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through the clouds which cast their gloomy shadows over this scene of our existence, and shine down upon those who may suc. cessively come up here to catch a glimpse of that better world towards which God in his mercy is calling us. Here may affliction always be soothed_here may a lasting consolation be extended to the bereaved-here may a heavenly hope ever spring up in the bosoms of the desponding-here may a bright pathway from the spot where we stand, to the world above, he for ever kept open, along which, as in the dream of the Patriarch, pious spirits will be mounting upwards, and gracious influences pas. sing down. And when the great shepherd shall collect into one fold in heaven his scattered flocks, may there be a long, and innumerable, and a shining train of saved and rejoicing spirits, clad in garments of light, with crowns on their heads, who will look back to the spot and to the temple which is now rising, and exclaim, “thou art blessed forever ; for to us thou hast been the gate of Heaven,"

Deaths of Thomas Jefferson and John Adams. By an extraordinary coincidence these two extraordinary men died on the same day, that day July 4th, the anniversary of American Independence and the Jubilee or 50th year anniversary. Both had been engaged in the drawing up of the Declaration of Independence; both had been in diplomatic capacities in the service of their country; and both had been Presidents of the Republic. The funerals of both were public and honourable to the American Character.


(From the Richmond Enquirer, July, 14.) The proceedings of Tuesday last furnished the strongest tribute which could have been offered the memory of illustrious Jefferson. The soldiers of the Revolution, the Ministers of Religion, the officers of the Federal and State Governments, citizens, military and soldiers, the teachers and their pupils; ali descriptions of people, united in “doing honour to the man who bad filled up tlie measure of his country's honour.” The exhibition was the spontaneous offering of a free people to their distinguished benefactor. It was a brilliant illustration of the purity and beauty of our political institutions. There was no compulsion; no adulation; no sacrifice at the shrine of a deceased despot; no humiliating effort to propitiate his "legitimate successor." It was the “unbought offering” of an independent people. The hearts of freeinen poured themselves forth in paying the last tribute of respect to the ashes of their benefactor. The unbidden tear was shed in the fulness of gratitude to one of the most distinguished fathers of the Republic. Compare such an affecting and simple scene as this, with all the splendid pageantry, with all the “mockery of woe” which surrounds the bier of a monarch or a conqueror, and how completely does the latter dwindle into insignificance!

Notwithstanding the shortness of the period which had been allotted for the exhibition, all the arrangements were complete. The orator, and the ministers of religion, were prepared for their various exercises; and the awning, which had been commenced on the Capitol Square on Monday morning only, was completed by 10 o'clock on Tuesday. A canvas covering had been spread over the large Lafayette arch to the east of the Capitol, and wings thrown off to the right and left, and in front, sufficient to accommodate an immense multitude. In the rear of the arch a light platform was erected, canopied with crape, for the reception of the orator and the ministers of religion.

The day was uncommonly pleasant. At half after 10 o'clock, the procession began to move from the Henrico Court-House, according to the order which had been published by the Com. mittee of Arrangements. A detachment of the Light Infantry Blues with music, then the members of the Executive Council -Ministers of religion-the soldiers of the Revolution-the otficers of Government Judges and officers of the Federal and State Judiciaries-Committee of Arrangement-Municipal Aų. thorities of the City - Justices of Henrico county-Debating Societies-Teachers with their Schools-Citizens, Strangers, and Uniform Companies.

The lengthened procession, four deep, extended from the Union Hotel to the United States' Bank. The whole march through the different streets which had been designated was conducted with the utmost possible order. A few minutes before 12 o'clock, the procession entered at the Eastern Gate of the Capitol Square. At this point of time the scene was exquisitely beautiful and impressive. It pleased the eye of taste, whilst it delighted the sout of the patriot. The whole area runder the awing was filled by a numerous assemblage of ladies and gentlemen. The military, and many citizens who were unable to obtain seats, were stationed around. All was order, and a solemn silence reigned through an assembly estimated to contain at least 5,000 persons.

The exercises were commenced with music: Bishop Moore, of the Episcopal Church, then put up the following prayer:-.

Almighty and Eternal God, the Creator of all things, and Judge of all men! Whose glory the heaven of heavens cannot contain—whose delight is among the children of men; and svhose tender mercy, over all thy works. Look down, we beseech' thee, in indulgent goodness upon us, thy unworthy servants, and while we confess our obligations to thee, for the numerous blessings we enjoy; be thou pleased to impress our hearts with such a sense of gratitude that we may be ashamed to offend thee. · May we shew forth thy praise, most merciful

God, not only with our lips, but in the language, the expressive language of holy and virtuous lives.

“We thank thee, heavenly Father, for the civil and religious blessings with which as a nation thou hast favoured us for that form of government which secures to us liberty without licentiousness; and protects us in the enjoyment of the sacred rights Of conscience.

“We invoke thy blessing, oh merciful God! upon all our rulers. Direct them, we beseech thee, by thy counsel-jave them from the unhallowed influence of prejudice, and may all their proceedings be such as thou wilt approve

and bless. In. spire the minds of the people with a spirit of due subordination to the laws of our favoured country. May we always bear in inind that our rulers have difficulties peculiar to the stations they occupy; and may those difficulties inseparable from their office, influence us to supplicate God in their behalf, and produce in our minds a spirit of indulgence towards them.

