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equal to the control of British-born a few strong-nerved and coarse-minded settlers, half a dozen of whom are Englishmen in the interior, invested more difficult to rule than half a mil- with power by the possession of land, lion of natives. There prevails among may exercise over the people among Englisbmen of every grade a notion whom they are located, and from whom of the East India Company being a they are eager to extract the wealth body of a somewhat foreign stamp, to which they long to enjoy in a more whose servants it is almost degrading congenial climate. for a free-born Britain to be obliged This species of tyranny will of to submit.

course be most felt among the feeblest, The amalgamation of the Queen's and is, consequently, likely to be more and the Company's superior tribunals, grievous in Bengal than among the known at Calcutta as the Supreme, hardier population of Upper India. and the Sudder, Courts, would, by But wherever the Anglo-Saxon goes, coupling the home-bred judges appoint- he will carry with him his instinctive ed by the Crown with the country- contempt for tribes of a dusky comtrained nominees of the local govern- plexion; and where this is not counment, give a weight to the magistracy teracted by the imposed courtesies of acting under this combined authority, official life, or checked by the presence and thus fit it for the better discharge of a sufficient controlling authority, it of the difficult duty of controlling and will ever be ready to break out in a correcting the excesses of Englishmen manner injurious to the interests and settled in the interior. These settlers feelings of those subject to his power. often find in the menace of an action Our future rule will, it is evident, or prosecution before a remote and become daily more and more European somewhat prejudiced tribunal, a wea- in its tone, and there will consequently pon wherewith to combat the imme- be an increasing call upon those endiate power of a functionary, amen- gaged in its direction to watch over able individually to the Queen's Court the conduct of the dominant race, to in Calcutta, for every act which legal restrain its arrogance, and to see that ingenuity can represent to be personal, the equality announced in the laws and so beyond the pale of official pro- does not evaporate in print, but is tection.

something real and substantial, to be The fusion of the two superior felt and enjoyed in the ordinary everycourts will not, in fact, lessen the per- day intercourse of life. sonal responsibility of the English "If this can be accomplished by magistrate; but it will remove an ap- legislation, the new Commissions and parent antagonism, calculated to keep Councils will not have been created in alive a spirit of defiance towards the vain; but if their labours end in local authority in the breast of many merely adding to the existing tomes an English settler, the effects of which, of benevolent enactments, without as described in the extract above effectual provision for their enforcegiven, from the letter of a Bengal ment, then we cannot but fear that gentleman, are felt by every native our projected measures of improvewith whom he may have any deal- ment, being all of a European charings. Much has been written and acter, will add little to the happiness spoken about the duty of protecting of our subjects on the banks of the the people of India from being op- Ganges, and be regarded by them pressed by the Government and its merely as ingenious contrivances for agents, but few seem to have thought extending our own power, and comof that more searching tyranny which pleting their subjugation.




“Oh, Paris ! ville pleine de brouillard,

Et couverte de boue,
Où les hommes connoissent pas l'honneur,
Ni les femmes la vertu.'


