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29,000 seamen being proposed, ineluding lously and inviolably maintained.'” No 9,000 marines, Mr. Hume moved that otber Member présented himself to speak 25,000 be substituted; he did not, how upon the question, and strangers were ever, press his amendment to a division. 'ordered to withdraw; when Lord Nugene Mr. Goulburn proposed a bill for the rea 'made a few observations in reply, and insidence of the Irish Clergy. On the 17th, timated to the house, that if the amendMr. S. Wortley moved for leave to bring ment were carried, he should submit a rein a bill to amend the laws for the pre- - solatiou, upon which he neither intended servation of game. Lord Nogent moved to trouble them with any observations, for copies of the instructions of ministers nor to take a division. The gallery was to Sir W. A'Court'at Madrid, with a view then cleared, and the house divided for to his condact relative to the war between the amendment, 171, ágainst it, 304 maFrance and Spain. The Noble Lord en jority against the motion, 14). While tered into the general question of the line strangers were excluded, Lord Nagent, of policy pursued by his Majesty's minis- moved the resolution he bad mentioned in ters. He attacked the conduct of Sir W. his speech, which was intended merely to A'Court throughout the war, but chiefly record his own opinion. It was put and for advising Alava to abandon his coun- negatived without a division. On the try's cause, and for having remained some 18th, Lord Althorp obtained leave to time at Seville in the hands of the French bring in a bill for the recovery of small after the removal of Ferdinand, in conse- debts; and Mr. Courtenay rose to move a quence of which he had been offered, by bill to consolidate the laws relative to the mob and the priests, the government bankrupts. Mr. Curwen moved for some of that place, in the name of the absolute documents relative to the criminal law of King,--an offer which the Noble Lord ad- the Isle of Man, which Mr. Peel opposed, mitted had been rejected with indignation and the house divided; when there apAnother ground of complaint was, his peared 28 for, and 26 against the motion. having retired to Gibraltar when there On the 19th, Mr. Grenfell moved for the was only a British Vice-Consul at Cadiz, return of certain Bank balances. Mr. and having remained there, “ the cold Peel gave notice of a bill to amend the : non-conducting medium between the last Gaol Act, and of another to consolidate sighs of expiring Spain, and the sympa- the law relative to Juries. Mr. Grattan thies of his country.” After animadvert- mored for a return of names and profesing on the injurious policy pursued by sions of certain individuals following, England, the Noble Lord concluded by particular offices in Ireland, with a view moving in the terms of his motion. Mr. to know whether religious faith was a Canning did not rise to go into the speech ground for exclusion from office : of the Noble Lord. He should confine which the house divided for the motion himself to that part which related to Sirli, against it 27. On the 20th, several W. A'Court's conduct after the departure petitions were presented ; one, relative to of the government from Seville. The No- the repeal of the duty on foreign woul, ble Lord asked whether Sir W. A'Court occasioned some debate. Lord Palmerthen acted upon his own discretion, or ston, the house baving resolved itself upon the instructions of Government ? into a Committee of Supply, moved the His answer was-partly on both. The army estimates, and an additional sum Government had endeavoured to foresee for 4,560 officers and men in augmentaall the cases that could arise, and to find tion. Mr, Hume moved a reduction of measures to meet them. If any blame the military force from 73,000 10 63,000 attached to Sir W. A'Court's going to men, which was negatived, and the oriGibraltar instead of Cadiz, it belonged to ginal sums voted, there being for Mr. himself and his colleagues, and he was Hume's amendment 10, against it 102. perfectly ready to justify their conduct. Sir G. Clarke then moved the different Mr. S. Bourne opposed the motion, and items of the navy estimates, and the reconcluded by muving as an amendment, port was ordered to be printed. " That all the words after the word The following was his Majesty's reply • that' be left out, for the purpose of in- to the Address on the opening of Par scrting the following:-. That this house liament. is duly sensiblc of the advantages derived “ I thank you for this dutiful and affectionate by this country from that neutrality in the Address. war between France and Spain which bis “ Nothing can be so gratifying to me as the Majesty, at its commencement, declared expression of your cordial participation in my his determination to observe: and which sentiments; and there is nothing so near to my appears to this house, under circumstances heart as to maintain the greatness of the British of peculiar difficulty, to have been scrupu- of my people.»

name, and to promote the welfare and prosperity

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The receipt of revenue for the past yearoi demaation of the vessel, if captured at 1923, amounted to 57,672,9991: 8s. 14fdogs any time during that voyager inte the sum issued from the Excheqper for the u The planters and inerchants interested expenditure was 50,962,014). 178. didio in the slave trade, held a meeting in the The surplus paid in being. 6,710,98418. City of London last month, to draw ap en I0s. 5d.

