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It is not to small portions of time, a few years, a few generătions, a few ăges, that our speculations are hěre lim"ited: they embrace eternity.

Hark how I'll bribe thee:
Not with fond shekels of the tested gold,
Or stones, whose rate is either rich or poor,
As făncy val”ues them; but with true prayers,
That shall be up at heaven, and enter there,

Ere the sun rise. 184. When sentences, negative in construction, express conviction or certainty, or are affirmative in their nature, they should be read with a Falling Inflexion.

Thou shalt do no mur"der. Thou shalt not steal".
He shall not touch a hâir of Catiline.
Though I should die with thee, yet will I notil deny" thee.

185. RULE V.-Words or clauses that convey opposition in sense require opposition of inflexion.* In unemphatic composition, the first member may be read with a Rising, and the second with a Falling Inflexion. In emphatic sentences, the absolute or positive member should be read with a Falling, and the negative or relative member with a Rising Circumflex.

Prosper"ity gains' friends, and adversity tries" them.

A friend" cannot be known" in prosper"ity, and an enemy cannot be hid"den in. adver'sity.

Why beholdest thou the mote" that is in thy broth"er's eye, but perceivest not the beam" that is in thine own eye?

Vir'tuous and vic'ious every man must be;
Fewll in the extreme", but all" in the degree".
The rogue" and fool" by fits are fair" and wisell

And even the best, by fits, what they despise :
'Tis but by pârts we follow good" or ill";

For, vice" or vir"tue, Sêlf directs it still. 186. Indirect antithesis, contrast, and comparison, require opposite inflexions.

Rat'ional lib'erty is opposed to the wild"ness of an archy.

Bended knees', while you are clothed with pride"; heavenly petitions, while you are hoarding up treasures upon earth”,

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* The Inflexions must be so arranged that the first division of the sentence shall be terminated, according to Rule I., with a Rising Inflexion. phatic antithesis may be thus represented :


The inflexions of unem


ho"ly devo'tions, while you live in the fol·lies of the world"; prayers of meek'ness and char'ity, while your heart is the seat of spite' and resent"ment; hours' of pray'er, while you give up days' and years to idle diversion, impertinent visits, and foolish pleas" ure;-are as absurd, unacceptable services to God, as forms of thanks"giving from a person that lives in repi'ning and discontent".

187. Frequently, the antithesis is not formally expressed, but implied. In sentences of this nature, the omitted member must be suggested by the forcible inflexion of the one which is expressed. The positive member requires a Falling, the negative a Rising Circumflex.

I'll be, in men's despîte, a monarch ! They are only the fragments of enemies. How beautiful is Nature in her wildest scenes! I have thought some of Nature's joûrneymen had made


He requires a vôluntary service.
We shudder at the thought of dissolution.
He could not treat a dôg ill.
They that are whôle, need not a physician.

I'm tortured, even to mâdness, when I think

Of the proud victor.
A fiery deluge, and withôut an ark.

Were I Brutus,
And Brutus Antony, there were an Antony
Would ruffle up your spirits, and put a tongue

every wound of Cæsar, that should move
The stones of Rome to rise and mutiny!

ENCLITIC CLAUSES. 138. Frequently, a portion of the antithetic member is expressed with one word, and understood, or only expressed pronominally, with the other. The member so omitted is called elliptical, and follows the inflexion of that which is expressed, but in a weaker voice, to mark its enclitic nature.

Shall we, in your person, crown" the author of the public calamities, or shall we destroy him ?

Shall we, in your person, crown", or shall we destroy" the author of the public calamities ?

A good man will love himself" too well to lose”, and his neighbour too well to win", an estate by gaming. A good man will love himself too well to lose"

an estate by gaming, and his neigh"bour too well to win" one.

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189. RULE VI.—Questions that are indeterminate in their signification require a Rising Inflexion. (Such questions are generally, but not necessarily, asked by verbs, and answerable by yes or no.)

Would an infinitely wise Being create man for a mean" purpose? Can He delight in the production of abor'tive intelligence, of short"-lived reasonable crea'tures? Would He give us talents that are not to be exert”ed ? capacities that are not to be grat'ified ?

Can the soldier, when he girdeth on his armour, boast like him that putteth it off" ? Can the merchant predict that the speculation on which he has entered will be infallibly crowned with success" ? Can even the husbandman, who has the promise of God that seed-time and harvest shall not fail, look forward with assured confidence to the expected increase of his fields" ? In these, and in all similar cases, our resolution to act can be founded on probability alone.

The miser has long been ardently endeavouring to fill his chest: and, lo! it is now full. Is he hap”py ? Does he use it? Does he gratefully think of the Giv'er of all good things'? Alas! these interests have no place in his heart.

190. Questions, indefinite in structure, become definite by reiteration, and then require a Falling Inflexion. In this form, they generally express a threat, or a command.

