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God; I know not any." Jesus expressly calls his Father "the only true God.' And St. Paul says, "There is one God and Father of all, who is above all." Ought we, then, in direct opposition to this plain evidence, to admit that there are three almighty beings, equal in power and glory? Surely not.
Secondly. The above interpretation of the text stands opposed to the unity of Christ, and represents the one Mediator as a compound being, as two distinct beings in one person; so distinct, that the one suffered pain while the other did not feel any; the one was oppressed with grief and sorrow, while the other was perfectly happy; the one to be dead, while the other remained alive. But Jesus always spoke of himself as one, and he is always spoken of in the Scriptures as one. In our text, the same who was "in the form of God-humbled himself, and was obedient unto death;" the very person who died, was exalted. "God hath made that same Jesus who was crucified, both Lord and Christ."
Thirdly. If Jesus, the Messiah, was co-equal with God the Father, he must have all wisdom and power in himself. But he always spoke of himself as receiving every thing from his God: "I can of my own self do nothing." My doctrine is not mine, but his that sent me." "The Father who dwelleth in me, he doeth the work." "He spent whole nights in prayer to God."
Fourthly. If his making" himself of no reputation, and taking upon him the form of a servant," means his laying aside his glory, coming down out of heaven and assuming manhood, we ask, Wherein is this a suitable example for us? How, in this sense, are we to "let the same mind be in us that was also in Christ Jesus"? Are we co-equal deity also?
Fifthly. View him as co-equal with God, and we ask, How in the nature of things is such a being to be exalted? q In what higher station is it possible for him to be placed? The objector will reply, He first humbled himself, and therefore it was from that state of humiliation that he was exalted. Are we then to view the unchangeable Deity as changing his form and condition from one state to another? Surely not.
The Trinitarian sense of our text, therefore, being weighed in the balance, is found wanting.
Let us now examine the Unitarian interpretation of this passage.
To be in the form of God is of the same signification as being in the image of God, and it implies a likeness or resemblance to God. "So God created man in his own image, in the likeness of God." "We all-beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image." "Put on the new man, which is renewed in knowledge, after the image of him that created him." Jesus, the Christ, was in the form or image of God, as the spirit of Jehovah rested upon him, "the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge, and the fear of the Lord." He was fully instructed in the will of God. He knew what was in man. "He did not judge after the sight of the eye, nor reprove after the hearing of the ear.' "But Jesus perceived their wickedness, and said, Why tempt ye me, ye hypocrites?" The winds and the seas obeyed his command. His powerful word gave sight to the blind, and raised the dead to life. He was in the form of God in relation to his spotless purity. He was pure and without transgression. He was in the form of God, as king in his holy hill of Zion, to establish a universal kingdom, and as the universal judge. He was in the form of God, on the mount of transfiguration, where "his face did shine as the sun, and his garment was white as the light." He received from God the Father, honour and glory." But he did not eagerly grasp at appearing as God. No, his Father gave him a commandment to lay down his life. He must first suffer before he entered into his glory. "And behold, there talked with him two men, which were Moses and Elias; who appeared in glory, and spake of his decease, which he should accomplish at Jerusalem," in humble obedience to the will of his God and Father.
