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from the earth, whom his care hath so long preserved through so many perils ?
Father,–We thank you that you feel so anxious to do all you can to the perishing ruins of your red children. We hope, Father, you will make a fence strong and high around us, that wicked white men may not devour us at once, but let us live as long as
We are persuaded you will do this for us, because our field is laid waste and trodden down by every beast; we are feeble and cannot resist them.
Father,-We are persuaded you will do this for the sake of our white brothers, lest God, who has appeared so strong in building up white men, and pulling down Indians, should turn his hand and visit our white brothers for their sins, and call them to an account for all the wrongs they have done, and all the wrongs they have not prevented that was in their power to prevent, to their poor red brothers who have no helper.
Father,--Would you be the father of your people, and make them good and blessed of God, and happy, let not the cries of your injured red children ascend into his ears against you.
Father, -We desire to let you know that wrong information hath reached your ears.
Our western brothers have given us no land. You will learn all our mind on this subject, by a talk which we sent our Great Father, the President of the United States. We send it to you, that you may see it and learn our mind.
Red Jacket, his smark,
Stride Town, his mark,
Wheel Barrow, his mark,
Big Kettle, his mark. Done at the great council fire, Seneca Village, near Buffalo, 14th Feb. 1818.
HARRY York, Interpreter, his xmark. P.S. The above Chiefs request your Excellency to publish, or cause to be published, that article of the treaty between the state of New York and the Indians, that relates to their fishing and hunting privileges, which their white brethren seem to have forgotten.
The foregoing address to Governor Clinton arose in consequence of the following passage in his Excellency's Speech to the Legislation at Albany, delivered on the 27th January, 1818.
“ The Indians in our territory are experiencing the fate of all barbarous tribes in the vicinity of civi- . lized nations, and are constantly deteriorating in
character, and diminishing in number; and before • the expiration of balf a century, there is a strong probability they will entirely disappear. It is understood that the Western Indians are desirous that ours should emigrate to an extensive territory remote from white population, and which will be granted to them gratuitously. As this will preserve them from rapid destruction ; as it is in strict unison with the prescriptions of humanity, and will not interfere with the blessing of religious instruction, there can be no objection to their removal. This, however, ought to be free and voluntary on their part, and whenever it takes place it is our duty to see that they receive an ample compensation for their territory. At the present time they are frequently injured and defrauded by intrusions upon their lands, and some of the most valuable domains of the state are subjected to similar detriment. It is very desira
ble that our laws should provide adequate remedies in these cases, and that they should be vigorously enforced.”
Our subject will be further illustrated by the following, which furnishes another instance of the eternal violation of treaty by the white people in their intercourse with the red men of America.
Allegheny River, 2d mo. 2d, 1822.
CORNPLANTER TO THE GOVERNOR OF
I feel it my duty to send a speech to the Governor of Pennsylvania at this time, and inform him the place where I was from--which was at Conewaugus, on the Genesee River.
When I was a child, I played with the butterfly, the grasshopper and the frogs; and as I grew up,
I began to pay some attention and pl.y with the Indiau boys in the neighbourhood, and they took notice of my skin being a different colour from theirs, and spoke about it. I inquired of my mother the cause, and she told me that my father was a residenter in Albany. I still eat my victuals out of a bark dish- grew up to be a young man, and married me a wife and I had no kettle or gun. I then knew where my father lived, and went to see him, and found he was a white man, and spoke the English language. He gave me victuals whilst I was at his house, but when I started to return home, he gave me no provision to eat on the way.
He gave me neither kettle nor gun; neither did he tell ine that the United States were about to rebel against the government of England.
I will now tell you, brothers, who are in session of the legislature of Pennsylvania, that the Great Spirit has made known to me that I have been wicked; and
the cause thereof was the revolutionary war in America. The cause of Indians having been led into sin, at that time, was that many of them were in the practice of drinking and getting intoxicated. Great Britain requested us to join with them in the conflict against the Americans, and promised the Indians land and liquor. I, myself, was opposed to joining in the conflict, as I had nothing to do with the difficulty that existed between the two parties. I have now informed you how it happened that the Indians took a part in the revolution, and will relate to you some circumstances that occurred after the close of the war. General Putnam, who was then at Philadelphia, told me there was to be a council at Fort Stanwix; and the Indians requested me to attend on behalf of the Six Nations which I did, and there met with three commissioners, who had been appointed to hold the council. They told me they would infor:il me of the cause of the revolution, which I requested them to do minutely. They then said that it had originated on account of the heavy taxes that had been imposed upon them by the British government, which had been, for fifty years, increasing upon them; that the Americans bad grown weary thereof, and refused to pay, which affronted the king. There had likewise a difficulty taken place about some tea (which they wished me not to use, as it had been one of the causes that many people had lost their lives.) And the British government now being affronted, the war commenced, and the cannous began to roar in our country. General Putnan then told me at the council at Fort Stanwix, that by the late war, the Americans had gained two objects: they had established themselves an independent nation, and had obtained some land to live upon—the division-line of which, from Great Britain, ran through the lakes. I then spoke, and said that I wanted some land for the Indians to live on, and General Putnam said that it should be granted, and I should have land in the
state of New York, for the Indians. General Putnam then encouraged me to use my endeavours to pacify the Indians generally; and as he considered it an arduous task to perform, wished to know what I wanted for pay therefor? I replied to him, that I would use my endeavours to do as he had requested, with the Indians, and fo: pay therefor, I would take land. I told him not to pay me money or drygoods, but land. And for having attended thereto I received the tract of land on which I now live, which was presented to me by Governor Mifflin. I told General Putnam, that I wished the Indians to have the exclusive privilege of the deer and wild game-which he assented to. I also wished the Indians to have the privilege of hunting in the woods, and making fires -which he likewise assented to.
The treaty that was made at the aforementioned council, has been broken by some of the white people, which I now intend acquainting the governor with:-Some white people are not willing that In- . dians should hunt any more, whilst others are satisfied therewith ; and those white people who reside near our reservation, tell us that the woods are theirs, and they bave obtained them from the governor. The treaty has been also broken by the white people using their endeavours to destroy all the wolves which was not spoken about in the council at Fort Stanwix, by General Putnam, but has originated lately.
It has been broken again, which is of recent origin White people wish to get credit from Indians, and do not pay them honestly, according to their agreement. In another respect it has also been broken by white people, who reside near my dwelling; for when I plant melons and vines in my field, they take them as their own. It has been broken again by white people using their endeavours to obtain our pine trees from us. We have very few pine trees on our land, in the state of New York; and white peo