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I severed the sinews that still re- of them, and made him as comfortable tained his shattered arm, and bound as we could. The following night we it up as best I might. He still de- stopped at a town. In the morning, spaired and moaned, but suffered me as we were about to march, the Costo do as I would. He was like an sacks came down. There was great infant in my hands—that man who, confusion; several baggage-carts were in the hour of battle, was a very lion captured in the street, and some of for courage.

But long suffering and the wounded were abandoned in the the sudden shock-occurring, too, houses where they had passed the when we seemed on the verge of night. Amongst these was Sergeant safety-had overcome his fortitude. Fritz. Not many houses in the town With Paul's help I got him upon my were still in good condition-most of horse. The poor brute was in no case them had been burned and knocked to carry double, so I walked and led to pieces by the soldiers. The house it, although at that time I could hard- in which Fritz lay had still its doors ly hobble.

and windows, and was one of the most " It is all useless, my dear doctor,' comfortable in the place, on which Préville said ; this is my last day; account it had been converted into a I feel that. Far better shoot me, or temporary hospital. Well, the Rusleave me by the roadside, than risk sians came in, brought their woundyour life for my sake.'

ed, and turned out our poor fellows “I took no heed, but tried to to make room for them. Some, who cheer him. Those unclean beasts, could not move quickly enough, were the Cossacks, were hovering around brutally pitched through a low winus as usual, and at times the bullets dow into a garden behind the house, fell pretty thick. Not a quarter of there to perish miserably. Fritz was an hour had elapsed since I set Pré- one of these. Only just able to crawl, ville on my horse, when a shot struck he made his way round the garden, his right eye-not entering the head, seeking egress. He reached a gate but glancing across the globe, and communicating with another garden. completely destroying the sight. Well, It was locked,

and pain and weakness then there occurred a physio- forbade his climbing over. He sat logical phenomenon which I have close to the gate, propped against it, never been able satisfactorily to ac- and looking wistfully through the count for. This man, whom the loss bars at the windows of a house, and of an arm had reduced to despair, at the cheerful glow of a fire, when seemed to derive fresh courage from he was perceived by a young girl. the loss of an eye. At any rate, from She came out and opened the gate, that moment he complained no more and helped him into the house. Her of his fate, resumed his usual manly father was a German clockmaker, tone, and bore up like a hero. Paul long settled in Russia, and Fritz, a was lucky enough to catch a riderless Swiss, spoke German well. The kind horse, which I mounted. The worst people put him to bed, hid his uniwas over, and we soon got a respite. form, and tended him like a son. Without troubling you with details, When, in the following spring, his and incredible though it may seem to health was restored, and he would you, my poor friend escaped with have left them, the German proposed life, although with a limb and an eye to him to remain and assist him in his the less."

trade. He accepted the offer, mar“ There must have been many ex- ried the German's daughter, and retraordinary escapes from that cam- mained in Russia until his father-inpaign," I remarked.

law's death, when he was taken with “ Innumerable. There was a ser- a longing to revisit his native moungeant of dragoons, a former comrade tains, and returned to Switzerland of my servant's, who, for many days, with his wife and family. I met him marched beside me and Paul. He re- since at Paris, and he told me his ceived a severe wound. There were story. But although his escape was some vehicles still with us at that narrow, and romantic enough, there time, and we got him a place in one must have been others much more remarkable. Most of the prisoners in command, and where the heroic made by the Russians, and who sur- Ney, who had been separated from vived severe cold and harsh treat the army, rejoined us with the skement, were sent to Moscow, to labour leton of his corps — having cut his at rebuilding the city. When the fine way, by sheer valour and soldiership, season came, some of them managed through clouds of Platoff's Cossacks to escape, and to make their way, in we took a day's rest. It was the various disguises, and through count. 20th of November, the last day of less adventures, back to their own anything approaching to comfort country."

which we were to enjoy before crossI have set down but the most strik- ing the Russian frontier. True, we ing portions of our conversation-or made one more halt, at Molodetrather, of the doctor's narrative, schino, whence Napoleon dated his since I did little but listen ; and oc- bulletin of our terrible disasters, but casionally, by a question or remark, then only a portion of us could find direct his communicativeness into the lodging ; we were sick, half-frozen, channel I wished it to take. We were and numbers died in the streets. At now near Orleans.

