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years, the great works now in course from the Crown Lands Department, of formation are completed. It must dated “Quebec, 6th August 1852," be obvious to the most careless ob- the price of land east of the county of server that the progress of this new Ontario, within Upper Canada, was people in commerce, in wealth, and fixed at four shillings per acre ; in in pumbers, is only just commencing. the county of Ottawa at three shilThe vast resources of the soil which lings; and in some districts as low they occupy cannot be said to have as one shilling per acre, payable by been as yet developed to more than instalments. There is timber upon the merest fraction of their real es- such new lands which will generally tent, whilst the natural advantages of cover the expense of clearing it. its position, climate, &c., have been There is no opportunity for investvery partially made use of, and indeed ment upon terms like these in the are scarcely comprehended. Of one United States. The German exodus, of the most valuable portions of the as it may with truth be called, has territory of Canada–the valley of the increased since 1852; and during the Ottawa-a very small area only has past few months the streets and been explored ; yet it is ascertained quays of our ports of emigration have that this territory, possessed of fer- been thronged with these strangers. tility equal to the valley of the Mis- The following extract from a Liversissippi, is capable, when cleared and pool paper will furnish an idea of the brought under cultivation, of sup- rapid rate at which the movement porting a population treble in number towards the New World is progressof that which is now spread over the ing :whole of the different provinces. Such “ The total number of emigrant ships population, too, from their position, which have left Liverpool during the must become directly tributary to past month (May) for all foreign ports, Great Britain as consumers of her has been fifty-seven, of an aggregate tonmanufactured products, whilst they nage of 64,425 tons, and having on board can supply ber markets with pro
a total number of 27,128 passengers, of ducts of the forest and of agricul- whom 5270 were_English, 1611 Scotch, ture to an almost unlimited extent, 13,722 Irish ; 6287 natives of other counand afford vastly increased employ- tries, chiefly Germans ; and 238 first
cabin passengers. ment for her shipping and her sea
Of these, thirty-six
ships were for the United States, with men. We have not, moreover, to 18,405 emigrants on board, composed depend for the peopling of this or any principally of Irish and Germans, there other portion of British America upon being upwards of 10,000 of the former emigration from the parent country. and 4000 of the latter. The exodus of Germany is sending forth the most the Germans, indeed, seems to increase energetic and industrious of her po- in intensity with every month, the lodgpulation to the new soils of the West. ing houses devoted to them during their In the seven years from 1846 to 1852, brief sojourn in Liverpool being continuaccording to a report of a Hamburg ally crowded.” society, 725,132 persons emigrated, In fact, the only bar to a still fureither direct from Continental ports ther amount of emigration, both from or through British ports; and of this this country and from Europe, is the number, all except a mere fraction want of means of conveyance at a reaproceeded across the Atlantic, and sonable rate, the passage-money at the bulk of them went to the United present charged being from 50 to 60 States' ports. We know, however, per cent higher than it was two or that, although taking this route, the three years ago. ulterior resort of a considerable por- Another influence which must tend tion of this population is the western to promote the growth both of Britportion of Upper Canada, bordering ish America and the United States is upon the great lakes, as, from the the additional use of steam as a prorise which has taken place in the pelling power for ships. We have price of land in the United States, now crossing the Atlantic six different the prospects of a settler there are no lines of steamers to these countries; longer so encouraging as in British viz., the Cunard mail-boats, touching America. For example, by an order every alternate week at Halifax, Nova Scotia ; the Collins' line of American nery and science are increasingly apmail steamers; a line of screw vessels plied to promote their development; to Portland and Quebec; a line from and the time is probably not far disa Havre and Southampton to New tant when the interests of British York; a line of screw steamers from America and the United States will Liverpool to New York; and a line become commercially identical. of screw steamers from Liverpool to But, it may be asked, -What would Philadelphia. The settler in our colo. be the result of a hostile collision benies is thus placed in constant com- tween two nations, thus intimately munication with the mother country connected, and adjoining each other? and with Europe; and what is im- We have heard a great quantity of portant, as bearing upon the future blustering talk about annexation by progress of emigration, means are the United States of the British posafforded him, which are both expedi- sessions in America. But this talk tious and easily available, for the re- has come almost entirely from sources mittance home of his savings, for the not American — from the organs of purpose of enabling his friends or Irish patriots (?) thirsting for an opkinsmen to join him in his new portunity of converting England's country. The extent to which emis difficulty" into “ Ireland's opportugration, from Ireland especially, is nity,"for revenge and bloodshed. The paid for by remittances from the really valuable and estimable portion United States and British America is of the United States people scout the surprising, and at the same time thought of a quarrel, to be decided by most gratifying, as illustrative of the arms, between the British and the inexistence of a kindly trait in the Cel- habitants of North America and the tic and Anglo-Saxon character. great Republic. Nothing could be so
A most important consideration wicked, so damaging to the best intewith respect to the future of British rests of both parties, and of the entire America, is the position which she human race, as such a fratricidal occupies towards what may be regard. quarrel. British America, however, ed as the great Transatlantic power. is not so powerless as may be imaRegarded commercially, British Ame- gined to resist aggression from the rica occupies a position which renders United States, and she is not at all her of infinite advantage to the com- likely to invite annexation. In the merce and greatness of the mother first place, her position is one of great country. Her territory extending natural strength to resist such aggresalong the frontier of the United States sion. An American writer says of from north-east to south-west, from it :Maine to Michigan — a distance of
Among the prominent features of from fourteen to fifteen hundred miles Canada, her military position is worthy -effectually checks the adoption by of notice. She is the most northern American statesmen of a prohibitory power upon this continent; and in confipolicy, or high tariff duties, against guration upon the globe she presents a British productions. The enforcement triangular form, the apex of which forms of such a policy would be utterly im
the extreme southing, and penetrates the practicable, even if the attempt could United States frontier ; while the base is be seriously entertained for a moment.
