Joan of Arc and the Hundred Years War

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Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005 - 185 páginas

When in Henry II of England married Eleanor of Aquitaine of France in 1154 A.D., he became at once the reigning sovereign over a vast stretch of land extending across all of England and half of France--and yet, according to the feudal hierarchy of the times, a vassal to the King of France. This situation, which placed French and English borders in such a tenuous position, solidified the precarious ground on which the Hundred Years War was to be fought 183 years later. This epic border conflict--which was contemporaneous with the age of popular uprisings and the Bubonic Plague, fought according to enduring notions of chivalry and the budding pride of nationality, and which numbered among its participants Richard II, the Black Prince of Wales, Henry IV, Henry V, and Charles of Navarre--ultimately depended upon a peasant woman, Joan of Arc, to reinforce the French ideal of a sacred kingdom, swing the pendulum once more in the direction of the French, and bring this perennial conflict to an end.

When in 1154 A.D. Henry II of England married Eleanor of Aquitaine of France, he became at once the reigning sovereign over a vast stretch of land extending across all of England and half of France, and yet, according to the feudal hierarchy of the times, a vassal to the King of France. This situation, which placed French and English borders in such a tenuous position, solidified the precarious ground on which the Hundred Years War was to be fought 183 years later. This epic border conflict--which was contemporaneous with the age of popular uprisings and the Bubonic Plague, fought according to enduring notions of chivalry and the budding pride of nationality, and which numbered among its participants Richard II, the Black Prince of Wales, Henry IV, Henry V, and Charles of Navarre--ultimately depended upon a peasant woman, Joan of Arc, to reinforce the French ideal of a sacred kingdom, swing the pendulum once more in the direction of the French, and bring this perennial conflict to an end.

Topics of the theme essays have been selected to show the diversity of this complex war, and include discussions of: the origins of the war; the age of popular rebellion; chivalry's effect on 14th and 15th century warfare; the religion of the monarchy and the role of sacred kingship in the building of the French monarchy; and Joan of Arc's understanding of the war. An annotated timeline and a chronology of French and English Kings provide readers with an easy-to-follow overview of the Hundred Years War and the rulers who presided over it. Nineteen biographical sketches of key French and English figures lend a human aspect to historic names; and 14 annotated primary documents breathe fresh life into the topic, and provide students and readers with a new look at the period. The book concludes with an annotated bibliography and index.

 

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Índice

Series Foreword
xiii
Advisory Board
xxv
Preface
xxvii
Chronology
xxxi
Chronology of French and English Kings
xxxix
Genealogy of French and English Rulers during the Period of the Hundred Years War
xli
Historical Overview
xliii
Background Causes of the Hundred Years War
1
Jean Froissart
96
Joan of Arc
97
John II the Good
102
John the Fearless
104
Philip VI
105
Philip the Good
107
Robert III of Artois
109
Primary Documents
113

Popular Uprisings
13
Chivalrys Growth and Decline and the Hundred Years War
29
The Creation of Royal Authority in France The Religion of the Monarchy
43
The War and Joan of Arc
55
Conclusion
71
Biographies
75
Charles V
76
Charles VI
78
Charles VII
80
Charles of Navarre
82
Christine de Pizan
84
Edward III
85
Edward the Black Prince
88
Etienne Marcel
89
Henry V
90
Isabeau of Bavaria
93
Jacob van Artevelde
94
2 Female Succession
118
3 Edward IIIs Case for War
121
4 Edward Ills Proclamation to the French People
124
5 Etienne Marcel Warns the Regent That the Parisians Are Murmuring
127
6 Provisions Needed to Stock a Fortress Prior to Siege
130
7 The Retaking of Poitiers
133
8 Grandferres Courage
139
9 Peasants Revolt of 1381
142
10 The Treaty of Troyes
144
11 Joan of Arcs Letter to the English
147
12 The Song of Joan of Arc by Christine de Pizan
149
13 Hugh of Lannoys Memorandum of Advice to Philip the Good
153
14 The Fifteen Joys of Marriage
158
Glossary
161
Annotated Bibliography
171
Index
179
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Sobre el autor (2005)

Deborah A. Fraioli is Professor of Foreign Languages and Literatures at Simmons College, Boston. She is the author of Joan of Arc: The Early Debate.

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