Orcha we found shelter and tran“ The letter I was reading when quillity; the governor had provided we started,” said my companion, provisions against our passage, the " and which has brought back to my enemy left us quiet, and we enjoyed memory all that I have told yon-at a day of complete repose. My bagrisk, perhaps, of wearying you," he gage had long since been lost, and added with a slight bow and smile, my only pair of boots were torn to " and a host of other circumstances, shreds. i had been riding with fragto me of thrilling and everlasting in- ments of a soldier's jacket tied round terest, is from General Préville, who my feet, which I usually kept out of lives in the south of France, but has the stirrups, the contact of the iron come unexpectedly to Orleans to pass increasing the cold. At Orcha, the a month with me. That is his way. invaluable Paul bronght me a Jew He lives happily with a married (the Jews were our chief purveyors daughter; but now and then the de- on that retreat) with boots for sale. sire to see an old comrade, and to I selected a pair and threw away my tight old battles over again, comes so old ones, which for many days I had strongly upon him, that he has his not taken off. My feet were already valise packed at an hour's notice, and in a bad state, sore and livid. I takes me by surprise. He knows bathed them, put on fresh stockings well that. The General's Room' and and my new boots, and contrived, an affectionate reception always with a pair of old trousers, a sort of await him. I received his letter- leggings or overalls, closed at the full of references to old times-yes- bottom, and to be worn over the terday evening, and am now hurrying boots. From that day till we got back to Orleans to see him. He may beyond the Niemen, a distance of one very likely be waiting for me at the hundred and ten leagues, which we station ; and you will see that, for a took three weeks to perform, I never man who gave himself up for dead took off any part of my dress. Dur. forty years ago in the snows of Rus- ing that time I suffered greatly from sia, and begged, as a favour, a bullet my feet; they swelled till my boots through his brain, he looks tolerably were too tight for me, and at times I hearty and satisfied to live."

was in agony. When we at last were “ There is one thing, Monsieur le comparatively in safety, and I found Docteur," I said, “which you have myself

, for the first time since I left not yet explained to me, and which Orcha, in a warm room, with a bed I do not understand. Did you mean to lie upon and water to wash, I called literally what you said, that since the Paul to pull off my boots. Sir, with Russian campaign you have never them came off my stockings, and the had your feet warm ?”

entire skin of both feet. A flayer's “Literally and truly, sir. When knife could hardly have done the we got to Orcha, where Jomini was thing more completely. For a moment I gave myself up as lost. I patch over one eye, peered inquisihad seen enough of this kind of thing tively into the carriages. Like most to know that my feet were on the Englishmen, I have a particular aververge of mortification.

