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Taking this for a text, the Diario “I will never absent myself from any Español indignantly asked if Mr Soulé place through fear of being insulted or feared for his personal safety, and put in peril by those whom my presence mistrusted the honour of Spaniards. may displease. He would have no cause for such
“ I do not fear impertinence, nor even
assassins. apprehension, the paper continued, "even if he had been wanting in the
“And especially, Sir, I do not fear the
people. respect due to the nation, and had
“ The people respects what deserves sought by every means to favour pro- to be respected ;-it brands only the jects tending to deprive Spain of her miserable men who flatter and deceive it. most precious colony: even if it were
It fights—but it does not assascertain that he had sought to profit by sinate. the days of degradation of the Spanish “ As to the perfidious insinuations of government (under Sartorius), and to which your article is full, they are beneath take advantage of the insatiable vora- my contempt. city of high and low influences : even
"I leave to you the merit of the varif it were certain that he had endea- nish with which you have covered them, voured to profane the sanctity of the and, to those who dictated them, the in
famy of their invention. revolution, and to sow discord amongst the people, seducing the unwary,
“I am, Sir, your Servant,
" PIERRE SOULÉ.” engaging in a vile intrigue, giving money and promising arms to destroy The charges brought by the Diario the power of the honourable and pa- Español, and to which the above chatriotic men who now direct the des- racteristic epistle was the reply, were tinies of Spain : even if he had suc- endorsed to a greater or less extent ceeded in gaining over a few deluded by public opinion in Madrid. On the persons who had failed to discern, 12th of August, Mr Soulé, unable to through the cloud of his honeyed and attend the banquet given by the Press, flattering words, the latent idea of had addressed to the committee of keeping up agitation and disorder in management a letter, in which occurthe Peninsula, and so of depriving red the following passage: “The heart Cuba of the succours the mother- of Young America, doubt it not, will country might otherwise send thither: palpitate with joy and delight at the even though the people knew that he breath of the perfumed breeze that had attempted to take advantage of a shall waft to it across the ocean the moment of effervescence traitorously acclamations of liberated Spain. May to excite its indignation, and to hurry I be permitted to say, that mine is init to revolt.” This was pretty plain toxicated with felicity by the hope speaking. On the same day that the that Europe, apathetic though it seem, article appeared, Mr Soulé addressed will not suffer those germs of regenean angry letter to the Diario Español, ration, which the sublime sacrifice of which did not publish it. The letter some of her sons has just so miracuafterwards appeared in a French fron- lously caused to sprout, to become detier newspaper. The following is a bilitated, and to die." It is charitably translation of its contents, as given in supposed, by those who credit the the Bayonne Messager of the 9th American minister's participation in August :
the events of the 28th August, that
the intoxication referred to in this “MADRID, 30th August. flowery and figurative paragraph had “ A Monsieur le Directeur du Diario
not entirely passed away at that date, Español.
and that the writer of the letter to the “Sir,—The tone and character of the dining committee thought it his duty, article concerning me published in your as the representative of Young Amesheet of this day, too plainly prove the rica, to contribute bis aid to that gerinfluences that have inspired it for me not to honour it by a word of reply.
mination of regeneration which apa“I leave Madrid because it pleases me
thetic Spain showed herself tardy in to leave it, and because I have no account promoting. At the same time, there to render to anybody, either of my pro- certainly are not wanting evil-disposed ceedings or of the motives that determine persons, who affirm that Mr Sonlé bas them.