remote, and rests upon the icy regions of
the north. No system of customs could effectu
Flanked by the inhospitable ally guard a frontier so extended, the almost inaccessible territories of the
coast of Labrador upon the east, and by and especially one composed of lakes Hudson's Bay territory on the west, she and navigable rivers common to the can only be attacked in front ;' when, shipping and commerce of two coun- retiring into more than Scythian fasttries, having different systems of taxa- nesses on the Ottawa and Saguenay, and tion. The United States, however, keeping up communication with the strong are yearly becoming less dependent fortress of Quebec, she can maintain of a customs revenue to meet the ex- strong and powerful resistance against penditure of their government. Their foreign hostile invaders.” public debt is rapidly diminishing in ; In the second place, the population amount; their manufactures and pro- of Upper Canada, where the chief duce require less protection, as machi- source of danger from a hostile collia
sion between the two countries would and Texas, by which it was feared
That it will be a successful culty caused by the institution of one we cannot doubt; and those slavery in the United States to be got amongst us who may live for twenty over before any amalgamation with years to come, may be privileged to the British provinces can be seriously see British America, not merely, as mooted. Wild and thoughtless poli. she is called at present, “the brightest ticians overlook this important obsta- gem in the diadem” of her Sovereign, cle, yet it is glaringly observable by but the most prosperous portion of an all who do not close their eyes to pass- empire which, though lying in different ing events and the tendency of pub- zones, composed of different races, lic opinion. The United States legis- and divided by oceans, improved lature has, for the last twelve months, science, and truly paternal legislation, been a scene of almost hostile per- will have cemented together into one sonal conflict amongst its members, harmonious and compact confederacy, cansed by a proposal to organise the ter- the greatest and the most powerful ritory of Nebraska, adjoining Mexico which the world has ever beheld.
VOL. LXXVI.-NO. CCCCLXY.
You remember, my dear Eusebius, I should have ill deserved the that as I was leaving you the other praise of tact, which Meanwell beday, now happily a hale man again, stowed upon me, had I gone direct, and with no trace of weakness left by and in all haste, to his house. "A the accident of last year, I told you hasty birth,” as the proverb saith, that I had received one or two letters bringeth forth blind whelps.” It from my old friend, Oliver Meanwell, was evidently my business to gather consulting me upon some rather deli- a pack, not only gifted with eyes, but cate family matters.
with music to encourage pursuers ; There were family differences for I thought it possible that we amongst his nearest relatives, which might have to hunt the fox-hearts of as an old man, loving peace, and a few wily ones to earth. Indeed, wishing well to them all, he was I suspected that the differences which very desirous to compose. With we had to adjust owed their origin some of these his relations I am not to jealousy; and that these relatives unacquainted; others he described to wished to stand each better than the me, but with such softenings of some other in the regard of Meanwell, outlines of character, as left me to from whom they have expectationsguess that they were in reality very the terrible word or thing, expecangular.
