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Barcelonet. Michael, into which all the great streets run. The hurt time. He died at Croydon in Surrey in June Barclay.

port is wide, spacious, deep, and fafe ; defended on 1552. He is generally allowed to have improved the Barclay. the one fide by a great mole, and on the other shelter. English language, and to have been one of the politest

ed from the west wind by two mountains that advance writers of his time. He composed several original
into the sea, and form a kind of promontory: the mole works; but was chiefly remarkable for his translations
is 750 paces long, with a quay, at the end of which from the Latin, Italian, French, and German langua-
is a light-house and a small fort. One of the moun- ges. His version from Sallust of the war of Jugurtha
tains, called Mount Joy, is very high, and rises in the is accurate, and not without elegance. His lives of
middle of the plain near the city : it is covered with several faints, in heroic verle, are still unpublished.
gardens, vineyards, groves of trees, and has a strong His Stultifera navis, or The ship of fools, is the most
fort for the defence of the city: this mountain, being fingular of his performances. It was printed by Ri-
a rock, yields an inexhaustible quarry of fine hard free chard Pynfon at London 1509 in folio; and contains
ftone. Barcelona is a place of great trade, on account a variety of wooden plates, which are worthy the in-
of the conveniency of its harbour ; and it has a manu. spection of the curious.
facture of knives greatly esteemed in Spain, as also of BARCLAY (William), a learned civilian, was born
blankets. Here are also several glass-houses. The in. in Aberdeenshire in the year 1541. He spent the
habitants are diligent, and equally fit for labour and early part of his life, and much of his fortune, at the
trade ; they are also very civil to itrangers. The wo. court of Mary Queen of Scots, from whose favour hc
men are well shaped, and as handsome as any in Spain ; had reason to expect preferment. In 1573 he went
they are brisk and lively in their conversation, and more over to France, and at Bourges commenced student of
free and unrestrained in their behaviour than in other civil law under the famous Cujacius. He continued
parts of Spain. E. Long. 2. 5. N. Lat. 41. 26. some years in that seminary, where he took a doctor's

BARCELONETTA, a town of France in the degree ; and was soon after appointed professor of civil
government of Dauphiny, and capital of the valley of law in the university of Pont-à-Mouffon, then first
its own name. It belonged to the Duke of Savoy, and founded by the Duke of Lorraine. That prince after-
was ceded to France by the treaty of Utrecht in 1712.

wards made him counsellor of state and master of reE. Long. 6. 40. N. Lat. 44. 26.

quests. Barclay, in the year 1581, married Ann de BARCELOR, a town of Asia, in the East Indies, Mallaville, a French lady, by whom he had a son, who on the coast of Malabar. It is a Dutch factory, where became a celebrated author, and of whom the reader they carry on a considerable trade in pepper. E. Long. will find an account in the next article. This youth 74. 15. N. Lat. 13. 45.

the Jesuits would gladly have received into their soBARCELOS, a town of Portugal, with the title ciety. His father refused his confent, and for that of a duchy. It is feated on the river Cavado, over reason these disciples of Jesus soon contrived to ruin which there is a handsome bridge. W. Long: 7.0. him with the duke his patron. Barclay now embark. N. Lat. 41. 20.

ed for Britain, where King James I. offered him con-
BARCINO (anc. geog.), a town of the Terra. fiderable preferment, provided he would become a
conenfis in Spain, and capital of the Laletani. Now member of the church of England: but, not choosing
BARCELONA. See that article.