so concentrated his vision on his adopted country, that he can scarcely discern who, as the government was officially any other; that he looks with contempt and positively informed, were fitting upon the herd of slaves who range about out an expedition for the invasion of Europe, and that to him it would be Cuba - notwithstanding this assurmatter of indifference to see the Old ance, I say, there appear grounds for World perish, so that the New World fearing that, owing perhaps to the prospered—and, with it, his ambition. weakness of the executive arm in the It has further been said that, neither States, the expedition in question will prudent nor scrupulous in the means yet sail for the coveted shores of the he employed, he condescended assidu- Pearl of the Antilles. Whether, if atously to court that Dowager Queen tempted, it will meet the fate of that whose whole life has been a contradic- under Lopez, or whether it will succeed, tion to the principles he professes, and not only in landing, but in holding its to admit the society of a yet more ille. ground until it can receive those reingitimate influence at the Spanish court. forcements which would probably flock It has been declared, and believed by to it from the Southern States, as soon many, that Mr Soulé, knowing that as it became known there that it had the government of Espartero and occupied, and was maintaining, a posiO'Donnell was not one that he could tion, is a matter of anxious uncereither intimidate or buy, and behold- tainty. The islan is strongly garing in its character an insurmountable risoned, but American riflemen are obstacle to the attainment of the great formidable opponents. The Spanish object of bis desires, resolved to work government feels confident of the refor its downfall by every means in his sult, and fully reckons on the fidelity power, and that, notwithstanding his and valoar of the two or three and fervent sympathy with the welfare twenty thousand good troops now in and liberties of Spain, he would have Cuba. Where the Americans will be preferred either anarchy or despotism most deficient will doubtless be in to the triumph of a system which, cavalry and artillery. The Spaniards whilst maintaining those liberties, have a thousand dragoons, several rendered more and more remote the batteries of field-artillery, and numeprospect of realisation of that cher- rous large Paix hans guns garnishing ished project, whose accomplishment the forts and batteries of the island. would introduce a new star " into the And although Spanishı cavalry, judgcelestial vault of Younga merica,” and ing from what we see here, is generally at the same time vastly add to the but indifferently mounted, it is abunimportance and popularity in the dantly able to cope with irregular inStates of the American minister at fantry, and indeed would prove most Madrid. All these things have been formidable to the invaders, if they said, and have found wide credence in ventured forth from the shelter of this capital and elsewhere.
forests and hedges, or from the broken Enough, however, on this branch ground favourable to sharp-shooters. of the subject. The sum of ten mil. As to the courage of the men, wher lion dollars, demanded by Mr Pierce well led, there is no doubt of that. to make head against the possible Good leading, which they have rarely contingency of a war with Spain, hav- had, is all that Spaniards want to be ing been refused him by the Ameri- as valiant troops as any in Europe. can Senate, the probabilities of such Only the other day, at Vicálvaro, a war occurring are greatly diminish- with General Garrigo and other brave ed, and the Spanish government en- and determined officers at their head, tertains little apprehension on that regiments of dragoons repeatedly galscore. Upon the other hand, not- loped up to the very mouths of batwithstanding Mr Pierce's declaration teries, which received them, at a few in his Message of the 1st August that yards' distance, with volleys of grape. the whole of the means which the Men who would do this, would hardly constitution allows to the executive Ainch from charging irregular riflepower should be employed to prevent men, however accurate and deadly the violation of law, treaties, and in their fire. The Spanish artillery is ternational right, contemplated by considered the best arm in the service; certain citizens of the United States, it is certainly the one with which the
most pains are taken, and which pos- twenty thousand men effective for the sesses the best-instructed officers. field, which is somewhat less than the The infantry now in Cuba is about government estimate. The European twenty thousand strong, well disci- Spaniards in the island he believed to plined, in good condition, and accus- be about fifty thousand, a large protomed to the climate. Were these portion Basques and Catalans, and forces, infantry, cavalry, and artillery, who would readily enrol themselves concentrated in the field against the
teers in case
peril, would American pirates, it is difficult to be- prove formidable antagonists, and lieve that the latter could succeed in fight desperately for their homes and getting together, or at least in land- property. As to the native Cubans, ing, a force capable of resisting their many of them would be likely to join attack. To speak positively on this the Americans, if these were strong, point, however, it would be necessary and gained advantages at first startto be somewhat in the confidence of the ing; but if the invaders were worsted, filibusteros, or at least to know more the Cubans would fly to arms and than is positively known of their re- vaunt their fidelity to Spain. The sources, plans, and places of rendez- negroes, who have no wish to exvous. But even supposing that they change Spanish for American masters, muster more than we, in our imper- and who are aware of the many disfect information, think probable, it is advantages under which even a free to be borne in mind that the very man of colonr labours in the States, best irregular troops, however formid- would all be ready to fight, if arms able their valour and skill with their were given to them. The negro mode weapons may render them in small of fighting, as described to me by pernumbers, are far less to be feared sons who are well acquainted with it, when they act in large masses. Then is peculiar and dangerous. They fire the deficiency in discipline and drill a volley, receive the enemy's fire, tells heavily against them. I am far throw away their muskets, and rush from underrating the indomitable pluck in with cutlass or poniard. of the Americans, or their coolness or The long narrow shape of the island steadiness when in peril, and only of Cuba, which bears a strong resemdesire to see those valuable qualities blance to a lizard with the head lookdisplayed in a better cause than the ing eastward, is favourable to its one to which we are assured they defenders, since it facilitates the cutare shortly to be devoted. But in an ting off of the invading force. It will open plain, or in the attack of a fort- be a great advantage if General ress, and when opposed to regular Concha's arrival takes place pretroops of average bravery, something viously to any attack. He is the more than pluck and coolness is re- very man to command under such quired. Upon the other hand, it must circumstances. Quick of eye and not be forgotten, when we seek to ready of resource, he will inspire the strike the balance of chances, that the troops with confidence, and raise the garrison of Cuba could not be brought courage of the Cubans.
