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The Choctaws or Flatheads, on the Molect 4,500 The Natches

150 The Chukesws, Mississippi

750 The Cherokees, South Carolina

2,500 The Chatabas, between North and S. Carolina 150 The Peantias, a wandering tribe, both sides of the Mississippi

COO The Kasgresquios or Hlinois

600 The Piankishaws

250 The Qurachtenopis on the Wabash

400 The Kikapous

300 The Shawanese or Sciota

500 The Delawares, on the west of Ohio

300 The Miamis

350 The Upper Creeks back of Georgia The Middle Creeks, North Florida

4,000 The Lower Creeks, East Florida The Caocutas, on the East of the River Aliba

700 The Alibamous, West of the Alibamous

600 The Arkansas



West Side.
The Anjoues, North of the Missouri
The Padilonians, West of the Mississippi
The White Panis, South of the Mississippi
The Freckled or Prickled Panis


500 2,000 2,000

Carried forward 24,350


Brought forward 24,350 The Cansas

1,600 The Osages South of the Mississippi

600 The Grand Eaux S

1,000 The Missouri, upon the River Missouri 3,000 The Sioux of the Woods, towards the heads 1,800 The Sioux of the Meadows of the Missouri 2,500 The Blanks Barbus, or White Indians with Beards

1,500 The Assiniboils, farther North near the Lakes 1,500 The Christaneaux

3,000 The Orusconsins, on the river of the same name, falling into the Mississippi

500 The Mascordins

500 The Sakis

South of Pecan's Bay 400 The Mechuouakis

250 Folle Avoini, or Wild Oat Indians

350 The Peaus

700 The Potawatamis, near Detroit

350 The Missisagues, or River Indians, being wan

dering tribes on lakes Huron and Superior 2,000 The Ottapoas, Lake Superior

900 The Chepewas

5,000 The Weandots, Lake Erie

300 The Six Nations or Iroquois

1,500 The Round-headed Indian, near Ottawas 2,500 The Algonkins, near the above

300 The Nepessins, near ditto

400 The Chatas, St. Lawrence

130 The Amelestes, or the Bark

550 The Mukmacks, Bark of Nova Scotia

700 The Abenaques, ditto

350 The Conaway Crunas, near the Falls of St. Lewis 200

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58,730 warriors, one-third old men, makes 78,306. Multiplying by six gives 469,886 souls, men, women, and children. *

The foregoing list I received from old Mr. Heckewelder, the Missionary, to whom I paid a visit a short time ago at Bethlehem, where he resides. His active and constant exertions, in the cause of benevolence, seem to have been rewarded with health and long life. He is now in his eighty-eighth year, and his faculties are vigorous and alert. From him I learnt that it is not in the power of man to come at any thing demonstrative as to the numbers of the Indians. The list: now before the reader, refers to what was known between the years 1770 and 1780, and I have no reason whatever to doubt its accuracy. I find in the records of 1794, that a treaty was arranged at Philadelphia with the President of the United States, which comprehended upwards of fifty-seven thousand Indian warriors.

This statement, therefore, could not have included the inhabitants of the immense regions from the Mississippi to the Pacific Ocean, and North to Hudson's Bay. But travellers have in all places found numbers, so that having reference to extent of territory, I do not overrate the population of the Indian nations at two millions; taking in from the Isthmus of Panama, and consequently including Mexico. It should be borne in mind that the great body of any Indian tribe never appear to strangers : only the scouts are


* The publishers think it necessary to state that the M. S. of the above Indian names was in an almost illegible band ; and the author being in America, they had no means of correcting it.






The Indians have a strong innate sense of justice, which will lead them sometimes to acts which some men will call heroit, others romantic, and not a few, perhaps, will designate by the epithet barbarous ; a vague indefinite word, which if it means any thing, might, perhaps, be best explained by something not like ourselves. However that may be, this feeling certainly exists among the Indians, and as I cannot describe it better than by its effects, I shall content myself with relating on this subject a characteristic anecdote which happened in the year 1793, at an Indian village called La Chine, situated nine miles . above Montreal, and was told me in the same year by Mr. La Ramée, a French Canadian inbabitant of that place, whom I believe to be a person of strict veracity. I was then on my return from Detroit, in company with General Lincoln and several other gentlemen, who were present at the relation, and gave it their full belief. I thought it then so interesting, that I inserted it in my journal, from which I now extract it.

There were in the said village of La Chine, two remarkable Indians, the one for his stature, being six feet four inches in height, and the other for his strength and activity. These two meeting together one day in the street (a third being present,) the former in a high tone made use of some insulting lan guage to the other, which he could not well put up with: he called him a coward, said he was his inferior

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in every respect, and so provoked his anger, that un-
able any longer to contain himself, the latter instantly
replied: “You have grossly insulted me; but I will
prevent you from doing the like again!" and at the
same moment stabbed him through the body with his
knife, so that he dropped down dead by his side.
The alarm being immediately spread through the
village, a crowd of Indians assembled, and the mur-
derer having seated himself on the gronnd by the
side of the dead body, cooly awaited his fate, which
he eould not expect to be any other than immediate
death, particularly as the cry of the people was
« Kill him! Kill him!” But although he placed his
body and his head in a proper posture to receive the
stroke of the tomahawk, no one attempted to lay
hands on him ; but after removing the dead body
from where it lay, they left him alone. Not meeting
here with his expected fate, he rose from this place
for a more public part of the village, and there lay
down on the ground, in the hope of being the sooner
despatched; but the spectators, after viewing him, all
retired again. Sensible that his life was justly for-
feited, and anxious to be relieved from a state of sus-·
pense, he took the resolution to go to the mother of
the deceased, an aged widow, whom he addressed in
these words : “Woman, I have killed thy son ; he
had insulted me, it is true : but still he was thine,
and his life was valuable to thee. I, therefore, now
surrender myself up to thy will. Direct as thou wilt
have it, and relieve me speedily from misery." To
which the woman answered : “Thou hast indeed,
killed my son, who was dear to me, and the ouly sup-
porter I had in my old age. One life is already lost,
and to take thine on that account, cannot be of any
service to me, nor better my situation. Thou hast,
however, a son, whom if thou wilt give me in the place
of my son whom thou hast slain, all shall be wiped
away." The murderer then replied: "Mother, my
son is yet but a child, ten years old, and can be of

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