**IOU vi h93613 petition to government on the state of the There have been no disturbances idir slave-colonies, í Mr. Ellis said, that the Ireland of any moment since our last; state of Abe negrues was misrepresented, but among the other extraordinary things and their masters calumniated. A Majot, a from that country, we learn that fourteen i Dalbys who attempted to pass some resort policemen are to taken thoir trial at the · lutions on the subject of the slaves, was bext assizes for murder and other unjus-hooted at as a friend of Mr. Wilberforce ;», tifiable aets. Such are the occurrences and a petition of considerable length, as in a couótry where faction rules and the"- serting the rights of the planters to their reign of law is wholly a reign of terror.)., slaves and issue, noticing the sanction of

By the additional articles to the con. the government formerly to the systems Fention concluded between England and and stating that a fair compensation for Portugal for the suppression of the slave the value of the slaves is the due of the trade, it is settled, that if there shall be planters, and praying that no acts may 11 clear proof that a single slave has been be sanctioned that may tend to impair in put on board any vessel for the purpose value their property, was carried by a mana of illegal traffic, it shall jastify the con- jority of the persons present.

۲۰ {} COLONIES. There are no fresh accounts from De slavery in the Britisli colonies ; and your Com. Derara. Smith the missionary, who had mittee have also learnt from the agent, that'in's been sentenced to death by the court- bis conferences with Ministers, it has been re_A inartial, but recon mended to mercy, is fused to acknowledge onr claim to compensation : pardoned, but is to leave the colony and for the injuries the colonies must sustain in the

mere endeavour to carry the scheme of emanei. . enter into recognizances not to reside

pation into effect; by which refusal the Ministers, within any part of his Majesty's colonial

have shewn an inclination, not only to dispose of possessions in the West Indies.

our property without our consent, but even to The commission of three officers, viz.

violate those common rules of honesty which Sir James Smyth (King's aide-de-camp), ought to govern nations as well as private Sir John Oldfield, and Major Fanshawe, persons." landed from the packet on the 26th No- a The Committee cannot forbear 'to express rember last, at Barbadoes. On the 6th their decided opinion, that the proceedings of the December, they were about commencing

House of Commons, and the conduct of his their labours, by first visiting Jamaica. Majesty's Ministers, are a direct attempt to violate 1

the Constitution of this colony : and they rea?! They will go through the West India is

commend to the House to adopt the most immers lands, and probably the Bahamas, and

strong, and constitutional mcasures to resist such Bermuda, and return to this country attempt, and to preserve to the inhabitants of this in dpril. The object of the commission colony those rights which have been transmitted is, to ascertain the state of the fortresses to them froin their ancestors." and barracks; but more particularly to

The following message to the Governor report on the various annual estimates,

was afterwards agreed to: recently laid before the Master-General

"May it please your Grace We are ordered of the Ordnance, for repairs and addi

by the House to wait upon your Grace to acquaint tional barracks, for which enormous sums

you, that in compliance with their answer to the are yearly yoted by l'arliament.

specch your Grace was pleased to make at the A plat has been discovered in Jamaica opening of the present session, they have prowhich had for its object the destruction ceeded to a deliberate and carefut revision of the of the white inhabitants; and seven negroes Consolidated Slave Law, and find it as coniplete in have been arrested, tried, and condemned all its enactments as the nature of circumstances', to death. The House of Assembly have will admit, to render the slave population as happy made a report on Lord Bathurst's letter and comfortable in every respect as the labouring

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class of any part of the world, This House ipost on the resolution of the House of Com.

solemnly assures your Grace, that they will at all, mons, as follows:

4. times be ready (if left to themselves), to watch That Your Committee observe with surprise and and take advantage of every opportunity of proregret, that his Majesty's Ministers have, by the moting the religious and moral improvement of abere resolutions, sanctioned the principles laid the slaves, and to make such ameliorating enact. down by our enemies in the mother country, and menis as may be consistent with their happledged themselves to enforce such measures as piness and the general safety of the colony ;shall tend ultimately to the final extioction of but' under the critical circumstances in which