to comply, he returned to France in 1604; and, foon
BARCLAY (Alexander), a learned monk in the after his arrival, was appointed professor of civil law
reign of Henry VIII. Where he was born, though in the university of Angers, where he died the year
of no great importance, was nevertheless a matter of following, and was buried in the Franciscan church.
virulent contention among his former biographers. He was esteemed a learned civilian ; and wrote elabo-
Bale, who was his cotemporary, is of opinion he was rately in defence of the divine right of kings, in an-
born in Somersetshire, There is indeed a village of swer to Buchanan and others. The titles of his works
his name, and a numerous family, in that county. Pitsare, 1. De regno et regali poteftate, &c. 2. Commen.
thinks he was born in Devonshire. Mackenzie is po- tarius in tit. pandectarum de rebus creditis, et de jure.
sitive he was a Scotchman ; but without proof, unless jurandı. 3. De poteftate papæ, &c. 4. Præmetia in
we admit as such his name Alexander. He was, how- vitam Agricole.
ever, educated in Oriel college Oxford. After leaving BARCLAY (John), son of the former, was, as we
the university he went abroad, and continued fome have above mentioned, fo great a favourite of the Je-
time in France, Italy, and Germany, where he ac- suits, that they used all their efforts to engage him in
quired a competent knowledge of the languages of those their fociety. His father would not confent, and car-
countries, as appears from several tranlations of books, ried his son with him into England, who was already
which he afterwards published. On his return to Eng- an author, for he had published A commentary upon the
land, he was made chaplain to his patron the bishop Thebais of Statius, and a Latin poem on the coronation
of Tyne, who likewise appointed him a prieft of St of King James, and the first part of Euphormio, 1603.
Mary, at the college of Ottery in Devonshire, found. He returned to France with his father; and after his
ed by Grandifon bishop of Exeter. After the death father's death went to Paris, and soon after came back
of his patron, he became a Benedictine monk of Ely; to London : he was there in 1606. He published The
On the diffolution of that monastery, he first obtained History of the

History of the Gun-powder Plot, a pamphlet of fix
the vicarage of St Matthew at Wokey in Somerset- leaves, printed at Amsterdam. He published at Lon-
thire ; and, in 1549, being then doctor of divinity, don in 1610 An Apology for the Euphormio, and his
was presented to the vicarage of Much Badew in EC- father's treatise De poteftate pape. And at Paris, 1612,
fex. In 1552 he was appointed rector of Allhallows, he published a book intitled Pietas, in answer to Car- .
Lombard-street, which he lived to enjoy but a very dinal Bellarmin, who had written against William Bar-
VOL. III. Part I.



Barclay, clay's book concerning the power of the Pope. Two Star; in allufion to the prophecy of Balaam, “There Bard. Harcohebas.

years after he published Icon Animorum. He was in. shall a star arise out of Jacob.” He proclaimed himself vited to Rome by Pope Paul V. and received a great the Messiah ; and talking of nothing but wars, victodeal of civility from Cardinal Bellarmin, though he had ries, and triumphs, made his countrymen rise against written again't him. He died at Rome in 1621, the Romans, by which means he was the author of while his Argenis was printing at Paris. This cele- innumerable disorders : he ravaged many places, took brated work has since gone through a great number of a great number of fortresses, and maifacred an insi. editions, and has been translated into moit languages. nite multitude of people, particularly the Christians. M. de Peirese, who had the care of the first edition, The emperor fent troops to Rufus, governor of Jucaused the effigies of the author to be placed before the dea, to suppress the sudition. Rufus, in obedience, book; and the following diitich, written by Grotius, exercised a thousand cruelties, but could not finish his was put under it :

attempt. The emperor was therefore obliged to send Gente Caledonius, Gallus natalibus, hic eft, Julius Severus, the greatest general of that time ; Romam Romono qui decet ore loqui.

