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their resistance to England, his conscience forbade him to lift up his hand against them. His numerous pamphlets in favour of the Americans procured him an offer of command in the American navy; he told his American friends, however, that though he would never consent to bear arms against the liberties of America, he considered that nothing could absolve a man from the duty he owed his own coun. try, and that he would stick by the old ship as long as there was a plank of her abore water. I, 80, 81.
The American war, so base in its origin, so corrupt in its management, and so obstinately continued by the late King against the sense of the country, led Major Cartwright to see the supreme importance of parliamentary reform, and henceforward he devoted his talents, his property, his body and his soul to the cause of his country. Not in passion, not in spleen, but in soberness of mind, and under a solemn sense of Christian duty, he commenced and continued Reformer. The following prayer was found amongst his papers at his decease, penned at the beginning of his career in the work of reform, and designed as a religious dedication of himself to the service of bis country :
Suffer, O Lord, this much-offending nation to be reclaimed from its guilt and recalled to a knowledge of the things which belong to its peace. It hath been equally regardless of thy law and its own liberty. It is hurrying to destruction, and knows not what it does, Give me and others, O Father of mercies, understanding and strength and zeal to stand in the gap between its offences and thy wrath ; between its errors and its destruction ; let our labours and anxieties, and let the prayers of all virtuous persons, plead in its behalf, and be thou entreated in its favour.
“Together with our usefulness let our humility increase; for with thee alone, O Lord, is all power and goodness. The wisdom of the wisest without thee is foolishness : the strength of the strongest is of po account; but those who are ordained to do thy will shall have power from above. Let my faith in Christ be imputed to me for righteousness, and let me be kept continually in mind of his spotless and laborious life while on earth, and of thine and his unspeakable affection for the whole race of men, and may he make intercession for me at thy throne !"
Miss Cartwright has properly inserted in the Life some letters of the Major's to a nephew, Captain Cartwright, at his entrance into life. We take a part of one of them, I. 267, 268 :-" I have understood that you have sometimes shewn an inclination to the Church. If you really have any serious thoughts of that profession, I wish you to examine well into the nature of the engagement. In order to this, it is necessary to scrutinize the Thirty-nine Articles, and to weigh well the creed you are to teach. If, on due consideration, you can truly and honestly subscribe to those articles, and to all the forms of prayer which arise out of them, you may most conscientiously undertake the ministry of the Church of England. But, if you cannot digest all this, it should seem there are difficulties in your way of more importance than you may have been aware of. To the unprincipled or the dissolute, who can make religion a trade, neither articles, nor creeds, nor subscriptions, will be any impediments : but I persuade myself that you will not make light of these things. If you determine to enter into the priesthood, let it be of that church, or that sect, with whom you really agree in sentiment."
The life of this good man seems to have been modelled by his own maxiın, (I. 194,)
“ A man who is indifferent to the well-being of his fellow-creatures may be without trouble, but he must also be without virtue.”
Occupied always in what he regarded as his public duty, and bearing right onwards towards the mark, the Major lived to the age of 84, preserving his faculties and his cheerfulness to the last. His sufferings were great, and he expressed his surprise that with a franie so exhausted he should find it so hard to die; but he frequently exclaimed in the inost emphatic manner,
as God's will be done." When dying, he desired his niece to deliver the following message, remarkable for the calm spirit of wisdom which it breathes, and deserving of remembrance by all that are ambitious of the character of patriots :
“ SAY TO ALL INQUIRING FRIENDS, THAT I HAVE NEVER CEASED TO ENTERTAIN THE MOST CONSOLATORY HOPES OF THE ULTIMATE ESTABLISHMENT OF CIVIL AND RELIGIOUS LIBERTY: BUT TO THIS END, THERE MUST BE VIRTUOUS INSTRUMENTS, WHICH, IT IS TO BE HOPED, THE TIMES WILL SUPPLY. II. 282.
Almost the last words he ever spoke were, on receiving a message from the Mexican minister that the liberty of Mexico might be considered as established, “ I am glad, I am very glad!" His voice soon after became nearly inaudible, but he was perfectly sensible to the last, and appeared absorded in mental prayer. He died on the 23d of September, 1824.
In bis religious opinions, his biographer says, II. 287, 288, he adhered to no particular “ sect or party”: with regard to party she is right, but with regard to sect, there is one to which all bis enemies will consign him, and in which many of his admirers will claim him.
“ His favourite authors on theological subjects were Clarke and Jortin.
“He read the Scriptures daily, and drew from them his own conclusions; what those conclusions were, may be seen by the following extracts from a paper which accompanied his will.
Speaking of bimself in the third person, he says, “The legal doctrines of the state-church not satisfying his judg. ment, he sought for truth in the Bible, and in reason, equally the revelations of the Almighty. The opinions in which he at length found rest and satisfaction were these :
“ That God is I AM ! the eternal ! the self-existent ! not powerful, but Power ; not wise, but Wisdom; not • good, but GOODNESS. That he is one : a spirit without person ; for in the idea of person who can exclude either form or limit? But what is the forin of ubiquity ? . Where are the limits of infinity ? From the eternity and existence of the Deity, his Unity cannot be, even in idea, separated.