Amongst entire into the field. Certain forts, these he has, what no captain-genand towns, and positions must be eral of Cuba in our time has bad, a held, and although it is probable strong party-persons who are atthat many of these would be left to tached to him, like bis mode of adthe keeping of the numerous volun- ministration, prefer him to any other teers that would take up arms the captain-general, and will stand by him moment an invasion occurred, still to the utmost with all the influence portions of the garrison must be de- and power they may possess. This is tached from the main body. An in- a principal reason why he readily and telligent Spaniard, who has spent gladly accepted the destination toseveral years in Cuba, and but re- wards which he is now steaming, -if cently returned thence, gave it me as indeed he has not arrived there, since his opinion that from ten to twelve his departure from Corunna took place thousand men could be employed as upwards of a fortnight ago. The the army of operation. He estimated Spanish government — and indeed the present garrison at rather under Spaniards generally, as far as my means of observation extend-enter- from Spain. To these I suppose we tain a sanguine belief that, with the may safely add, as partisans of Cuba's troops at his command, and with the becoming a State of the Union, all moral and physical support of the the Anglo-Americans resident in the majority of the dwellers on the island, island. Beyond this, I am in posConcha will so handle the intruding session of no trustworthy evidence; annexionists as to make them heartily and when I say that only a small repent their unprovoked and unjusti- portion of the Creoles or native whites fiable aggression.
are disaffected to the Spanish governThere are other points to be taken ment, I state it, as you will observe, into consideration when we discuss on Spanish authority, but, at the same the probable issue of the anticipated time, on the authority of Spaniards conflict. One of these, on which long resident in the island, particusuch conflicting testimony has been larly capable, by their position and given that it is scarcely possible to form intelligence, of forming a correct judga decided opinion with respect to it, is ment, and the sole drawback to the the amount of support the Americans value of whose opinion is the adwould find in the island itself. The missible supposition that it may be Spaniards, as I have above intimated, biassed by their natural wishes on think it would be unimportant. Ask the subject. a Yankee annexionist, and he will tell Supposing that, in the autumn of you that the whole island, with the 1854, an American expedition, startexception of the European Spaniards ing from Florida, or from one of the resident in it, pines for release from small islands in the Bahama channel, the intolerable yoke of Spain, longs to made a descent upon Cuba, were en.