who attained his end without a direct battle: he fell BARCLAY (Robert), one of the most eminent among on them separately ; cut off their provisions ; and at the Quakers, the son of Colonel David Barclay, de- lall the whole contest was reduced to the fiege of Bitscended of the ancient family of Barclays, was born at ter, in the 18th year of Hadrian. The impoítor perilhed Edinburgh in 1648. He was educated under an uncle there. This war cost the Romans a great deal of blood. at Paris, where the Papists used all their efforts to draw BARD, a word denoting one who was a poet by: him over to their religion. He joined the Quakers in his genius and profesion; and “who fung of the bat1669, and distinguished himself by his zeal and abili- tles of heroes, or the heaving brearts of love." Offian's ties in defence of their doctrines. In 1676 he pub- Poems, I. 37. lished in Latin at Amsterdam his Apology for the Qua- The curiosity of man is great with respect to the kers; which is the most celebrated of his works, and transactions of his own species; and when such transesteemed the ftandard of the doctrine of the Quakers. actions are described in verse, accompanied with music, The Theses Theologica, which were the foundation of the performance is enchanting. An ear, a voice, fkill Kuims's this work, and addressed to the clergy of what fort so- in instrumental music, and, above all, a poetical genius, Sketebes, ever, were published before the writing of the Apology, are requisite to excel in that complicated art. As such sk. V. and printed in Latin, French, High-Dutch, Low- talents are rare, the few that poffeffed them were high-fect. ita Dutch, and English. The dedication of his Apology to ly esteemed; and hence the profession of a bard, King Charles II. is very remarkable for the uncom- which, belide natural talents, required more culture mon frankness and fimplicity with which it is written. and exercise than any other known art. Bards were Amongst many other extraordinary passages, we meet capital persons at every festival and at every solemnity. with the following : “ There is no king in the world Their songs, which, by recording the atchievements who can fo experimentally testify of God's providence of kings and heroes, animated every hearer, must have and goodness ; neither is there any who rules so many been the entertainment of every warlike nation. We free people, so many true Christians; which thing ren- have Hefiod's authority, that in his time bards were as ders thy government more honourable, thyself more common as potters or joiners, and as liable to envy. considerable, than the accession of many nations filled Demodocus is mentioned by Homer as a celebrated with lavish and superstitious souls. Thou haft tasted bard; and Phemius, another bard, is introduced by of prosperity and adversity ; thou knoweft what it is to him deprecating the wrath of Ulysses in the following be banished thy native country, to be over-ruled as well words: as to rule and sit upon the throne ; and being oppressed, O King! to mercy be thy soul inclin'd, thou haft reason to know how hateful the oppressor is “ And spare the poet's ever-gentle kind : both to God and man: if, after all those warnings and “ A deed like this thy future fame would wrong, advertisements, thou dost not turn unto the Lord with “ For dear to gods and men is sacred song. all thy heart, but forget him who remembered thee in Self-taught I sing ; by heav'n, and heav'n alone, thy distress, and give up thyself to follow luft and va- “ The genuine feeds of poefy are fown; nity, surely great will be thy condemnation.”-He “ And (what the gods beftow) the lofty lay, travelled with the famous Mr William Penn through “ To gods alone, and godlike worth, we pay. the greatest part of England, Holland, and Germany, “ Save then the poet, and thyself reward ; and was every where received with the highest respect; “ 'Tis thine to merit, mine is to record.” for though both his conversation and behaviour were

ODYSSEY, viii.. suitable to his principles, yet there was such liveliness Cicero reports, that at Roman festivals, anciently, the and spirit in his discourse, and such serenity and cheer- virtues and exploits of their great men were sung. The fulness in his deportment, as rendered him extremely fame custom prevailed in Peru and Mexico, as we learn agreeable to all sorts of people. When he returned to from Garcilaffo and other authors. We have for our his native country, he spent the remainder of his life in authority Father Gobien, that even the inhabitants of ta quiet and retired manner. He died at his own house the Marian islands have bards, who are greatly admi. at Ury on the 3d of October 1690, in the 42d year red, because in their songs are celebrated the feats of

their ancestors. BARCOCHEBAS, or rather BARCOCHAB, a But in no part of the world did the profession of Jewish impostor, whose real name was Akiba ; but he bard appear with such luftre as in Gaul, in Britain, and I took that of Barcochab, which fignifies the Son of R in Ireland. Wherever the Celtæ or Gauls are men

of his age.

P. 306. .

Bard. tioned by ancient writers, we feldom fail to hear of them for their protection. At all festivals and public Bard.

their druids and their bards; the institution of which assemblies they were seated near the person of the king Plair's Dif-two orders, was the capital distinction of their manners or chieftain, and sometimes even above the greatest fertation,

and policy. The druids were their philosophers and nobility and chief officers of the court. Nor was the
to Ofian's priests; the bards, their poets and recorders of heroic profession of the bards less lucrative than it was ho-
Poems, actions : and both these orders of men seem to have nourable. For, besides the valuable presents which
Vol. II.