tations !"—the encourager of selfishHe proposed a gathering, and ness, and suppresser of honest heartimeant, if I approved, to have open ness. Perhaps this suspicion did an house on the occasion; he wished injury to worthier folk than took me to be present, as he compliment- them for; and I could learn nothing ed me on having some tact, that I from Meanwell himself. His life had might be able to prevent things been a beautiful unbelief in the going wrong. I hesitated—thought wickedness of any individuals whatit over again and again-had on my ever. He would step aside from lips Dryden's line
suspicion as from a viper. He used “ 'Tis dangerous to disturb a hornet's nest." to say that it was the trade of newsAt length, concluding that our old magistrates, to search out and pub
paper-makers, and the sad duty of friend would be as much disturbed lish all the evil in the world, and by not doing this act of benevolence that nobody else, if they were wise, as he could be by any untoward end would entertain evil thoughts; and it might come to, I assented, only he was thankful that his condition stipulating, as a matter of prudence,
was above the want of the trade of that the reconciliatory visit should
the one, and that the smallness of his be limited to three days. Why three ambition exempted him from the days? Why not two or four? Surely duty of the other. His maiden sister tempers and human tongues, like
and housekeeper, Deborah, was of neats' tongues, might be steeped in
one mind with him, and they had a precautionary pickle, which might both grown somewhat aged in habits keep them sweet and pleasant per- of this amiable incredulity. Having, haps for a week. Three, however, then, more than a week at my disis the magic number; and it would posal before the day appointed for be well if, after the third, the house
the reconciliatory visit, I thought I might say of itself, or the owner say
could not do better than spend a few for it
days with our old friend, Dr Allright, “ Numero domus impare gaudet," the rector of Dowell. and boast, with the importance of a I determined to consult him, and nation's revolution, of its “ three especially his sensible wife, as I knew glorious days."
them to be well acquainted with all
the parties. The humour of Allright quite enough_for us both; she has is to conceal his sympathies, or rather been reading Diekens's last, and as I any expression of them; for if his heard sounds of an emotion which words are few, quaint, or affectedly she was endeavouring to suppress, I harsh upon occasions, there is no lack pretended to be asleep that she might of human sympathies in his actions. have the full enjoyment of the pathePerhaps he began long ago—for he tics. You know, Clara, it was all out has been some five-and-twenty years of kindness, and how you delighted wedded-by thinking it needful to thereby in your imaginary sorrows." subdue a little the too romantic ten- The process of welcoming me, and the dencies of his goodwife, but has ill usual questionings over, we fell natusucceeded; for she knows him too rally into our quiet talk, and as natuwell to put any faith in this his put- rally into a discussion of the book ting on, and has, in fact, seen through which had so touched the doctor's his purpose the whole time. So that, sensitive wife. without in any degree tempering the “ Dickens," said the doctor, with warmth or activity of her pathetic a sly smile of pleasant domestic banmovements, their little amiable com- ter, “is a very expensive author." bats have become but a pleasant “ Indeed!” said I ; “I thought his domestic sport, which has somewhat serial works were considered remarksharpened both their wits, and has ably cheap.” “Very costly in their made her one of the liveliest, semi- consequences," he replied ; " as Clara satiric, most cheerful, open-hearted, said of Mrs Spendall's gown, the trimunrestrained companions in the world. mings far exceeded the original mate
I could talk over this matter with rial”- _" And the additional jewelnone better; so I made my way to lery that was thought absolutely necesthe rectory, and reached it just as sary,” said the good-natured Clara. night had driven out the last gleam “I reckon," said the doctor, “that of day, and the moon was high enough every work Dickens publishes, costs above the horizon to cast her subdued fifty pounds at least extra expenditure light across the shrubbery avenue as before it is finished. She sent off a I entered, and to touch the shining five-pound note yesterday, miles away laurel-leaves here and there with from this parish, in answer to some spangle, that made the depths around appeal to her humanity ; and I know them intense, and the repose deeper, it was owing to reading a number of at which time silence is a sentiment. one of these serials. Dear me! It is The noise of wheels was not heard in time he should leave off writing, or the drawing-room, so that I had en- we shall be ruined with his humatered it before the doctor and his wife nities. I wish he would publish the were aware of my arrival.
whole tale at once, then there would They were sitting by the fire-the be but one call ; now it is monthlydoctor in his easy-chair, with a hand- worse than railroad-calls. He must kerehief over his face, as if for an have a wonderful power-a fairyevening doze—the lady had been evi- charm given at his birth. You will dently reading, for a book was on a hardly believe what I am going to tell little table by the fireside. As I en- you : Clara, who, in a way of her tered they both rose to greet me, for own, bewitches people, positively got the doctor was not actually asleep; possession of the ear of the old, mibut what surprised me was, to see the serly, retired banker, A., and read to goodwife smiling a welcome through bim one of Dickens's little Christmas her tears. I could not refrain from tales, and so worked upon the old showing my surprise, for I was afraid man's fears, shall I say, or feelings, some ill news had reached that peace- that he wrote off a cheque for a hunful home.
dred pounds to the Town Infirmary, I was soon relieved by the doctor, and gave Clara twenty pounds to diswho said, with a pleasant laugh, “Ah, tribute in charity.” Not very much you are welcome indeed; you are ar- to your credit, doctor," replied Clara, rived just in time to lend a sympathy, "for you have been preaching to him which you know my hard nature can- for many a year, and what did you not supply; and, indeed, Clara has ever get from him?” “A palpable