Nature and Technology in the World Religions
Technology and the control of nature have arisen from the endeavor to reduce the neediness of human life. Since this reduction is also the goal of religions, there is a necessary proximity between religion and technology. The relationship of humans to nature and technology is an object of religious doctrine and ethics in all of the world's religions. The interpretations and the norms of the treatment of nature in economy and technology, but also the veneration of nature in nature-mysticism and its elevation in cult and sacrament, are forms of expression of the relationship to nature in religions. The development of the modern control of nature through technology appears to be connected to the biblical commission to rule over nature. Buddhism and Hinduism, however, also interpret technology and human control of nature.
Technological power raises the question of how the normativeness of the created order intended by religion's concept of creation relates to the human freedom to reshape creation. What answers do religions give to the question of the humane form of technology and the limits to technological power and human control of nature?
Leading scholars of Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, and Buddhism have created with this volume a first-hand source of information which enables the reader to gain a better understanding of these five world religions and their teachings on nature and technology.
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2001 Kluwer Academic Abrahamic religions according action Allah ANTARKAR anthropocentrism anthropological attitude basic become believe biblical body Brahman BRUMLIK Buddha Buddhism Buddhism and Jainism character Christian cloning concept consciousness cosmic crea created creative D. P. Chattopadhyaya D'SA dimension Discourse dynamics of deification earth energy ethical evolution existence external fact faith Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung freedom global dynamics God's Gott Hegel Hindu Hinduism holistic HORUZHY human person humankind Ibid idea important India individual interpretation Islam Jaina Jainism Jewish Judaism karma liberation limits living machines Macrocosmos Mahavira means moral NATURE AND TECHNOLOGY nology non-violence object ontological organs original perception perspective PETER KOSLOWSKI philosophy Prakrti principle problems process of creation question Qur'an reality realize realm relation relationship religion and technology religious salvation sense soul specific spiritual practice Sramana Sramana tradition suffering tech Theologie theory things tion Tirthankara transformation understanding universe Vedic whole World Exposition World Religions