subliited among them, as chief members of the flate, they occasionally received from their patrons when
from time immemorial. The Celtæ possessed, from they gave them uncommon pleasure by their perfor-
very remote ages, a formed system of discipline and mances, they had estates in land allotted for their fup-

manners, which appears to have had a deep and lafting port. Nay, so great was the veneration which ihe Lib. xv. influence. Ammianus Marcellinus gives them this princes of these times entertained for the persons of 6.9. express testimony, that there flourished among them their poets, and so highly were they charmed and de

the study of the most laudable arts ; introduced by the lighted with their tuneful strains, that they sometimes
bards, whose office it was to fing in heroic verse the pardoned even their capital crimes for a song.
gallant actions of illustrious men; and by the druids, We may very reasonably fuppofe, that a profesfion
who lived together in colleges or societies, after the that was at once so honourable and advantageous, and
Pythagorean manner, and philofophizing upon the enjoyed so many flattering distinctions and desirable
higheit subjects, asserted the immortality of the hu- immunities, would not be deserted. It was indeed very
man soul. Though Julius Cæsar, in his account of much crowded; and the accounts which we have of the
Gaul, does not expressly mention the bards ; yet it is numbers of the bards in some countries, particularly in
plain, that, under the title of Druids, he comprehends Ireland, are hardly credible. We often read, in the
that whole college or order; of which the bards, who, poems of Offian, of a hundred bards belonging to one

it is probable, were the disciples of the druids, un- prince, finging and playing in concert for his enterDe Bel. Gal.doubtedly made a part. It deserves remark, that, ac- tainment. Every chief bard, who was called Allah 1.6.

cording to his account the druidical institution first Redan, or doctor in poetry, was allowed to have 30
took rise in Britain, and passed from thence into bards of inferior note constantly about his person ; and
Gaul; so that they who aspired to be thorough ma- every bard of the second rank was allowed a retinue of
fters of that learning were wont to resort to Britain. 15 poetical disciples.
He adds too, that fuch as were to be initiated among Though the ancient Britons of the southern parts
the druids, were obliged to commit to their memory a of this island had originally the same talte and genius
great number of verses, infomuch that some employed for poetry with those of the north, yet none of their
20 years in this course of education; and that they poetical compositions of this period have been preser-
did not think it lawful to record these poems in wri- ved. Nor have we any reason to be surprized at this.
ting, but sacredly handed them down by tradition from For after the provincial Britons had fubmitted quietly
race to race.

to the Roman government, yielded up their arms, and
So strong was the attachment of the Celtic nations had lost their free and martial spirit, they could take
to their poetry and their bards, that amidst all the little pleasure in hearing or repeating the songs of their
changes of their government and manners, even long bards in honour of the glorious atchievements of their
after the order of the druids was extinct, and the na- brave ancestors, The Romans too, if they did not
tional religion altered, the bards continued to Aourish ; practise the same barbarous policy which was long af-
not as a set of strolling songiters, like the Greek 'Aoidon ter practised by Edward I. of putting the bards to
or rhapsodifts, in Homer's time, but as an order of death, would at least discourage them, and discounter
men highly respected in the state, and supported by a nance the repetition of their poems,


very obvious
public establishment. We find them, according to the reasons. These sons of the song being thus perse-
testimonies of Strabo and Diodorus, before the age of cuted by their conquerors, and neglected by their
Auguftus Cæfar; and we find them remaining under countrymen, either abandoned their country or their
the same name, and exercising the same functions as of profession; and their songs being no longer heard,
old, in Ireland, and in the north of Scotland, almost were soon forgotten.
down to our own times. It is well known, that, in It is probable that the ancient Britons, as well as
both these countries, every regulus or chief had his many other nations of antiquity, had no idea of poems
own bard, who was considered as an officer of rank in that were made only to be repeated, and not to be sung
his court.

to the sound of musical instruments. In the first stages
Of the honour in which the bards were held, many of society in all countries, the two fister-arts of

po. instances occur in Ollian's poems. On all important etry and music seem to have been always united; every

occafions, they were the ambassadors between contend. poet was a musician, and sung his own verses to the Ofian, ing chiefs; and their persons were held sacred. “Cair- found of some musical instrument. This, we are directly

bor feared to stretch his sword to the bards, though told by two writers of undoubted credit, was the case
his soul was dark. Loose the bards (said his brother in Gaul, and confequently in Britain, in this period.
Cathmor), they are the sons of other times. Their “ The bards (says Diodorus Siculus *) sung their • Lib. v.