THE Willoughby family, as has new acquaintances, and, so far as been already said, left England for their countrymen were concerned, in the Continent; and the spring which perfect obscurity, they had not a wish succeeded Sir John's death found which it did not suffice for ; as long, them temporarily residing in Paris. at least, as the vast, strange city It was very far from the Colonel's held its first influences over them. intention, however, to remain there To these, probably, it was owing that long; the household was only incom- Colonel Willoughby appeared for plete, as yet, without Francis, who some time to have had no other obin a few weeks would join it on leav- ject in coming to Paris ; if distinctly ing Oxford ; and there had to be aware of any, beyond the facilities some consideration before finally set- there for choosing a place of residence tling, from among no slight variety of in the provinces, for awaiting his son advertisements in the public journals, Francis, and finishing the more imwhat district of the provinces might portant part of his correspondence, be best suited for a retreat, probably with the convenience of respectable during some years. One or two banking-houses—besides the possibi. points of business, also, requiring lity of avoiding English acquaintances, attention to his English letters, con- which at Dieppe or Boulogne would tinued to make their early arrival a not have been so easy-then he would convenience ; not so much from the without doubt have mentioned it to Devonshire lawyer, whose methodical his wife. A reserved man, and in regularity left nothing to desire, as the strictest sense a proud one, he with regard to the sale of Sir God- was amongst the last to have secrets ; frey's commission, and some arrange- they would have sat on his brow, ments left unfinished in town, of that and troubled his manner; nor had be tedious nature which characterises at any time had such a thing apart stockbroking. Meanwhile their esta- from her. During the whole course blishment was certainly simple com- of their wedded life, whether together pared with that lately given up in or separated, by word or letter, their Golden Square, where society, at no mutual confidence had increased : for time deficient to the Willoughbies, her part, she was of that easy, placid, had, since the Colonel's last return seemingly almost torpid nature, home, been doubling itself every year, which, save in a receipt of houseand had begun, since his brother's keeping, or a triumph of domestic death, absolutely to send visiting- management, appears merely to procards by footmen, to call in carriages, duce in it nothing worth the biding, to bespeak the earliest possible share nor to receive, either, anything of of their company at dinner: con- that serious kind; while the course trasted with the extent which must of time, that had begun to turn the have been necessary for Stoke, it was fair features of Mrs Willoughby rather diminutive. Yet it was by no means large, giving her form a somewhat one of a restricted kind, although more than matronly fulness, had so the income from Lady Willoughby's increased this peculiarity in her disown small fortune would alone have position as to make strangers think sufficed to keep it up, leaving some her insipid. Older friends thought surplus; so that, living as yet without very far otherwise, and it was, in some way, chiefly old friends Mrs society, sometimes in barrack-lodgWilloughby had had at all ; but nei- ings, sometimes abroad, sometimes ther they, the oldest of them, nor even for distant communication by letter; her children, perhaps, could so much she might, at least, have been exEs imagine the truth of heart, the per- pected to form no great ornament in fect trust, the intimate, unhesitating London circles, or among country appreciation, which, since they were people at Stoke Manor-house. Still first gained by him, her husband had there had been nothing in all their been ever knowing better. Indolently previous intercourse so precious to placid as she might seem even to him as his wife's letters, when almost ordinary troubles, tumults, and em- for the first time, in her own natural barrassments, as if the world's care way, she had to attempt expressing entered no imagination of hers— fond thoughts, soothing motives, and quietly busied, with attention fixed yet confessions of impatience-mixedon household matters, knitting or up with accounts of children's comsewing in her endless, noiseless man- plaints, their faults, and their schoolner-yet if his eye had shown anxiety, ing-country gossip, and fashionable if he had ceased to read, if he paced arrivals, with some stray suggestions the room, or had been very silent, a and admissions, never before confided kind of divination there was, that, to him, of a pious kind : and when without any watching or any ques- long afterwards came the events at tioning, would have roused her up- Stoke, instead of any undue flutter or the work suspended on her lap, her sense of importance being caused in cheek losing the old dimple-mark her, she had fallen in as naturally to which maturity bad deepened there, title or prospects, as she had sat beand her glance widened with concern; fore that at the head of their dinnertill, if he had still not spoken, Lady table in Golden Square. It was no Willoughby would have risen up doll's disposition, as had been at the gradually, looking round as if startled time hinted round some ill-natured from a sort of mild dream, and have card-tables in that region; if