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Wingen.--This, Colonel, - the Indians would not believe, were even I to tell them so.

Crawf.--And why would they not believe it?

Wingen.-Because it would have been out of your power to prevent his doing what he pleased.

Crawf.-Out of my power! Have any Moravian Indians been killed or hurt since we came out ?

Wingen.--None; but you went first to their town, and finding it empty and deserted you turned on the path towards us. If you had been in search of warriors only, you would not have gone thither. Our spies watched you closely. They saw you while you were embodying yourselves on the other side of the Ohio; they saw you cross that river ; they saw where you encamped at night; they saw you turn off from the path to the deserted Moravian-town; they knew you were going out of your way; your steps were constantly watched, and you were suffered quietly to proceed until you reached the spot where you were attacked.

Crawf.-What do they intend to do with me? Can you tell me?

Wingen. I tell you with grief, Colonel. As Williamson and his whole cowardly host ran off in in the night, at the whistling of our warriors' balls, being satisfied that now he had no Moravians to deal with, but men who could fight, and with such he did not wish to have any thing to do ; I say, as he escaped, and they have taken you, they will take revenge on you in his stead.

Crawf.--And is there no possibility of preventing this? Can you devise no way to get me off? You shall, my friend, be well rewarded if you are instrumental in saving my life.

Wingen.—Had Williamson been taken with you, I and some friends, by making use of what you have told me, might perhaps, have succeeded to save you, VOL. I.


but as the matter now stands, no man would dare to interfere in your behalf. The king of England himself, were he to come to this spot, with all his wealth and treasures could not effect this

purpose. The blood of the innocent. Moravians, more than half of them women and children, cruelly and wantonly murdered calls aloud for revenge. The relatives of the slain, who are among us, cry out and stand ready for revenge. The nation to which they belonged will have revenge. The Shawanese, our grand-children, have asked for your fellow prisoner; on him they will take revenge.

All the nations connected with us cry out Revenge ! revenge! The Moravians whom you went to destroy having fled, instead of avenging their brethren, the offence is become national, and the nation itself is bound to take REVENGE !

Crawf.—Then it seems my fate is decided, and I must prepare to meet death in its worst form?

Wingen.-Yes, Colonel !-I am sorry for it; but cannot do any thing for you. Had you attended to the Indian principle, that as good and evil cannot dwell together in the same heart, so a good man ought not to go into evil company; you would not be in this lamentable situation. You see, now, when it is too late, after Williamson has deserted you, what a bad man he must be ! Nothing now remains for you but to meet your fate like a brave man. Farewell, Colonel Crawford ! they are coming ;* I will retire to a solitary spot.

I have been assured by respectable Indians that at the close of this conversation, which was related to me by Wingenund himself as well as by others, both he and Crawford burst into a flood of tears ;

* The people were at that moment advancing, with shouts and yells, to torture and put him to death.

they then took an affectionate leave of each other, and the chief immediately hid himself in the bushes, as the Indians express it, or in his own language, retired to a solitary spot. He never, afterwards, spoke of the fate of his unfortunate friend without strong emotions of grief, which I have several times witnessed. Once, it was the first time that he came into Detroit after Crawford's sufferings, I heard him censured in his own presence by some gentlemen who were standing together for not having saved the life of so valuable a inan, who was also his particular friend, as he had often told them. He listened calmly to their censure, and first turning to me, said in his own language : “ These men talk like fools," then turning to them, he replied in English: “If king George himself, if your king had been on the spot with all the ships laden with goods and treasures, he could not have ransomed my friend, nor saved his life from the


of a justly exasperated multitude."-HECKEWELDER.


An Indian, who spoke good English, came one day to a house where I was on business, and desired me to ask a man who was there and who owed him some money, to give an order in writing for him to get a little salt at the store, which he would take in part payment of his debt. The man, after reproving the Indian for speaking through an interpreter when he could speak such good English, told him that he must call again in an hour's time, for he was then too much engaged. The Indian went out and returned at the appointed time, when he was put off again for another hour, and when he came the third time, the other told him he was still engaged and he must come again in half an hour. My Indian friend's pa


tience was not exhausted, he turned to me and addressed me thus in bis own language : “Tell this man," said he," that while I have been waiting for his convenience to give me an order for a little salt, I have had time to think a great deal. I thought that when we Indians want any thing of one another, we serve cach other on the spot, or if we cannot, we say so at once, but we never say to any one again! call again! call again! three times call again!' Therefore when this man put me off in this manner, I thought that, to be sure, the white people were very ingenious, and probably he was able to do what no body else could. I thought that as it was afternoon when I first came, and he knew I had seven miles to walk to reach my camp, he had it in his power to stop the sun in its course, until it suited him to give me the order that I wanted for a little salt. So thought I, I shall still have day light enough, I shall reach my camp before night, and shall not be obliged to walk in the dark at the risk of falling and hurting my myself by the way. But when I saw that the sun did not wait for him, and I had at least to walk seven miles in an obscure night, I thought then, that it would be better if the white people were to learn something of the Indians."

I once asked an old Indian acquaintance of mine, who had come with his wife to pay me a .visit, where he had been, that I had not seen him for a great while ? “Don't you know,” he answered," that the white people soine time ago summoned us to a treaty, to buy land of them ?”_" That is true," replied I, "I had indeed forgotten it; I thought you was just returned from your fall hunt.”—“No, no," replied the Indian, “my fall bunt has been lost to me this season ; I had to go and get my share of the purchase money for the land we sold."-" Well theu,"! said I, “I suppose you got enough to satisfy you?"

Indian,-"I can show you all that I got. I have received such and such articles,” (naming them and the quantity of each,) “ do you think that is enough?"

Heckew.-“That I cannot know, unless you tell me how much of the land which was sold came to

your share."

Indian,-(aster considering a little) “Well, you, my friend ! know who I am, you know I am a kind of chief. I am, indeed, one, though none of the greatest. Neither am I one of the lowest grade, but I stand about in the middle rank. Now, as such, 1 think I was entiiled to as much land in the tract we sold as would lie within a day's walk from this spot to a point due north, then a days's walk from that point to another due west, from thence another day's walk due south, then a day's walk to where we now are. Now you can tell me if what I have shown you is enough for all the land lying between these four marks?"

Heckew.--"If you have made your bargain so with the white people, it is all right, and you probably have received your share.”

Indian,—"Ah! but the white people made the bargain by themselves, without consulting us. They told us that they would give us so much, and no more."

Heckew.--"Well, and you consented thereto ?”

Indian, "What could we do, when they told us that they must have the land, and for such a price? Was it not better to take something than nothing? for they would have the land, and so we took what they gave us."

Heckew." Perhaps the goods they gave you 'came high in price. The goods which come over the great salt-water lake sometimes vary in their prices."

Indian,--The traders sell their goods for just the

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