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order of architecture, which raises its plain but massy head amid the ruins of time, and the desolation of empires!"
After the destruction of Jerusalem, our ancestors, though all political union was dissolved, were not unmindful of the promises of God, of the preservation of their name, their nation, and their religion. They still retained some patriarchs in Judea, and what they denominated Princes of the Captivity in the East. Wherever they were tolerated, they established colleges, and instituted various orders of learned men. They have mainly upheld and disseminated the beautiful institutions of Masonry, that universal link of brotherhood. Mindful of the word of God, and convinced of the unity of the Godhead, they have never been seduced from their allegiance to the supreme ONE. The manifold oppressions inflicted on their unprotected heads, have never caused them to apostatize [from] their religion. They exhibit the picture of a people scattered over the whole earth by the winds of heaven, divided from each other by interminable oceans and trackless deserts, yet preserving and venerating the religion, the customs, the antique simplicity, the language, and character of their ancestors, after a lapse of nearly eighteen hundred years!
"Did my limits permit, or my subject require it, my respected auditors, I might carry you with me over those inhospitable climes, those despotic countries trod by the bleeding feet of this selected race, in their pilgrimage through a hostile world. Even during such a recital, I might find subjects for your admiration. I might speak of their academies, and of their eminent men; of their mathematical knowledge; of those sages who have done more for the Jewish name than all the power and conquests of antiquity; of their experiments in chemistry, which science they so materially advanced; not merely analytical chemistry, but, what they pursued with the most ardent passion, synthetical chemistry, in which their combinations were so admirable, that many of the Jewish Doctors fell under the suspicion of being possessed of the grand areanum. This is the secret of the philosopher's stone, by which every metal is to be transmuted into gold. The elixir, by which this precious revolution is to be accomplished, was believed also to have the power of curing every disease (like some celestial julep), and to confer youth and immortality on the man who knew the synthesis, and who, cleansed by abstinence and prayer from every terrene incumbrance, would patiently watch for
the flame which wrapped the sacred birth in the bed of purification. Such was the extravagance of credulity. A proof at once of the mingled admiration and awe with which the vulgar regard extraordinary learning or striking experiments.
The Jews and Arabs, in the middle ages, became the physicians of Europe, and the confidants of princes. A Jewish phy sician has been charged with poisoning Charles the Bald: the
"Let them select the city or the plain, the commerce-beaten shores of the Atlantic or the rich wilderness of nature, that spreads its prodigality throughout the West, presenting incitements to enterprise and stores of wealth, uncounted, unsurveyed, immeasurable."
But, be the promised land what it may; whether new Jerusalem mean old Judea, renovated and blessed by the munifi cence of Heaven; or whether, with Chrysostom, we take it to signify the city of God, happiness hereafter; yet are we contented, while we remain on earth in this temporal state, to live
* Voltaire, Hist. Gen. tom. I.
in America; to share the blessings of liberty; to partake of and to add to her political happiness, her power, and her glory; to educate our children liberally; to make them useful, and enlightened, and honest citizens; to look upon our countrymen as brethren of the same happy family, worshiping the same God of the universe, though, perhaps, differing in forms and opini ons. We are contented and happy thus to act, and we hope and trust we act rightly and virtuously, until the annunciation of the Messiah shall reunite us into one nation, offering with all mankind, in the name of the universal Father, our common sacrifice on one common altar. Whether that annunciation be made this hour, or thousands of ages hence, let us, in the name of that Being who out of the depths heard the voice of his people and brought them into salvation; that Being who created all men for happiness, and light, and truth; let us, in his name, live in friendship with each other, and in charity with all mankind. In the words of him, whose powers of harmony could exorcise the evil spirit from men's bosoms, Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for brethren to dwell together in unity! It is like the dew of Hermon, and the dew that descended upon the mountains of Zion; for there the LORD commanded the blessing, even life for evermore."
We have been led to occupy so many pages with this subject, because we feel it to be beyond measure interesting. Many are the cheering "signs of the Times," and the religious reformation of the Jewish people is not the least. Will this reformation lead them to the true Messiah? We cannot doubt it. Happy is it for them that Christianity is set before them in the United States in a form which must sooner or later excite their attention, soften their prejudices and enforce conviction. Unitarianism is the only form of Christianity which we can even imagine an intelligent and conscientious Jew to embrace.
Much as the Christian world despises this people, and with too much reason, it is the oldest nation in existence. The boasted antiquity of European noble and royal families sinks into insignificance before the pedigree of the children of Abraham. These singular human beings would naturally constitute the first aristocracy of the world, if their prophetic destination did not point them out as something better, and claim for them the privilege of uniting with every other people in an equal fellowship of truth and virtue..
America is the only soil that has never been polluted by persecution of the unhappy Israelite. The United States. first acknowledged him a member of the great family, and
publication. It uniformly exhibits a truly evangelical spirit; it is firm in its declaration of great religious truths, and constant in its persuasions to virtuous practice. Though its first object is to promote the principles of Unitarianism, it takes a lively interest in the labours and success of all religious bodies, and reports their proceedings in a tem
te and impartial tone.
e propose to make occasional selections from this other American publications, which may illustrate the acter, the literature, and the religious opinions of our satlantic friends. The following extract, which we from No. 18 of the 5th Volume, would seem to prove the orthodox clergy of America, who flourished half a tury ago, did not think that a departure from a belief in
rinity was a crime sufficient to depose a man from the uation of a Christian minister. By investigation it would obably be found that many of the last century who not now suspected of heresy, were decided Unirians. "Before an Ecclesiastical Council, convened in Vilton, N. H., in 1777, to advise respecting difficulties which had arisen between the Rev. J. Livermore, the pastor, and some individuals of the church. An article of comlaint submitted by the aggrieved was, that Mr. L. had Said in a sermon that the church had held that Christ was the eternal Son of God; but from what authority I know not, for he is not the Son of God in any other sense only in his human nature,' or something to that purpose. Upon this article the Council say as to the complaint, that Mr. L. declared from the desk that the Church had held that Christ was the eternal Son of God, &c.,' the Council think it sufficient to say upon this point, that it is to be reckoned amongst those disputables in religion, about which divines of note in the Christian Church have entertained different sentiments, and which does not nearly affect any essential article of faith or practice.-Another article that Mr. L. endeavoured to prove, that faith and repentance and sincere obedience were the conditions of the covenant of grace-on this article the Council do not particularly remark."
American Literature.-Several causes have impeded the growth of native literature in the United States. 1. The number of persons of taste and acquirements living without active employment is very small. 2. The general demand for talent and labour in mercantile and other pursuits,