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“ payable half-yearly, in which he is likely to * succeed. He secures them by a mortgage of “ Chantilli. The Genoese send their money into “ England, Holland, France, Spain, Germany, “ &c. not having opportunities of employing it in “ their own confined territory.

“ Keyner says, p. 128, that the number of ser“ vants are limited at Genoa. This is true, in “ some respects; a Noble is not allowed to appear “ with more than two chairmen, one valet de " chambre, and one footman. His wife may have “ the same allowance, with an additional footman. • His steward, bucler, cook, and their rabble of ss underlings, do not come within this sumptuary " law. In short, no one Genoele has a servant “ the less for this law, and few, if any, can afford “ to keep the number permitted them.

" Almost every article of life comes within the gabelle at Genoa: corn, wine, oil, coffee, sali, “ butcher's meat, &c. all pay exorbitantly; each 66 ox, which comes from Piedmont, pays 150 " Piedmontese livres entrée, though worth, in the “ whole, no more than 300, or 320; and this is “ paid upon entering the territories of the Repub“ lic. All masters of wine houses must take their sc wine from the Prince, as also their bread and oil, “ under severe fines, imprisonments, and even the “ galleys, The gabelle of Coffee pays 150,000 '“ livres yearly for the exclusive permission. A

« thing almost incredible, unless it is considered, so that no publican, nor coffee-house, can sell a

" dish of coffee that is not procured from the only 46 house where it is made in great caldrons, con“ taining several gallons each, out of which they “ send it by pints and quarts; but each individual " (publicans, as above, excepted) may manufac“ ture it for himself. All fish is taxed by the ma“ giftrate, to one-third of its value, the moment “ of its appearance in the market.

“ The Nobility of Genoa have no immunities, “ as to receiving provisions of any sort duty-free, “ as in France, &c. whence many of them pass 6 much of their time at their country-palaces. es They remain out of town the months of Au« gust, &c. to December. Keysler afferts, p. 129. " that the new Nobility have a particular walk on " the left side of the exchange, and the old on the “ right. The fact is, the old Nobility have a "room in a house, about fifty yards from the ex66 change, where they only fit in the summer, and 66 where the new Nobility cannot enter, who can “ only have their chairs placed in front of the “ exchange. There is no distinct walk for them “s within the exchange or bank, as Keyfler men“ çions.

- The college of Jesuits contains at present “ about forty members; and one-half of that " number are composed of noble Genoese, which “ feems an abundant security for the continuance " of this society. They educate about four hun. 66 dred children; but none of the first nobility,

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se except two families, have at this time Jesuit lien
“ preceptors.,
.“ The Genoese, from their commerce with other
“ nations, are very quick of apprehension, guess.
“ ing at what you would say, however ill you may
" express yourself. Nor do they think a stranger
“ ridiculous for not speaking their language
" fluently, much less conclude him a fool, as the
“ French do ; rafhly confounding words and
“ ideas, and suppoling the want, or misapplica.
b6 tion of the former, to proceed from a defect,
“ or confusion, in the latter. In dealing with a
“ Genoese, the bargain is soon concluded; for
“ they feldom alk more than they mean to take,
“ and are a people of few words."

Here I shall quit the portefeuille * * * but have
still something to say before I leave Genoa, hav.
ing as yet taken no notice of their natural history.
Before I begin upon this new subject, I must not
omit to mention their chairs, and the reverberating

lamps for lighting the streets. The chairs are ex-
the freets, tremely well made; they are lined with velvet,
chairs,&c. and finely varnished on the outside. The com-

mon hackney-chairs are perfectly neat and clean,
and the chairmen as good as those in London.
Their reverberating lamps hang in the middle of
the streets, and by means of a high polish within,
and the suspension of the box that contains the
oil in a particular direction, the light proceeding
from them is not only extremely brilliant, but


seems perpetually increasing, or augmenting its rays from within. They have altogether a beautiful effect. .. Marble is very well sculptured at Genoa. The Marbles. finest marbles found in this country, are the alabaster of Sestri, the red and green of Polcevera, and the white marble of Carara. · The Nate called lavagna, is extremely common Lavagna, here; it is brought from a very large quarry, and other about twenty-five miles from Genoa; and put to produca variety of uses, as tables, shelves, &c. cold and tons, disagreeable, both to the touch and view; rooms are paved with it, but it never appears clean. I observed, as we descended the buchetta, where the ground had been cụt away for the road, several Itrata, chiefly consisting of various sorts of schistus, intermixed with quartz, here and there rocks of marble, veined with red, and a great deal of Nate-like substance, of a brownish cast, with shining silvery particles; and at about six miles from Genoa, on that fide called St. Pietro D'Arena, a black magnetic sand, which is found in plenty after storms on the sea-beach.

I shall now acquaint you, that you have, in these long letters, such particulars as appeared to me most worthy of notice in this Republic. We are about to leave Genoa immediately. I shall write to you from Piacenza (Plaisance). My letter is such a volume, that I shall be obliged to dispose of it in parts, under three or four covers. I haye not the least intention to make an apology to


you for its tediousness. On the contrary, I think you should be very much obliged to me for the fatigue I have had (though perhaps to little purpose) writing so fully and circumstantially in obe. dience to your commands ; for I assure you I have lived here in a very hurrying manner. News is just brought us of an English shallop being arrived in the port; but she is too far off as yet to know who she brings. No passengers on board; but there is a felucca come in, with two English from Antibes. Mr.

M a nd his governor. Adieu. From, &c.

M--- has wrote to his banker at Florence, to send all letters addressed to us to Bologna, as we shall inake some little stay there, and you may judge how impatient we both are to hear from you.


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