one moved towards him, beginning of her thing more than another troubled Sir own accord—which was a rare thing- Godfrey in their present plans, it was to speak. Not necessarily, indeed, that he believed devoutly in his wife's though they had been alone in the aptitude for a high station, where room, to invite coufidence by any in- expectations would be formed and quiry; but rather in the way of per- occasions raised; his feeling wasforming some slight office that might and the partiality was excusablehave been neglected, or with endea- that her chief value lay obscured in vours at such interesting news and ordinary circumstances. Whereas at small-talk as, to speak truth, she the new abode in Paris, with ample scarcely shone in, unsupported—nor scope and convenience, all the earlier any the better for the confused sense habits of domestic superintendence she evidently had at these times of seemed returning, the making, baking, having been by some means in fault, mending-almost even to washing ; and having failed to be a very lively in reference to which alone Lady companion. She was of a plain Willoughby seemed really active, and country squire's family, in fact; and the more so that everything might go in her day, if sent at all to boarding- on as in England, had the mere ecoschools, they had not lingered long nomy of the thing not been a vital over music, still less at flower-paint- point. Her pleased air would alone ing or the sciences; while with suc- have bindered him from reasoning it cessive sisters waiting at home for with her, bad Sir Godfrey so muchtheir turn, as she had had, it was but as dreamt, in the latter respect, how to finish off baking and mending, with their case really stood : and when, dancing and embroidery, then to come indeed, there did lie any care on his back, and bake and mend again. So mind, which he might be unwilling when the dancing ended with mar- she should share, yet so gently did riage, the embroidery at the first the conversation win it from him, and birth, it might have been thought the so quietly did something like the old officer had gained no very valuable manner woo him to bear no burden alone, that, ere he knew, it was no of the river and the lesser alleys of longer his, but they were talking of the Champs Elysées, a motley popuit plainly. What tranquil reassur- lation still clustered about the tan. ance then, and grave, prompt ad- pits or dye-houses, and towards the vertence to the point – and pure bridge and quays : it occupied one sympathy, and that repose of soul corner of a short, deserted-looking from which a woman's instinct can street, the other end of which was reexpress so much by a tone, a look, duced to a narrow lane by the high silence itself! Sir Godfrey had some- enclosure of a convent; in front was times been ashamed to find how much a small paved court, very shady and more he could be disturbed by trifles, damp, by the help of two or three or how cautiously he had been under stunted poplars it contained, yet not rating his wife's affection. So that by any means private, being overlookshe knew as well as he did, and al- ed by dusty or broken staircase winmost as soon, how affairs stood at dows, one over the other, from at Stoke, with the tenor of his brother's hand; while it, nevertheless, could intended will, and any the slightest boast of a wall surmounted by a railincident which could concern them. ing, with a heavily-pillared gate of He had even casually mentioned, as open ironwork, a little lodge on one among the more trivial, Sir John's side within, where the porter livedwishes for the benefit of the person at one end of the house a diminutive entitled Suzanne Deroux, for Lady stable and coach-shed, at the other an Willoughby had long known, of entrance to a high-walled garden, laid course, what of Sir John's early his- out in intricate confusion, without tory his brother knew. The matter sign of flowers, and overgrown with a had well-nigh escaped his memory, luxury of weeds. Some rising bour. he said ; till on happening to want a geois had probably at first designed banker in Paris, it struck him that it, with a moderate eye to fashion ; the house formerly employed by his although its prime recommendation brother, in the payment of the an- from the notary was, that successive nuity referred to, might suit himself. families of the English nobility had To these gentlemen, accordingly, he chosen it for their temporary resihad sent a memorandum of the ad- dence; nor did the old concierge fail dress left by Sir John, with a request to point out, with some emphasis, that they would have the money paid when showing the garden, that it was to her. It was a small sum, but in the English style. The place was, might be important to the people, at all events, at a convenient distance whoever they were, living in one of from the central parts of Paris, and the poorest and most wretchedly- within an easy drive to the Protestant crowded quarters of Paris. Still, as Episcopal chapel. At a sharp angle Sir Godfrey smiled on that occasion with the street ran a main thoroughcheerfully, and resumed his English fare from the city barrier, one way newspaper, he did not, he could not confused in the dense suburb, the tell all the painful and pertinacious other way breaking towards a leafy impressions, of circumstances promenade of the public park; sendknown or acts untraced, which any ing all day a busy throng of passenallusion to his late brother's former gers into that brighter current, where stay in Paris still called up.