Are you prepa"red ? Do you hear" ? Will you go"?

191. Questions, definite in structure, become indefinite by reiteration, and should then be read with a Rising Inflexion.

What do you say ? How" shall we accom'plish it'? Whať o'clock was' it? Where" did you say you were go'ing?

192. A question quoted in a sentence should be read as part of it. The true consideration is, Has he abused his power?

I have generally observed, when a man is talking of his country-house, that the first question usually asked is, Are you in a good“ neigh'bourhood?

193. RULE VII.—Questions that are determinate in their signification require a Falling Inflexion. (Such questions are usually introduced by means of pronouns, adverbs, or prepositions, and are not answerable by yes or no.)

On whom does time hang so heavily as on the slothful and in "dolent? To whom are the hours so ling'ering? Who are 80 often devoured with spleen, and obliged to fly to every expedient, which can help them to get rid of themselves') ?

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Who continually supports and governs this stupendous sys"tem? Who preserves ten thousand times ten tħousand worlds in perpetual harmony? Who enables them always to observe such time, and obey such laws, as are most exquisitely adapted for the perfection of the wondrous whole"? How could they preserve and direct themselves" ? Who feels not that they were crea'ted, and must therefore be depen"dent? How, then, can they be so actuated and directed, but by the unceasing energy of the Great Supreme"?

Whence this pleasing hope, this fond desire,
This longing, after Immortal"ity ?
Or, whence this secret dread and inward horror
Of falling into nought"? Why shrinks the soul

Back on herself, and startles at destruction ? 194. RU VIII.—Questions in apposition require the same inflexion Questions that are antithetic require opposite inflexions.

Is a candle brought to be put under a bush"el, or under a bed" ?

Who shall separate us from the love of God? Shall tribula”tion, or distress", or persecu"tion, or fam’ine, or na'kedness, or per'il, or sword?

Can the world defend us from disasters, or protect us from diseas" es ? Can it preserve our hearts from grief, our eyes from tears, or our feet from fall'ing? Can it prolong our comforts, or multiply our days”? Can it redeem ourselves, or our friends, from death"? Can it soothe the king of terrors, or mitigate the agonies of the dy''ing?

195. The interrogative words are sometimes omitted, or an interrogative sentence assumes a declarative form. In these cases the reader will always attend to the import, rather than to the grammatical structure.

Open your lips, ye wonderful and fair!
Speak! speak !—the mysteries of those starry worlds
Unfold !--No lan"guage ? Everlasting light",
And everlasting si'lence? Yet the eye

May read and understand. 196. The answer to a question is generally read in a different tone from that in which the question is asked. (See Exercises on Modulation.)

197. RULE IX.--Sentences or clauses that convey doubt, appeal, admiration, suspense, surprise, &c., in general take a Rising Inflexion throughout their delivery.

You have no' just cause' to be displeased" with' me'.

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It is' his fam’ily in'fluence, not his mer'it, which has helped him on'. He said he would call, if you would consent to see him'.

Whăt! Michael Căssio, that came a wõõing with you,
And, many a time, when I have spoke of you
Disprăisingly, hath tă’en your părt—to have

Sõ můch to do to bring him" in ? 198. Rule X.-Sentences or clauses that are expressive of conviction, dislike, hatred, &c., take a Falling Inflexion throughout.

You have no' just" cause to be displeased“ with me.

It is his family in'fluence, not his mer'it, which has helped him on He said he would call, if you would consent to see him'.

How like a fawn"ing pub"lican he looks!
I hate" him'! for, in low simplic“ity,

Hê lends"out' mon'ey grâtis. 199. Words expressive of any tender emotion or affection, and the reverential language of prayer, incline to the Rising Inflexion: words which convey any violent passion—the language of authority, reprehension, and denunciation-should be read with an emphatic Falling Inflexion.

Hide thy face from my sins', and blot out all mine iniquities'.

Lord, let me know mine end', and the number of my days'.

God is not' a man', that He should lie"; neither the son of man, that He should repent." Hath He said" it? and shall He not do" it? Hath He spoken' it? and shall He not make it good" ?

Judge' me, ye gods'! wrong I mine en'emies?

And if not so, how should I wrong my broth"er? 200. Exclamation (especially when it is interrogative in its nature) and Echo, require a Rising Inflexion.

You lament the loss of the Roman armies; Mark An'tony destroyed them: you resent the death of so many noble citizens ; Mark An'tony was their death: the authority of the Senate is invaded ; Mark An"tony invades it.

Newton was a Christian !-Newton! whose mind burst forth from the fetters cast by nature on our finite conceptions ;-New"ton! whose science was truth, and the foundation of whose knowledge of it was philosophy ;-not those visionary and arrogant presumptions which too often usurp


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