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by the means of the communication of pulleys from the vaults of the cieling. Between each pillar are placed suits of ancient armour of different ages and fashions; many of them finely wrought and gilt, which had belonged to the ancestors of the present King. To the wrists of some of them are fastened weapons that make one tremble; one resembles a fail, the handle ebony; at the end of which is faftened, by two small iron chains, another length, of about two feet and a half, and seems by its weight to be filled with lead : it is garnished round with iron spikes. Here are many other instruments of death of old time equally destructive and cruel. No nation but the English is permitted to see the citadel; but they are never refused upon a proper application. As it affords neither pictures, statues, nor other curiosities of that kind, and having been told there is a great quantity of gun-powder and ball in the souterreins, you may be sure I have not explored them, Me has been there, and has seen every thing above ground and below it; if you should be curipus in regard to its pregnability or impregnability, &c. you must apply to him for information, as he is indefatigably industrious in his researches and in his notes, which I have always permission to make use of.
Turin is about a league in circumference; has four beautiful gates, and pamparts all round, which are very pleasant to walk upon, and from which the prospects are most agreeable. Almost
all the streets are quite straight*, and finely built ; the fronts of the houses uniform; and what adds greatly to its magnificent appearance is, that every street is terminated by some agreeable object; either a church, fome ornamental building, or the rampart planted with fine crees. The best street is the Rue de Po; it has open porticoes on each side, which are ornamental, as well as useful for foot-people. The situation of Mr. L- 's house is delightful, and commands a very fine prospect; it is almost close to the rampart.
I now come to the environs of Turin; and, first, Valentin, shall begin with the airing-place, or Corso, called or Cor the Valentin: you enter an avenue, formed by four rows of lofty trees, conducting to the palace, which is at the end, and situated upon the borders of the Po. There are also other avenues, one of which leads to the church, called the servites.. The Royal Family, and almost every body ac Turin who are not bed-rid, lying.in, or dying, make their appearance in these avenues every day, from the hours of five or fix until seven, when they change their ground to another avenue at fome distance from thefe, and very near the citadel. This they leave at eight for the theatre, or some private assembly. Those who cannot afford to keep equipages are here on foot; and let the weather be fine or rainy, the coaches never
* The King is constantly improving the town ; so that in a hort time every Atreet must be perfeâly straight, nor will there be a house that advances beyond another.
fail to come. The Royal Family make a noble appearance, particularly the coach of the Dutchess of Savoy, which is very fine: The drives with eight horses, and a considerable cortege, consisting of her ladies, pages, &c. in other coaches; all con. ducted with the utmost dignity and tranquillity. The young Princes frequently alight and walk, and the Princesses sometimes amuse themselves with walking in the garden of the palace of Valen. tèn. The coaches are extremely good here in general, and some so well painted, as might merit approbation even at Paris. The ground between these avenues is neatly kept, and the King is endeavouring to bring it to a mathematical plane, by levelling some very gentle swells, which would be
thought ornamental in England. Galley The Galley Slaves work here at present, and
draw, themselves, in harness, the carts of earth; an occupation no freeman could be brought to perform. These Slaves are sent once a year from Turin to their Galleys at Nice; till which time they are lodged in the citadel, and employed in some public works; of these there are always a sufficient number going forward to occupy more
culprits than the town and country can furnish. Palace The Palace Valentin is in a ruinous condition; Valentin, it contains many bad pictures, and but two we
think tolerable ; one represents a Magdalen expiring in the arms of angels. There is great merit in the angel that sustains one of her arms. The other represents Romulus and Remus sucking the
wolf, who expresses an amiable character in her countenance, and seems to assume all the gentle : ness that her ferocious nature can admit of. I do not know the authors of these pictures; the palace. being so much neglected, as not to be thought worthy of a Ciceroni to shew it. Here is a fine saloon, a double cube of thirty feet, painted all round with the battles of Philibert : very indifferent. We saw three groups sculptured in ivory Sculpture and cypress-wood, which never decays; a present ca gr from the Emperor to the King of Sardinia. One represents the judgment of Solomon, and is finely done. The executioner, about to divide the child, who is the principal figure, has great boldness, and is near three feet high. The second, Solomon upon his throne : He is well executed, as are the angels who bear his canopy. And the other, which I like the best, is the Sacrifice of Ifaac: Abraham, Isaac, and the angel, form fine contrasts to each other, by the sculptor's having strikingly expressed their different feelings. The manner in which the angel is supported, who is descending, is so extremely ingenious and well. contrived, that we considered it for some time be. fore we could discover the means by which it was effected. All these figures are ivory, and the clothing cypress-wood, which has a good effect. The gardens are old-fashioned ; and contain a few botanic plants, which they shew to strangers.
La Venerie is a country palace, much admired La Veneby the Turinese and the French, for the beauty of Me
its architecture, gardens, &c. Both the one and the other are quite in the French taste.-The road from Turin is planted with white mulberries. The approach is through a wide street, regularly built, at the end of which is a large sort of place, shaped like an egg cut the long way, or a concave half oval, surrounded with a piazza; behind are buildings for the King's guards, and two churches, one opposite the other : at the extremities of this great court are two pillars of marble, on the top of one is a virgin, and on the other the angel Gabriel.
These statues are scarce worth remarking. Probably they are placed here only as being the insig. nia of the highest order of knighthood of Piedmont, that of the Annunciation. Through this oval place you enter into the great court of the palace. The building is not yet completed. Duke Charles Emanuel the Second, about the middle of the last century, began it; and what is curious, he himself drew the plans. It is built of brick, and highly ornamented with ballustrades of white marble before each window, and one continued balluftrade all round the top of the walls, whhich crowns the building. The roofs are high and staring, like those of Versailles. It shocked me to see beautiful white sculptured marble married to brick. The front altogether has a flat, unfinished, insipid appearance. There are two pavillions, one at each end of the building, in the same taste with the middle part. The entrance is by a great hall, as high as the bụilding, where are some pictures by