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; | x ; '; the colony is now placed, by reason of the late gers. A company had been formed for proceedings in the British Parliamnent, the House

this purpose at Hobart-town, to which think the present moment peculiarly anfavourable the sum of 2,5004 had been subscribed, for discussion, which may have a tendency to the whole amount required for the underunsettle the minds of the Negro population, which taking being 60001. The Berwick, a the House have the greatest reason to believe is

passage-vessel for Van Dieman's Land, al present perfectly quiet and contented.”

had brought out a supply of merinos, tbe It is pleasing to turn from these colonies greater part of which arrived safe; but of to our free ones in the East, and to twenty-four head of horned cattle, shipped observe their rapid progression in pro- on board the same vessel, the whole unsperity. The progress of improvement in fortunately perished. Proper protection the fine colony of Van Dieman's Land, is given to the passengers on their voyage appears to be extremely rapid ; of which, to the colony, by giving them damages in perhaps, the most striking instance is af- the law courts in cases of neglect or illforded in the projected establishment of treatment of the captain. Three actions passage-vessels, constructed after the for such conduct were brought in the manner of the Leitli and Berwick smacks, Lieutenant Governor's Court against the to sail regularly between Hobart-town captain of the Berwick, in all of which and Sidney, for the conveyance of passen- verdicts were given for the plaintiffs.

FOREIGN STATES. The opening of the French chambers is it can only, then, be regarded as an artful fixed for the 7th of April, Madame effort to prevent tbe acknowledgmeat of Chauvet, accused of being an accomplice South Ainerican independence by Great in a plot against the government, by car- Britain. Ferdinand, amusiogly enough, rying letters from a party of refugees to bas established a sinking fund of 80,000,000 their friends in Paris, has been acquitted. a year, to liquidate the national debt ; On this trial the venerable Marquis La this is the very quintessence of farce ia a Fayette was examined as a witness, when nation without treasury or revenue. The he protested against being addressed by Restaurador, a paper published by the the title of Marquis, which he had re- clergy of Madrid, has been suppressed on signed at the bureau of the constituent the suggestion of the Holy Allies, as too assembly many years ago. It appears that violent even for them! Ferdinand has the Frerich have obtained an acknowledge. announced to the island of Cuba, that he ment of a debt of 34,000,000f. from Spain, has been “restored to the plenitude of and bave secured the salt factories of his sovereign rights;" that he has anArrayon, and the customs of Miranda, as nulled every thing done in virtue of the guarantees for the payment.

constitution;" that "the first care of his Overtures had been made to Spain for paternal heart has been to destroy that the recognition of the independence of her odious system; that on r re-establishing colonies, from England. In order to the wise and ancient laws of Spain, his make it appear that he is generous, Fer- royal mind cannot rest, without making dinand has given all the world liberty to the immense provinces of America partrade freely with what he calls his colo- takers of the same benefits; and that, pies; in fact, with the independent states while he meditates upon the means of of South America. This is announced doing so, he has resolved that his royal with great boasting, as if it did not exist and legitimate authority shall be immealready, and Spain had the ability to diately re-establisbed in all bis ultraprevent it! Ferdinand gives what he marine dominions, in the same state, and does not possess, in order, perhaps, to with the same prerogatives, as before the make a merit of the boon when the inde- month of March 1820." pendence of these states comes to be de- Intelligence from the United States, by bated. This is reported to have been ef- way of Charlestown, gives as the chief fected by the influence of France, that topic of interest in Carolina and the other probably supposes, if free trade be al- southern states, the approaching election lowed (which cannot be prevented), Enge to the Presidental chair, whieli must be Jand will gaiu her end, and be less anxious vacated by Mr. Monroe in the year 1825. to declare herself on a question which General Jackson and Mr. Crawford are the French monarch and the fraternity of represented to be the canditates, on one the Holy Alliance look upon as sanction- of whom the choice is likely to fall; and ing an unnatural rebellion. If this be both have their partisans among the pubnot the casc, there is something yet to lic journals, which occasionally insert come to light respecting the motive of it, articles setting forth their clainis to the which it is difficult to guess; at present high distinction.