“ That Jesus of Nazareth is the Christ, the chosen one, the highly favoured of God, the Saviour of men, and their appointed Judge.
“That the proper good and happiness of man is only to be found in piety to God, and virtue towards bis fellowcreatures.”
INTELLIGENCE. New Unitarian Church at Salem,* U. S., of America.
May 5th, 1826, at eleven o'clock, the ceremony of laying the corner stone, of the new church of the First American Con.
* There is a Hymn on the opening of the Independent Congrega. tional Church at Salem, in our last Volume, p. 224. Is this the same town?
If so, has the congregation opened two Meetinghouses within a few months? Or, are there two Unitarian Charches in Salem ? ED,
gregational Society took place. The services were highly interesting. The Rev. Mr. Brazer made a most impressive and appropriate prayer, characterized by his peculiar felicity of thought and expression. An address, with which we are permitted to enrich our columns, was then delivered by the Rev.
Mr. Upham. This beautiful performance will best speak for itself, although it will lose much of the force which was derived from the very eloquent manner in which it was delivered.
During the delivery of the address, a silver plate was.depo. sited under the stone by the venerable Peter Lander, the oldest meinber of the society, the inscriptions on which were previously read by the venerable Timothy Pickering, one of the society. The corner stone was then laid and the address concluded. The benediction, by Mr. Upham, concluded the services.
A large concourse attended the ceremony, among whom were the venerable Dr. Holyoke, now almost 98 years of age, and Stephen Higginson, Jun., Esq., a lineal descendant of the first pastor.
The direct descendants of Gov. Endicott, and the pious and eloquent H nson, the first pastor, are now members of this religious society. Address delivered at the Laying of a Corner Stone of a
new Meeting-House of the First Church in Salem.
MY CHRISTIAN FRIENDS AND BRETHREN, We have assembled here to perform a service, simple in itself, but leading to associations which are dear to the heart, and sink deep into the mind. We are now to consecrate the foundation of a Christian Temple, and to place beneath this, its corner stone, a brief inscription to the great Almighty Being to whom we dedicate it. In perforining this service we do not only follow a custom prevalent among us, but we do what is recoguised to be a duty and is prompted by our feelings.
That is is our duty, we are convivced by the consideration of a single circumstance. When the venerable building which last stood on this consecrated spot was removed, with what solicitous curiosity did we examibe its foundation, in the desire of discovering some inscription placed there by men who lived four generations before us, concealed for more than a century from all eyes until ours should fall upon it! Our hope did not wholly leave us until the last corner had been taken away, and the disappointment which we then suffered is still fresh in our minds. We will spare those of our remote posterity, to whose lot it may fall to remove this found a similar disappoint
We will endeavour to secure to them the gratification for which we have been seeking in vain.
With these views we proceed to deposit beneath this corner stone, where the light of the day will never reach it until it shines upon the demolished and scattered ruins of these solid
walls, the plate upon which are engraven the inscription and notices which will now be read to you.
[Here Col. Pickering read the inscription on the Plate; the folīowing words are engraven on one side of it:
“ To the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, our God and the God of our Fathers, the Descendants of Higginson, Endicott, and the other New England Pilgrims, who here gathered the first American Congregational Church, Aug. 6th, Å. D. 1629, have laid this Corner Stone of the Fourth Edifice erected on this spot, for Christian Worship, April 27th, A. D. 1826, under the ministry of the Rev. John Prince, LL. D., and Rev. Charles W. Upham, Associate Pastors. Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.'"]
When, after the succession, as we trust and pray, of many generations, our distant descendants in removing this temple, time-worn and dilapidated as it then will be, shall find this memorial of our interest in them, their minds and hearts will instantly come back to us through the long interval, perhaps of centuries ; they will bless our memory for having raised the altar around which their Fathers had gathered, and spread out the roof beneath which they had been sheltered in worship; and when they reflect that four edifices of wood and one of more durable materials have risen successively, and successively sunk into ruin on the saine spot, but that the Gospel has been con. stantly preached there, they will fully recognize the sublime truth contained in that prophetic declaration of our Saviour which we have inscribed here, “Heaven and earth shall pass
words shall not pass away."; We now, in the sight of God, and in the presence of all who are here assembled, devote the building, upon the foundation of which we are standing, to the accommodation and support of a community of Christian worshipers. We bid these walls to rise in the name of Higginson, Endicott, and all our honoured and pious ancestors, the Pilgrimps of New England, who here first consecrated
Christian Sanctuary on the borders of a rude ocean and a still ruder wilderness. We bid them rise in the name of that glorious company of saints and martyrs, who, in every age of the church, have toiled, and suffered, and died in the holy cause of Christian truth and Christian liberty. We bid them rise in the blessed naine of him who is the great head of the church.
And it is our devout and fervent prayer, that on this spot for ages yet to come, the eternal and immutable principles of sacred truth and of religious duty may be proclaimd—that the cause of free but sober inquiry, and of pure, and rational, and soul-redeeming Christianity, such Christianity as allures the convictions of the understanding as well as the feelings of the heart, may for ever be cherished and defended here that the poor and the desolate and sorrow-stricken may here always find peace and comfort to their souls--that a light from heaven may break