it glimpsed broad past the gap of Everything did not exactly go on light, with the glitter of equipages, in the household as in England, in- the shifting glow of dresses, and the deed, but all was as nearly so as a constant hum and babble of its gaiety; quiet assiduity could make it. The while nearer by was an opening in house, a somewhat dull and dilapi- the contiguous street, through which dated mansion, very barely furnished, the first floor windows of their house and taken by the month from an ad- looked at the motion along the quay, joining notary, stood far to the west- and saw the stately piles of building ern or court-end of the city, though on the opposite bank, in brighter perrather involved in the dinginess of a spective, curve away from the eastern sort of minor fauxbourg, where, in avenue of the Champ de Mars, with those days, between the sudden carve the bending of the river. They had

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still a carriage, too, though it was chair, while his bare-armed, blackmerely hired by the month, like the browed wife had turned her leatherhouse, from the nearest livery-stables like face up from her tub, looking -a light, English-shaped barouche, daggers. True, the English family with its pair of soot-black, long-legged had, in the mean time, no visitors, Flemish horses, long-tailed and square- but the concierge had ;-he was well nosed, barrel-bodied and hollow-back- known to his respectable neighbours; ed, and formally-stepping, which the and, besides, it was possible that owner called English also, for every- the misanthropy of the Chevalier thing English seemed the rage: they Vilby and of Madame might be to were objects of no slight scorn, in that some extent diminished; they would light, to Sir Godfrey's groom, a stiff probably yet enter into society-all old trooper, who, with his duties to the previous tenants of the mansion wards his master's horse, Black Ru- had done so; Paris was, in reality, so pert (the only possession they had attractive a capital. Such had been brought from Stoke, save the title), had the response to the diplomacy of Jacksoon to unite that of coachman. Since son, who, having once been a French besides Jackson himself, there was prisoner, far abroad, knew the language not merely an English housemaid, but after a fashion of his own; and he rethere was young Mr Charles's tutor, a ceived it in grim silence. The truth grave, rather middle-aged bachelor of was, the gossipping receptions at the arts from Cambridge, and in clerical little lodge were somewhat troubleorders, who was to make up for the lost some, and seemed to concern themadvantages of Eton, while he looked selves greatly with the affairs of the forward to the first opening in the household within, had there been nocuracy at Stoke : there was Miss Wil- thing else than the general interest loughby's governess, a lady apparently taken in it by the adjacent windows, also of middle age, whose perfect or the popularity of the whole family, breeding and great accomplishments collectively or individually, which had had made her acceptance of the posi- sometimes accompanied their exit or tion a favour, when the sudden neces- entrance with applause from crowds sity arose for the young lady's leaving of street children-a prestige which school; she had been in the highest had as evidently deserted them afterfamilies, and her conversational pow. wards, to be replaced by tenfold scruers were of a superior order, so that tiny of a less partial kind, not unthere was a continual silent gratitude mingled with sundry trivial annoytowards her on the part of Lady Wil- ances. Nor, although it resulted, with loughby. To the latter, indeed, whose Lady Willoughby's usual easy dispowhole heart lay in her family, these sition, in her employing the services unavoidable changes had been a source of the porter's daughter within the of pure satisfaction, so far as she was house, did the one parent open the concerned ; compared with the privi- gate with less sullen dignity, and the lege of having their children about other seem less jealously watchful them, educated under their own eye, against some abstraction of the furniexpecting Frank so soon, too, nothing ture, or nocturnal evasion of the rent. else was a deprivation ; she merely Nevertheless, Paris itself was not missed England and English habits more restless or more lively than the when someone else did, and had spirits of the young people in their seen Stoke but once; only through the first enjoyment of its scenes. The occasional abstracted looks of Sir God. earliest summer had begun to lighten frey did she regret its postponement. up what was already bright with heat As for the old French concierge at the that came before the leaves, quickly as gate, indeed, with his wife, family, these were bursting into verdure along and friends, she could have gladly every avenue; and when the dust is spared them; but the concierge was hovering in the son, when the level indispensable -- he lived there — he light streams along causeway and went with the house, in fact; and at pavement, crossed by cooler vistas, the very hint of his being superfluous, when the morning water - carts go the old cracked-voiced porter had slowly hissing past, the shopmen drawn himself up indignantly in his sprinkling their door-steps, putting

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