow became the second wife of Thomas, first Lord Trevor, of Bromham.f Sir Robert was *. by his son,
iv. Sir John Bernard, who m. Mary, youngest daughter of Sir Francis St. John, bart. of Longthorpe, in the county of Northampton, and had issue, Robert, his successor. Mary. He rf. 15th December, 1760, and was .?. by his son,
v. Sir Robert Bernard; at whose decease unmarried, 2nd January, 1769, the Baronetcy Ijecame
Arms—Arg. a bear rampant sa. muzzled or.
Richard Betknson m. Elizabeth, daughter and coheir of John Osborn, of Lackiugdon, in Essex, and obtaining thereby the estate of Tiled Hall, in the same county, made it the place of his abode. He had by this lady (who survived him, and married, secondly, Arthur Breme, of Halsted,*) three sons, viz.
Richard, bis heir-
Edward, of Colne Engaine, in Essex, m. a daugh-
Joan, 7ii. to John Plot, of Speraholt, Berks. Jane, m. to Thomas Tuke, of London. The eldest son and heir,
Richard Betenson, esq. who was of Layer de la Hay, in Essex, wedded Catherine, daughter of George Tuke, esq. of Layer-Marney, in the same county, and had two sons, viz.
Richard, his successor.
Thomas, m. Anne, daughter of Henry Lovell, esq.
i. Sir Richard Beten&on, knt. of Layer de la Hay, who was created a Baronet by King Charles II. 7th February, 1666. He m. Anne, daughter of Sir William Monyns, hart, of Waldershare, in Kent, and had issue,
Richard, who m. Albinia, daughter of Sir Chris-
Edward, successor to his grandfather.
Shire Oaks, Notts.
Sir Richard d. 29th August, 1679, was buried at Chiselhurst, in Kent, and s. by his grandson,
ii. Sir Edward Betenson, 6. in 1675, who died unmarried 17th October, 1733, when his estates—comprising lands in Chiselhurst and Greenwich, in Kent; at Wimbledon, in Surrey; at several places in Essex; and an estate in London—devolved upon his sisters as co heirs, and the Baronetcy reverted to his cousin,
Hi. Sir Edward Batknson. This gentleman m. Ursula, daughter of John Nicks, esq. of Fort St. George, merchant, and had
Richard, his successor.
He d. 24th November, 1762, and was t, by his son,
iv. Sir Richard Betenson, who wedded Lucretia, daughter and co-heir of Martin Folkes.esq. of Hilling don, in Norfolk, president of the Royal Society, but dying s. p. 15th June, 1786, the Baronetcy became Extinct.
Arms—Arg. a fess gu. in chief a lion passant, within a bordure engrailed erni.
By whom she had one daughter, Jane Breme (heir of her father), who became the wife of Sir Thomas Gardiner, knt. of Tottesbnry, in Essex.
t By his wife, the Hon. Albinia Cecil, one of the daughters and co-heirs of Edward, Viscount Wimbledon. (See Burke's Extinct Peerage.)