a hoist the Stripes and Stars, and to tirely worsted, and cut off or compelled cling to the proud neck of the Ameri- to re-embark. How long a time would can eagle. I have been told by elapse before a third expedition were Americans of the numbers of letters got ready? Would not the interval received from inbabitants of Cuba, probably be shorter than the one beexpressive of these sentiments, and tween the Lopez expedition and the imploring sympathy and assistance. present date? The dogged tenacity But it must be observed that a few of a certain class of Americans, when malcontents, or American settlers in bent upon acquisition, is well known. the island, would suffice to circulate And is it not probable that each exan immense number of such com- pedition would exceed the preceding plaints and prayers. One may ima- one in strength, until one went forth gine, for instance, the consignees of strong enough to triumph ? The pasthe Black Warrior, after inditing their sage of the island from the feeble hands submissive and penitent letters to the of bankrupt decrepid Spain into the governor-general, and their petition to strong ones of the young and vigorous the Queen of Spain for the remission Union, is a mere question of time, unof the fine, dipping their sharpest iron less other nations interfere. Are any pen into the ink-bottle, and relieving prepared to do so ? England and their afflicted souls by throwing off France are of course the only powers screaming despatches to their friends to wbich Spain might look for aid to in New York and New Orleans, prevent ber being robbed of her last inveighing against the tyranny of valuable colony. And would she not Spanish rule, and longing for the day look to them in vain, at least ander when Cuba 'should join the Union present circumstances ? I do not beBy those to whom such letters were lieve that the Spaniards reckon on welcome, they would naturally be such assistance. The reflecting pormade the most of; they would be tion of the nation—those who think handed about, talked of, and their upon the subject at all-seem con, contents verbally repeated, until it vinced that the island must sooner or would seem as if a hundred letters later pass from them. Some would had arrived instead of one. The be disposed to sell it, whilst it still Spaniards themselves admit that a bas value, before the Americans feel part of the Creole population would so certain of getting it by other means be glad to see the island detached that they will no longer feel disposed to disburse. Others, on the contrary, government assumed office, it found are for holding it to the last, burning an empty treasury, and, even worse the last cartridge before giving in, and than that, the resources on which it as a last desperate resource, emanci- might have reckoned for advances pating the slaves. The most rational were already anticipated. There was and profitable of the two courses no money anywhere. The Sartoriuswould doubtless be the sale. And Domenech - Collantes ministry had yet, owing to the ignorance and na- made a clean sweep of everything. tional conceit of a large number of The forced loan decreed on the 19th Spaniards — who believe that the May, and which was to be paid durvalour of Spanish troops must always ing the months of June and July, had suffice to guard Cuba, and who have not flowed in with that gratifying not sufficient knowledge of the past rapidity announced by the organs of and present history of the world to the Polaco cabinet ; but nevertheless see that in the course of nature they about four hundred and seventy thoumust lose it—it would be difficult for sand pounds sterling had been colany ministry to brave the storm of lected, out of nearly two millions, indignation that would here be raised which it was estimated that it should by the sale of the island. It could, of yield. Of the £470,000, about £140, course, under the present regime, be or thirteen thousand reals, remained done only with the sanction of the in the treasury. The confusion in Cortes; and perhaps the wisest thing the public accounts rendered necesthe Espartero ministry could do would sary the appointment of commissionbe to bring forward the subject when ers to investigate them, and to rethat body meets in November. To port the real state of the finances. give advice to Spain is, I am aware, a The labours of these commissioners delicate thing for foreign governments brought to light a whole system of ini
ia to do, but the men at present at the quity and of downright robbery. The head of affairs here are not likely to most shameful jobs had been perpemistake the motive, or to take offence trated; funds set apart for particular at a well-intended counsel. If Eng- purposes, and which could not legally land and France be quite decided to be otherwise employed, had been mistake no steps towards the preserva- appropriated ; enormous amounts had tion of Cuba to Spain, and if the been expended in secret-service money, government of this country be not of which no account was to be found; already perfectly aware of that de- everything the government had to cision, it would be but right to give it pay was in arrears, and all they had the information, so that it might fairly to receive was in advance. The reand fully appreciate its position and sult of the examination was to exchances, and not delude itself with bibit a balance against the treasury vain hopes, never to be realised, of amounting to seven millions sterling, ultimate succour from powerful allies. of two and a-half millions of which
Assuredly no Spanish government the payment was urgent. To meet was ever more in want than is the this heavy deficiency, equal to half present one of the pecuniary supplies a year's revenue, the new ministry which the sale of Cuba would place had literally nothing but their good at its disposal. The state of the fi- intentions and recognised honestynances of the country is lamentable, excellent things, but not always and ministers are the more to be convertible into specie. The consepitied, since their embarrassed posi- quences of the revolution added to tion is the consequence of no fault of their embarrassments. Nothing was theirs, but of the scandalous misrule to be obtained from the provincial and malversation of several preced- treasuries, which were found to be ing governments, and especially of nearly all empty, some of them havthat of Sartorias. The Spanish and ing been drained to the last real by English newspapers have already sup- the departed ministers; whilst in plied many details on this head. I other cases there is reason to conwill content myself with throwing to- clude that the local juntas, formed gether a few of the principal and most during the revolution, had spent the striking facts. When the present money. During the latter