voice shall be heard in other ages, when the kings of poems to the sound of an instrument not unlike a lyre.” fe&. 31. Henry's

Temora have failed.”—The bards, as well as the « The bards, (according to Ammianus Marcellinus to f Lib. xv.

druids, were exempted from taxes and military servi- as above hinted), celebrated the brave actions of illu-6.9. Vol. i.

ces, even in times of the greatest danger; and when itrious men in heroic poems, which they sung to the P. 365.

they attended their patrons in the field, to record and sweet sounds of the lyre.” This account of these
celebrate their great actions, they had a guard affigned Greck and Latin writers is confirmed by the gene-

B 2

II. 22.




Lat. 53. 40:

Bard ral strain, and by many particular passages, of the heretics ; against whom, we are informed by St Je. Bardewick !!

of Olian. poems

“ Beneath his own tree, at inter- rome and Eufebius, tie wrote a multitude of books: yet Bardela

Bargain, Dists.

vals, each bard sat down with his harp. They raised had he the misfortụne to fall, himself, into the errors

the song, and touched the Itring, cach to the chief he of Valentinus, to which he added some others of his # Vol. II. loved I."

own. He taught, that the actions of men depend p. 112, 113. The invention of writing made a considerable change altogether on fate, and that God himself is subject to

in the bard-profession. It is now an agreed point, that necessity. His followers went further, and denied the

no poetry is fit to be accompanied with mufic, but resurrection of the body, and the incarnation and death Kuins's what is fimple : a complicated thought or description of our Saviour; holding that these were only apparent Sketcbes,

requires the utmost attention, and leaves none for the or phantastical
ubi fupra. music; or, if it divide the attention, it makes but a BARDEWICK, a town of Germany, in the circle
$ See the faint impression 5. The fimple operas of Quinault of Lower Saxony and duchy of Lunenburg ; formerly
article bear the palm from every thing of the kind com- a very large place; but being ruined in 1109, by the
Attention. posed by Boileau or Racine. But when a language, Duke of Saxony, has never yet recovered itself. It is

in its progress to maturity, is enriched with variety of feated on the river Ilmenau, in E. Long. 10. 6. N.
phrases fit to express the most elevated thoughts, men
of genius aspired to the higher strains of poetry, lea- BARDT, a strong and rich town of Germany, in
ving music and song to the bards : which distinguish- the duchy of Pomerania, with a castle and spacious
ed the profession of a poet from that of a bard. Hon harbour. It is subject to the Swedes; and is situated
mer, in a lax sense, may be termed a bard ; for in that near the Baltic Sea, in E. Long. 13. 20. N. Lat.
character he strolled from fealt to feast. But he was 54 23
not a bard in the original sense : he, indeed, recited BARE, in a general sense, signifies not covered.
his poems-to crowded audiences ; but his poems are Hence we fay bare-headed, bare-footed, &c.
100 complex for music, and he probably did not fing The Roman women, in times of public distress and
them, nor accompany them with the lyre. The Tro- mourning, went bare headed, with their hair loose.-
vadores of Provence were bards in the original sense, Among both Greeks, Romans, and Barbarians, we
and made a capital figure in the days of ignorance, find a feast called Nudipedalia.--The Abyffinians never
when few could read, and fewer write. In later times, enter their churches, nor the palaces of kings and
the songs of the bards were taken down in writing, great men, but bare-footed.
which gave every one access to them. without a bard; Bark-Foot Carmelites and Augustines, are religious
and the profession funk by degrees into oblivion. A. of the order of St Carmel and St Austin, who live un-
mong the Highlanders of Scotland, reading and wri- der a strict observance, and go without shoes, like the
ting in their own tongue is not common even at pre- capuchins. There are also barefoot fathers of mercy.
fent ; and that circumstance supported long the bard- Formerly there were barefoot dominicans, and even
profession among them, after being forgot among the barefoot nuns of the order of St Auguftin.
neighbouring nations.

