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39. What is your duty to all men?
I must render to all their dues; I must be honest and just in all my dealings; I must be respectful to my friends, and forgive my enemies; and speak evil of no man.
40. How are you able to perform these duties? By divine assistance, which I must seek for with sincerity and earnestness.
41. What must you do when you find you come short of your duty?
I must renew my repentance, and pray to God for pardon, and be careful to do my duty better for the time
42. What encouragement have you thus to live in the fear of God?
If I do so, I shall certainly be happy, both in this world and that which is to come.
43. What will become of you shortly?
I shall shortly die, and return to the earth.
44. What are we taught to expect after death?
We are taught to expect that we shall be restored to life again at the general resurrection.
45. To what purpose shall the dead be raised up ?
To have their actions and characters tried at the judgment-seat of Christ, and to have their portion appointed unto them according to the things done in this present life.
46. What shall be the portion of the wicked and ungodly in another world?
The wicked shall be punished with tribulation and anguish, according to the evil deeds which they have done.
47. What shall be the portion of the godly in another world?
They shall be admitted to a state of everlasting rest and joy with God and Jesus Christ.
48. What life then will you resolve to live in this world › By divine grace I will live a holy, godly life, and will make it my great care and business to serve God, and save my own soul.
A Meditation after reading Mr. Butcher's Discourses on Christ's Sermon on the Mount.
ALL men are born to die, and since I must,
And (thanks to God for his transcendent love!)
Walk the same path which Christ has mark'd and trod,
To weaken or annul the laws of Heaven,
For whom has Christ himself pronounced blessed ? "The poor in spirit," humble and content,
Not sons of pride" shall be the heirs of Heaven.”
As it is evident there is a God:
And these are awful truths which well deserve
The Substance of a plain extempore Discourse, preached at Benenden, Kent, on Sunday Evening, Nov. 20, 1825, to a respectable and attentive Audience assembled in an Oasthouse. By T. Payne,
Phil. ii. 5—11: "Let this mind be in you which was also in Christ Jesus: who, being in the form of God," &c.
TRINITARIANS and Unitarians entertain different and opposite views in relation to God, to Christ, and the genuine meaning of several texts of scripture. The former maintain, that in the unity of the Godhead, there are three persons of the same substance, equal in power and glory; neither of them greater or less than the other; neither of them before or after the other, but co-equal and co-eternal together. The latter maintain, that the infinite Deity, the Lord of heaven and earth, is one being; and that he has no equal. Trinitarians maintain, that Jesus, the Messiah, was the second person in the Trinity, who laid aside his glory, came down from heaven and assumed manhood; that he was perfect God and perfect man, in one person; equal to the Father, as touching his Godhead, inferior to the Father, as touching his manhood. Unitarians maintain, that Jesus of Nazareth, a man approved of God, was the real and very Christ. Trinitarians maintain, that several texts of scripture apply to the deity of Christ which are inapplicable to his manhood, and that other texts apply to his manhood which are inapplicable to his deity: for instance, when he says, "My Father is greater than I," that this is true as applying to his manhood, but would be untrue if applied to his godhead. Unitarians reject this mode of interpretation as, utterly destitute of proof; and maintain, that whatever is said in the Scriptures concerning Jesus, the Christ, applies to him as a man, commissioned and qualified by his God. Both parties lay claim to our text as containing their respective opinions. Now
both these opinions cannot be true. And does it not appear to you, my Christian friends, of high importance for us to attain right views of God, of Christ, and of the genuine sense of the Holy Scriptures? Let us, then, humbly look to God our Father for his blessing, and with unprejudiced minds turn our attention to a careful examination of this subject. Let us first attend to the Trinitarian view of the text.
"Who, being in the form of God, thought it not robbery to be equal with God." This verse Trinitarians apply to the deity of Christ before his incarnation. "But made himself of no reputation, and took upon him the form of a servant, and was made in the likeness of men." This verse they apply to his laying aside his glory, coming down out of heaven and assuming manhood. "And being found in fashion as a man, he humbled himself, and became obedient unto death, even the death of the cross." Here Trinitarians completely change their position, and, instead of applying the pronoun he to the same antecedent which they had in their minds before, namely, a co-equal deity, they apply it to the manhood which this co-equal deity (according to their views) assumed. And the evident reason of this is, because common sense will not suffer them to believe that the Jews killed the Almighty. Some have used expressions implying a belief that God actually died: "Behold! a God descends and dies." God, the mighty Maker, died." But this is not what they really mean, therefore we ought not to charge them with it. Ask them, Do believe that God died? They will readily answer, No; God could not die nor suffer pain; it was the humanity, the humanity only, that suffered and died.
Let us now examine this interpretation of the text: ́and first, it stands directly opposed to that great first principle both of natural and revealed religion-the Unity of God. That God is one, is confirmed by the plainest declarations of scripture" Hear, O Israel, Jehovah our God is one Jehovah." Twenty-six times in Isaiah is he styled the "High and Lofty One," " the Holy One of Israel;" but not once called the holy three. The unity of God is taught in more than two thousand texts of scripture, where singular pronouns are used as applying to deity. shalt have none other gods before me," i. e. in my presence. "I am the Lord." "I am God, and there is none else." "Is there a God besides me? Yea, there is no