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Marquis de Prie, a Piedmontese general, ori the 5th of September 1706, in which they determined both upon the manner and attack of the French lines: this took place the 7th of the fame month; in which famous action the French army was entirely routed, Mareschal Marsin killed, and the

siege of Turin immediately raised. Notre

Very near this elm-tree is a little Convent of Dame Capuchins, called of Notre Dame de Compagna. I Convent. fat in the carriage, whilst

M e went into the Tomb of

convent, to see the Tomb of Mareschal Marsin; Marefchal he is interred under the wall of a little chapel to Marsin. the left of the choir, without any other monu.

ment than a slab of black marble, inserted into the wall, and neither ornaments, arms, or atchievements; but there is an inscription in Latin, which pleases M much, and does honour to the mo-deration of the victors, who caused it to be placed over his tomb-stone. M w ill not translate it for you, but leaves that for Monsieur R- when you next meet.

FERDINANDO DE MARSIN FRANCIÆ MARESCALLO

SUPREMI GALLIO ORDINIS EQUITE TORQUATO
VALENCENARUM GUBERNATORI QUO IN LOQUO

gmi zbris 1706 INTER SUORUM CLADEM
ET FUGAM VICTORIAM EXERCITUM VITAM AMISIT

ETERNUM IN HOC TUMULO MONUMENTUM.

In this little church is a picture, representing the above-mentioned council, drawn but the year after ; the tree appears extremely like what it now

is, and the four warriors are painted under it on horseback. · The next most considerable country house (and Stupenige which his Majesty is very fond of) is Stupenige, a "a

Palace. hunting palace, about two leagues from Turin. The avenue that leads to it is finely planted with two rows of very large trees, and so straight that you see the palace which terminates the vista the whole way; though I believe I ought to impute this effect, in some measure, to its being placed upon an elevation, which however is scarce perceptible till you are close upon the building, when the ground suddenly rises. A colossal ftag, gilt, seems as if bounding over the roof; it has an excellent effect, and is finely proportioned, appearing very plainly even from the commencement of the entrance of the avenue. This palace is more habitable and agreeable than la Venerie. The front is decorated with pillars of the Ionic order ; the wings are built semicircular, and are termi. nated by two square pavilions. Although the plan may admit of criticism by very knowing architects, yet its effect is not at all unpleasing to the eye; nor has it the bleak look of la Venerie. There is no antichamber nor vestibule; you enter at once into the great saloon, which is in the centre of the corps-de-logis. The inside is singularly striking; it has the appearance of a fine theatre, very fit for a masqued ball, and is decorated and ornamented with paintings in fresco. The plan is an oval, round which are four tribunes, supported Vol. I.

by

by pilasters of the lonic order: it seems as if be. hind there tribunes there were galleries of confi. derable extent, with windows at the end; but al this is deception, and the false ornaments, which are painted, agree with, and continue the real cornices, frizes, &c. in such manner that at first fight you can scarce diftinguish the true from the falfe. There is really great merit in this kind of painting, where it is properly employed, as it shews the force of the art of perfpective, and that of light and shade. The cieling represents Diana descending in a triumphal car, drawn by two white deer; Aurora precedes her, and wakens her nymphs. The colours are very lively and gay, and although some of the figures might have been lighter, yet there is great vivacity in their atti. tudes, and various preparations for the chase. The aerian perspective is also well observed, the íky appearing of a prodigious height. The ciel. ing of one of the falfe galleries represents four fly. ing nymphs shooting with bow and arrow, Op. posite are four other winged nymphs who have taken several red partridges in a net. This last is very well executed, and the subject succeeds won. derfully well, though represented on the creling.These fresco paintings were the joint work of two brothers, Venetians, named the Valeriani; one painted the figures, the other the architecture...

There are four doors, which conduct to as ma. ny apartments ; eight chimneys; and fix great

windows, windows, threë on each side; presenting different vistas. From one appears the avenue with Turin at the end, from the others are different views, equally extensive, of the forest, seen through the garden, and have a very fine effect. This saloon is covered with copper. The cieling of the first room of the King's apartment represents the fa. crifice of Iphigenia, painted in fresco, by Croisati. The subject is well created; there is a strong exprelfion of grief in one of Iphigenia's attendants, great dignity and relignation in the countenance of the princess, and the deepest affliction in the attitude of Clytemnestra, who appears at a dis. tance, endeavouring to support herself upon the bosom of Agamemnon, unable to endure the near approach of the sacrifice. The figure the least interesting (though the most a propos to prevent the impending stroke. from the uplifted arm of the unfeeling. Priest) is Diana, who looks as if she did not recollect why she came there, nor for what purpose., rinn. . In the King's bed-chamber, the cieling is paints: ed by Carlo Vanloo; the subject, the Repofe of. Diana after the Bath : the composition is very well; the attitudes and countenances of the nymphs amiable. But the principal fault is, too strong a resemblance between the goddess and her *** attendants: they might be all taken for sisters. In the apartment of the Duke of Savoy are ten, pictures, in two colours, by Alberoni ; their sub.

jects

I 2

jects architecture, finely thrown into perspective. All the apartments are hung with flowered fattin, very beautiful, of the manufacture of Turin. The King himself furnishes the filk, and the manufacturing of it does not stand him in more than three livres an ell, as we have been satisfactorily informed. In the gallery, for uniformity, are a row of sham windows, opposite the real; all the panes in these are of lookirg-glafs ; they open and ferve for doors to armoires, or closets, furnished with shelves. We were struck with one of the rooms, the proportions of which please the eye surprisingly, it measures 18 paces long; M—stept it, and says it is equal to 18 yards, or thereabout, and the width is 9; 16 feet high, not in. cluding the cove, which may be four more. The walls are painted, very indifferently, by a Piedmontese girl.- In the Duke of Chablais' apartment are several paintings in cameo, well done, representing Cupids catching hares, and coupling dogs with garlards of flowers, 66. : the lubject of one of these has merit on account of the thought ; one Cupid caresses a fawn, while several others are en. deavouring to keep off the dogs from tormenting it. These are all done by a Turin painter, named Rapoux.-Adjoining is a small cabinet of about 16 feet square, the cieling coved with looking-glass, and so neatly done, that the joinings are not perceptible. By there being a great number of pieces, the company in the cabinet is multiplied

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