BAREITH, a town of Germany in Franconia, in
BARDANA, or BURDOCK. See ARCTIUM. the margravate of Culembach, with a famous college

BARDARIOTÆ, in antiquity, were a kind of belonging to the margrave of Brandenburg Bareithe
ancient guard atttending the Greek emperors, armed E. Long. 11. 50. N. Lat. 50. O.
with rods, wherewith they kept off the people from BARENT (Diteric), an excellent painter, was
crowding too near the prince when on horseback. born at Amsterdam, and was the son of a very indu-
Their captain, or commander, was denominated primi- itrious painter. He studied in Italy, and became the
vergius. - The word was probably formed from the favourite disciple of Titian, with whom he lived a long
barda, or housings on their horses.

time ; but at length returned to Amsterdam, where
BARDAS, the brother of the empress Theodora, he performed many extraordinary pieces. He died in
and uncle of the famous Photius, is said to have had 1582, aged 48.
no other good quality besides that of loving the scien- BARFLEUR, a town of France, in Normandy,
ces and polite literature, which he established in the on the continent. It was ruined, and had its harbour
Eastern empire ; for he was treacherous, cruel, and filled up by the English in 1346. The Cape of that
ambitious. In the year 856, he assassinated Theoc. name is 12 miles eait of Cherburg, and near it part of
tiftes, general of the Emperor Michael's forces, and the French fleet was deflroyed in 1692. W. Long.
obtained his post. At length he caused the disgrace 1.6. N. Lat. 49. 40.
of the Empress Theodora ; and St Ignatius, patriarch

BARGAIN AND SALE, a species of conveyance in
of Conftantinople, reproaching bim for his vices, he the English law. It is a kind of a real contract,
had him deposed in 858, in order to make room for whereby the bargainer for fome pecuniary confideration
Photius. Bardas was assassinated by Bafilius the Ma- bargains and fells, that is, contracts to convey, the
cedonian, in 866.

land of the bargainee ; and becomes by such bargain a BARDED, in heraldry, is used in spcaking of a trustee for, or seized to the use of, the bargainee ; and horse that is caparisoned. He bears fable, a cavalier then the statute of uses completes the purchase : or, as d'or, the horse barded, argent.

it hath been well expressed, the bargain first vests the BARDESANISTS, a feet of ancient heretics, use, and then the statute vests the possession. But as. thus denominated from their leader Bardefanes, a Sy- it was foreseen that conveyances, thus made, would rian of Edessa in Mefopotamia. Bardesanes, born in

Bardesanes, born in want all those benefits of notoriety which the old the middle of the second century, became eminent, af- common-law assurances were calculated to give; to preter his conversion to Christianity, for his zcal againīt vent therefore clandestine conveyances of freeholds, it


Bari, Barilla.



Barge was enacted in the same seffion of parliament by statute bour, but it was destroyed by the Venetians. E. Long.

27 Hen. VIII. c. 16. that such bargains and sales 17.40. N. Lat. 41.31. Bari.

hould not enure to pass a freehold, unless the same be Bari, or Terra di Bari, a territory of Italy in made by indenture, and enrolled within fix months in the kingdom of Naples, of which the abovementioned one of the courts of Westminster-hall, or with the custos city is the capital. It is bounded on the north by the rotulorum of the county. Clandestine bargains and Capitanata, on the north-west by the Ulterior Princifales of chattel intereits, or leases for years, were pato, on the south by the Bafilicata, on the south-east thought not worth regarding, as fuch interells were by the Terra de Otranto, and on the north-east by the very precarious till about fix years before ; which also gulph of Venice. It has no considerable river except occafioned them to be overlooked in framing the fta- the Offanto, which separates it from the Capitanata. tute of uses : and therefore such bargains and sales are The air is temperate ; and the soil produces plenty of not directed to be enrolled. But how impossible is it corn, fruit, and saffron: but there are a great many to foresee, and provide against, all the consequences of serpents, and spiders called tarantulas. See Aranea. innovations ! This omislion has given rise to the species The principal towns are Bari the capital, Frani, Anof conveyance by LEASE and RELEASE,