There was sion to the Continental fashion of men scarcely time to amputate, had any kissing and bugging each other, but I been at band to do it, and had I been confess I beheld with interest and symwilling to preserve life at such a price. pathy the cordial embrace of these two Only one thing could save me, and I old comrades, who then quickly separresolved to try it. I ordered Paul ated, and, with hands grasped, looked to bring a bottle of brandy; I put a joyously and affectionately into each piece of silver between my teeth, and other's faces, whilst a thousand recolbade him pour the spirits over my lections of old kindness and long comfeet. I can give you no idea of the radeship were evidently swelling at excruciating torture I then endured. their hearts. In his joy, my travel. Whilst it lasted, assuredly no mar. ling companion did not forget the attyr's sufferings ever exceeded mine. tentive listener, whose journey he had It was agony - but it was safety. 80 agreeably shortened. Turning to I bit the florin nearly in two, and me, he presented me to the general, broke this tooth.” (Here the doc- as an Englishman and a new acquainttor drew up his lip and exhibit- ance, and then cordially invited me ed a defective tooth, in company to pass the rest of the day at his house. with some very white and powerful But the business that took me to grinders.) “The martyrdom saved Orleans was urgent, and my return me; I recovered, but the new integu- to Paris must be speedy. And had ments, wbich in time covered my it been otherwise, I think I still should scarred feet, seem chilled by the recol- bave scrupled to restrain, by a stranlection of their predecessors' suffer- ger's presence, the first flow of intiings, and from that day to this I mate communion to which the two have never had my feet otherwise friends evidently looked forward with than cold. But here we are at Or- such warm and pleasurable feelings. leans, sir, and yonder as I expected So I gratefully declined, but pledged stands my old Préville."

myself to avail of the doctor's hospiThe train stopped as he concluded, tality upon my next visit to Orleans. and a fine-looking veteran, with white When that occurs, I shall hope to hair, an empty sleeve, and a silken glean another Russian Reminiscence.

RECORDS OF THE PAST.-NINEVEH AND BABYLON. HISTORY must ever possess an undy- History has a grand work yet being fascination for the minds of men, fore it,-one which mankind is just for its subject is the story of their race, beginning to long for, and which will and its interest is ever human to the yet one day be accomplished. His. core. Its burden is now a song of re- tory must grow wider in its scope and joicing at the triumphs, or a wail of nobler in its aims as the career of our Tamentation over the errors and suffer- race advances. It must rise above ings, of mankind. How history, in the colourings of national bias, and the gifted hands, exults as it reaches those prejudices of particular eras. It must blooming points in a nation's career- cease-and some day it will ceasethose eras of Pericles, of Augustus, to reflect but one phase at a time of of Haroun-Alraschid, or of our own that many-sided thing Truth, and will Elizabeth, -or, piercing back through seize and set forth for the instruction the veil of time, discerns with joy the of mankind the priceless gem under brilliant era of a Vicramaditya in the whatever form it appear, however atold world of the Hindoos,—the gran- tired in the strange costume of distant deur of a Rameses, or still remoter times or foreign countries. It must monarchs in Egypt-or a rule of then tell to man a continuous story of his unequalled justice and beneficence ex- existence. It must recognise the truth tending back for countless ages in the that in all those various nations that early history of secluded China. And have flourished and passed away, there how it saddens to see these old empires has been enshrined the self-same hupass away, - to behold Rome, and man soul, which the great Creator Greece, and Nineveh, and Egypt, made in His own image, and which, Susa and Persepolis, and the grand however manifold in its aberrations, old cities of India, withered, rolled up will still be found, on the whole, to like a scroll, and vanishing from the reflect more of truth than of error. face of the earth. Yet with what Nothing is more elevating than the quiet hopefulness, with what assured study of the human race through its resignation, does it contemplate all successive phases of existence. Therethose changes. “Passing away," it in is to be discovered the scheme knows, is written from the first upon of God's Providence among the the brow of empires as well as of nations, slowly raising the race men ; and even when the mighty from one stage of progress to anofabrics of human power are seen ther and higher. The world adcrumbling into dust beneath internal vances slowly,—but still “it moves!" decay or external assault, -when the Severed into distinct nations, and stores of knowledge, the monuments divinely placed or led into climes of art—in fact, a whole civilisation, congenial to the peculiar developseems rushing into oblivion before an ment of each,-secluded behind mounonslaught of barbarism, the philoso- tain chains, deserts, or seas, each phic historian, with an assuredness of section of mankind has been left to faith stronger than other men's, knows develop a civilisation of its ownthat the human race is but on the eve forms of government, religion, art, of some new and higher development science, philosophy, more or less pe-that all is ordered by One without culiar to itself. Through long ages whom not a sparrow falls to the this birth of nations has been going ground, and that from out of the on, each learning for itself the lessons present chaos will emerge new king- of life. And each of those nations, doms and communities of men, purged whether ancient or modern, bas atfrom the dross of the old, yet inherit- tached itself in a peculiar manner to ing the larger portion of their wisdom. some one of the many forms of truth, “ All changes, naught is lost. The forms are the other sections of the race. Every

carrying it to greater perfection than changed, And that which has been, is not what it was,- one knows that such was the case Yet that which has been, is."