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MUSIC.
KING'S THEATRE,

Hi ing and mellowing his instrument into the MR. BENELU having, as we stated in general harmony, he seems to strive to be our concladiog Opera report of last year, noticed. Mr. Wilman's fascinating cla become the director, ostensibly at least, rionet, too, we could not hear. Lindley, of the establishment at the Kiøg's Theatre, Mariotti, and Dragonetti, those eolossal numerous new engagements have taken and unique artists, ' are with us; and place, tbe house has undergone some in- Signor Coccia presides worthily at the dispensable repairs, and the interior has pianoforte. been newly decorated,

" Zelmira" Was composed for San The bills anuounce a variety of new Carlo at Naples, in 1822. We do not performers in expectation, among whom know the reception it met with there; bnt Madame Pasta stands prominent. This this we may safely aver, if the Neapolilady's first début on the stage in the cha- tans were fascinated by the music of this racter of Cherubino in “ Figaro," at the opera, their taste must have wonderfully King's Theatre, about eight years ago, changed since our residence among them. held out hopes which have since been As for the poem-a minor consideration realized beyond the most sanguine expee- in an opera, we know-it is below criticism. tations. She has for some years been the The scene is in Lesbos--the time the idol of the Parisian connoisseurs ; and un- Lord knows when ; but no doubt anteriore less her engagement for London be well dell'istoria, (previous to all history,) as our secured, there is reason to fear that her Cicerone used to say when he found himadmirers aur Itatiens will not easily part self in a nonplus as to dates. 'Polidoro with such a treasure of the rest of the (Placci), driven from his throne by the engagements we sball forbear speaking usurper Antenore (Curioni), is believed until the appearance of the parties gives us by the latter to have perished in the conan opportunity of so doing.

fagration of the temple of Ceres, set on Rossini himself, with his wife, Madame fire with that intent by Antenor, at the inColbran Rossini, has been brought from stigation of Zelmira, Polidoro's daughter, Italy to compose new operas ; and both (Madame Colbran). But in reventing to have already appeared before a British Antenor this supposed retreat of Polidoro, public.

Zelmira was the means of saving her father's Owing to an accident, the opening of the life, whom she kept concealed and cherishseason was delayed until the 24th Jan. ed in a family tomb. In the mean while, when the opera of “ Zelmira" was, for the her husband, Ilo,(Garcia) returos from the first time, produced on our boards ; Ros- wars, and hears and believes both the suptini, the author, presiding at the piano- posed parricide of his spouse, and the reforte.

port of her secret attachment to the nuurThe embellishments of the interior, al- derer of her father. By some chance, though not in the hest possible taste, are however, Ilo meets Polidoro near the of a light and cheerful kind; and, consider- tomb which so long had concealed him, ing time and circumstances, they do credit learns the true state of things, and deterto the spirit and liberality of the ma- mines on revenge. The usurper Antenor nagement.

is attacked by llo's troops, vanquished In the orchestra, M. Spagnoletti con- and dethroned, and the son-in-law is prodocts the opera, and Mr. Lacy the ballet. elaimed heir to the crown. Our bigh opinion of the former gentle. The music of this opera, taken as a man in this department has been often whole, is rather remarkable for a display stated, and Mr. L.'s qualifications must of some very scientific harmonic combibe acknowledged by all who have witness- nations, than any fascinating graces of ed tbe precision and steadiness with which melody. It sometimes eren presents dehe marshals the numerous instrumen- centricities which one would rather have talists under his bow. We observed con- looked for in the German School. Another siderable changes in the location and the very striking, and we will add, deplorable personnel of the band. Mr Mackintosh, feature, is the stunning noise of the ibe bassoon, we looked for in rain : the accompaniments. Trombone, trompets, foreign gentleman who fills his place, kettle-drums, drum, &c. are seldom at bowerer famed he may be, not an equi- rest. Mozart has been blamed for an valent. A celebrated oboe from abroad abuse of the wind instruments ; but his is also a new acquisition, and his skill ad- operas are subdued pastoral strams, in mits of no doubt; but he is not equal to comparison with “ Zelmira."), In' the our Griesbach; his tones are frequently latter, moreover, the combined efforts of barsh and forced, his npper passages too the orchestra were not deemed sufficient staecato and piercing; and instead of blend- by Rossini.. He has of late shewn a par

roar.