dria, Bavo, Bilonto, Conversano, Monopoli, PoligniaBARGE (hargie, Dutch), a vessel or boat of state, no, Barletta, and Malletto. The two first are archifurnished with elegant apartments, canopies, and cu. episcopal, and all the rest episcopal. Thions; equipped with a band of rowers, and decorated BARILLA, or BARILHA, ihe name of a plant cul. with fags and ftreamers: they are generally used for tivated in Spain for its ashes, from which the purest processions on the water, by noblemen, officers of state, kinds of mineral alkali are obtained. or magistrates of great cities. Of this sort, too, we There are four plants, which, in the early part of may naturally suppose the famous barge or galley of their growth, bear so strong a resemblance to each other Cleopatra, which, according to Shakespear,

as would deceive any but the farmers and nice obserLike a burnish'd throne

These four are, barilla, gazul (or, as some call Burnt on the water : the poop was beaten gold

it, algazul), foza, and salicornia or salicor. They are

all burnt to ashes; but applied to different uses, as Purple her fails; and so perfumed, that The winds were love-fick with them: the oars were silver, guish farmers mix more or less of the three laft with

being possessed of different qualities. Some of the roWhich to the tune of flutes kept time, and made

the first ; and it requires a complete knowledge of the The water which they beat to follow faster,

colour, taste, and smell of the ashes to be able to de. As amorous of their strokes

tect their knavery.
-At the helm
Barilla is sown afresh every year.

Its greatest
A seeming mermaid steer'd : the filken tackles
Swell'd with the touches of those flower-soft hands

height above ground is four inches : each root pushes That yarely 'form'd their office.

out a vast number of little stalks, which again are sub

divided into smaller sprigs resembling samphire; and There are likewise other barges of a smaller kind, for all together form a large spreading tufted bush. The the use of admirals and captains of ships of war. These colour is bright green ; as the plant advances towards are of a lighter frame, and may be easily hoisted into maturity, this colour vanishes away till it comes at last and out of the ships to which they occasionally belong. to be a dull green tinged with brown.

Barge is also the name of a flat-bottomed veffel of Gazul bears the greatest affinity to barilla, both in burden, for lading and discharging ships, and removing quality and appearance : the principal difference contheir cargoes from place to place in a harbour. lists in its growing on a ftill drier salter earth, con

BARGE-Couples, in architecture, a beam mortifed in- fequently it is impregnated with a ttronger falt. It to another, to strengthen the building.

does not rise above two inches out of the ground, BARGE-Course, with bricklayers, a term used for spreading out into little tufts. Its sprigs are much that part of the tiling which projects over without the fatter and more pulpy than those of barilla, and are principal rafters, in all sorts of buildings where there still more like samphire. It is sown but once in three, is either a gable or a kirkin-head.

four, or five years, according to the nature of the soil. BARGAMASTER, BARMER, or Bar-MASTER, Soza, when of the fame fize, has the same appear. in the royal mines, the iteward or judge of the barmote. ance as gazul; but in time grows much larger, as its

The bar.master is to keep two great courts of bar- natural foil is a strong falt marsh, where it is to be mote yearly; and every week a small one, as occalion found in large tufts of sprigs, treble the size of barilla, requires.

and of a bright green colour, which it retains to the BARGHMOTE, or BARMOTE, a court which laft. takes cognizance of causes and disputes between mi- Salicor has a stalk of a deep green colour inclining ners.-By the custom of the mines, no person is to fue to red, which latt becomes by degrees the colour of any miner for ore-debt, or for ore, or for any ground the whole plant. From the beginning it grows upin variance, but only in the court of barmote, on pe- right, and much resembles a buih of young rosemary. nalty of forfeiting the debt, and paying the charges at Its natural foil is on the declivities of hills near the law.

fult marshes, or on the edges of the small drains or chanBARI, a very handsome and rich town of Italy, in nels cut by the husbandmen for the purpose of watering the kingdom of Naples; the capital of Terra di Bari, the fields : before it has acquired its full growth, it is and an archbishop's see. It is well fortified, is feated very like the barilla of those seasons in which the on the gulph of Venice, and had formerly a good har- ground has been dunged before lowing. In those


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