"He took on him the form of a servant" or slave. did not desire worldly show and reputation. "He did not cry nor lift up and cause his voice to be heard in the street." He did not covet to appear before men, with his face shining as the sun, and his raiment white as the light;" nor, that this glory conferred on him should be known. "Tell the vision," said he, " to no man, till the Son of Man be risen from the dead." He that was thus rich subjected himself to poverty. The foxes have holes,
the birds of the air have nests; but the Son of Man hath not where to lay his head." He did not eagerly grasp on entering immediately into his glory; but was obedient even unto death, and gave himself up into the hands of his murderers. "And it came to pass, when the time was come that he should be received up, he steadfastly set his face to go up to Jerusalem." "Behold, we go up to Jerusalem, and the Son of Man shall be delivered unto the chief priests, and unto the scribes; and they shall condemn him to death, and shall deliver him to the Gentiles; and they shall mock him, and shall scourge him, and shall spit upon him, and shall kill him; and the third day he shall rise again." "Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again. No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I am commanded to lay it down that I may receive it again. This commandment have I received of my Father." And now, my friends, let us with wonder and gratitude see this great sight. With what solemnity do we bebold him eating the last passover with his disciples, and saying, " With desire have I desired to eat this passover with you, before I suffer." A new commandment I give unto you, that ye love one another as I have loved you." He then instituted a memorial of his sufferings and death, and gave them his dying request and command: "This do in remembrance of me." Follow him into the garden of Gethsemane, there view him in an agony, sweating great drops of blood and praying, "Father, if it be possible, let this cup pass from me nevertheless, not as I will, but as thou wilt. O, my Father, if this cup may not pass away from me, except I drink it, thy will be done.' See him betrayed, taken, bound, and led away as a felon to the judgment hall. There behold him derided, falsely accused, condemned, scourged, spit upon, and led forth, bearing his cross to the place of crucifixion. Follow him to Calvary. There behold him hanging between two thieves; while the priests, the rulers and the multitude stand round reviling him and saying, "Thou that destroyest the temple and buildest it in three days, save thyself. If thou be the Son of God, come down from the cross." But though he was thus "reviled, he reviled not again," but lifting up his eyes he prayed, saying, "Father, forgive them, for they know not what they do." Was ever innocence so insulted; was ever dignity so degraded! Is this he whose command the
winds and the seas obeyed? Is this the beloved Son of God, whose face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light? Is this the man appointed of God to be the judge of quick and dead? O, what a sight is here! He hung bleeding on the cross, and darkness spread her veil over the land. He expired, and nature groaned at his death. He was laid in the tomb, and his enemies triumphed -while his followers mourned and wept. But God would not suffer his "holy one to see corruption." The third morning opened its glimmering ray-an angel descended and rolled away the stone from the sepulchre and,
"Lo, he rises from the tomb,
Now his sufferings are ended-his obedience is approvedhis character is established-his mission is confirmed; and, having finished the work that was given him to do," he ascended to his Father and our Father, to his God and our God." "He hath ascended up on high; he hath led captivity captive; he hath received gifts for men; yea, for the rebellious also, that the Lord God might dwell among them." "He was obedient unto death, even the death of the cross; wherefore" (as his glorious reward) "God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name: that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow," (to his authority,)" of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth: and that every tongue should confess, that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father." "All power is given unto" him in heaven and in earth." And, now, with what majestic grandeur he speaks : "Fear not. I am the first and the last. I am he that liveth, and was dead; and, behold I am alive for ever more, amen; and have the keys of hell and of death."
And now, brethren, I appeal to you; is there any thing in this view of the text which stands opposed to the unity of God, or that requires us to make the wretched shift of applying one verse in the text to Christ the God and another to Jesus the man? Is there any thing here that contradicts the plain declarations of Jesus the Christ, that he received every thing from his God, or that makes his exaltation a mere unmeaning nothing-placing him only where he was before? No. All is in harmony: and the example in the text illustrates and enforces the precept,,
"Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus." Here, then, we behold the humility, the resignation, love, meekness, patience and obedience of our great pattern and examplar, "Jesus, the author and finisher of our faith, who, for the joy that was set before him, endured the cross, despised the shame, and is set down at the right hand of the throne of God." Let us, then, labour to have the same mind in us that was in Christ Jesus; and learn of him "who was meek and lowly in heart." Whatever we possess, let us learn of him to be humble. Whatever we endure, let us learn of him to be patient and resigned to the will of God. Wherever duty calls, let us learn to persevere, obedient to his authority. Let us run the race set before us, copying his example. So shall we share in his exaltation. How cheering his declaration to his followers: "I appoint unto you a kingdom, even as my Father has appointed me a kingdom"! "Thanks be to God for his unspeakable gift."
The Prayer: 0 thou high and lofty One, who inhabitest eternity; thou who art the Creator, the Lord of heaven and of earth, the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ; we adore and praise thee, that we are brought to know thee, the only true God, and Jesus, the anointed, whom thou hast sent. O pour thy blessing upon us, that we may be true worshipers and worship thee, the Father, in spirit and in truth. In thy presence, O God, we profess our subjection to him whom thou hast appointed King in thy holy hill of Zion, and head over all things to thy church. We reverence thy Son. May we ever prove ourselves to be his disciples indeed, by doing whatsoever he has commanded us; and so abide in him, that when he shall appear, we may have confidence and not be ashamed before him at his coming. Amen.
American Unitarian Publications. SIR, London, Jan. 5, 1826. YOUR correspondent, I. W., (p. 414,) is desirous that "some person in London or Liverpool will give out proposals to accomplish the purpose mentioned in your Repository for August, p. 483, of supplying our libraries with some of the most valuable American periodicals." I believe I am correct in stating, that Mr. Rowland Hunter has