among the Greeks, the Romans, the

Egyptians, the Hebrews,—but do not side; and the former will be unworthy let it be supposed that the wisdom of of their high position, if they fail to the ancient world ends here. Do not perceive in how very many things suppose that nothing is to be learned they may receive instruction from from the old history and writings of those whom they regard as their inChina-that land where social ethics feriors. The whole tendency of the and utilitarian science were first rapidly - increasing communication carried to comparative perfection; or between the various nations and from the ancient Hindoos, who first countries of the earth is to shake men pre-eminently devoted themselves to loose from local prejudices, and, by the study of the spiritual nature of expanding the mind, to fit it for the man, and in whose lofty speculations reception of that pure and entire may be found the germ of almost truth, towards the attainment of every system of philosophy, whether which the buman mind is journeying, true or false, to which the European and to which the matchless plans of world has given birth. Hegel and Divine Providence are slowly but Spinosa are but Hindoos reviving in surely conducting the human race. the eighteenth century. Auguste To the eye of the philosopher, the Comte, with his boasted new science world is a prism through which of Positivism, is but a systematiser Truth is shining-and the nations are of the doctrines of Confucius and the the various colours and hues of the old philosophers of China, -and what spectrum into which that light is are magnetism, clairvoyance, and such- broken. Hitherto mankind, split inlike researches at present making into to sections, has only exhibited those the spiritual powers of man, but un- scattered and disunited, but brilconscious repetitions of what has liant, rays,-troth refracted and colbeen known or imagined in India for oured by the national mind through three thousand years ?

which it passed; but now, in the Had the human race formed from fulness of time, the process is being the first but one nation-swayed by reversed. The long training of isobut one great impulse, and enlight- lated nations is drawing to a close ; ened but by its own single experi- the riers of space or feeling which ence, how comparatively stationary shut them in are being thrown down; would bave been the condition of the an interchange of intellectual as well species! But severed into separate as material benefits is commencing; communities, each seeking truth for and the dissevered rays of partial itself, and, as intercommunication be- knowledge are beginning to be recame wider, comparing its experi- united into the pure and perfect light ences with those of its neighbours, of truth. the march of mankind has been Let, then, some Newton or Humgreatly accelerated. There have been boldi of history

one who à hundred searchers after truth in- grudges not a lifetime of genius to the stead of one. It is only now, how- task, and to whom Providence may ever, in these latter days, that man. give length of days,-let such an one kind are beginning to perceive and take up the theme of those old nations. reap

the benefit of the beneficent By the might of his graphic pen scheme of Providence which has so let him evoke them and their crumbled lono kept them secluded in location empires from the dust, and place and antagonistic in feeling. It is in them in their pristine glory before the those days of running to and fro upon eye of the reader. Let him paint the the earth-when commerce, and rail. people, the land in which they dwelt, ways, and steam-navigation are unit- the temples in which they worshipped; ing the most distant regions—that - let him glance with graphic touch the varied stores of knowledge which over the leading points of their hishave been accumulating in private tory, the master-spirits who influhoards through long centuries are enced, and the poets who adorned now being thrown into general cir- it ;—let him depict the arts of life culation. The more advanced na- and the arts of beauty which charactions are teaching the less enlight- terised them; and, hardest task of ened. But the gain is not all on one all, let him dive into the depths of


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