“ In particular, we commend to thy care and protection the President of these United States. Teach him, oh, teach him, most gracious God, to consider himself the Father of the nation over which he has been called to preside. May the interest of the whole American family form the object of his paternal regard-the subject of his continual prayer and supplication. May no sectional partialities lead him astray from the path of

official duty. May no sectional jealousies take possession of ? his mind, or the minds of the people committed to his charge,

and may that happiness we have heretofore enjoyed be continued to our latest posterity.

Bless, we 'beseech thee, the Governor and Magistracy of this state. Direct them in all their doings with thy most gracious favour, and further them with thy continual help. Grant that they may prove themselves the nursing fathers of thy church and people. May the religion of the Lord Jesus Christ be precious to their hearts, and may they enjoy the consolation flowing from the gospel of thy dear Son.

“Peculiar, blessed God! are those circumstances which at this time engage our attention. Be thou pleased to impress our hearts with that solemnity becoming the occasion; and while we are dwelling in reflection upon the memory of those whose removal from the vale of tears has excited the noblest sensibilities of our natures, may we remember thee as the Author of those blessings secured to us by their labours: and reverence them as the honoured instruments of thy favoured loving-kindness towards us. Oh raise, thou God of love, raise up from among us other patriots, whose bosoms may burn with holy ardour in the cause of liberty and virtue, who may defend that government which has been sanctioned with thy blessing, which has rendered us victorious in war, and prosper. ous in peace. We thank thee that thou didst spare those ven

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erable patriots to witness the jubilee of our nation, and upon that jubilee didst call them hence. Look in mercy, we beseech thee, gracious God, upon their bereaved families; place beneath them the everlasting arms of thy love; may they find a shelter in every American heart; never leave them nor forsake them for a inoinent; and at last, oh take them, blessed Jesus, to a better world. We ask these blessings, thou God of love, for Jesus Christ's sake. Amen."

After another strain of solemn music, Mr. Tyler, the Gover. nor of the Commonwealth, arose and delivered an eloquent address.

As soon as the orator had concluded, the band struck up a fine dirge, after which the Rev. Mr. Kerr, of the Baptist Church, closed the exercises of the day with prayer.

The whole scene was of too impressive a character ever to be forgotten. It was worthy of the great and good man whose loss it was intended to commemorate.

Minute guns were fired for one hour in the morning, and one hour in the evening; and the State-house and Penitentiary bells were tolled through the whole day.


Portugal and Spain. The death of the King of PORTUGAL has opened the way great improvements in that country. The Emperor of the Brazils has - generously, and we think wisely, relinquished the sovereignty, which came to him by inheritance, together with that of its Asiatic and African Dependencies. Through his influence a free constitution is established in Portugal, the Cortes being re-established with powers similar to our Parliament. One article of the constitution shews however the slow progress of Toleration : the Roman Catholic Religion is to be the Established one, but all others are allowed to Foreigners, provided always that there is to be no exterior form of temple!

SPAIN presents a melancholy contrast to Portugal; and is in fact endeavouring to stir up priests and priest-ridden nobles and soldiers against the new order of things in that country. The restoration of the Bourbons brought back to Spain many of her favourite practices : one of the latest of these that has been revived is an auto da , or the burning of a human being for heresy. At Valencia this foul crime has been lately committed at the instance of the Priesthood. The victim is said to have been eminent for his morals, and especially his charities. So inuch the worse, according to the " orthodox” of all ages, and places, if he had not the true faith. How much longer will Spain be the reproach of Europe and of Christendom!



OCTOBER, 1826.

[Vol. XII.

American Unitarianism. To liberal and enlightened theologians, every thing connected with the religion of America is interesting. In England, the mind is fettered by an overpowering establishment; in America, its operations are unshackled, and are in consequence quick and true. I have been lately perusing a series of American Unitarian newspapers, from which I have culled a few articles of intelligence which may perhaps be deemed worthy of a place in the pages of the Christian Reformer. The newspaper in question is entitled the “Christian Register." It is published weekly in Boston, by the American Unitarian Association. Its circulation amounts to about 1000. Its pages are devoted in part to the passing occurrences of the day, more parti. cularly to religious intelligence,-to biography of eminent Unitarians,—to extracts from and reviews of liberal theo, logical publications,—and general correspondence. The first six numbers comprise memoirs of Wakefield, Lindsey, Priestley, Emlyn, and Rammohun Roy; copious notices of Milton's new work, various articles of review, interesting sketches of English Unitarianism, furnished by a gentleman travelling in this country, &c. &c.

The following notices of a newly-formed sect are pleasing proofs of the certain progress of rational Christianity, wherever the human mind is left to its own honest opera

tions ;

New Church in Summer Street. The dedication of a new chapel or church at the bottom of Suminer Street, in this city, by the society denominated Christians, bas excited inquiry as to the origin, principles and members of this new. sect. They are sometimes confounded with the Free-will Baptists, because of their free communion and baptizing by immersion only, and they are vulgarly called Ghristians. They claim to be called Christians in the common pronunciation of the word. This people, or connexion as they term it, originated in the year 1794, and societies existed in different places in the United States, unknown to each other, for several years. Each church is VOL. XII.

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