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in the centre of which is the chair destined for the Doge, having opposite to it a kind of writingtable ; on each side of the Doge is a chair for a senator. The fides have seats for ten more senators. When a noble has any matter to propose, a little chair is placed for him on the same platforın. This Salle is decorated with three very large pictures, by Solimene. One is partly hid by the Solimene. canopy placed over the Doge's chair; the subject, The landing of Christopher Columbus in America, and the setting up of the Cross. It does not appear finished, and the transition of the shading is almost as sudden as from black to white. The other end of the Salle represents the Procession of the ashes of St. John'the Baptist entering Genoa in triumph. There is much confusion in the grouping of the figures, and the coloris has the same fault with the first. On the cieling is painted the Massacre of the children of the Juftiniani family (who were sovereigns of the island of Cyprus), by the command of the Emperor Solyman; it is almost impossible to distinguish the figures sufficiently to judge of their merits or faults; the oscuro is so black, and there is so much of it, that you cannot distinguish the distribution of the different objects; however, Cochin says: much in its commendation. The cornice, frize, and the whole of the architecture, is not only false, but ridiculous. There are figures painted in both the Salles by Parodi; they are what the French Parodi. call in Grisaille, and have but a small share of
merit in my opinion. So much for the Senatehouse.
The Arsenal contains nothing very curious, Over the door of entrance appears one of those naval prows of iron, by the Romans called Rofirums; it is thin, much worn, and fractured in several places; being hollow within, and project. ing about eighteen inches, its termination seems to represent, in a rude manner, a wild boar's head; the following inscription is placed under:
VETUSTIORIS HOC ÆVI ROMANI ROSTRUM IN
The following palaces we could not see; Brig. nolette, Caregha, Andrea Doria, and S. Pietro: the furniture, pictures, &c. of the two former are all taken down, and the property disputed be. tween the two families, occasioned by a recent marriage; the married parties being at law for a part, or the whole of the moveables. The two latter are absolutely refused to strangers, for what reason I could not discover. I believe I have already mentioned to you in a former letter, the reasons why we could not see the Brigniolette ; but if I have, you will excuse this repetition, as I always write amidst hurry, and interruptions.
Before I mention the villas, or country-palaces, the bridge of Carignan and the Albergo di Poveri · merit attention. This bridge conducts you to the
church of Carignan. The arches are of a stupendous height, 240 Genoefe palms, and 30 broad [a palm here consists of eight inches). It unites a mountain to the town: and is said to have been constructed at the expence of an individual citizen, a descendant of one of the founders of the church, in order to render the frequenting this church more convenient to his household. The Albergo is a building of great extent, and does Albergo. honour to the Gencese; serving at once for charitable uses, as well as for a house of correction. One wing is appropriated to the females, the other to the males; that for the females is divided amongst illegitimate females, legitimate orphans, and those children, who having loft either father or mother, are by such a misfortune deprived of the care, education, and maintenance they might otherwise have been entitled to: also the donne banditte, or disorderly women, and citizens wives and daughters of irregular lives, who have been previously condemned for their conduct by the court of the holy inquistion. Their confinement, or enlargement, after a limited time, is proportioned to their reformation, of which the inquisitor general is to judge. The ward of legitimate females consists at present of 4.50; who are taught embroidery, knitting, and plain-work; are well clothed and fed, and often marry into rich burghers families; the tradesmen frequently seeking wives from amongit them; they being allowed to marry when application is made to the Dame of
the Misericordiæ, who is always one of the first of the Noblele, and who honours these girls with her care and protection. There is also a Chevalier, who accepts the like charge in regard to the males. These protectors * are present at the marriageceremony; nor are the girls refused to return home to their relations or friends, when proper application is made for them. The men, the legitimate and illegitimate children, the donne banditte (who are quite separate from the rest), poor old infirm people past their labour, and who are here maintained during the remainder of their days, occupy three wings of this building; the fourth is for strangers, and the servants of the Hospital. Poor people, who cannot afford themselves lodging-places, having previously proved to the council their necessitous circumstances, obtain beds, for one night, and are always offered a bowl of soup, and a pound and a half of bread before they depart in the morning. All strangers of every country, and poor travellers, are allowed to lodge and eat as mentioned above. A priest seated, with a religieuse on either hand, remain the whole day in a kind of public hall, where they receive all proposals and complaints, and adjust accounts and differences, of which they make re. turns to the Dame, the Chevalier, and the council of five. The boys, who are about five hundred
* This gentleman and lady are at the head of a council of five persons, who are chosen from amongst the Noblese, and are appointed to decide upon the deserts of these subjects.
at present, are taught all sorts of handicrafts; and if they have no friends or relations to protect them, when fit to earn their bread, are set up in different trades, at the charge of the fund, which is very considerable ; many of the citizens having bequeathed great sums to this hospital *. The chapel is built in the form of a cross; the altar standing in the middle. Here is a basso relievo by Michael Angelo, which is a chef d'æuvre. Michael It represents a dead Christ and the Virgin, in the Angelo. usual attitude of that subject, distinguished in Italy by the name of a Pieta. We were so struck with the transcendent perfection of this piece of sculpture, as to contemplate it in silence for near half an hour, before we could find words to expatiate upon its amazing excellence. It is scarce credible, that a mere mortal should arrive at such a height of perfection in this art, without the aid of some superior order of beings. In short, was I to attempt to speak of it as it deserves, the idea you would form must fall so short of the original, that I will not do it the injustice to endeavour at a description. And where were thy eyes, o deceived Laland! This Frenchman speaks thus, vol. i. p.
* The statues of the principal benefactors decorate this hospital. Those who have given all their wealth are represented fitting; others standing, and some only in busto, according as they have bequeathed, to the amount of an hundred thousand livres, or more than twenty-five thousand livres Genoese. This diftinction of sculpture is intended to encourage an emulation amongst the rich citizens. But all these statues are very indifferent performances,