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the enemy) as should appear for the good of His Majesty's service, and for enabling him to give his reasons publicly for his conduct on that occasion.

" And that their lordships thought fit, in compliance with the Vice-Admiral's request, and for the reasons mentioned in his said letter, that a court-martial should be assembled for the purpose above mentioned, and also for enquiring into the whole of the said Vice-Admiral's conduct and proceedings on the said 23d day of July, and into his subsequent conduct and proceedings, until he finally lost sight of the enemy's ships ; and to try him for not having done his utmost to renew the said engagement, and to take and destroy every ship of the enemy, which it was his duty to engage, the Court proceeded to enquire into the conduct and proceedings of the said ViceAdmiral Sir Robert Calder, with His Majesty's squadron under his command, on the said 23d day of July last, and also into his subsequent conduct and proceedings, until he finally lost sight of the enemy's fleet, and to try him for not having done his utmost to renew the said engagement, and to take or destroy every ship of the enemy, which it was his duty to engage; and having heard the evidence produced in support of the charge, and by the said Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Calder, Bart., in his defence, and what he had to allege in support thereof, and having maturely and deliberately weighed and considered the whole, the Court is of opinion, that the charge of his not having done his utmost to renew the said engagement, and to take or destroy every ship of the enemy, has been proved against the said Vice-Admiral Calder; that it appears that his conduct has not been actuated either by .cowardice or disaffection, but has arisen solely from error in judgment, and is highly censurable, and doth adjudge him to be severely reprimanded, and the said Vice-Admiral Sir Robert Calder is hereby severely reprimanded accordingly.

Signed “ George Montague, President:. “ J. Hollaway (Vice-Admiral). R.S. Rowley (Vice-Admiral), “ E. Thornborough (Vice-Ad.). J. Coffin (Rear-Ad.).

VOL. IV.

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“ J: Sutton (Rear-Ad.). J. Bisset (Captain). 66 R. D. Oliver (Captain).

J. Irwin (ditto). 66 J. A. Wood (ditto).

J. Seater (ditto). “ T.B. Capel, the Hon. (ditto). J. Larmour (ditto). “ M. Greekham, jun. Deputy Judge Advocate of the Fleet."

This sentence did not at all prove popular; for it was the first time in the annals of our naval warfare, that a commander who had engaged a superior fleet, and taken two of the enemy's line of battle ships, without losing a single sail of his own, had been “ severely reprimanded.” Indeed the Admiralty itself seems to have been of this opinion, for Sir Robert was soon after nominated Port-Admiral at Portsmouth, and until the last period of his existence experienced the greatest respect and attention, not only on the part of that board, but from

persons of all ranks and degrees in life. The hardship of his case was also mentioned in parliament by two distinguished noblemen, the Duke of Norfolk and the Earl of Romney; and had he not been restored to the service of his country, his disgrace would have reflected discredit on the gratitude and justice of the nation.

After these remarks on the official conduct of the subject of this memoir, it now only remains to add, that Sir Robert Calder died at Holt, near Bishop's Waltham, in the county of Hants, the 31st of August, 1818, in the 74th year of his age. He was an excellent officer, well acquainted with all the different branches of his profession, and admirably cal culated, both by nature and education, for the government and superintendance of a large fleet. No better sailor ever existed in the service, and he was acknowledged to be particularly expert at manoeuvres and the regulation of squadrons, by means of signals.

By his will he proved his sincere wish and desire to provide every possible comfort for his widow, during the continuance or recurrence of her unhappy malady. The house, and grounds appurtenant to it, together with the stock, &c. are to be delivered to her ladyship at the end of one year, should

any favourable change have taken place; but if not, a sufficiency to be retained on the premises, to supply every possible want; and the remainder to be taken away by his nephew Sir Henry Roddam Calder, on condition of returning the same, in case of Lady Calder's recovery. The whole interest of all the property, is also left in trust for her ladyship during her natural life; and on her decease, the personality (estimated at about 30,0001.) is to be invested in the purchase of freehold estates in England, which are devised to the said Sir Henry Roddam Calder, and his heirs male.

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LATE ALDERMAN, AND FORMERLY LORD MAYOR, AND ONE OF

THE MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT FOR THE CITY OF LONDON.

The metropolis of the United Kingdom, if it has not actually produced, must be allowed to have selected a long series of bold, intrepid, and not unfrequently, enlightened senators, to represent it in Parliament. Eminently loyal itself, in the best sense of the word, on every great occasion, it has exhibited an ardent love of liberty, superadded to a certain tenaciousness, not only of its own privileges, but those also of the community at large. The example was first given during the reign of James II., and still continues to operate with efficacy on the whole body of the commonwealth. At the Revolution, William III. found a powerful support in the zeal and enterprise of the citizens of London; and no corporation in the three kingdoms displayed a greater degree of attachment at the accession of George I. when the present illustrious family was happily seated on the throne of these realms.

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The peculiar and extraordinary privilege of sending four members to parliament, has enabled the livery to nominate a long and respectable list, of which it would be in vain to look for a parallel in any county, city, or, borough in the Empire. It is only necessary, indeed, to recapitulate their names, to obtain a full assent to this proposition. Of Sir John Bernard and Sir Stephen Theodore Janson, the one obtained the spontaneous praise of the first William Pitt (afterwards Earl of Chatham), while the other, whose integrity became proverbial, was only inferior to the Russells, the Sidneys, and the Hampdens of a former day, in consequence of the difference of the times in which he lived. Beckford, at once a member and Lord Mayor, introduced magnificence into the city, and was the first who entertained foreign monarchs at the Mansion House *, while he occasionally opposed the ministers of his own king in the House of Commons. Oliver, his successor, followed the same track, and rendered his name celebrated, by vindicating the franchises of the city, in the case of the Printers, for which he was sent to the Tower, in consequence of having committed the Serjeant at Arms, although provided with the written authority of the Speaker of the House of Commons, to the Poultry Compter. The more recent names of Townshend, Sawbridge, and Combe, are familiar to us all. They lived in our own times, and constantly asserted and practised the ancient, and almost obsolete doctrine, that the representative is strictly bound by the instructions of his constituents.

Harvey Christian Combe, whose talents and uniform integrity, rendered him worthy of being associated with his predecessors, was born in the county of Hants, in the year 1752.

. He was the eldest son of an eminent attorney at Andover, on whose death, a landed estate of 500l. a year devolved to him, and he might have succeeded to a practice still more profitable, had he been inclined to follow the profession of his father. But the law appears to have been uninviting, and

* The King of Denmark was astonished at his superb reception by his lordship.

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