tiality to military bands on the stage, and einating welodies, sound and well-somin “Zelmira" that musical auxiliary is bined harmony, will be the means of seldorn off the boards. . It is almost a Rossini's success with a British public, waste of words to declaim against the ab. Both are fully within his grasp. May his surdity of such a practice, except it were arrival on our shores form a redeeming resorted to as an expedient to make up by epoch in his biography ! quantity for the want of quality to cloak As we shall have to comment upon the imperfections and defects by musical up- representation of a second opera, our li

lo Zelmira” most of the cho- mits will not admit of a criticism of the russes, although sung by between thirty execution of the respective characters in and forty voices, are thus completely over- “ Zelmira," excepting that of Zelmira her. whelmed. A composer, moreover, ought self, which, as has already been stated, to consider the limited proficiency in the introduced Madame Colbran Rossini for individuals of such a regimental band, and the first time on our boards. This lady is the slight chance he has of making them past the prime of life and voice; and, whatplay in tune with the orchestra. Some of ever she may have been ten or fifteen ihem are sure to be out of pitch, and this years ago, can no longer be, numbered was often the case here.

among first-rate prime donne. Viewed This opera also, like the later works of with this admission, we found in her Rossini, is replete with reminiscences from singing inuch wherewith to be pleased. prior compositions, and full of his man- No trick, no affectation; her style is nerisms. These repetitions are the more pure, correct, and graceful; her execution palpable, after having heard so much of Auent and neat. Her compass of voice is the same anthor. The endless triplets, evidently on the wape; the upper notes, the augmenting climax upon a bass of from g, not being produced without effort. cg,cg; bg, bg-have become our daily In her acting she also gave satisfaction. bread of late. In the same manner we There was nothing to indicate strong conhave heard so constantly the progress ception or deep emotion, no superior from the tonic (major) to the minor scenic powers; but as far as her expressions chord of the second, that nine times out of and action went, they were suficiently apten we make sure of what is coming.

propriate and correct, and occasionally reWe are far from offering these remarks ther impressive. Upon the whole, however, with any view to depreciate the merits of we question whether, without her conjuthe favourite of the day. It is not the gal passport, her reception would bave first time we have felt called upon to state

been equally favourable. our sentiments on this matter ; nor do we

On the 14th of February Rossini's “ II stand single, among our musical fellow

Barbiere di Siviglia" appeared for the first critics, in harbouring such opinions ; and time these two years, for the purpose of the presence of Rossini amidst us, instead introducing Signor Benetti, a new Buffo, of silencing our pen, acts as a stronger in- in the part of Figaro. Most of the other ducement to speak with candour and im- characters were also in new hands: Garpartiality. No one can entertain a higher cia played the Count ; De Begnis, Don opinion of the great talents and the real Bartolo ; Porto, Basilio; and Madame genius of this gentleman; some of his Vestris, Rosipa. This opera we consider writings have excited our delight and ad

to be one of the best compositions of Rusmiration. But with all the requisites for sini'; and the poem, also, has the attracrendering his name immortal, and once

tion of some excellent comic scenes, beentered upon the high road of immortality, sides the merit of clearness and simplicity, why stray into by-paths, in which he may which is not the case with its sequel, « Le be lost sight of, and chance to lose his Nozze di Figaro." 'way altogether Ás Rossini is to write for us in London, Benetti for his début, and we understand

The part of Figaro, chosen by Signor we trust he will spare no exertiops to pro

never before performed by him, is one of duce works deserving of his name. He the most difficult on the operatic stage ; may be assured—and perhaps he may by it requires an inexbaustible fund of comic this time have convinced himself-that the sprightliness, and great vocal abilities. audiences who are to judge of his labour, are Although in neither of these respects Sigfully capable of appreciating its merits and

nor Benetti reached the beau idént of the defects. Willing to admire him where ad- character, we were upon the whole well miration is due, they bave heard too much satisfied with his exertions, and the imof what is classic in music to be led away pression he made upon the audience seemed by the fashion of the day, and to be content to be very favourable. His countenance with mannerism, mere Italianisms, and re- presented no striking features indicative petitions under varied forms. New and fas- of comic humour, but he was throughout

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